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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
The Electrical and Optical Characteristics of ATO Films Prepared by RF Magnetron Sputtering Method
Kang, Sung Soo ; Lee, Sung Ho ; Jang, Yoon Seok ; Park, Sang Chul ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 299~305
Purposes: The purposes of this study were to investigate the optical, structural and electrical properties of the antimony doped tin oxide(ATO) thin films according to certain variable deposition conditions, such as RF input power and T-S (target-substrate) distance change, using transparent conducting oxide (TCO). Methods: ATO thin films of Sb concentration ratio with
= 95:5 wt% were deposited at room temperature by RF magnetron sputtering method. Results: ATO thin films were most sensitive to the RF input power: light transmittance was 78% at RF input power of 30W, and 0.56 nm for the surface roughness and 1007
for the sheet resistance as well. Conclusions: It was found that ATO thin films were showed the large change in its characteristics of structural, optical and electrical properties which were affected by T-S distance and RF input power.
The Problems of Army Supply System for Eyeglasses and Improvement Plan
Kim, Sanghyun ; Shim, Hyun Sug ; Kim, Dae Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 307~312
Purpose: In this paper, we have dealt with problems of army supply system for eyeglasses and improvement plan. Methods: We collected the latest service request of MND (Ministry of National Defence) and case of U.S. Army and analyzed the data. Results: We treated contents, construction methods and plans for efficient use of vision DB (database) for Korean Army. We suggested several alternative proposal for eyeglasses supply system which made possible quicker delivery of eyeglasses to the soldiers and increase satisfaction. Conclusions: The Korean Army must construct vision DB to service high quality vision service to the solider. It is urgent that the Korean Army set up a unit to take charge of vision management and service. And the Korean Army need to upgrade supply system for eyeglasses.
A Study on Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation Surface Treatments for Magnesium Alloy Eyeglass Frames
Kim, Ki-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 313~317
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the surface characteristics of plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) surface treatment on AZ31 magnesium alloy eyeglass frames. Methods: The plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) surface was created by varying the DC voltage. The oxidation layer of coating was measured using phase analysis by X-ray diffraction. The microstructural morphology was observed using a scanning electron microscopy. Coating layer and the concentration of elements were investigated using the energy dispersive X-ray spectra. Results: The MgO XRD peak was increased as the voltage increased, and the density of the surface oxide film was also increased. The changes in the composition of the EDS also showed a good agreement. Conclusions: The compound oxide crystallization of PEO oxide film layer was done by increasing formation of MgO as the voltage increased. The treatment at 65V and 60 sec showed the best results at surface state, contact angles and salt spray test.
A Study on the Clinical Practice in Ophthalmic Optics
Lee, Ok-Jin ; Shin, Jin-Ah ; Jung, Se-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 319~328
Purpose: To understand the status and actual condition of clinical practice in ophthalmic optics and offer a effective operation plan and improvement of quality of clinical practice. Methods: The school survey were investigated from 30 ophthalmic optics school and student survey were investigated from 161 students among these 4 schools. Results: 'No specific program for clinical practice' were 60.7%. Most schools apply clinical practice to credit (96.4%) but naming of subject and credit were varied in each school. 'Communication skill' was most difficult task and 'cleaning and arrangement of frame and stuff' were major task to students during clinical practice. Best benefits through clinical practice was 'knowing real status of optical business'. Comparison in carrier preference, optical shop and spectacles/contact lens company were decreased and eye hospital and norelation work were increased after clinical practice. Conclusions: Wide study on effective operation plan for clinical practice in ophthalmic optics and on the improvement of students' satisfaction and close cooperation and interest were needed between schools and clinical practice places.
Composition and Surface Analyses of RGP Contact Lenses
Jang, Jun-Kyu ; Shin, Hyung-Sup ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 329~337
Purpose: The surfaces and compositions of rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lenses were analyzed with the consistent methods, and the basic informations for the composition design of lens materials were suggested. Methods: The bulk structures were analyzed by using Fourier infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), the compositions of surface components were observed by using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), the surface morphology and roughness were observed using atomic force microscopy (AFM), and the wettabilities were estimated by the surface wetting angles. The relations and trends of those results were analyzed. Results: The high oxygen permeability RGP lenses showed the trend that the fluorine decreases and the silicon increases. As the silicon and fluorine contents increased, the carbon and oxygen contents of RGP lens materials decreased at a constant ratio. The decreasing ratio of the carbon contents was three times larger than the decreasing ratio of oxygen contents. The composition of the surface treated lens was far from these tendency line. When the silicon contents increased, the rough surface was formed with the cohered particles. When the fluorine contents increased, the rough surface was formed with the deep flaws. The surface roughness increased and then wettabilities decreased as the silicon and fluorine contents increased. For the surface roughness changes, the increasing ratio of the silicon contents was two times larger than the increasing ratio of fluorine contents. The surface of RGP lens materials appeared the hydrophobic character of which the wettabilities decreased when the roughnesses increased. Conclusions: The surfaces and compositions of RGP contact lenses were measured by the same methods. Those results and relationships were compared and analysed. It is considered that these research results will be applied with the basic data for the composition design of lens materials.
The Difference of Tear Break-Up Time by the Fitting States of Soft Contact Lens in Normal and Dry Eyes
Jung, Da I ; Lee, Heum Sook ; Kim, So Ra ; Park, Mijung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 339~346
Purpose: The study was performed to compare the difference of non-invasive tear break-up time (NIBUT) with alignment or steep fitting of soft contact lens in normal and dry eyes. Methods: Total 40 eyes (aged 20~30 years) were classified to the normal (n=20) or dry eye group (n=20) by the diagnosis methods for dry eyes and worn soft contact lens (polymacon material) with alignment or steep fitting. NIBUTs of lens wearers were separately measured at the points of before wearing, immediately after wearing and after stabilization of tear film. Results: With alignment fitting, averaged NIBUT in the dry eye group after stabilization of tear film was not significantly different from that of the normal eye group. However, averaged NIBUTs in the normal and dry eyes had significant difference when measured immediately after lens wearing. However, the number of eyes having NIBUT less than 4.0 second was 30% higher compared to the number of normal eyes with steep fitting when measured immediately after wearing. Some shorten NIBUT in dry eyes with steep fitting was also shown after stabilization of tear film. Conclusions: These results suggest that wearing soft contact lens in dry eyes differently affect tear film compared to normal eyes. Thus, dry eyes need more advertent fitting for contact lens wearing because of unstable tear film.
Evaluation of Contact Lens Care Regimens in Removing Tear Lipids on Silicone Hydrogel Lens
Kang, You-Sun ; Lee, Koon-Ja ; Ju, Eun-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 347~353
Purpose: An in vitro study was conducted to compare the lipid cleaning efficacy of care solutions on balafilcon A silicone hydrogel (SiHy) lens. Methods: Lipid spoilation was performed by incubating balafilcon A SiHy lenses in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) containing oleic acid, oleic acid methyl ester and cholesterol. Spoiled contact lenses rinsed with PBS were cleaned with surfactant cleaner, alcohol containing cleaner and multipurpose solution (MPS) respectively and repetitive spoilation and cleaning was conducted up to 14 times. To observe the cleaning effect of ultrasonic wave on the lipid deposit, each spoiled lens was ultrasonicated and then compared with non-sonicated lens. Lipids deposit on the contact lenses was extracted by methanol:chloroform (1:1, v/v) solution. High performance liquid chromatography was used to analyze and quantify lipid deposit extracts. Results: The effectiveness of alcohol containing surfactant cleaner on the lipid deposits was better than that of surfactant cleaner and MPS, and the cleaning efficacy was significantly higher in the ultrasonic wave treated group. Lipid deposits were not removed completely by contact lens care solutions so that lipid deposits increased continuously and cumulatively. Conclusions: The cleaning efficacy of contact lens care solutions was not satisfactory to remove lipid deposits on the SiHy lens that new cleaning products specially designed for SiHy lenses are needed to develop.
The Performance Analysis and Design of Selling Spectacle Lenses in Domestic Market
Kim, Se-Jin ; Lim, Hyeon-Seon ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 355~360
Purpose: Analysis performance for spectacle lens which sales in domestic market and optimization design a spectacle lens which is corrected aberration. Methods: Measured center thickness, radius and aspherical surface coefficient for spherical and aspherical lenses which were
5.00D. Refractive index for every lens was 1.6 and they came from 4 different companies. I used 3 types of equipment to measure lenses. ID-F150 (Mitutoyo) : Center Thickness, FOCOVISION (SR-2, Automation Robotics) : Radius, PGI 1240S (Taylor Hobson) : Aspherical surface coefficient. Designed a lens which had 27 mm of distance from lens rear surface to center of eye, 4 mm of pupil diameter and small aberration on center vision
. To shorten axial distance compared with the measured lens rise merits for cosmetic. Lens Design tool was CODE V (Optical Research Associates). Results: -5.00D aspherical lens had somewhat high astigmatism and distortion compared with the spherical lens. But it had a merit for cosmetic because of short axial height and decrease edge thickness. Improved a performance of distortion and ascertain merits for cosmetic due to short axial height and decrease edge thickness same as (-) lens in case of +5.00 aspherical lens. Though an optimization process front surface aspherical lens had a good performance for astigmatism and distortion and the merit for beauty compared with measured spherical lens. Conclusions: Design trend for domestic aspherical lens is decrease axial height and thickness to increase a merit for cosmetic not but increase performance of aberration. From design theory for optimization design front surface aspherical spectacle lens which has improved performance of aberration and merit for cosmetic at the same time compared with the measured lens. Expect an improved performance from design back aspherical lens compared with front aspherical lens.
The Fabrication of HCD Ion Plating Apparatus and XPS Analysis on the Fine Color Changes of TiN Films on Stainless Steel
Park, Moon Chan ; Lee, Jong Geun ; Choi, Kwang Ho ; Cha, Jung Won ; Kim, Eung Soon ; Park, Jin Hong ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 361~366
Purpose: HCD ion plating apparatus by hollow cathod discharge method was fabricated and TiN films were deposited on stainless steel by this apparatus with increasing in
gas flow and the fine color changes of TiN films were analyzed. Methods: The spectroradiometer and spectrophotometer were used to observe optically the fine color changes of TiN thin films, and XPS was used to analyze the compositions of TiN thin films with increasing in
gas flow. Results: The color coordinate of TiN thin film with
120 sccm gas flow showed (0.382, 0.372) which had the mixed colors of gold and silver, and the color coordinate changed to the increasing value of (x,y) with increasing in
gas flow which indicated the deep gold color. It was found that the slopes of the reflectances at 550nm were increased with increasing in
gas flow. And from the Ti scans using XPS, it was found that the peak heights of 455 eV derived from TiN composition were increased with increasing in
gas flow, while the peak heights of 459 eV from
composition were decreased. Conclusions: The results obtained above were that the color of TiN film with 120 sccm
gas flow had been observed from the mixed color of silver and gold due to TiC,
, TiN on the surface and TiN,
inside film, and the color of TiN films changed a deep gold color with increasing in
gas flow due to increasing TiN composition.
Clinical Features of Retinal Correspondence according to Refractive Errors and Deviation Angles
Wi, Dae-Gwang ; Joo, Seok-Hee ; Lee, Koon-Ja ; Leem, Hyun-Sung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 367~372
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide useful information for evaluating the sensory function of patients with strabismus by identifying the distribution of anomalous retinal correspondence (ARC) and normal retinal correspondence (NRC) by the degree of refractive errors and deviation angles. Methods: Objective refraction (AR/K, Cannon RK-F1, Japan) and subjective refraction tests were performed on 56 subjects (male: 26, female: 30) by an examiner; objective deviation angle was measured using synoptophore (OCULUS Synoptophore, Germany) with subject' eyes fully corrected for distance, and then subjective deviation angle was measured. Results: In all groups with refractive errors, the number of ARC was larger than that of NRC(67%). Particularly, it was largest in groups with myopia (71%), and in all groups, the number of UARC was larger than that of HARC. In groups with anisometropia, although the numbers of NRC and ARC were same, the number of UARC was larger than that of HARC as in other groups. In the distribution of NRC and ARC by deviation angle, the number of NRC was larger than that of ARC (46%) only at microstrabismus (0 ~
). Conclusions: Normal retinal correspondence were the most emmetropia in the retinal response were much higher than in the more hyperopia than the retinal correspondence were more myopia. In addition, the smaller the angle of retinal correspondence Normal over many, but overall, respectively.
The Effect of Vision Training on Exophoria and Intermittent Extropia Using MYSTERY CIRCLE System
Lee, Chang-Seon ; Kim, Kun-Kyu ; Jeon, Young-Ki ; Kim, Kong-Ki ; Choi, Chul-Hee ; Kim, Ki-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 373~379
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of vision training using MYSTERY CIRCLE system on patients with exophoria and intermittent extropia. Mehtods: The vision training observation group consists of 26 clients who had exophoria (n=18) and intermittent extropia (n=8) without opthalmic diseases or vertical phoria. Our clients took each vision training once a week for eight weeks and were investigated for the symptoms changes of binocular vision. Results: According to the results, MISTERY CIRCLE vision training methods improved the binocular vision function and sensation symptoms. For Worth 4 Dot test, Titmus test and red lenses showed fusion rate changes. Conclusions: The study proved that MISTERY CIRCLE vision training system for patients with binocular vision was effective for the improvement of the binocular vision symptoms of these patients.
Comparison of Contrast Sensitivity at Near Between Functional Progressive Addition Lenses and Sigle Vision Lenses
Kim, Chang-Jin ; Kim, Hyun Jung ; Kim, Jai Min ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 381~388
Purpose: This study was to compare the contrast sensitivity evaluated the visual ability at near wearing functional lenses for pre-presbyopes altered their single vision lenses to functional progressive addition lenses with low addition for 2 months. Methods: Healthy 32 subjects aged 24.03
1.87 (male 23, female 9) who were recruited from university students wore functional progressive addition lenses(EYE-T, Chemilens Co., Korea, ADD 0.75D) for 2 months. Corrected visual acuity at distance and near and contrast sensitivity at near were tested right after wearing functional progressive addition lenses to compare wearing single vision lenses. And we had second test after 2 months later. Results: Comparing between test and retest, contrast sensitivity at near wearing functional progressive addition lenses was improved more than wearing single vision lenses at all spatial frequency of right, left and both eyes. Conclusions: There was considered that contrast sensitivity test is useful to evaluate the visual ability as well as quality of near work and can be applied variously.
Ten-year Refractive Error and Astigmatism Changes in Korean Subjects
Ha, Na-Ri ; You, Jung-Kone ; Kim, Jai-Min ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 389~397
Purpose: This study was to investigate the changes of refractive error and astigmatism associated with age in Korean subjects between the ages of 6 and 80 years during 10-year period. Methods: 220 normal subjects (345 eyes) who visited ophthalmic clinic was recruited and followed for 10 years between 1999 and 2009, cycloplegic manifest refraction being performed annually. Visual acuity was tested on a Han's chart. Results: The mean 10-year change in the spherical equivalent refraction (SER) of age 6 to 10 years old and 10 to 20 years was -3.649D and -2.165D respectively. There was no change of refractive error in age 21 to 40 years. The myopic shift decreased with age from 41 up to 69 years but increased slightly in patients 70 years and older; the hyperopic shift showed the opposite trend. The distribution of refractive error over the 10 years in aged 6 to 10 and 11 to 20 years was shifted myopic. The incidence of medium (> -3.01D) to high myopia at age 6 to 10 years was 4.8% and after 10 years was 62.5%. The 10-year change of astigmatism axis was in "with the rule" direction for younger age group and in a "against the rule" direction for older subjects. Conclusions: This study has documented refractive error changes in Korean subjects and confirmed reported trends of myopic shift from age 6-20 years and hyperopic shift before age 70 years and a myopic shift thereafter. The axis of astigmatism turns to "against the rule" after 40's.
The Future Requirements and Supply of Opticians in Korea
Oh, Youngho ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 398~404
Purpose: Concerns had been voiced about an oversupply of optometrists in Korea. So, this study aimed to forecast the supply and demand for opticians for policy implications. Methods: Baseline Projection model combined with demographic method was adopted as the supply forecasting method and so was a ratio method using the number of physician and population using weight of healthcare utilization. Results: Under the 'physician to optician ratio', there would be a surplus of 83~700 opticians in 2010 and an undersupply of 15 to surplus of 6,118 opticians in 2025. Under the 'population to optician ratio', there would be a surplus of 1,055 opticians in 2010 and surplus of 9,376 opticians in 2025. Conclusions: We concluded that there would be oversupply for opticians until 2025, although the shortage and surplus of opticians might depend on the ratio's criteria. Hence, policies would need to be developed that could solve the imbalance in requirements and supply for opticians.