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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
A Questionnaire Study on Present Status of the Cyberchondria in Korean Optometry
Wang, Mi Young ; Lee, Sun Ah ; Kim, Dal-Young ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 97~105
Purpose: The aim of this study was to figure out present status of the cyberchondria in Korean optometry and present an appropriate countermeasure against it. Methods: We conducted a survey of consumer group and optician group about the cyberchondria, and analyzed its results. Results: In Korean optometry, a large difference of awareness of the on-line information was revealed between the consumer group and the optician group, so that we could know existence of the cyberchondria. Conclusions: We conclude that opticians' active consulting is the most proper and effective countermeasure against the cyberchondria.
Design and Fabrication for the Development of the Distributed Auto Edging Machine
Lee, Young-Il ; Kim, Jung-Hee ; Park, Jee-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 107~115
Purpose: To design and fabricate the distributed auto edging machine for the development. Methods: We got the necessary data needed in design by using CAD. Based on the these data, we fabricated the trial product for the development of the distributed auto edging machine. Results: The patternless mode could be operated by receiving the eyesize data from the auto lay-outer with the RS232C transmission system and the pattern mode could be operated by setting the pattern on the left side of the machine. The distributed auto edging machine were composed with combinations of many elements; head, auto arm, pattern clamp and grinding wheels. The head part controlled the grinding of ophthalmic lens by operating the vertical and horizontal motors. The wheels part was comprised of glass mode, plastic mode, V-bevel mode and polish mode. The slide in the auto arm was equipped on the below of the patten and the slide could hold up the pattern which was rotated by fixed shaft. The pattern clamp could move the head part to the up and down or right or left way by the manual operation of optometrists. Conclusions: We could succeed in making the trial product by applying it to the development of the distributed auto edging machine which could be used as the patternless mode and pattern mode, selectively. Therefore, it was confidently expected that this product was very helpful for the optometrists to dispense the ophthalmic lens because of its cost-efficiency and convenience.
Analysis of Adaptation for The first-time Progressive Lenses Glasses Wearers
Shim, Jun-Beom ; Shim, Hyun-Seog ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 117~122
Purpose: This study analyzed the factors related to adaptation of people who wears progressive lenses glasses for the first time. Methods: 463 presbyopia (Aged 41~78) without any ocular diseases with the progressive lens glasses were prescribed from 2010 to 2011 at B clinic in the Gwangju city. Progressive lenses adaptation were analyzed according to gender, age, distance refractive state, presbyopic addition, progressive lens design, the old glasses, astigmatism type, and anisometropia etc. High, mid and low-adapted groups were categorized as the status of wearing progressive lenses glasses, re-wearing, occasionally wearing and failed to weraing, respectively. Results: Men showed significantly higher adaptation (p=0.02) than women. Presbyopic addition (p=0.05) and progressive lens design (p=0.02) were statistically significant. However, it was found that there was so statistical significance for the factors of age, distance refractive state, the old glasses, astigmatism type, and anisometropia. Conclusions: According to the results of this study, when progressive lenses were prescribed, we should consider for adaptation gender, presbyopic addition, and progressive lens design etc.
A Comparison of the Movement of Aspheric RGP Lens on Cornea by the Amounts of Keratometric Astigmatisms using Keratometer and Corneal Topography
Park, Sang-Il ; Lee, Se Eun ; Kim, So Ra ; Park, Mijung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 123~133
Purpose: The present study was conducted to analyze any difference in the movement of aspheric RGP lens by the amounts of keratometiric astigmatisms using keratometer and corneal topography. Methods: Corneal curvatures in thirty six eyes of males and females of with-the-rule keratometric astigmatisms in their twenties were measured by a keratometer and worn aspheric RGP lenses. Then, lens rotations, vertical and horizontal movements of lens by blinking were measured to compare with lens movements when aspheric RGP lenses were fitted by total keratometric astigmatisms using corneal topography. Results: The case having higher amount of central keratometric astigmatism was 61.1% of subjects, however, 36.1% of subjects showed higher total keratometric astigmatism indicating that central keratometric astigmatism was not always bigger than total keratometric astigmatism. Since over 0.25 diopter difference between total and central keratometric astigmatisms was shown in 19 eyes (52.8% of subjects), the prescription for lens fitting could be changed. Significant difference in horizontal movement was detected with increase of astigmatism when it compared based on the amount of keratometric astigmatism measured by a keratometer. However, there was no significant difference in lens rotation, horizontal and vertical movements by comparison with the amount of total keratometric astigmatism using a corneal topography. When central keratometric astigmatism measured by keratometer was bigger than total keratometric astigmatism estimated by corneal topography, bigger lens rotation was shown compared with opposite case. Also, the tendency of bigger lens rotation was measured with the increase of keratomatric astigmatism in the case of same prescription having same base curves with same amount of keratometric astigmatism but different curvatures. Conclusions: From the present study, we concluded that lens movements on cornea were not totally different when aspheric RGP lens fitted on with-the-rule astigmatism by keratometer and corneal topography. However, there was some difference in certain lens movements. Therefore, we concluded that further study on the relationship between the prescriptions for lens fitting should be conducted for improving the rate of successful lens fitting by keratometer or for the proper application of corneal topography for lens fitting.
The Contamination Level of Lens Cases by Various Wearing and Storage Periods of Soft Contact Lens and the Actual Condition of Lens Cases Care
Kim, So Ra ; Shin, Sang Mok ; Park, Jong Ae ; Park, Mijung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 135~145
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the actual condition of caring soft contact lens cases and the change in contamination level of lens cases by wearing and storage period of soft contact lens. Methods: The actual condition of caring soft lens cases was surveyed with sixty-three of contact lens wearers. Soft contact lenses were worn for 1, 3, 7 and 14 days, and the lenses were separately stored in 12 lens cases for 1, 3 and 7 days. The contamination level of lens cases was determined by counting the numbers of microorganisms, gram negative bacteria and fungi. Results: Only 14% of survey answerers cleaned their lens cases with a brush, rinsed and dried them upside down before next usage of lens case when those lenses were kept for a long time. Furthermore, 54% of total answerers just kept soft contact lens in the case without changing the multipurpose solution. Microorganisms, gram negative bacteria and fungi were detected in lens cases even when soft contact lens were kept for 1 day in the lens case after wearing for 1 day and cleaning it with multipurpose solution. The numbers of microorganisms, gram negative bacteria and fungi in lens cases increased with storage periods of soft contact lens, and also contamination level of lens cases was increased in accordance with wearing period of lens. In the lens cases without changing multipurpose solution, the numbers of microorganisms, gram negative bacteria and fungi increased with storage period of lens with statistical significance. Conclusions: This study showed that lens wearers' concerns on caring contact lens case were not satisfactory. As the result, the contamination of lens cases was related to increase of lens wearing and storage periods suggesting that the proper instruction and education for lens wearers are required.
The Effect of Circle Lens and Soft Contact Lens with Identical Material in Clinical Application on the Eyes
Park, Sang Hee ; Kim, So Ra ; Park, Mijung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 147~157
Purpose: The present study was conducted to investigate the actual condition of circle lens wear and the differences caused by the pigmentation in blinking rate, non-invasive tear break-up time (NIBUT), and lens surface between circle and soft contact lens wear during clinical application. Methods: Eighty subjects were surveyed to know the actual condition of wearing circle lens. Blink rate, NIBUT of 20 subjects in twenties were measured after separately wearing soft contact lens and circle lens for 5 days. Their lens surfaces were also observed by scanning electron microscope. Results: Fifty percent of circle lens wearers answered that major reason for changing circle lens was discomfort and 67% of answerers wore circle lens more than 6 hours a day. The tendency of increased blink rates in both wearers of circle and soft contact lens at 30 minutes later when tear film stabilized and 3 hour after lens wearing was shown on the 1st, 3rd and 5th day with expanding wearing time. Especially at 3 hours after lens wearing on the 3rd and 5th day, the difference of blink rates was statistically different in circle lens wear and soft contact lens wear. The NIBUTs of soft contact lens wearers and circle lens wearers were 6.0 and 3.7 secs, respectively, at 30 min later on 1st day and were significantly different. NIBUTs of soft contact lens wearers and circle lens wearers were also statistically different 3 hrs after lens wearing on the 1st day and the similar pattern of NIBUTs was shown on the 3rd and 5th day. The roughness of both surfaces in soft contact lens and front surface in circle lens was same. However, pigmented front surface of circle lens was rougher and uneven. Conclusions: As the results, the circle lens wearers might feel discomfort in clinical application since the difference in lens surface of circle lens would change lens wettability during wearing. The difference by tinting contact lens was shown from the result, which could help better wearing circle lens.
Anti-reflection Coating using Optical Monitoring System
Jung, Boo-Young ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 159~165
Purpose: In this paper, the reliability and reproductivity of anti-reflection (AR) coating on ophthalmic lens using optical monitoring system (OMS) were investigated. Methods: The random error simulation and RunSheet performance in Essential Macleod software to confirm possibility of AR coating using OMS were performed. The coating process of 19 batches was carried out in order to perform reproductivity test of AR coating after simulation process. Results: As a result, the coating results of 19 batches had shown the excellent reproductivity of about 0.5% error. Conclusions: We confirmed the excellent reproductivity and reliability of AR coating on ophthalmic lens using optical monitoring system from our results.
Expectation of Astigmatism by Spherical Equivalent Visual Acuity
Kim, Sang-Yoeb ; Moon, Byeong-Yeon ; Cho, Hyun Gug ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 167~170
Purpose: This study was tried whether expectation of astigmatism from spherical equivalent visual acuity was possible. Methods: For 54 men and women (108 eyes) corrected to emmetropia, average age of 23.3, changes of visual acuity (5m) were measured with an increasing the powers at every
0.25D when the (-) axis of cross cylinder is
, respectively. Results: As the power of cross cylinder was increased, visual acuity was decreased. When the powers of cross cylinder were
), visual acuity was 0.05 which is the minimum measurement possible. Conclusions: The diagram on astigmatism dealing with each spherical equivalent visual acuity was able to tabulate.
Relationships between Reading Ability and Binocular Vision
Kim, Young Ji ; Lee, Min-A ; Jeong, Ju-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 171~177
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between reading ability and binocular functions, based on self tests through surveys. The possibility of the reading ability tests used in this study as a tool on the determination about vision efficiency was also evaluated. Methods: Through reading ability tests about 138 university students, 72 students (52.2%) of them were first selected. Through self tests about dyslexia and light sensitivity, 38 students (52.7%) of the first selected students were secondly selected, whose extents are more than 3. Binocular tests were carried out about three groups (high, middle, low) of these secondly selected students. Tests about NPCs, distance and near phoria, amplitude of accommodation, fusional vergence, AC/A ratio, accommodative facility, and vergence facility were performed as binocular tests. Results: NPCs were closest to eyes at high groups. Fusional vergence, AC/A ratio, accommodative facility, and vergence facility of high group showed higher than other groups. The phoria at middle group showed higher than other groups. Conclusions: We found that reading ability and some of binocular functions were closely related. Therefore, vision training, associated with insufficiencies of binocular functions, is expected to improve reading ability.
Changes in Visual Function After Viewing an Anaglyph 3D Image
Lee, Wook-Jin ; Kwak, Ho-Won ; Son, Jeong-Sik ; Kim, In-Su ; Yu, Dong-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 179~186
Purpose: This study aimed to compare and assess changes of visual functions in viewing an anaglyph 3D image. Methods: Visual functions were examined before and after viewing a 2D image and an anaglyph 3D image with red-green glasses on seventy college students (mean age = 22.29
2.19 years). Visual function tests were carried out for von Graefe phoria test, accommodative amplitude test by (-) lens addition, negative relative accommodation (NRA) and positive relative accommodation (PRA) test, negative relative convergence (NRC) and positive relative convergence (PRC) test, accommodative facility, and vergence facility test. Results: Assessment of the visual functions indicated that near exophoria and accommodative amplitude were reduced after viewing a 3D image, and although there were small changes in relation to these findings, NRC and PRC showed tendencies to increase and decrease at near, respectively. There were no significant changes with NRA and PRA, and accommodative and vergence facility were shown to have improved. Conclusions: Changes of visual functions were more in the 3D image than the 2D image, especially at near than distance. Particularly, the improvement of accommodative and vergence facility could be related to an effect of subsequent accommodation and vergence shift to have stereopsis in the 3D image. These results indicate that an anaglyph 3D image may, to some extent, be the effect of vision training such as anaglyphs.
A Comparison of Refractive Components in Anisometropia and Isometropia
Shim, Hyun-Seog ; Shim, Jun-Beom ; Kim, Eun-Suck ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 187~193
Purpose: This study was to compare differences between both eyes in corneal powers, axial lengths, anterior chamber depths in anisometropia and isometropia, and to investigate the relationship between anisometropia and refractive components. Methods: The subject was a total of 83 patients, anisometropia 45 patients (90 eyes) and isometropia 38 patients (76 eyes) from 2.7 to 15.3 years old, prescribed eyeglasses and contact lenses by refraction from July 2010 to August 2010 in Gwangju City B eye clinic. Axial length, anterior chamber depth, corneal curvature, and corneal refractive power were measured using IOL Master. Refractive error was measured using an Auto-refractometer. Results: Anisometropia was a statistically significant difference in axial length, binocular refractive components, refractive error, and axial length, Axial length/corneal radius (AL/CR) ratio showed a statistically significant difference in anisometropia and isometropia. The major cause of anisometropia all 45 subjects was the axial length. Among the refractive components axial length, AL/CR had a strong correlation, but corneal refractive power had no correlation. Anterior chamber depth had a weak correlation. Conclusions: This study found that refractive error was the most axial ametropia caused by the axial length. The main cause of anisometropia was the axial length, but refractive components had a weak correlation.
Effect on Myopia Progression Wearing Eye-glasses for School Children
Lee, Seok-Ju ; Park, Seong-Jong ; Chun, Young-Yun ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 195~200
Purpose: We analyzed the influence of myopic's eye-glasses wearing on myopia progress after cycloplegic refraction. Methods: The 33 people (66 eyes) were school children from 8 years to 12 years having no experience eye-glasses wearing, they were taken cycloplegic refraction at the 100th, the 200th and 300th days in order to evaluate myopia progression. We investigated the eye-glasses wearing group (experimental group, 32 eyes) and the non-eye-glasses wearing group (control group, 34 eyes). The eye-glasses power of the experimental group were -0.50 D, -0.75 D, -1.00 D, -1.25 D and -1.50 D. We compared experimental group with control group for myopia progress according to period, age, and refraction error and investigated the myopia progress according to the eye-glasses power of experimental group. Results: At the 300th day from the first cycloplegic refaction, spherical equivalent for the experimental group increased as -1.03
0.43 D (t=13.36, p<0.001) and for the control group increase as -0.61
0.35 D (t=10.05, p<0.001) and two groups were statistical difference. Myopia power for experimental group increased 60.75%, for control group increased 56.66% at the 300 days. According to eye-glasses power increased 41.19
15.25% at -1.50 D, 36.74
19.29% at -1.25 D, 56.57
20.21% at -1.00 D, 87.26
49.38% at -0.75 D and 106.69
59.60% at -0.50 D. Conclusions: The myopia power for the eye-glasses wearing group was 0.46 D faster than the non-eye-glasses wearing group at the 300th day from the first cycloplegic refraction. We will consider the effect of non-eye-glasses wearing to protect the progressing myopia and prescribe the under correction for school children having no experience eye-glasses wearing.
Impact of Indoor Air Quality on the Eye Conditions of Occupants in Newly-built University Buildings
Kim, Woo-Jae ; Kim, Sun-Duk ; Kim, Hyojin ; Kim, Ho-Hyun ; Lee, Cheol-Min ; Kim, Yoon-Shin ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 201~207
Purpose: This study was to find out the influence on eyes of indoor air quality in college students taking course, such as Sick-building syndrome symptoms and effects on the eye in new-built university buildings. Methods: We selected a new building in a university located in Metro Seoul and college students in a department for the study. The number of total participants was 33, to whom questionnaire surveys were conducted in advance to check individual traits (gender, age, whether to smoke, whether to wear contact lenses, or whether to drink). The first questionnaire surveys and checking of ocular symptoms to first indoor hazardous materials were conducted in October and two months later the second surveys and checking were carried out in December. The indoor air quality was measured when conducting the first questionnaire surveys and the second questionnaire surveys; especially measurements of gaseous materials such as aldehydes and VOCs in the indoor air were conducted. Results: Indoor air quality of the new building was as follows: formaldehyde level was 22.90
in the first measurement and 16.79
in the second measurement. In addition, most materials showed higher value in the first measurement. The level of TVOC was statistically significant (p<0.05) decreased on 448.54
in the first and 62.55
in the second. In clinical assessments to check ocular symptoms caused by eye irritations, dry eye syndrome was found in the first and second exposures. When comparing the first and second assessments, dry eyes deteriorated in the morning of the second attempt compared to the first one. Conclusions: In the survey of ocular symptoms and the measurement of indoor air quality, the level of formaldehyde was measured higher in the second attempt than the first; thus, it was confirmed the influence of indoor air quality in a new building upon ocular symptoms of occupants.
Study on Relationship between Eye Health and Household Income of the Elderly
Park, Jee-Hyun ; Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Ye, Ki-Hun ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 2, 2011, Pages 209~217
Purpose: In this study, eye-health inequity was investigated by analyzing the relationship between household incomes and eye-health of senior citizens. Further, this study suggested the preliminary data for establishment of public eye-health policy in order to improve low income senior citizens' life quality. Methods: The data from the 2009 Survey of Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination were analyzed in this study. The objectives of the KNHNE survey were over 65 year old group (1,668 people). Main factors of eye-health (visual acuity, cataract, pterygium, intraocular pressure, retinophathy, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinophathy, myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and anisometropia prevalence) were analyzed with t-test and chi square test. Results: Low income group revealed that refractive error rate and intraocular pressure were low, however, naked eye visual acuity and corrected visual acuity were high at 0.1 to less than 0.5. On the other hands, in the high income group, there was high prevalence of hyperopia. Cataract mainly occurred at low income group besides group which maximum corrected visual acuity was below 0.8 also highly showed cataract. Moreover, the prevalence of cataract showed that it related with smoking, drinking, occupation, and education level. Conclusions: Results revealed that there was inequity of eye-health which related with socioeconomic status of the elderly. Especially, the prevalence of cataract was correlated with life quality. Consequently, establishment of public eye-health policy seems to be required for eye-health inequity of low income senior citizens.