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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Changes of Thin Film Coating on Polymer Lenses with Varying Temperature
Noh, Hyeran ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.1
Purpose: To observe changes of coatings and lens materials with varying temperature to understand effect of temperature on plastic lens. Methods: In this study, three lenses of different refractive indices (2 of thiourethane oriented lenses, an allyl diglycol carbonate oriented lens) were exposed to high temperature (50, 80, and 100 degree) for 5 hours and changes of individual coating (anti-refractive coating, hard coating, and water repellent coating) were measured. Results: As a result, high-refractive index lenses did not exhibit significant variation of hardness. However, hardness of mid-refractive index lens were decreased when exposed to high temperature and destructions of hard coating layer was inferred. Surface contact angles of lens were decreased with increasing temperature and water repellent coating layer were damaged at higher than 80 degree. Conclusions: Multi including water repellent coatings on all three lenses with different refractive indices were damaged when exposed to at or higher than 80 degree. The degree of changes in mechanical and physical properties were depended on polymer material type.
A Comparison Study on Customer and Optometrist Perception toward Franchise and Independent Optical shop in Ulsan
Han, Sun-Hee ; Kim, Bong-Hwan ; Lim, Seo-Yeong ; Park, Hae-Ri ; Lee, Hwa-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 9~16
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.9
Purpose: In this study, we have compared and analyzed customers' and optometrists' notions regarding franchise optical shops and independent optical shops, so that this research proposes a new direction for the optical industry. Methods: A survey was conducted on 152 customer who visited optical shop and 50 optometrist in Ulsan. Results: With regard to franchise optical shop, customers answered as advantages the well-organized system and service, while as disadvantages high prices and lack of communication. The advantages of independent optical shop, on the other hand, were good communication, fair prices, professionalism, while the disdvantages were lack of service, poor interiors, old-fashioned trends. Optometrists answered that advantages of franchise optical shop were service, system, communication, and successive education, while the disadavantages were monotonous interiors, excessive events, and lack of communication. Optometrists also answered that advantages of independent optical shop were service, and communication, while the disadvantages were poor system, lack of events, poor interiors. Conclusions: We could conclude that it is reasonable for optometrists to consider the advantages of their competitors in order to enhance their communication skills and professionalism, which will promote a healthy competition between them.
The Evaluation of Reliability for Exam Distance of Visual Acuity
Chun, Young-Yun ; Choi, Hyun-Soo ; Park, Seong-Jong ; Lee, Seok-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 17~22
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.17
Purpose: We aimed to evaluate reliability of eye exam for visual acuity as a function of distance. Methods: There were 39 patients (78 eyes) who had visual acuity 1.0 or more at 5 meters. We measured refractive power of patients at each distances, 5 meters, 4 meters and 3 meters. Automatic chart (LCD-700, Hyeseong Optic. Co., Korea) used for visual acuity, skiascope (Beta 200, Heine, Germany) and auto refractometer (RK-5, Canon, Japan) used as for objective refraction. Accommodation was examined by minus lens addition methods, and Accommodative lag was examined by grid chart for reading distance. Results: Being compared to 3 meter test, Amount of corrected spherical refractive power decreased by
D, astigmatism decreased by
D, and axis of astigmatism rotated toward to temporal by
degrees for right eyes, by
degrees for left eyes in case of 5 meter test. Changes of corrected refraction and astigmatism were slightly correlated (r=-0.31, r=-0.29). Conclusions: Because corrected refraction power and amount of astigmatism decreased and axis of astigmatism tends to turn the temporal direction according to exam distance, examination distance of visual acuity should improved as to 5 meters.
The Correlation between Critical Micelle Concentration/Surface of Contact Lens Care Solutions Tension and Their Cleaning Efficacy
Byun, Hyun Young ; Sung, Hyung Kyung ; Moon, Joon Sik ; Lee, A Young ; Kwon, Se Young ; Kim, So Ra ; Park, Mijung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 23~30
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.23
Purpose: The present study was aimed to figure out the correlation amongst the evaluation methods for critical micelle concentration, surface tension and protein cleaning efficacy to evaluate cleaning efficacy of contact lens care products. Methods: The critical micelle concentration of surfactants and the actual concentration of surfactants in contact lens care solutions were investigated by employing references published and related information. Surface tension of contact lens care solutions was measured by surface tension device at
, and contact lenses made of lotrafilcon A, comfilcon A and balafilcon A were washed with contact lens care solutions after the incubation in artificial tears for 14 days and their cleaning efficacy was compared. Results: Among the 22 contact lens care products, 9 products provided the label of the concentration of surfactant, and 7 products showed higher concentration of surfactant than the critical micelle concentration reported in references. As a result of measuring surface tension, the surface tension of lens care products for soft contact lens was generally lower than other care products. When examined the removal effect of protein deposited on lens surface, it was known that the care products having lower surface tension showed higher protein removal efficiency. Conclusions: The surface tension is low when surfactant concentration in contact lens care solutions is high, and the removal effect of protein deposited is accordingly increased with the decrease of surface tension. Thus, these indicate the correlation amongst the evaluation methods for cleaning efficacy.
Changes in Subjective Symptom, Tear Film Stabilization and Blinking Rates when Wearing RGP Lenses with Different Polishing Conditions for Certain Period of Time
Park, Mijung ; Kim, Hyo Gyum ; Bae, Jun Seob ; Park, Jung Ju ; Kim, So Ra ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 31~42
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.31
Purpose: The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of the physical properties of RGP lens induced by lens polishing on the actual wearer's subjective comfort, the tear film break-up time and the blinking rate as a follow-up study that revealed the relationship between the lens physical properties during lens manufacturing and lens wearer's factors. Methods: RGP lenses made from the three different polishing conditions (25, 50 and 100 seconds) were applied on 28 eyes of 17 subjects, aged 20 to 29 years, without any known disease and surgical history in the eyes. While the subjects were asked to wear the RGP lenses longer than a week, the questionnaire for the comfortability was administered everyday. Subjective and objective tear break-up time and blinking rate of the wearers were further measured. Results: The wearer's subjective comfortability showed some difference in the type of discomfort and satisfaction score according to the polishing status when wearing RGP lenses made from different polishing conditions longer than a week, and a bigger difference in satisfaction score induced by polishing condition was especially shown in experienced RGP lens wearer rather than un-experienced wearer. In the case of RGP lens wearer compared with the ones without the wearing experience, as the wearing time increased subjective and objective tear break-up time were increased and the blinking rate was decreased. However, subjective and objective tear break-up time were tended to decrease with even longer wearing time when wearing the RGP lens made from the polishment for 100 seconds. Conclusions: These results confirmed that the optimization of physical properties of the lens may not give the same effect on the wearer's subjective and objective symptoms and other factors when actual wearing. From the results, it can suggest that the success rate of RGP lens wear may be changed by physiological factors such as the stabilization of wearer's tear film, comfortability and lens wearing experience when wearing RGP lens based on 'The manufacturing standard for soft contact lens/hard contact lens' provided by Korea Food and Drug Administration.
Influence of Wetting Agents on Physical Properties of Soft Contact Lens
Lee, Min-Jae ; Sung, A-Young ; Kim, Tae-Hun ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 43~49
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.43
Purpose: The physical and optical characteristics of hydrophilic contact lens polymerized with addition of glycerin and PVP(polyvinylpyrrolidone) in the basic hydrogel contact lens material were evaluated. Methods: This study used glycerin and PVP(polyvinylpyrrolidone) with the cross-linker EGDMA (ethylene glycol dimethacrylate), HEMA (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) and the initiator AIBN (azobisisobutyronitrile) for copolymerization. Results: Measurements of the physical characteristics of the copolymerized material including PVP(polyvinylpyrrolidone) showed the refractive index of 1.4382~1.4288, tensile strength of 0.3446~2542 kgf and water content and contact angle of sample showed the increase of 13.49% and decrease of 21.44% independently. And also, the physical characteristics of the copolymerized material including glycerin showed the refractive index of 1.4330~1.4328, tensile strength of 0.2974~0.2854 kgf, water content 35.58~36.53% and contact angle of sample showed the decrease of 37.64%. Conclusions: Based on the results of this study, the produced copolymers is suitable for conventional lens with high wettability. Also, glycerin minimized the changes of water content and refractive index at the same time, increased the wettability of the hydrogel lens materials.
Analysis of Evaluation Methods for the Efficacy of Protein Removal Agents for Soft Contact Lens
Byuna, Hyun Young ; Sung, Hyung Gyeong ; Won, Hye Lim ; Shim, Ji In ; Park, Mijung ; Kim, So Ra ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 51~57
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.51
Purpose: The present study was conducted to establish the experimental condition for the proper evaluation of protein removal efficacy when developing protein removal agents. Its protein removal efficacy was further analyzed and compared with the result from protein removal efficacy against protein deposition on contact lens to suggest the evaluation method for efficacy of protein removal agents. Methods: Protein digestibility assay presented in the Korean pharmacopoeia was selected to establish the evaluation method for efficacy of papain, pancreatin, subtilisin A and protease itself as a ingredient and protein removal tablets or solution containing those enzymes and find a suitable test conditions. Furthermore, the cleaning efficacy of commercially available protein removal tablets and solution on balafilcon A lens deposited with protein artificially was measured and the correlation between two evaluation methods was further analyzed. Results: When pancreatin itself and the product containing pancreatin was evaluated by protein digestibility assay, both reached 28 IU/mg, the standard value of protein digestibility suggested by the Korean pharmacopoeia. In case of protease and subtilisin A tested with trichloroacetic acid B solution, both of them met the enzyme activity level proposed by the manufacturers when they were evaluated by protein digestibility assay however, papain and subtilisin A tested with trichloroacetic acid A solution were not reached the enzyme activity level. Among protein removal agents, three products except a product containing pancreatin did not meet the enzyme activity value specified by the manufacturer when they were evaluated by protein digestibility assay. However, actual protein removal efficacy of three products except a papain-containing product on the lens was greater than 90% protein removal. In the case of papain-containing protein removal product, its effect was not measured by protein digestibility assay however, its actual protein removal efficacy on the lens reached 73.72%. Conclusions: From the results, it was confirmed that the efficacy of protein removal agents for contact lens should be evaluated by different method according to the type of proteolytic enzyme contained. That is, the protein removal agents containing pancreatin, protease and subtilisin A can be evaluated by protein digestibility assay and protein removal efficiency evaluation and the products containing papain can be effectively evaluated by only the evaluation method for protein removal efficiency employing the lens.
Comparison of Evaluation Methods for Disinfection Efficacy of Contact Lens Care Products
Sung, Hyung Kyung ; Byun, Hyun Young ; Kim, So Ra ; Park, Mijung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 59~67
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.59
Purpose: The present study was aimed to compare the results of disinfection efficacy tested by membrane filtration method with dilution-neutralization method to develop the standard methods for evaluating disinfection efficacy of contact lens care products and to provide the result of disinfection efficacy of commercially available contact lens care products in domestic market. Methods: The results of disinfection efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens, Candida albicans evaluated by membrane filtration method as a FDA standard and dilution-neutralization method as newly being a KFDA standard were compared and the disinfection efficacy of 16 multi-purpose solutions was further evaluated. Results: The disinfectants and contact lens care products having strong disinfection efficacy showed same results in both membrane filtration method and dilution-neutralization method. In case of contact lens care products having weak disinfection efficacy, the number of micro-organisms was not able to count since the colony was aggregated when evaluated by membrane filtration method. However, the number of micro-organisms was able to exactly count when evaluated by dilution-neutralization method. In addition, some commercially available contact lens care products did not meet disinfection standard and especially, their disinfection effect was often weak against Serratia marcescen and Candida albicans. Conclusions: It is concluded that dilution-neutralization method will be useful to evaluate disinfection efficacy since it is possible to count micro-organisms more precisely even with small amount of sample and check the results faster compared with membrane filtration method.
Opto-Physical Properties of Ophthalmic Lens Polymer Containing σ, m, p-Substituted Difluoroaniline as Additives
No, Jung-Won ; Sung, A-Young ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 69~77
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.69
Purpose: The functional ophthalmic lenses containing fluorine-substituted aniline group (2,4-difluoroaniline, 2,6-difluoroaniline, 3,4-difluoroaniline) were manufactured and the physical and optical characteristics of copolymerized ophthalmic lens were investigated. Methods: HEMA (2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate), NVP (N-vinyl pyrrolidone), MA (methacrylic acid), the cross-linker EGDMA (ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) and the initiator AIBN (azobisisobutyronitrile) were used as a basic combination and fluorine-substituted aniline group (2,4-difluoroaniline, 2,6-difluoroaniline, 3,4-difluoroaniline) were used as additives for preparing the hydrogel soft contact lenses. The hydrogel ophthalmic lens was manufactured by cast mould method and the ophthalmic lenses were stored in a 0.9% NaCl normal saline for 24 hrs. Results: The optical transmittance of the sample with addition 2,4-difluoroaniline showed that the UV-B(9.8~51.4%), UV-A(58.8~79.2%) and visible transmittance(87.0~90.4%). In the case of 2,6-difluoroaniline were measured the UV-B(80.2~83.2%), UV-A(85.8~86.4%), and visible transmittance(90.8~91.4%). Also, the optical transmittance of ophthalmic lens containing 3,4-difluoroaniline were measured the UV-B transmittance of 3.8~30.4%, UV-A transmittance of 47.8%~74.4% and the visible transmittance of 86.2~91.0% respectively. Conclusions: Based on the results of this study, 2,4-difluoroaniline and 3,4-difluoroaniline can be used effectively as additive for UV-blocking ophthalmic contact lenses.
Comparison on Accommodative Response Changes in the Normal Group and Convergence Insufficiency
Kwak, Ho-Weon ; Lee, Se-Hee ; Kwak, Hyung-Bin ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 79~85
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.79
Purpose: This study investigated accommodative changes by measuring accommodative response, appearing on the normal and convergence insufficiency Group, by using both eyes open-view auto-refractometer (Nvision-K5001, shin-nippon, Japan). Methods: It carried out objective and subjective refractions, targeting 74 college students (54 males and 20 females) aged between 19 and 29 (
), spherical equivalent OD
D, by measuring accommodative responses at full correction and under correction with plus lens +0.25, +0.50, +0.75 arbitrarily added. Results: In the group of normal and convergence insufficiency, the shorter fixation distances were, the greater accommodative lags showed. The group of convergence insufficiency showed the lesser changes of accommodative response than those of normal. But we found that the convergence insufficiency group had a little larger accommodative amplitude in the total fixation distances. The full correction of convergence insufficiency group and the under correction (+0.50 D) of normal were alike in the accommodative responses. We have also investigated that the correlation between accommodative responses and fixation distances was decreased steeply at the excessive low vision correction. Conclusions: Under correction (+0.50 D) in a near distance is expected to avoid unnecessary accommodative responses, make eyes relaxed and comfortable.
Comparison to Contrast Sensitivity of Male and Female Adults in Their 20s
Choi, Soon-Lyoung ; Han, Kwang-Lae ; Shim, Hyun-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 87~92
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.87
Purpose: Comparison with contrast sensitivity between binocular and monocular of 20s adult was measured by spatial frequency 3.0, 6.0, 12.0 and 18.0 cpd and compares difference between monocular and binocular and difference between male and female. Methods: Topcon CV-3000 Phoroptor was used for full correction of 99 ophthalmic optics students and contrast sensitivity were measured by using Vector Vision CSV-1000E at 2.5 m in photopic condition (100
). Results: Photopic condition at 2.5 m, average contrast sensitivity of entire subject was 52.54, 80.40, 36.79 and 13.56 with right eye and 52.33, 81.29, 41.73 and 14.22 with left eye in 3, 6, 12 and 18 cpd. For both eye 65.46, 113.69, 52.04 and 19.44 were measured. The contrast sensitivity of male was 58.22, 83.52, 37.89 and 13.82 with right eye and 56.03, 46.68 and 15.67 with left eye in spatial frequency of 3, 6, 12 and 18 cpd. Both eyes were measured to 70.89, 120.96, 56.56 and 19.89. The contrast sensitivity of female was 46.50, 77.09, 35.61 and 13.28 with left eye and 48.40, 70.43, 36.47 and 12.68 with left eye in spatial frequency of 3, 6, 12, 18 cpd. Both eyes were 59.68, 105.97, 47.23 and 18.95. Conclusions: Contrast sensitivity value of binocular shows higher than monocular to both male and female. Contrast sensitivity of difference between male and female were statistically remarkably higher to male in right eye 3 cpd, left eye 6 cpd, 12 cpd and both eye 3 cpd. In other frequency, there was no statistical significance but male shows higher.
Individual Difference in the Decrease of Visual Acuity and the Change in Contrast Threshold According to the Level of Optically Induced Retinal Defocus
Kim, Sang-Yeob ; Moon, Byeong-Yeon ; Cho, Hyun Gug ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 93~98
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.93
Purpose: We were aim to investigate individual difference of visual acuity (VA) decrease and the change of contrast threshold (CT) according to the level of optically induced retinal defocus. Methods: A total of 69 eyes were examined using consist of ten-graded decimal vision chart (Landolt's ring). After conducted full correction of subject's refractive error, a monocular VA and CT were measured according to sequential increase by 0.25 D each time. Results: VA gradually decreased according to the increase of retinal defocus level. Individual difference of VA decrease was range from 1.2 to 0.6 in retinal defocus induced by +0.25 D. When retinal defocus was induced as much as +0.50 D and +0.75 D, it was in the range of 1.0 to 0.3 and 0.9 to 0.1 respectively. With +1.00 D, some participants didn't even recognize the 0.1 in the chart. With +1.75 D, whole participant did not recognize the 0.1. Also, CT was gradually decreased with increase of the retinal defocus level. Conclusions: Examiners should consider individual difference in the decrease of VA according to the level of residual refractive error when determining final prescription of a patient.
Change of Contrast Sensitivity in Peripheral Vision Following Eccentric Viewing Training
Seo, Jae-Myoung ; Lee, Ki-Young ; Lim, Yong-Moo ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 99~104
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.99
Purpose: This study was to investigate the functional improvement in peripheral vision following eccentric viewing training. Methods: 14 subjects with normal vision took a part with their right eye, peripheral retinal which is
lateral area from the fovea was examined for contrast sensitivity(CS). Eccentric viewing training was performed for 21days with an hour image viewing and examination was repeated. Results: The critical durations for 0.7 cpd were increased 2.67(467 ms) for pre-eccentric viewing training to 2.79(616 ms) for post-eccentric viewing training (p>0.05). The critical durations for 3.0 cpd were also increased 2.53(341 ms) for pre-eccentric viewing training to 3.04(1102 ms) for post-eccentric viewing training (p>0.05). Conclusions: It is recommended to use higher spatial frequency with higher CS for eccentric viewing training and to train more frequently for a short time. Moreover, the study on Korean standardizing of the visual rehabilitation for low vision based on the etiology is sorely required.
Change of Refractive Error after Watching Smart-phone under Low Intensity of Illumination
Kim, Bong-Hwan ; Han, Sun-Hee ; Kwon, Sang-Jin ; Kim, Do-Hun ; Kim, Mi-Sung ; Jeong, Hyun-Seung ; Kim, Hak-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 105~109
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.105
Purpose: To compare the change of visual acuity and NIBUT after watching smart-phone in 1 hour under low intensity of illumination. Methods: 50 subjects (male 22, female 28) aged 20's years old (
years) who do not have eye disease and have a good eye condition were participated for this study. Objective refraction, corrected distance visual acuity and NIBUT were measured before and after watching smart-phone (Galaxy 2, Samsung, KOREA) under low intensity of illumination (0 lx.) Objective refraction was carried out using auto-chart project (CP-1000, Dongyang, Korea), phoropter (VT-20, Dongyang, Korea) and auto refractor-keratometer (MRK-3100, Huvitz, Korea). Results: Refractive error was changed from
D (p=0.006) and corrected distance visual acuity was changed from
(p=0.000) and NIBUT was changed from
seconds (p=0.761) before and after watching smart-phone under low intensity of illumination. Conclusions: Continuous watching smart-phone under low intensity of illumination lead to temporal change of distance visual acuity and suitable rest may reduce the influence of distance visual acuity and tear safety.
Change of Corneal Shape with Soft Contact Lens Type
Woo, Chul-Min ; Lee, Hyun Mee ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 111~120
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.111
Purpose: This study was to investigate changes in the thickness of cornea, curvature of cornea, and aberration depending on the water contents, materials, and refractive power of contact lens. Methods: The differences in the corneal thickness between pre- and post-wearing the lenses were compared using 5 kinds of lenses. The changes in the corneal thickness, the curvatures of the anterior and posterior cornea, and high order aberration (HOA) before and after wearing the lenses were investigated at the center of the cornea, and the different distance and the direction away from the center of the cornea. For the equipments of measurement, ORB ScanII (Bausch & Lomb Inc, ver 3.14) was used to measure the corneal topography and thickness, and Zywave (Bausch & Lomb Inc, ver 5.20) was used to analyze the high order aberration. Results: Five (S1, S2, S3, T1, T2) of the lens was used for this study, excluding the lens T2 lens has four lenses and the thickness of the corneal shape, but the impact is minimal. In the case of the hydrogel soft contact lenses (T2 lens) with low oxygen permeability, the corneal thickness showed distinct increasing patterns. The high order aberration and coma aberration were most changed in the silicon hydrogel toric lens, while the depth of anterior was most changed in the hydrogel toric lens. Conclusion: Among the 5 kinds of contact lenses with different water contents, materials, and refractive power used for this study, the corneal shape change was small for the lenses with an oxygen permeability (Dk) of more than 28, and the largest for the lenses with a very low oxygen permeability.
A Study on the Progression and Prevalence of Myopia according to Age for the Last Five Years : from 2008 to 2012
Lee, Wan-Seok ; Ye, Ki-Hun ; Shin, Bum-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 19, issue 1, 2014, Pages 121~133
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.121
Purpose: In this study, we analyzed the progression and prevalence of myopia according to age for the last five years. Methods: We have done a comparative analysis of the progression and prevalence of myopia with the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey document from 2008 to 2012. Results: According to classification of myopia by age group for the last five years, the prevalence of low myopia was 25.5% for 5-11ages group, 25.1% for 12-18ages, 27.3% for 19-29ages, 30.7% for 30-39ages, 29.6% for 40-49ages, 19.2% for 50-59ages, 11.8% for 60-69ages, and 20.2% for over 70ages respectively. The prevalence of moderate myopia was 21.7% for 5-11ages group, 43.6% for 12-18ages, 36.2% for 19-29ages, 30.0% for 30-39ages, 20.4% for 40-49ages, 9.9% for 50-59ages, 5.2% for 60-69ages, and 7.6% for over 70ages respectively. The prevalence of high myopia was 2.1% for 5-11ages group, 11.7% for 12-18ages, 11.5% for 19-29ages, 6.9% for 30-39ages, 5.6% for 40-49ages, 1.9% for 50-59ages, 1.5% for 60-69ages, and 1.0% for over 70ages respectively. Conclusions: We must recognize an importance to the increase of the progression and prevalence of myopia, so it is necessary to provide a social interest in prevention of deteriorating vision and eye health welfare.