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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Job Stress of Opticians
Hwang, Hae-Young ; Kim, Hyun-Mok ; Kim, In-Soo ; Son, Jeong-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 18, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2013.18.1.001
Purpose: This study is conducted to evaluate the job stressors for opticians in Ulsan city. Methods: We investigated job stress of 180 opticians working in Ulsan. The results of this study from The Korean standard job stressors assessment tool developed by Korea occupational safety and health agency (KOSHA) was compared with Korean reference value. The questionnaire on the social, demographic characteristics of opticians was also used to find the factors affecting to job stressors by using multiple linear regression analysis. Results: Among the eight fields of stressors, the interpersonal conflict (the median value; 33.4, the measurements; men; 38.8, women; 41.5) and company culture (the median; 41.7, the measurements; men; 47.4, women; 49.3) were higher than the median value of the Korean workers. By multiple linear regression analysis, the significant factors to the interpersonal conflict were the duty, working hours, unmarried, average salary. In terms of the company culture, last school, rest day of month, job career, average salary and working hours were significantly associated to the score of company culture. Conclusions: Based on the results, important factor in the formation of a positive organizational culture through to improve treatment of opticians investigation and mutual horizontal communication systems in the workplace for the manage on interpersonal conflict and company culture.
Study on the Eco-friend Frame Sheet with Improved Glasses Temple's Insertion-processibility by Blending Plasticizer of High Specific Heat
Seo, Young Min ; Lee, Hae Sung ; Lee, Sung Jun ; Jung, Sang Won ; Kim, Hyun-Chul ; Kim, Eun Joo ; Go, Young Jun ; Choi, Jin Hyun ; Lee, Se Guen ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 18, issue 1, 2013, Pages 11~17
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2013.18.1.011
Purpose: To improve glasses temple's insert processibility of CA/PEG blend, triacetin with higher specific heat values in the processing temperature range is used as second plasticizer. Methods: The total amount of plasticizer is fixed at 30 wt% by CA. To determine optimal CA/PEG/triacetin blend for glasses frame, blends with different composition ratio were examined by various analysis: thermal properties, mechanical properties, glossiness. Results: Specific heat of the CA/PEG blend increased as the content of triacetin. In CA/PEG/triacetin blends, as triacetin concentration is increased, glass transition temperature is decreased and heat conservation rate of composites is increased. Furthermore, CA/PEG/triacetin blend exhibited higher mechanical properties and similar gloss characterization with CA/PEG blend. Conclusions: It is possible to improve the processibility inserting metal support to CA temple through varying the weight ratio of PEG/triacetin. The extruded sheets of CA/PEG/triacetin blend had better glossiness and mechanical properties than those of CA/PEG blend.
Changes in the Covering of Pupil and the Visual Acuity by the Illuminance when Wearing Circle Soft Contact Lens
Kim, So Ra ; Choi, Jae Hyung ; Lee, Kang-Geun ; Park, Mijung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 18, issue 1, 2013, Pages 19~25
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2013.18.1.019
Purpose: The degree of the pupil covered with tinted region of circle soft contact lens was determined according to the illuminant conditions in everyday life and the change of visual acuity by its covering was further investigated. Methods: The circle contact lens having the non-tinted area of 6.2 mm in the center of the lens was applied on 82 eyes in their 20s and their minimum separable visual acuity and minimum legible visual acuity were determined under the luminances of 50 and 370 lux. Results: The covering of pupil was not found when wearing circle contact lens under 370 lux, however, some pupil covering ranged from 0.40 to 1.70 mm was observed in all subjects under 50 lux. The minimum separable visual acuity and minimum legible visual acuity were significantly decreased by the wearing of circle contact lens under 50 lux and the correlation between the larger pupil size of subjects and more decrease of visual acuity was observed. Furthermore, the decrease of minimum separable visual acuity was larger than the case of minimum legible visual acuity indicating that minimum separable visual acuity was largely affected by the covering of pupil. Conclusions: The consideration is necessary for the lens wearers and the manufacturers since the wearing circle contact lens in low-light indoor or nighttime activities may affect directly visual acuity.
The Relationship between Lens Properties and the Lens Wearer's Factors in RGP Lens Manufacturing
Park, Mijung ; Park, Ha Young ; Park, Jung Ju ; Kong, Heejung ; Cha, Young Hwa ; Kim, So Ra ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 18, issue 1, 2013, Pages 27~35
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2013.18.1.027
Purpose: The present study was conducted to investigate the changes in the physical properties of RGP lenses induced by the polishing during the process of RGP lens manufacturing, and further evaluate the differences in the actual wearer's comfort and the tear film break-up time caused by these changes. Methods: RGP lenses (fluorosilicone acrylate material) were divided into 4 groups by the different lens-polishing time like 0, 25, 50 and 100 seconds and the thickness, the surface roughness and the wetting angle of those lenses were compared. Furthermore, the comfortability of the lens wear was surveyed after applying these lenses on the subject's eyes with normal tear volume and the non-invasive tear break-up time of the wearers was measured. Results: The central thickness of 4 RGP lenses made of different lens-polishing time was not significantly different however, the lens surface was changed smoother after polishing to be confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. The wetting angle of the RGP lens significantly decreased in accordance with the increase of polishing time. Thus, the difference of approximately
between 0 second and 100 seconds-polishing was statistically significant. The actual wearing feeling of RGP lens was tended to improve in accordance with the increase of the lens wettability however, it was not proportional improvement. The non-invasive tear break-up time of the lens wearers showed different aspect compared with the changes in lens wettability and the actual feeling of RGP lens wear. Conclusions: In this study, better lens wettability, thinner lens thickness, and/or improved lens surface induced by physical stimuli in the process of RGP lens manufacturing was not well-correlated with the increase of actual subjective/objective satisfaction in RGP lens wear. Thus, the consideration of physical properties of the lens as well as the lens wearers' physiological factors in the process of RGP lens manufacturing may be suggested.
The Change of Near Point of Convergence and Fusional Reserves after Computer Gaming with Different Direction of Eye Movement
Kim, Se Il ; Kwon, Ki-Il ; Lee, Jiye ; Lee, Hyo Jin ; Park, Mijung ; Kim, So Ra ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 18, issue 1, 2013, Pages 37~43
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2013.18.1.037
Purpose: The present study was conducted to investigate whether the directions of eye movement in playing computer games for certain period affected the change of near point of convergence (NPC) and fusional reserve (FR) or not. Methods: Total 40 subjects in 20s who have the visual acuity of 1.0 or higher without any ocular disease and accommodative dysfunction were asked to successively play computer games. After the subjects were moving eyes in horizontal and vertical directions for 40 and 90 minutes, their horizontal fusional reserves, vertical fusional vergence and near point of convergence were measured. Results: The near point of convergence showed a tendency to be receded after computer gaming in the horizontal and vertical directions, and both of horizontal and vertical fusional reserves were significantly reduced. The range of declined fusional reserves and receded near point of convergence after computer gaming for 90 minutes was smaller than those after computer gaming for 40 minutes. The change of binocular vision was affected by the horizontal eye movement rather than the vertical movement when analyzed by the direction of eye movement. Conclusions: This study revealed that the change in FR and NPC was different along with dominant direction of eye movement during visual display terminal (VDT) tasks. Therefore, the adjustment of VDT working time is required to prevent the dysfunction of binocular vision according to the dominant direction of eye movement during VDT task.
Comparison of Induced Aniseikonia with Influential Factors
Jung, Su A ; Kim, Hyun Jung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 18, issue 1, 2013, Pages 45~51
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2013.18.1.045
Purpose: This study was performed to provide indicator of expected aniseikonia by correcting refractive error and to investigate influential factors on aniseikonia. Methods: 20 college students (14 males, 6 females, a mean age of
years) were selected as subjects whose refractive error with spherical equivalent were within
D, corrected visual acuity were more than 1.0, and aniseikonia values by AWAYA were less than 1%. After correcting refractive error with spectacles in anisometropia induced by wearing contact lens on their dominant eye or non-dominant eye, practical measured values of aniseikonia were compared with theoretical expected values of it by the formula of spectacle magnification. Results: Practical measured values were higher than theoretical expected values in induced aniseikonia over the whole range of diopter of wearing contact lens. And there was higher measured value of aniseikonia in case of higher diopter of wearing contact lens to induce anisometropia and correcting refractive error with spectacles of (+) diopter after wearing contact lens of (-) diopter to induced anisometropia in dominant eye of women. Conclusions: It is considered that dominant eye plays more important role for visual function in induced aniseikonia and factors such as the induced eye of aniseikonia, the diopter of wearing contact lens, and gender have influenced on aniseikonia.
Prevalence of Cataract with Different Type of Lens Opacity in the Korean Population
Kim, Hyojin ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 18, issue 1, 2013, Pages 53~59
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2013.18.1.053
Purpose: This study calculated the prevalence of cataract in Korean and examined corrected eyesight with different types of opacification of crystalline lens. Methods: Using the data of the national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES), population-based and cross-sectional research were designed in this study. After dividing total 4,977 persons into different groups by age, from 40 to 95 and by sex, the prevalence of cataract with different types of opacification was investigated. The average age of the total subjects was
, and the number of men and women were 2,142(43.0%) and 2,835(57.0%), repectively. Eyesight was calculated when it was less than 0.63. Results: Among total 4,977 subjects, 40.6% (men 17.5%, women 23.1%) had cataract. Different prevalence rates were found with different types of cataract; nuclear cataract (56.3%), cortical cataract (23.4%), mixed cataract (16.2%), anterior subcapsular(3.0%), and posterior subcapsular (1.1%) in order. There was no difference among men and women by the types. And those in their 40's showed a higher prevalence of cortical cataract than those in the other age groups. Most of subjects whose corrected eyesight is less than 0.63 had anterior subcapsular cataract. Conclusions: The type of cataract having the highest prevalence was nuclear opacity. Moreover, epidemiologic investigation and prevention policy with different type of lens opacity seems to be required.
Relations of Glaucoma and Dietary Pattern Factor
Kim, Hyojin ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 18, issue 1, 2013, Pages 61~65
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2013.18.1.061
Purpose: This study was performed to identify the relations between glaucoma and dietary patterns in Korean adults, aged 30 years or older. Methods: 6,453 subjects (male 2,759, female 3,694 subjects) who aged 30 years or older from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included. Glaucoma was assessed based on the subjects were diagnosed by a doctor. At first, waist circumference and body mass index (BMI) were compared to investigate the association between glaucoma and obesity index. Secondly, dietary patterns using factor analysis for external blue colored fish(mackerel), seaweed(seaweed, laver), bean(bean, soybean milk), vegetables(sprout, spin, carrot, cabbage, cucumber, pepper, tomato, pumpkin) and fruits(tangerine, apple, pear, strawberry, grape, peach) were obtained. Lastly, regression analysis was used for glaucoma and emerged dietary factors. Results: In glaucoma and normal group, waist circumference and BMI were
, respectively. There was statistically significant difference (p<0.05). Three dietary patterns were emerged from the factor analysis, and factor 1 was included sprout, spin, carrot, cabbage, seaweed, cucumber, mackerel, laver. The factor 1 of dietary pattern was inversely related to the prevalence of glaucoma (OR: 0.697, 95%CI: 0.496-0.980, p=0.038), and model adjusting for age and sex was showed the same trend (OR: 0.698, 95%CI: 0.497-0.982, p=0.039). Conclusions: This study was analysed first with glaucoma and dietary pattern in Korean, and vegetables, laver and mackerel significant associated to reduce the risk of glaucoma.
The Bacterial Contamination in Glasses for Vision Correction
Kim, Heung-Soo ; Hwang, Seock-Yeon ; Yun, Chi-Young ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 18, issue 1, 2013, Pages 67~73
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2013.18.1.067
Purpose: Recently, bacterial contamination of equipment and accessories required for vision correction has become a main causal factor in ophthalmic diseases. Thus, We investigated on both the actual condition of bacterial contamination from glasses of vision correction. Methods: Investigation of microorganisms was carried out with a group of 145 glasses wearers, composed of 36 elementary school students, 37 middle school students, 38 high school students, 10 college students, and 32 aged men. Results: Seventeen species of bacteria are detected from glasses of vision correction: B. cereus, B. licheniformis, Bacillus sp., CNS, Enterococcus sp., Escherichia coli, Proteus sp., Pseudomonas sp., Serretia sp., Streptococcus sp., Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus hemolyticus,, Acinetobacter sp., Enterobacter cloacae, GNR, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Among 17 species of bacteria, there are some potential causative agents for keratitis, corneal ulcer, Acute dacryocystitis, Orbital cellulitis, Periphlebitis retinae, Marginal blepharitis, and Acute conjunctivitis. Enterobacter cloacae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus epidermidis cause keratitis. Pseudomonas sp., and Staphylococcus aureus cause corneal ulcer. Staphylococcus aureus causes acute dacryocystitis, orbital cellulitis, periphlebitis retinae, marginal belpharitis. Streptococcus hemolyticus causes acute conjunctivitis. Conclusions: In summation, it is verified that hazardous, opportunistic and infectious microorganisms exist in glasses for vision correction. Ophthalmic diseases are predicted. Therefore, supplementary research on the development of a cleaning solution to cleanse the infection and of an effective method to remove microorganisms is required.
Changes of Refractive Correction Value with Different Age Group: A Case for Myopia Control Lens, Single Vision Lens and Reverse Geometry Contact Lens
Yoon, Min-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 18, issue 1, 2013, Pages 75~84
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2013.18.1.075
Purpose: Changes of refractive correction value in different age group were investigated. Regarding the inhibitive effects against myopia progression after wearing reverse geometry contact lenses and myopia control lenses (MC lenses), the effects after wearing single vision lenses were compared. Methods: We organized children between the ages of six and fifteen into three groups by age, and distributed fifty-seven reverse geometry contact lenses, fifty-six MC lenses and seventy-eight single vision lenses among them to be worn. Group 1 consisted of children aged ten and under, Group 2 consisted of children between the ages of eleven and fifteen, and Group 3 represents all of the study participants. The aim of this study was to learn the inhibitive effects against myopia progression attained by changes of refractive correction value and to verify their statistical significance at twelve months and under, thirteen to twenty-four months and twenty-five to thirty-six months. Results: Changes of refractive correction value by each length of use in Group 3 were as follows. For the age group of under twelve months, participants using the reverse geometric contact lens showed no change, while those using the MC or single vision lens had significant changes (P<0.05) of
D, respectively. Users of all three lens types displayed significant change (P<0.05), in the age group of between thirteen and twenty-four months, of
D for users of the reverse geometry contact lens, the MC lens and the single vision lens, respectively. There were significant changes (P<0.05) of
in the same respective order as the above in the age group of twenty-five to thirty-six months. Refractive correction value showed changes with different age group. Group 1 displayed significant changes (P<0.05) of
D for users of the reverse geometry contact lens, MC lens and single vision lens, respectively, up to thirty-six months of lens wearing; Group 2, also up to thirty-six months, displayed significant changes (P<0.05) of
D in the same respective order, and changes in refractive correction for the age group under ten years was significantly greater (P<0.05) for the age group of eleven and older. Conclusions: The results found in this study demonstrate that there were no changes of refractive correction value for the case of wearing reversing geometry contact lens up to twelve month or less. MC lens showed less changes in variations of visual acuity for all users which might be resulted in inhibiting progression of myoptia. When both reverse geometry contact lens and the MC lens are wearing for the period from 13 to 36 month, both lens showed less changes in variation of visual acuity for all users. The results suggested that the less changes in variation of visual acuity of both lens had an effect on inhibiting progression of myopia.
Difference between Manifest Refraction (MR) and Cycloplegic Refraction (CR) with Age and Myopic Value
Jeong, Woo-Jae ; Kang, Ji-Hun ; Jeon, In-Chul ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 18, issue 1, 2013, Pages 85~91
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2013.18.1.085
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate difference between manifest refraction (MR) and cycloplegic refraction (CR) with age and myopic value. Methods: Manifest and cycloplegic refractions were carried out on the patients of 229 myopic patients (
years old). Results: The average results from a pre- and a postcycloplegic refraction showed a reduction of 0.19 D in myopia, 0.02 D in astigmatism and
in astigmatism direction. Change of myopic value was higher in 30~40 age. Total 73 eyes of 229 patients who showed 0.50 diopter (D) in spherical, and a high degree of myopia group showed a higher discrepancy rate. Conclusions: The results found in the comparison of the value of the manifest refraction and cycloplegic refractions showed changes of myopic value was not significant with age of patient, but the group of high degree of myopia showed higher discrepancy rate.