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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Energy Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society for Energy Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Nov 2001
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Feb 2001
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
Effect of Economic Analysis an Introduction HSDI Diesel Passenger Cars
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 177~182
This paper aims at evaluating HSDI diesel passenger cars introduction. The result of economic analysis after accounting for the life cycle cost per car shows a saving of 13,836 thousand won in fuel cost per diesel car assuming a life of 10 years and the annual travel distance of 20,000km. Assuming an average travel distance of 20,000km and a 10% increase in sales of diesel passenger car, the social benefit starts to accrue from the year 2002 and, in 2010, is estimated to be 154.1 billion won relative to the gasoline passenger car. The cumulative social benefit up to 2010 under the same assumptions is expected to reach 636.8 billion won.
Impedance Imaging of Binary-Mixture Systems with Regularized Newton-Raphson Method
Kim, Min-Chan ; Kim, Sin ; Kim, Kyung-Youn ;
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 183~187
Impedance imaging for binary mixture is a kind of nonlinear inverse problem, which is usually solved iteratively by the Newton-Raphson method. Then, the ill-posedness of Hessian matrix often requires the use of a regularization method to stabilize the solution. In this study, the Levenberg-Marquredt regularization method is introduced for the binary-mixture system with various resistivity contrasts (1:2∼1:1000). Several mixture distribution are tested and the results show that the Newton-Raphson iteration combined with the Levenberg-Marquardt regularization can reconstruct reasonably good images.
Analysis on the Performance and the Emission of the Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Using Heavy Oil
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 188~194
The process simulations are made on the IGCC power plant using heavy residue oil from refinery process. In order to model combined power block of IGCC, the present study employs the gas turbine of MS7001FA model integrated with ASU (Air Separation Unit), and considers the air extraction from gas turbine and the combustor dilution by returned nitrogen from ASU. The exhaust gas energy of gas turbine is recovered through the bottoming cycle with triple pressure HRSG (Heat Recovery Steam Generator). Clean syngas fuel of the gas turbine is assumed to be produced through Shell gasification of Visbreaker residue oil and Sulfinol-SCOT-Claus gas cleanup processes. The process optimization results show that the best efficiency of IGCC plant is achieved at 20% air extraction condition in the case without nitrogen dilution of gas turbine combustor find at the 40% with nitrogen dilution. Nitrogen dilution of combustor has very favorable and remarkable effect in reducing NOx emission level, while shifting the operation point of gas turbine to near surge point.
An Analysis of the Application Technology of Heat Recovery System from Dyeing Wastewater
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 195~205
A great deal of energy is necessary with emission of lots of wastewater in dyeing and finishing process, but heat recovery from wastewater is not introduced since is technology is not developed yet. In order to obtain the method utilizing hot water produced by heat source, that is, dyeing wastewater it was investigated the characteristics of dyeing and finishing process and energy basic unit. Energy basic unit of polyester/cotton (T/C), polyester/rayon (T/R) and polyester dyeing process are higher than that of the other process. The average quantity of wastewater for each dyeing company is 20,470 ton/month, the average temperature of wastewater is about 41
. Because the SS solution of wastewater in polyester dyeing process is lower than that of the other process, the effect of corrosion in heat recovery system is low. Since the energy price for 1000 kcal produced by vapor compression heat pump is presumed to be 22.50 won, it is found to be very economic heat recovery system, and its payback is 2.09 years for the factory with LNG boiler.
Gasification Kinetics of an Indonesian Subbituminous Coal Char Reactivity with
at Elevated Pressure
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 206~213
Gasification kinetics of an Indonesian sub-bituminous coal-char with
at elevated pressure was investigated with a pressurised drop tube furnace reactor. The effects of reaction temperature (900~140
), partial pressure of carbon dioxide (0.1~0.5 MPa), and total system pressure (0.5, 0.7, 1.0, 1.5MPa) on gasification rate of the coal char with
have been determined. It was found that the gasification rate was dependent on the total system pressure with the same partial pressure and temperature. The
order rate equation (R=k
) was modified to be R=k
to describe the gasification rate where the total system pressure was changed. The gasification reaction rate of char-
at high temperature and elevated pressure may be expressed as dX/dt=(174.1)exp(-71.5/RT)(
The Returning Force Analysis of Working Fluid and the Heat Transfer Characteristics in Revolving Heat Pipe Heat Exchanger
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 214~222
The purpose of this research it to develop gas-air rotary heat exchanger using heat pipe and the performances were examined by way of the theoretical analysis and the experiment. Centrifugal force to return the working fluid in heat pipe elements with different radius was evaluated as a function of the revolution speed and inclination angle, and a rotary heat exchanger with 60 heat pipes in 3 rows was designed and manufactured. The inclination angle of a heat pipe relative to the revolving axis was designed to be 2
and water was used as a working fluid. Experimental result showed the heat exchange rate was enhanced by 16% with compared to the calculated value.
Stabilization Characteristics of the Diffusion Flame Formed in the Wake of Bluff Body with Fuel Injection
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 223~232
To study the stabilization characteristics of diffusion flame formed in the wake of a cylindrical bluff body with fuel injection, the flame stability limits, length and temperature of recirculation zone of flame, turbulence intensity distribution near the recirculation zone of flame were measured and analyzed. The length of recirculation zone is independent on main fuel injection quantity, but it is dependent on fuel injection angles, air stream velocity, and auxiliary fuel injection into recirculation zone. For diffusion flame, in general, the flame stabilization is deteriorated with increase of he length of recirculation zone, but if the turbulence generator is installed, the flame stabilization is improved with increase of the length of recirculation zone. The temperature of recirculation zone is dependent on fuel injection angles, auxiliary fuel injection into recirculation zone, turbulence generators, and it dependent on fuel injection angles, auxiliary fuel injection into recirculation zone, turbulence generators, and it has a maximum value at the condition of each theoretical mixture. In general, the more temperature of recirculation zone is low, the more flame is stable. But when the turbulence generator is installed, the more temperature of recirculation zone is low, the more flame is unstable. The turbulence intensity in the wake of bluff body is increased with increase of diameter or blockage ratio of grid. The more turbulence intensity is increased by installation of turbulence generator, the more flame is unstable. Finally, It is clear that the stabilization characteristics of diffuser flame can be controlled by some parameters such as fuel injection angles, auxiliary fuel injection into recirculation zone, turbulence generators.
The Dynamic Effect of Promotion of Natural Gas Vehicles on LNG Storage Facilities
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 233~242
This paper attempts to analyze the effects of promotion of natural gas vehicles (NGVs) on LNG storage facilities and load patterns, and to verify economic feasibilities of NGVs as a DSM (Demand-Side Management) strategy. For these purpose, we have established an econometric mode. Results from the model indicate that natural gas demand in transportation sector will increase continuously, having a 7.84% share in total natural gas demand in 2014. By this analysis, the increased use of NGVs can result in a decreased requirement on the volume of around 1.3 LNG tanks lower in 2014. Also, it shows that TDRs can be reduced by 0.4 for the city gas and by 0.15 for the total LNG in 2014. As a conclusion, we suggest that the promotion of NGVs may play an efficient role as a DSM strategy, and should be considered as a promising strategy to optimize the investment needs in LNG sector as well as an environmental protection measures. Lastly, we acknowledge that a transportation module in our model is based on a Korean government's NGVs promotion plan, not on a market function.
Combustion Characteristics of Domestic Anthracite with High-Pressure TGA
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 243~252
Combustion characteristics of domestic anthracite coal were observed by high-pressure thermogravimetric analyzer with variation of pressure (1~16 atm) and heating rate (15, 20,
/min) with non-iso-thermal method (temperature range : 25~100
). Measured combustion reaction rate increased with increasing pressure. This result could be explained by the fact that the activation energy of coal combustion decreased with increasing pressure. Reaction order of coal combustion determined by Freeman and Carroll
method linearly increased from 1.04 to 1.30 and activation energy decreased from 47.37 to 14.42 Kcal/mol as pressure increased from 1 to 16 attn.
Evaporator Superheat Control of a Multi-type Air-Conditioning/Refrigeration System
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 253~265
This paper investigates a PI control problem for the evaporator superheat, i.e., temperature difference between the two-phase region and the exit region of an evaporator, for multi-type air-conditioning/refrigeration system. Mathematical model describing the characteristics of compressor, condenser, evaporator, and electronic expansion valve are first derived. Then, two transfer function from the current input applied to an electronic expansion valve to the wall-temperatures of an evaporator tube at two-phase region and superheated region, respectively, are derived. The stability of the closed loop system with the PI controller designed it analyzed by using Nyquist stability criterion. Simulation results are provided.
The Buoyancy Effects in Horizontal Porous Layers with Vortical Through Flow
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 266~271
Buoyancy-driven natural convection is analysed by employing a linear stability theory in hori-zontal porous media with net through flow. Darcy's law is used to model the flow characteristics in porous media. Bated on the results of linear stability analysis, a heat transfer correlation was obtained by employing weakly nonlinear analysis. As the net through flow increases, the system becomes more stable and the effect of the Darcy-Rayleigh number on the Nusselt number decreases.
Experimental Study on the Heat Transfer and Turbulent Flow Characteristics of Jet Impinging the Non-isothermal Heating Plate
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 272~277
An experimental study of jet impinging the non-isothermal heating surface with linear temperature gradient is conducted with the presentation of the turbulent flow characteristics and the heat transfer rate, represented by the Nusselt number. The jet Reynolds number ranges from 15,000 to 30,000, the temperature gradient of the plate is 2~4.2
/cm and the dimensionless nozzle to plate distance (H/D) is from 2 to 10. The results show that the peak of heat transfer rate occurs at the stagnation point, and the heat transfer rate decreases as the radial distance from the stagnation point increases. A remarkable feature of the heat transfer rate is the existence of the second peak. This is due to the turbulent development of the wall jet. Maximum heat transfer rate occurs when the axial distance from the nozzle to nozzle diameter (H/D) is 6 or 8. The heat transfer rate can be correlated as a power function of Prandtl number, Reynolds number, the dimensionless nozzle to plate distance (H/D) and temperature gradient (dT/dr). It has been found that the heat transfer rate increases with increasing turbulent intensity. The wall jet is influenced by temperature gradient and the effect becomes more important at higher radii.
The Effects of Fabrication Variable on the Characteristics of Simulated Spent Fuel
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 278~285
In this study, the effects of the variables on sintering of simulated fuel to simulate the spent fuel are described. Mainly, the effects of compaction pressure, sintering temperature and time on the density of pellet are described. The experimental is performed with compaction pressure of 1 ton/
, sintering temperature of 167
and sintering time of 4 hr, 8 hr and 24 hr. The green density of simulated fuel is proportional to the one third power of compaction pressure and the sintered density is 90.5~99.6% of theoretical density. The grain growth exponent and activation energy of simulated fuel is 2.5 and 287.97 kJ/mol, respectively.
A Study on the Improvement of the Current Quality Using the Energy Storage System
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 286~293
Recently, as the power demand grows, the concern on the Energy Storage System (ESS) is being increased. Among the various type of ESS, it is revealed that the Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) is the most economic and applicable. In this paper, the operating algorithm of the BESS including the solution of the power quality problem is studied. The BESS is connected to the power system in parallel, and the functions of the reactive power suppression and the harmonics and unbalanced current elimination, are added to the functions of the BESS. Through the computer simulations and experiments, the functions of the proposed algorithms are verified.
Thermal-Hydraulic, Structural Analysis and Design of Liquid Metal Target System
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2001, Pages 294~298
A research for transmutation reactor is in progress to transmute high radioactive isotopes into low radioactive ones. In this study, thermal-hydraulic and structural analysis was performed to design liquid metal target system that would be used in subcritical transmutation reactor. Diffuse plate installation was considered to enhance cooling of window. And thermal-structural analysis of window was performed varying window thickness, beam power, and coolant flow rate to determine target system design valuers. It is ensured that maximum window temperature and stress would be acceptable in the design condition.