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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
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Study of the Correlation and Ocular Components in Preschool Children
Jeon, Soon-Woo ; Hwang, Hye-Kyung ; Lee, Sun Haeng ; Park, Chun-Man ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 201~206
Purpose: This study was to know the correlation among the dimensions of ocular components and refractive error on kindergarten children. Methods: The subjects were 80 preschool students who had no eye diseases. The refraction, corneal diopter, corneal radius, inter-pupillary distance, axial length, anterior chamber depth and dominant eye were measured and analysed. Results: It was shown that the highest correlation was between the axial length and the corneal diopter (r=-0.674, p=0.000). The ratio of height, weight and axial length (AL) to Corneal radius (CR) ratio were positively correlated with the axial length (r=0.351, r=0.408, r=0.488). The spherical equivalent of the refractive error and the corneal diopter were negatively correlated with the axial length (r=-0.302, r=-0.674). The anterior chamber depth and the corneal diopter were positively correlated with the AL/CR ratio (r=0.422, r=0.280). The spherical equivalent of the refractive error and the corneal radius were negatively correlated with the AL/CR ratio. Conclusions: It was shown that the AL/CR ratio was a very important indicator for diagnosing the refractive error of the preschoolers.
The Effects of Plasma Surface Treatment on Fluorosilicone Acrylate RGP Contact Lenses
Jang, Jun-Kyu ; Shin, Hyung-Sup ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 207~212
Purpose: Rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lenses, based on fluorosilicone acrylate, were treated with plasma in air. Methods: The chemical compositions were analyzed by using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), the surface morphology and roughness of RGP contact lenses were observed by using atomic force microscopy (AFM), and the wettability changes were estimated by wetting angle measurement. Results: As the contact lenses were treated by the plasma, the F contents decreased significantly, and the O and Si contents increased on the surface. The number of oxygen-containing hydrophilic radicals (C-O and Si-O) increased greatly, the hydrophobic surface decreased, and the wetting angle increased. But the C-O bonds created with exchange of the fluorine did not increase a wettability. The surface compositions were not remarkably changed for the 6 months after plasma treatment, but the wetting angle increased again. Conclusions: It was considered that the improved wettability of the RGP contact lenses of high fluorine content after plasma treatment was affected by the activation of surface, the increase of Si-O, and the decrease of hydrophobic surface.
Analysis of Axial Mis-alignment After Wearing of Toric Soft Contact Lenses
Kim, Sang-Yoeb ; Lee, Dong Yeol ; Lee, Sun-Haeng ; Kim, Kun-Kyu ; Song, Sop ; Cho, Hyun Gug ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 213~217
Purpose: To emphasize the necessity of post-fitting by follow-up test, the mis-alignment was analyzed after initial wearing of toric soft contact lenses (TSCL). Methods: After trial contact lenses were worn to 87 eyes with myopic astigmatism for 1 week, we observed the alignment of axis mark on trial contact lenses using slit lamp and corrected the rotated axis by method of LARS. After final fitting, rotation ratio, rotation degree and rotation position were analyzed compared to initial prescription divided to amount of cylinderical and spherical powers. Results: Rotation ratio of TSCL's axis was increased as increment of both cylinderical powers and (-)spherical powers. An average of rotation degree was
which was not related to amount of their powers. Rotation position of TSCL's axis was more to temporal than to nasal. Conclusions: Because mis-alignment of axis after TSCL wearing induce the poor sight, adjustment of axial alignment as a result of follow-up must be performed.
Predicting Powers of Spherical Rigid Gas-permeable Lenses Prescription
Yu, Dong-Sik ; Yoo, Jong-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 219~225
Purpose: Usefulness in predicting the power of spherical rigid gas-pearmeable (RGP) lenses prescription using dioptric power matrices and arithmetic calculations was evaluated in this study. Noncycloplegic refractive errors and over-refractions were performed on 110 eyes of 55 subjects (36 males and 19 females, aged
years) in twenties objectively with an auto-refractometer (with keratometer) and subjectively. Tear lenses were calculated from keratometric readings and base curves of RGP lenses, and the power of RGP lenses were computed by a dioptric power matrix and an arithmetic calculation from the manifest refraction and the tear lens, and were compared with those by over-refractions in terms of spherical (Sph), spherical quivalent (SE) and astigmatic power. Results: The mean difference (MD) and 95% limits of agreement (LOA=
) were better for SE (0.26D,
) than for Sph (0.61D,
). The mean difference and agreement of the cylindrical power between matrix and arithmetic calculation (-0.13D,
) were better than between the others (-0.24D,
between matrix and over-refraction; -0.12D,
between arithmetic calculation and over-refraction). The fitness of spherical RGP lenses were 54.5% for matrix, 66.4% for arithmetic calculation and 91.8% for over-refraction. Arithmetic calculation was close to the over-refraction. Conclusions: In predicting indications and powers of spherical RGP lens fitting, although there are the differences of axis between total (spectacle) astigmatism and corneal astigmatism, Spherical equivalent using an arithmetic calculation provides a more useful application than using a dioptric power matrix.
The Effects of Ultrasonic Cleaner for Eye Glasses on Protein Deposits and Parameters in Soft Contact Lens
Ju, Eun-Hee ; Lee, Koon-Ja ; Leem, Hyun-Sung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 227~234
Purpose: The cleaning effect of protein deposit and the change of contact lens parameters by ultrasonic cleaner for eye glasses on the soft contact lenses were investigated. Methods: Etafilcon A contact lenses contaminated with protein, was ultrasonicated by ultrasonic cleaner for eye glasses and for the control group, spoiled contact lenses were cleaned by multi-purpose solution. The remaining protein deposits on the contact lenses were determined after extraction and the changes of overall diameter, base curve, center thickness power, and water contents on contact lenses were measured and surfaces of contact lenses were observed by scanning electron microscope. Results: The cleaning efficacies of multi-purpose solution on protein deposited etafilcon A contact lenses were 6.08%, and 23.73~33.92% in the group of ultrasonic cleaner for eye glasses with multi-purpose solution and 0~12.99% in the group of ultrasonic clear for contact lens with multipurpose solution depending on the treatment time. The changes of parameters and surface on contact lenses by ultrasonication were not observed. Conclusions: Ultrasonic cleaner for eye glasses can be used to eliminate protein deposits for the diagnostic soft contact lens in the office since it was effective to eliminate protein deposits and not caused change of parameters on soft contact lenses.
Analysis and Design of an Accommodation-Dependent Eye Model Based on Navarro Model
Kang, Eun Kyoung ; Park, Sung Chan ; Kim, Jin Joo ; Hwangbo, Chang Kwon ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 235~240
Purpose: In this study, we proposed a simple accommodation-dependent crystalline lens with a constant volume and homogeneous refractive index. Methods: We proposed a human crystalline lens with two aspheric surfaces. Two surfaces intersect in two points and straight line between two points was equator(2b). It assumed that the derivative in axial direction was zero at the equator and the radial derivative was zero at the vertex. Proposed human crystalline lens was divided by the equator into the anterior and posterior parts. It was assume that the volume of each part and refractive index of the human crystalline lens were constant during accommodation. Results: For the changes during accommodation, geometrical parameters were determined by different objective distances. Considering the constant volume of each part with the small decrement of the equator, we obtained the paraxial parameters, such as the anterior and posterior vertex radius of curvature and lens thickness. Compared with the experimental data published in the literature, calculated values using simple approximation showed similar change per accommodative stimulus. Conclusions: These results showed that proposed simple approximation using assumption of constant volume and refractive index of the human crystalline lens made it possible to predict changes of geometrical parameters during accommodation.
Research on a New Vision Test Chart Measuring Visual and Spatial Sense of Moire Fringes
Woo, Hyun Kyung ; Lee, Seongjae ; Jeong, Youn Hong ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 241~245
Purpose: In this work we suggested a grating chart of vision test which could be used to measure the sense of distance and motion of object. Methods: A couple of gratings with periodic structure were fabricated. Through a lens the grating images showing geometrical shapes were projected on a vision test chart in order to form a new grating chart of vision test. In rotating and translating the gratings the examinee perceived the variation of position of gratings by the variation of the sense of distance and motion. Results: The results of the sense of distance and motion measured in rotating and translating the gratings showed the average errors of ~2.98% and ~1.73% at
respectively compared to calculated values. Conclusions: The grating chart of vision test suggested in this work can be used as a new test chart that lets an examinee perceive a sense of distance and motion of object.
Development on a Roofed Pechan Prism Type Scope with Long Eye Relief
Park, Seung-Hwan ; Lee, Dong-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 247~255
Purpose: Developing a roofed Pechan prism type scope with long eye relief. Methods: To reduce the overall length and to lengthen the eye relief of scope, the objective part was designed by adopting the roofed Pechan prism and also the eyepiece part was designed by adopting the field lens with minus refractive power in front of reticle, respectively. Finally, by integrating above two parts, the roofed Pechan prism type scope with 90 mm eye relief was developed. Results: The characteristics of the developed and fabricated scope with 90 mm eye relief by integrating the objective part with the roofed Pechan prism and the eyepiece part with minus refractive power had the magnification of
, the length from the 1st lens to the last lens of about 121 mm, the barrel diameter of 28 mm, and the effective objective-diameter of 17 mm. Also it was found that the line width of resolution was about 900 cycles/rad at the 50% MTF value criterion. Conclusions: We could design and manufacture the roofed Pechan prism type scope with 90 mm eye relief, the characteristics of which had the magnification of
, the MTF above 50% at 900 cycles/rad, and the length from the 1st lens to the last lens of about 121 mm.
Development of a Calculating Program for the Prism Power Influencing to Binocular Vision according to Shift of Binocular Visual Points in the Distance Vision Spectacles
Lee, Dong-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 257~262
Purpose: Developing a calculating program for the prism power which influenced the binocular vision according to shifts of binocular visual points in the distance vision spectacles. Methods: By using the Delphi 6.0 programming language, we developed a calculating program of the relative binocular prism power according to the movements of binocular visual points in the distance vision spectacles, which was calculated by dragging the mouse along the traces of binocular visual points on the computer window. Results: We developed a calculating program for the relative binocular prism power according to the movements of binocular visual points in the distance vision spectacles. The user of the program could confirm the trace of visual points by allowing them to display the trace of binocular visual points on the computer screen with a mouse button. An application on confirming the variation of prism power by graphs in the program also allowed the user to use the program more conveniently. Conclusions: By using the developed program, the user could easily calculate the relative binocular prism power according to shifts of binocular visual points in the distance vision spectacles. We also found that the developed program helped the user to receive a lot of assistance in analyzing the asthenopia.
Presbyopic Spectacle and Monovision for Reading Performance Before Adaptation
Chu, Byoung Sun ; Hwang, Jeong Hee ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 263~268
Purpose: Eye movements and fixation ability are an important procedure to obtain external information and essential means of clear vision. The purpose of this study was to determine the reading performance such as reading time and number of fixations when random text was viewed at varying distances. Methods: Twenty two presbyopes were participated. All subjects were screened for their suitability to participate in the study by clinical examination, and none of the participants had previously worn contact lenses and no previous experience of wearing any types of presbyopic vision correction except single vision. The reading time and number of fixations were recorded using eye tracker while each subjects was waring four vision corrections which included single vision for distance (SV), bifocal spectacle lenses (BIF), progressive addition lenses (PAL), and monovision (MV). The reading material was presented at distance and near distance. Results: Reading time and number of fixations for near stimulus were significantly different among vision correction used in this study (p<0.001). In particular, wearing SV required longer reading time and produced longer fixation duration for near text. However, reading distance text was similarity performed across vision corrections tested and there was no statistical difference found for either reading time and number of fixations. Conclusions: Wearing presbyopic vision correction is advantageous for reading task of near stimuli, but not having near correction such as wearing SV could result in longer reading time and higher number of fixation due to lacks of accommodative ability for near task. For the future studies, it would be interesting to examine the performance of reading both at adapted and unadapted stages as examining only unadapted wearers was limitation of this study.
Repeatability of New Phoria Test Using Color Chart and Color Filter
Lee, Sun Haeng ; Park, Sun-Young ; Kim, Sang-Yoeb ; Lee, Dong-Yeol ; Kim, Kun-Kyu ; Son, Jeong-Sik ; Lee, Jae Yoon ; Cho, Hyun Gug ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 269~274
Purpose: The repeatability of a new Red-Blue phoria chart test (Red-Blue phoria chart; RBP) was appreciated. Methods: Distance (5 m) and near (40 cm) heterophoria was measured in 38 visually normal subjects. Phoria tests using RBP, Howell phoria card (HP), and MIM card (MIM) were done and the repeatability of each phoria test was compared with one another. Results: The mean of horizontal deviations was that RBP was
, HP was
, and MIM was
, at distance, and that RBP was
, HP was
, MIM was
, at near. The repeatability was RBP>MIM>HP in distance tests and MIM>RBP>HP in near tests. Conclusions:RBP test is identified as a reliable phoria test having high repeatability.
A Clinical Study of Ocular Dimention and Visual Acuity Before and After Cataract Surgery Over Ninety Years Old
Lee, Jung-Mi ; Kim, In-Suk ; Shin, Jin-Ah ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 275~280
Propose: Due to the rapid growth of medical technologies and the increasing population of older people, we investigated clinical status of ocular dimensions and visual acuity for pre and post cataract surgeries of people over age 90. Methods: From March 2007 to February 2009, we investigated eighty-two eyes of forty-eight patients who had undergone cataract surgeries at an ophthalmic clinic (Ansung, Kyungi-do), investigated maximum corrected vision, axial length, anterior chamber depth and accompanied ocular diseases before and after the surgeries based on the collected data. Results: As patients aged, axial length unchanged but anterior chamber depth decreased over all due to the increase of intraocular lens thickness, and men tended to have a higher degree than women. Seventy-one (86.6%) of eighty-two eyes showed improved corrected vision than before surgeries and forty-three (52.4%) eyes could see more than visual acuity of 0.5. Conclusions: Patients with the systemic disease and accompanied ocular disease showed low vision less than 0.5 after cataract surgery compared to same healthy age peoples. But the others improved correction visual acuity more than 0.5, so the cataract surgery was surely necessary for people over 90 years old and also the presence of ocular disease could have a great influence on correction visual acuity.
A Study on the Reliability of Corrected Diopter according to Subjective refraction instrument
Lee, Hark-Jun ; Kim, Jung-Hee ; Ryu, Kyung-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 281~286
Purpose: This research provided basic data for refraction by comparing the corrected diopter of trial lens and phoropter. Methods: We compared the corrected diopter of trial lens and phoropter, and analyzed statistical significance and relations of the spherical lens corrected diopter and cylindrical lens corrected diopter according to the types (trial lens and phoropter) of subjective refractive instruments. Also we analyzed statistical significance and relations between cylindrical lens corrected diopter at the astigmatism and the types (trial lens and phoropter) of subjective refractory instruments. Results: When we measured the corrected diopter of simple myopia, the mean value for corrected diopter was S-2.74D using the trial lens and S-2.65D using the phoropter. So the corrected diopter was 0.09D smaller when measured by phoropter. The degree of astigmatism was measured C-0.81D using the trial lens and C-0.77D using the phoropter which showed that the measured value was 0.04D smaller using the phoropter. On correlation analysis between the refractive instruments (trial lens and phoropter) and the corrected diopter, there was significant (p<0.01) strong correlation between refractory machine and corrected spherical diopter (r=0.996) and the correlation between refractory machine and corrected cylindrical diopter was r=0.986 and was also significant (p<0.01). Conclusions: The use of phoropter than trial lens was more desirable when performing refraction on high myopia (simple refractive error, high astigmatism), and when using trial lens, you should consider the vertex distance and the gap between overlapped lenses before prescription.
Comparison of Binocular Function in Normal Subjects and Convergence Insufficiency
Shim, Hyun-Seog ; Shim, Moon-Sik ; Kim, Sang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 287~291
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare binocular functions such as near point of convergence (NPC), AC/A ratios, heterophoria, accommodation, accommodation lag, positive relative accommodation (PRA), negative relative accommodation (NRA), positive relative convergence (PRC), negative relative convergence (NRC) in normal subjects and convergence insufficiency. Methods: 86 subject (male n=45, female n=41, mean
years) without amblyopia, strabismus, and ocular pathology were studied. Forty three patients each group were classified as normal subjects and convergence insufficiency group based on AC/A ratio and far and near phoria. Binocular function of the two groups was measured using phoropter. r. Results: The values between normal subjects and convergence insufficiency were 5.71 cm and 7.07 cm for NPC, 5.28 and 2.81 for Heterophria AC/A, 0.92 exo/3.36 exo and 2.17 exo/10.84 exo for far and near phoria, 15.49/23.30/13.30 and 13.50/20.02/9.09 for PRC, respectively. However, there were no significant differences between normal subjects and convergence insufficiency for accommodative amplitude, accommodative lag, PRA, NRA, BI vergence test, BO vergence test, NRC. Conclusions: Both groups were a significant difference for cover test, NPC, Heterophria AC/A, far and near phoria, break point of PRC, and recovery point of PRC.
Body Mass Index Compared with Waist Circumference Indicators as a Predictor of Elevated Intraocular Pressure
Park, Sang-Shin ; Lee, Eun-Hee ; Paek, Domyung ; Cho, Sung-Il ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 293~297
Purpose: The aim of the current study was to compare body mass index (BMI) with waist circumference (WC) as a predictor of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). Methods: The subjects were consisted of 458 adults, aged 20 year or above, of one community in Kyunggi-do. Mean IOPs were stratified jointly for BMI and WC tertiles. Multi-variate linear regression analysis was also used to compare between BMI and WC. Results: Although any BMI tertiles were not associated with IOP within each tertile of WC, WC tertiles was significantly related to elevation of IOP within the third BMI tertile (
). After adjusting for age and sex, only WC showed significant association with IOP. In additional adjustment for lifestyle variables, both BMI and WC were significantly associated with elevation of IOP. However, the results showed the stronger association of IOP with WC than BMI, whether they were adjusted by age and sex or additionally lifestyle variables. Conclusions: These data showed that BMI and WC were positively associated with IOP. However, WC appeared to be a better indicator for higher IOP than BMI.