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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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The Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2016
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2016
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Comparison and Analysis of Keywords in the Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society Articles to MeSH Terms
Kim, Daeyoon ; Lee, Min Hyung ; Choi, Moonsung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 21, issue 2, 2016, Pages 83~90
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2016.21.2.83
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze keywords of articles in the Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society to MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) terms. The study hopes to enhance the understanding and usage of MeSH and give fundamental information to the Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society in advance. Methods: A total of 1952 keywords from 409 informative articles published from 2004, Vol 9(1) to 2016, Vol 21(1) were compared with MeSH terms according to the criteria of complete coincidence, incomplete coincidence and complete incoincidence. Results: 439 keywords (22.4%) were completely coincident with MeSH terms, 815 keywords (41.8%) were incompletely coincident with MeSH terms and 693 keywords (35.5%) were completely incoincident with MeSH terms. The most used keyword in MeSH terms is in the order of Myopia, Astigmatism and visual acuity. For the incompletely coincident keywords Refractive error, Soft contact lens, and Phoria were used the most. Finally, the most used keywords in the category of completely incoincident were Accommodative lag and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Conclusions: It is highly recommended that MeSH terms are selected as controlled keywords to increase usage of searced Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society articles in MEDLINE.
Study of Masking Effect of Soft Contact Lenses on Cornea after Refractive Surgery
Moon, Ye-Rim ; Park, Hyung-Min ; Chu, Byoung-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 21, issue 2, 2016, Pages 91~98
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2016.21.2.91
Purpose: This study investigated the masking effect of the hydrogel lens and silicone hydrogel lens on the cornea with refractive surgery and without surgery. Methods: 24 university students (means age:
) without refractive surgery (12, control group) and with refractive surgery (LASIK: 8, LASEK: 4, experimental group) participated in the study. Mean refractive errors of right eyes were -2.73 D for control group and -0.24 D for experimental group. The differences in the refractive power and corneal topography map between pre- and post-wearing the -3.00 D lenses were compared, and 2 kinds of hydrogel contact lenses (0.89 Mpa, 0.49 Mpa) and 2 kinds of silicone hydrogel lenses (1.5 Mpa, 0.8 Mpa) were used for -3.00 D lenses. NVision-K5001 (Shin nippon, Japan) was used to measure the refractive power and Keratograph 5M (Oculus, Germany) to measure the corneal topography map change. Results: Variations in the refractive power increased to the plus direction in the experimental group after wearing soft contact lenses. The corneal topography map showed significant changes on the both groups after wearing soft contact lenses (p<0.05). However there were no significant differences in the refractive power and corneal topography map variations by lens materials. Conclusions: Wearing soft contact lenses showed corneal topography map changes. Especially wearing soft contact lenses on the flat cornea after corneal refractive surgery showed greater corneal power changes. Therefore, it should pay attention to refractive change in case of prescribing soft contact lenses to patients with corneal refractive surgery.
Comparison of Tear Distributions by the Corneal Eccentricity when Fitted with Spherical and Aspherical RGP Lenses
Kim, Jihye ; Kim, So Ra ; Park, Mijung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 21, issue 2, 2016, Pages 99~108
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2016.21.2.99
Purpose: The present study was aimed to compare the tear volume and distribution by corneal eccentricity when fitted with spherical and aspherical RGP lenses. Methods: Spherical and aspherical RGP lenses were fitted in best alignment on a total of 77 subjects (136 eyes) in their twenties and thirties without any ocular disease or ocular surgery experience. The tear volume was analyzed by estimating the concentration of tear stained with fluorescein in the center of RGP lens as well as at the mid-peripheral and peripheral areas, and the difference of tear distributions was analyzed according to corneal eccentricity. Results: Tear distribution from the center to the peripheral area was not significantly different when spherical RGP lenses were fitted on the corneal eccentricities of e < 0.38 and
, indicating the relatively even tear distribution compared with other corneal eccentricity. In the case of aspherical RGP lenses, the difference of tear distribution between the central and peripheral areas was smaller than spherical RGP lenses. The significant difference of tear distribution according to RGP lens design was observed in the corneal eccentricity of 0.48 < e < 0.68. In other words, more even tear distribution was shown when aspherical RGP lenses were fitted on the cornea with eccentricity of
and spherical RGP lenses were fitted on the cornea with eccentricity
. Furthermore, tear volume in the mid-peripheral area increased with higher corneal eccentricity. Conclusions: The results suggest that the appropriate selection of RGP lens design according to corneal eccentricity is necessary since tear volume and distribution by the regions of spherical and aspherical lenses are affected by corneal eccentricity.
Relationship between the Deposition of Tear Constituents on Soft Contact Lenses according to Material and Pigmentation and Adherence of Staphylococcus aureus
Park, So Hyun ; Park, Ill-suk ; Kim, So Ra ; Park, Mijung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 21, issue 2, 2016, Pages 109~117
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2016.21.2.109
Purpose: The study was aimed to figure out the effect of materials and pigmentation of soft contact lens on the adherence of Staphylococcus aureus upon soft contact lenses deposited with tear components. Methods: The number of adherent S. aureus on clear and circle soft contact lenses made of etafilcon A, hilafilcon B, nelfilcon A was measured before and after incubation in artificial tear. Furthermore, the denaturalization level of tear protein with time after incubation in artificial tear was estimated by electrophoresis. Results: The adherence of S. aureus was significantly different according to the lens materials. The pattern of bacterial adherence on clear and circle contact lenses was different. That is, the adherent amount of S. aureus was somewhat larger on circle lens made of etafilcon A however, amount on circle lenses made of hilafilcon B and nelfilcon A was 89.3% and 71.3% of the number on clear lenses. When the tear protein was deposited on contact lenses, the number of adherent bacteria decreased and its degree was varied according to the lens material. The degree of decrease was the biggest in clear soft lens made of etafilcon A. Anti-bacterial effect of tear protein decreased with time after deposition of tear protein on soft contact lens and the amount of lysozyme also decreased. The reduction of anti-bacterial effect and quantity of lysozyme was different according to contact lens materials and pigmentation. Conclusions: It was revealed that the adherence of S. aureus depends on contact lens materials and pigmentation, and the specification of lens material affects more on adherence of S.aureus than pigmentation. It was further figured out the denaturalization level of anti-bacterial protein on soft contact lens varies according to lens materials and pigmentation, which produces an effect on the quantity of bacterial adherence.
Effect of Accommodation Control by Applying Fogging Method in Subjective Refraction and Auto-Refraction in Ametropia
Lee, Kang-Cheon ; Kim, Sang-Yeob ; Cho, Hyun Gug ; Yu, Dong-Sik ; Moon, Byeong-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 21, issue 2, 2016, Pages 119~126
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2016.21.2.119
Purpose: To analyze the effect of accommodative control and change values between subjective refraction (SR) and auto-refraction (AR) according to application of fogging after accommodative stimulation depending on ametropia type. Methods: Myopic ametropia 76 eyes and hyperopic ametropia 52 eyes participated for this study. SR and AR values measured by three test conditions (Before accommodative stimulation; Before AS, After accommodative stimulation; After AS, and After application of fogging; After AF) were compared, respectively. Results: In myopic eyes, (-)spherical power by SR and AR in After AS test was significantly increased as compared to Before AS test, (-)spherical power in After AF test was decreased to the level of Before AS test. The differences of spherical power between SR and AR were highly measured by SR in After AS test, and highly measured by AR in After AF test, respectively. In hyperopic eyes, (+)spherical power of SR significantly decreased in After AS test compared to Before AS test, more (+)spherical power was detected in After AF test compared to Before AS test. (+)spherical power of AR have no significant difference between Before AS and After AS test, but more (+)spherical power was detected in After AF test compared to Before AS test. The differences of (+)spherical power between SR and AR were significant in all test conditions. Among 52 eyes which were measured as hyperopic ametropia, 7 eyes were measured as myopia by SR in After AS test. In case of AR, 25 eyes among 52 eyes were mismeasured as myopia of ranges from -0.25 D to -1.25 D in Before AS test, 26 eyes in After AS test, and 19 eyes in After AF test were mismeasured as myopia of ranges from -0.25 D to -1.25 D. Conclusions: Regardless of ametropia type, accommodative control by After AF test was effective on both refraction process. However, in auto-refraction for hyperopic eyes, the misdetermined proportion of refractive error's type was high due to consistent accommodative intervention in all test condition. Therefore, in order to obtain an accurate value of refractive errors, full correction should be determined by subjective refraction process after fogging method.
The Functional Change of Accommodation and Convergence in the Mid-Forties by Using Smartphone
Kwon, Ki-il ; Kim, Hyun Jin ; Park, Mijung ; Kim, So Ra ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 21, issue 2, 2016, Pages 127~135
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2016.21.2.127
Purpose: The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of excessive near work by using a smartphone on subjective symptoms and accommodative and convergent function in their 40s. Methods: A total of 40 subjects(male, 10; female, 30; age,
) in their 40s who have monocular and binocular visual acuities of 0.8 and 1.0, respectively, were divided into presbyopia group and non-presbyopia group. The subjects were asked to watch a movie on the screen of smartphone for 30 minutes. Their accommodative amplitude and facility, and relative accommodation were measured and compared before and after the use of smartphone. Changes in fusional vergence and near heterophoria by using smartphone were also evaluated. Furthermore, the change of subjective symptoms was surveyed using a questionnaire. Results: The presbyopia in mid-40s reported discomfort in an order of asthenopia, blur and dryness after the use of smartphone. Accommodative function and non-strabismic binocular function were generally decreased. Accommodative functions such as monocular accommodative amplitude, and relative accommodation were significantly decreased after smartphone use, and the change of phoria was observed as a result of decreased convergence and divergence. Negative fusional vergence was also significantly reduced. On the other hand, non-presbyopia in mid-40s reported discomfort in an order of asthenopia, dryness and blur, and only accommodative amplitude among the accommodative functions was significantly reduced. Significant reduction of negative fusional vergence was also observed. Conclusion: From the results, it was confirmed that the subjective discomfort of mid-40s after smarphone use might be related to whether presbyopia or not. It was due to not only the reduction of accommodative function but also the overall deterioration of visual function including heterophoria and fusional vergence. Therefore, it suggests that the accurate determination of the cause based on the overall visual functional tests such as heterophoria, fusional vergence as well as the decrease of accommodation due to the aging may be necessary when the mid-40s feels discomfortable symptoms by near work.
Analysis of Visual Acuity and Retinal State in the Eyes with Central Serous Chorioretinopathy
Choi, Jong Kil ; Lee, Kyung Min ; Kim, Se-il ; Kim, So Ra ; Park, Mijung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 21, issue 2, 2016, Pages 137~146
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2016.21.2.137
Purpose: The relationship between retinal conditions such as macular thickness and retinal volume of the eyes with central serous chorioretinopathy(CSC) and visual acuity was investigated. Methods: A total of 136 eyes from 78 subjects was divided into 5 groups: CSC eyes under treatment and its asymptomatic contralateral eyes, fully cured CSC eyes after the diagnosis and its contralateral, and normal eyes. Their uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), retinal thickness and retinal volume were further examined. Results: All of UCVA, BCVA, retinal thickness and retinal volume of CSC eyes under treatment were significantly different from those of asymptomatic contralateral eyes, fully cured CSC eyes and normal eyes. BCVA of the asymptomatic contralateral eyes was not significantly different from it of normal eyes, however, its retinal thickness and volume were significantly different from those of normal eyes. Increased degree of retinal volume along with the increase of retinal volume was greater in CSC eyes and its asymptomatic contralateral eyes, fully cured CSC eyes and its contralateral eyes than normal eyes. Conclusions: From the present study, it was revealed that the retinal thickness and volume of asymptomatic contralateral eyes of CSC increase as well as CSC eyes, and the change of BCVA due to CSC occurs only when the retinal thickness and volume increase in some extent.
A Study of the Refractive Errors Comparition between City and Rural Elementary School Children
Kim, In Suk ; Jang, Jung Un ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 21, issue 2, 2016, Pages 147~152
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2016.21.2.147
Purpose: This study was designed to be used as the basic visual function data after analyzing and investigating the refractive errors variation between city and rural elementary school children. Methods: To compare with city and rural areas, 2501 elementary school children who lived in Mokpo, Yeongam, Muan, Hampyeong were participated. Objective refraction, Subjective refraction and binocular function examinations were measured. Results: Mean of refractive error of rural areas was -1.47 D in 2012 years, -1.52 D in 2013 years, and -1.40 D in 2014 years. However average of refractive error was -1.65 D in 2012 years, -1.76 D in 2013 years and -1.75 D in 2014 years who lives in city areas. Average myopia was showed higher who lives in rural areas elementary school children than city areas elementary school children. There were significant differences between rural areas and city areas elementary school children (p = 0.03), but there were no significant differences by averagre hyperopia (p = 0.32). Average myopia was showed the tendency of increase as the students get older by analysis compare with rural and city areas elementary school children. It also showed high prevalence of myopia who lives in city areas elementary school children compare with lives in rural areas elementary school children. Conclusions: It is the very important to performed regular visual acuity test and correction during the largest refractive change period and it is necessary to have experts in the visual acuity test.
The Effects of Breath Alcohol Concentration Increase on Visual Field and Readable Visual Field
Jung, Su A ; Nam, Soo-Kyung ; Kim, Hyun Jung ;
Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, volume 21, issue 2, 2016, Pages 153~158
DOI : 10.14479/jkoos.2016.21.2.153
Purpose: This study was aimed to investigate effects of breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) increase on visual field and readable visual field. Methods: 23 males in 20s (average age
, body mass index (BMI)
) were selected and administered the amount of alcohol to reach 0.05% and 0.08% BrAC calculated by BAC (blood alcohol concentration) Dosing Software program. Then, visual field and readable visual field test with Vision Disk were conducted. Results: Visual field are measured as
(p=0.000) and readable visual field as
(p=0.006) in 0.00%, 0.05% and 0.08% BrAC respectively. As breath alcohol concentration increased, both visual field and readable visual field decreased. Conclusions: BrAC increase with drinking could be the cause of safety accident by decreasing visual field and readable visual field, it is necessary to raise awareness.