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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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The Fabrication and Characteristic for Narrow-band Pass Color-filter Deposited by Ti
Park, Moon-Chan ; Ko, Kyun-Chae ; Lee, Wha-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 357~362
Purpose: The narrow-band pass color-filters with a 500 nm central wavelength and 12 nm FWHM using
mutilayer were fabricated, and their characteristics and structures were studied. Methods: the optical constants, n and k, of the
thin films were obtained from the transmittances of their thin film. The narrow-band pass color-filters were designed with these optical constants and the AR coating of the filter was also designed.
multilayer filters were made by electron beam evaporation apparatus and the transmittaces of the filters were measured by spectrophotometer. the number of layers and the thicknesses of filters were calculated from the cross section of filters by SEM image and the composition of filters was analysed by XPS analysis. Results: The optimization of AR coating for the narrow-band pass color-filter was [air
glass], and the optimization of filter layer for the color filter was [air
glass]. It was known that the color-filters fabricated by the simulation data were composed of 41 layers by SEM image and the top layer of filters was
layer and the filters were composed of
multilayer by XPS analysis. It was also known that the mixed thin film of TiO2 and
was made during the deposition of the
material. Conclusions: The narrow-band pass color-filters with a 500 nm central wavelength and 12 nm FWHM using
mutilayer of 41 layer were fabricated, and it was known that the mixed form of TiO2 and
thin film was made during the deposition of the
A Study on the Clinical Practice Satisfaction of Ophthalmic Optics Students and Optical Shop Owners
Lee, Ok-Jin ; Jung, Se-Hoon ; Shin, Jin-Ah ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 363~373
Purpose: To establish basic data for effective management and quality improvement on clinical practice by investigating the clinical practice satisfaction of ophthalmic optics students and optical shop owners. Methods: A survey was administered for 281 students with experience in clinical practices and 105 optical shop owners regarding satisfaction of ophthalmic optics students and optical shops. And a statistical analysis was performed on the survey results. Results: 92.% (97 shops) of optical shop owners responded that clinical practice was necessary and there was a significant difference (p=0.004) according to gender. 4 weeks was the preferred length of practice period (53.3%) and there was a significant difference according to the size of the optical shops (p=0.000). Clinical practice satisfaction of students was 3.50
0.68 and satisfaction for clinical practice program, clinical practice time and clinical practice shop (3.74
0.80) were the highest and there was a significant difference according to the age of the students (p<0.05). Clinical practice satisfaction for optical shops was 4.08
0.64 which is higher than student satisfaction. Satisfaction for clinical practice program was (4.17
0.54) was the highest. Conclusions: To maximize the effects of clinical practice, a clinical practice program reflecting the satisfaction of students and optical shops is required and further research and attention are required.
The Comparative Analysis for the Progression of Dry Eyes Caused by Wearing Soft Contact Lenses(SCL) and Cosmetic Soft Contact Lenses(C-SCL)
Kim, Myoung-Jin ; Hwang, Hye-Kyung ; Jang, Woo-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 375~381
Purpose: The purpose of this research was to see how wearing either a SCL or a C-SCL effected the dryness of a person's eye depending on how long they wear either type of lens. Methods: This study was carried out on 52 subjects (104 eyes) who were all in their twenties and had previously experienced wearing contact lenses. All of these subjects were required to wear either a SCL or a C-SCL, which were made out of the same material, for three months. Contents such as the McMonnies Questionnaire survey, the blinking rate per min. and the Noninvasive tear break-up time test (NIBUT) were later conducted on the subjects for this study. Results: According to the results of the McMonnies Questionnaire, it was concluded that the longer the subject wore the SCL and C-SCL, the value of the measurements gradually increased. On the other hand, the results from the NIBUT concluded that the longer the subject wore the SCL, the value of the measurements eventually decreased. However, according to the measurements of the blink rate test, it was concluded that neither results had a significant change. Conclusions: It was concluded that long-term wearing of SCL and C-SCL could be the cause of the induction and progression of dry eyes.
The Change in Refractive Powers of Soft Contact Lenses Caused by the Deposition of Tear Proteins
Choi, Jin-Yong ; Park, Jae-Sung ; Kim, So Ra ; Park, Mijung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 383~390
Purpose: The present study was conducted to investigate whether refractive powers of soft contact lenses were induced by the deposition of tear proteins when wearing soft contact lenses. Methods: The soft contact lenses (material: etafilcon A, hilafilcon A and comfilcon A) with refractive powers of -1.00 D, -3.00 D, -5.00 D and -7.00 D were incubated in artificial tear for 1 day, 3 days, 5 days, 7 days and 14 days, respectively. After incubation, their refractive powers were measured by wet cell method with an auto-lens meter and their protein deposited on the lenses was determined by the method of Lowry. Results: Among three types of soft contact lenses, the most protein deposition was detected in ionic etafilcon A lens material and significant change of its refractive power was manifested. In other words, refractive powers of etafilcon A lenses firstly decreased after 1 day incubation in artificial tear and then gradually increased with increasing incubation period again. The observed change in refractive powers of all diopters of etafilcon A material was beyond the scope of standard error and bigger in the lens with lower optical power. On the other hand, non-ionic hilafilcon A showed less protein deposition as much as about 20% in etafilacon A and statistically significant increase of refractive powers with increasing incubation period in artificial tear. The change in refractive power of hilafilcon A was also beyond the scope of the standard of error when incubating in artificial tear and greater in the lens with lower diopter. The least protein deposit was shown in silicone hydrogel lens material, comfilcon A as approximately 10% of it in etafilcon A, indicating less change in refractive power within the standard range of error. Conclusions: The large change of refractive powers that was beyond the scope of standard error by the deposition of tear proteins on soft contact lenses was differently detected depending on lens materials in the current study. Thus, the deposition of tear proteins induced by longer period of lens wearing may be one of the causes that induces blurred vision, suggesting that soft contact lens wearers with the amount of tear proteins may need to choose proper lens material.
The Actual Management State of Trial Contact Lenses and Lens Care Products in Local Optical Shops
Park, Mijung ; Lee, Unjung ; Kim, So Ra ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 391~401
Purpose: In the present study, the actual management state of trial contact lenses and lens care products in local optical shops was surveyed and analyzed to reduce the risk of lens complication possibly induced by neglecting lens care. Methods: The feeling of contact lens wearers during the wear of trial contact lenses was surveyed. Futhermore, the actual management state of trial contact lenses such as cosmetic lens and RGP lens and lens care products was also investigated by surveying opticians who trade contact lenses in local optical shops. Results: It was found that consumers trusted the sanitary conditions of the lens since trial cosmetic contact lens and RGP lens were cleaned before and after trails by over 98% of opticians in local optical shops. For trial cosmetic lens, cleaning with normal saline, multipurpose solution for soft lens and combination of saline and multipurpose solution were 38.5%, 40.5% and 21%, respectively, before trials. After trials, cosmetic lenses were cleaned with normal saline, multipurpose solution for soft lens and a combination of saline and multipurpose solution were 13%, 75%, and 12%, respectively. On the other hand, cleaning with normal saline, multipurpose solution for RGP lens and combination of saline and multipurpose solution were 28.5%, 38.5% and 33%, respectively, before trying trial RGP lens. After trials, RGP lenses were cleaned with normal saline, multipurpose solution for RGP lens and a combination of saline and multipurpose solution were 2.5%, 70%, and 27.5%, respectively, indicating that relatively many opticians followed the lens cleaning regimen. In local optical shops, the cleaning trial cosmetic lens was mainly conducted at every 10 days or a month and the washing cycle of cosmetic lens case was in a month or 2~3 months. The cleaning interval of trial RGP lens was primarily in a month or 2~3 months. For those lens cases, more than 75% of opticians washed them with a surfactant and then rinsed with cold water. The storing periods of lens care products were primarily in a week for saline and in a month and 2~3 months indicating that storing period of lens care products was relatively well-kept in local optical shops. Conclusions: It is thought that the concern about any microbial infection is not that high since trial contact lenses and lens care products were generally well-managed by opticians in local optical shops from the results above. However, better public eye health and better public confidence in opticians may be possible if further strengthen in avoidance of lens cleaning with saline, keep of cleaning cycles within 2 weeks and rinsing of lens cases with hot water happens.
Analysis of Concentration Distribution and Diffusion Depth in Tinted Lenses Using the Law of Diffusion
Choi, Eun Jung ; Lee, Sin Ui ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 403~408
Purpose: To study the concentration distribution and diffusion depth in tinted lenses using the law of diffusion. Methods: The measured values taken from experiments were fitted with the theoretical fitting curve induced on the basis of Fick's second law of diffusion. Results: The fitting curves were in very good agreement with the measured values. As the results, we found the quantitative relationship between mass of dye solution diffused into the tinted lens per unit area and dyeing time, and evaluated concentration distribution of dye in tinted lens, diffusion depth, etc. Conclusions: The dyeing mechanism of tinted lenses can be well described by diffusion theory.
Design Anamorphic Lens Thermal Optical System that Focal Length Ratio is 3:1
Kim, Se-Jin ; Ko, Jung-Hui ; Lim, Hyeon-Seon ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 409~415
Purpose: To design applied anamorphic lens that focal length ratio is 3:1 optical system to improve detecting distance. Methods: We defined a boundary condition as
for viewing angle, horizontal direction 36mm, vertical direction 12 mm for focal length, f-number 4,
for pixel size and limit resolution 25% in 33l p/mm. Si, ZnS and ZnSe as a materials were used and 4.8
as a wavelength were set. optical performance with detection distance, narcissus and athermalization in designed camera were analyzed. Results: F-number 4, y direction 12 mm and x direction 36 mm for focal length of the thermal optical system were satisfied. Total length of the system was 76 mm so that an overall volume of the system was reduced. Astigmatism and spherical aberration was within
0.10 which was less than 2 pixel size. Distortion was within 10% so there was no matter to use as a thermal optical camera. MTF performance for the system was over 25% from 33l p/mm to full field so it was satisfied with the boundary condition. Designed optical system was able to detect up to 2.9 km and reduce a diffused image by decreasing a narcissus value from all surfaces except the 4th surface. From sensitivity analysis, MTF resolution was increased on changing temperature with the 5th lens which was assumed as compensation. Conclusions: Designed optical system which used anamorphic lens was satisfied with boundary condition. an increasing resolution with temperature, longer detecting distance and decreasing of narcissus were verified.
The Study of Distance and Near AC/A Ratio by Stimulus
Jo, Tae-Sik ; Kim, In-Suk ; Jang, Jung-Un ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 417~423
Purpose: This study was to investigate that near gradient AC/A ratio could be used to prescribe a patient with distance exophoria, we compared the difference between distance gradient AC/A ratio and near gradient AC/A ratio. Also, this thesis was to understand the relationship between calculated AC/A ratio and gradient AC/A ratio. Methods: Objective and subjective refractive error were corrected and we used Howell (3 m) chart for distance phoria tests and Howell-Kim (40 cm) chart for near phoria tests. The near gradient AC/A ratio and calculated AC/A ratio were used by Howell-Kim (40 cm) combined with +1.00 D, -1.00 D, +2.00 D and -2.00 D. Results: The average value of distance exophoria was 1.17
, and the average value of near exophoria was 3.71
(t-test. p<0.001). The correlation of distance phoria with near phoria was little higher (r = 0.59, p < 0.001). Gradient AC/A ratios depending on measuring distance and stimulus were higher (r = 0.11~0.53. P < 0.001), when distance was shorter and stimulus to accommodation was more. Also, stimulus to accommodation by plus lens was higher than stimulus to accommodation by minus lens (paired t-test. p < 0.001). There was negative correlation between calculated AC/A ratio and gradient AC/A ratio. As the calculated AC/A ratio was higher, gradient AC/A ratio was lesser. Near gradient AC/A ratio was slightly higher than distance gradient AC/A ratio. Distance and near gradient AC/A ratio taken through the subjective -1.00 D were 1.30
/D and 1.68
/D(t-test. t=1.67, p < 0.001). Conclusions: There is negative correlation between calculated AC/A ratio and gradient AC/A ratio. Also, there is subtle difference between near gradient AC/A ratio and distance gradient AC/A ratio. Therefore, we need to measure distance gradient AC/A ratio when a practitioner prescribe glasses for a patient with distance exophoria.
Follow-up Study on the Changes of Refractive Error for Ten Years in Children and Teenagers in an Optometric Practice
Ha, Na-Ri ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 425~431
Purpose: For better understanding refractive error in Korean children and teenagers, a follow-up study on the changes of refractive error was performed in 1~13-year-old subjects for ten years. Methods: Among the people who had visited an ophthalmologic hospital in Seoul to examine the visual acuity and to correct refractive error from 2000 to 2010 years, 223 subjects (364 eyes) having the corrected visual acuity over 0.7 had been investigated the changes of spherical equivalent power of the cycloplegic clinical refraction and manifest clinical refraction from the accumulated medical record data for ten years. Results: The changes of spherical equivalent power for ten years in 1 to 13 years old were shown the highest change at 7-year-old. And annual change of spherical equivalent power was shown the highest change at from 9-year-old to 10-year-old (-0.64
0.64 D) followed by from 8-year-old to 9-year-old (-0.64
0.81 D). Conclusions: The changes of refractive error for Korean children and teenagers aged 1 to 13 years in an optometric practice were shown the tendency to proceeding to myopia with age, especially the largest increase at from 7-year-old to 10-year-old, and this period is important for vision care.
A Study of Comparison Between Refractive Errors by Fixation Distance Variation with N-vision(open-view type) Auto-refractor and Refractive Error with Canon(Internal Fixation Target Type) Auto-refractor
Kim, Jae-Do ; Kim, Tae-Hyun ; Jeon, In-Chul ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 433~438
Purpose: To investigate the proper distance from patient to target when measuring refractive error using open view target type auto-refractor(OVTAR), it was compared refractive errors between by OVTAR using N-vision-K5001 auto-refractor and internal fixation target type auto-refractor(IFTAR) using Canon auto-refractor. Methods: 21 subjects(42 eyes) aged 22.2(
3.4) years old who had over 1.0 of corrected visual acuity and no ocular disease were participated for this study. Noncycloplegic measurements of refractive error were performed using a IFTAR(RK-F1, Canon, Japan) and an OVTAR(N-vision-K5001, Shin-nippon, Japan). The distances from subjects to targets in using the open the view target type auto-refractor were 1 m, 3 m, 4 m and 6 m. The refractive errors were compared between by IFTAR and by 1 m, 3 m, 4 m and 6 m target distances respectively using OVTAR. Results: At 1 m fixation distance the mean of refractive errors for total subjects was not significantly different between by OVTAR(-2.75
1.84 D) and by IFTAR(-2.95
2.04 D)(p=0.06). However at 3, 4 and 6 m fixation distance refractive errors by OVTAR were significantly lower myopic refractive errors than by IFTAR(p<0.05). Conclusions: The distance from subject to fixation target is needed over 3 m for the measurement of refractive error using OVTAR even not to 5~6 m distance.
Mathematical Expression of the Toric Cornea using Corneal Topography Measurements
Kim, Dae Soo ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 439~444
Purpose: To represent the shape of toric corea in the elliptical function for the determination of curvature distribution and lacrimal thickness between cornea and contact lens when the lens is fitted. Methods: Topography measurements of corneal curvature and curvature equation derived from the assumed elliptical function were evaluated using the Excel program which included the necessary equation derived. Results: Mathematical expressions for the cornea whose ribbon shaped-topography image, in which the center does not coincide with the corneal apex, can be determined. Conclusions: For the application where the higher accuracy on the cornea is not required, such as higher order aberration, the cornea cal be expressed in the simple elliptical function.