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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Energy Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society for Energy Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Nov 2002
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
A Numerical Study on Mixed Convection Heat Transfer in Concentric Curved Annuli
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 283~290
Numerical calculations have been carried out for the mixed convection flow in a concentric curved annulus with constant heat flux boundary condition at inner wall. The flow is assumed to be fully developed so as to maintain a constant streamwise pressure and temperature gradient. Computations have been performed for flows of radius ratio 0.2 and 0.5 with the Dean number lying in the range 0
for the wide range of the Dean number considered here.
A Study on Power Flow and Marginal Factor based on Optimal Power Flow using Nonlinear Interior Point Method under Restructuring Environment
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 291~298
This paper presents a practical methodology that can analysis power flow and marginal factors based on optimal power flow (OPF) of power systems under restructuring environment. First of all, to evaluate useful marginal factors, nonlinear optimization problems of minimum fuel cost and minimum transmission loss are formulated and solved by nonlinear primal-dual interior point method. Here, physical constraints considered in the optimization problems are the limits of bus voltage. line overloading, and real & reactive power generation. Also, an evaluation method of marginal price and marginal transmission loss is presented based on sensitivities calculated by the two OPF problems. Especially, to reflect the cost related to transmission losses in the competitive electricity market, an analysis method of MLF (marginal loss factor) is pro-posed. Numerical results on IEEE RTS 24 show that the proposed algorithm is effective and useful for analysis of power market price.
An Experimental Study on the Transitional Flows in a Concentric Annu- lus with Rotating Inner Cylinder
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 299~305
The present experimental and numerical investigations are performed on the characteristics of transitional flow in a concentric annulus with a diameter ratio of 0.52, whose outer cylinder is stationary and inner one rotating. The pressure losses and skin-friction coefficients have been measured for the fully devel-oped flow of water and that of 0.2％ CMC-water solution at a inner cylinder rotational speed of 0∼600 rpm, respectively. The transitional flow has been examined by the measurement of pressure losses to reveal the relation of the Reynolds and Rossby numbers with the skin-friction coefficients. The occurrence of transition has been checked by the gradient changes of pressure losses and skin-friction coefficients with respect to the Reynolds numbers. The increasing rate of skin-friction coefficient due to the rotation is uniform for laminar flow regime, whereas it is suddenly reduced for transitional flow regime and, then, it is gradually decreased for turbulent flow regime.
Numerical Simulation of Flows inside the Various Rooms for Performance Assessment of Air Cleaning System
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 306~316
ln this paper, flowfields inside the various rooms have been investigated. A storage room, a liv-ingroom with a kitchen in an apartment, and a hospital room are considered in the present calculations. In all cases, it was found that the average of air change rate is. similar to that of perfect mixing assumption and the location of air purifier has little effects on the average air change rate. Detailed local air concentrations show that there are regions where air is not quite purified because of non-uniform circulation of air flow. The location of air purifier has great effects on this behavior.
Cost-Effectiveness Evaluation of Energy Conservation Programs Using Avoided Operating Cost Calculation
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 317~323
This paper proposed the calculation method of the generation operating avoided cost to cost-effectiveness evaluation of energy conservation programs that compounded the Proxy Plant Method and Load Decrement Method. This method introduced an operating index of the Energy Efficiency Demand-Side Management (EEDSM) resources based on the end-user's behaviors on the electricity power usage. The operation index is applied to calculate the hourly operating capacity of diffused high-efficiency appliances. And the operating capacity on the peak load hours for reference load is computed through the reduction of the peak load that contributes to that hour. Also, the proposed method evaluated the effect of EEDSM resources. The IEEE-RTS is adopted as a sample system to analyze impacts of an EEDSM. This paper, we have analyzed the effect of EEDSM upon the changes in the generation of generator, generation cost and the system marginal price (SMP). This method can be used to evaluate the impact of the diffused DSM resource and to estimate the impact in short-term EEDSM program. Further, result of the calculation can be utilized to pabulum for effect analysis of EEDSM resources.
Settlement Technique of Constrained On/Off Compensation Amount using Surplus Function in Electricity Market
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 324~331
ln competitive electricity market, useful technique would be required to calculate settlement amount for electric power traded between market participants and KPX since a number of market partici-pants would appear and trade electric power. Especially calculation of constrained on/off compensation amount can be complicated, and needs to be understood clearly by market participants to avoid unnecessary disputes. This paper presents a technique to settle more easily constrained on/off compensation amount using surplus function. In this technique, a surplus is calculated by each dispatched values and then the compen-sation amount is calculated by the difference of each surpluses. By doing this, settlement amount can be cal-culated by summing the trading amount and the compensation amount.
A Theoretical Approach to Derive Perception Indicators Influencing the Acceptability on Nuclear Energy Facilities & Policies
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 332~341
This Paper discusses a theoretical approach to assess the acceptability on nuclear energy facili-ties and policies, that is associated with derivation of indicators influencing perception on the nuclear energy. Facets of the public perception include the necessity of nuclear energy, expected benefits and costs, possi-bility of control, nuclear energy risk sentiment level, and equality between present and future generations. It also identifies indicators directly or indirectly affecting the perception facets and classifies them into the knowledge-based and the trust-based. Knowledge on nuclear energy facility is acquired on the foundation of the understanding of fact, through information, education, PR, and experience the media. Meanwhile, trust on nuclear energy Policies as value judgment on reality is built through legitimacy, communication, compensa-tion, participation, and the media. Multi-dimensional analysis on nuclear energy acceptability will provide a key to developing a more realistic and mutually agreeable policies and solving the imminent issues.
Determination of Incentive Level of Direct Load Control Program Based on California lest
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 342~349
This paper presents the determination of incentive level of Direct Load Control (DLC) program based on California Test. In the most of the Demand-Side Management (DSM) program, the variables art given by constant value during the DSM program's life time. But, in the case of DLC, variables are depen-dent on the executing number and time of the DLC per year. Therefore, we formulate a newly designed Cal-ifornia Test technique to overcome these problems and to apply effectively to the determination of incentive level of the DLC program. We perform case studies for various scenarios using a proposed formulation and review incentive level of the current DLC program. And we propose a plan to activate the DLC program in the competitive electricity market.
Structural Characteristics of Turbulent Diffusion Flame Combusted with Simulated Coal Syngas
Park, Byung-Chul ; Kim, Hyung-Taek ; Chun, Won-Gee ;
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 350~358
The present work determined the flame structure characteristics of coal syngas combusted inside swirl burners with various nozzle types. Fuel nozzle types are largely classified into two groups of axial and tangential. Experiments were carried out for investigating the effects of fuel nozzle geometry, fuel composition ratio, heating rate, excess air, and degree of swirl on the turbulent diffusion flame structure. To determine the characteristics of the flame structure, axial type fuel nozzle diameter of laboratory-scale combustor is varied to 1.23, 1.96, and 2.95 ㎜ and the direction of tangential type nozzles are varied to radial, clockwise, and counter-clockwise. The comparison of the experimental results was performed to understand functional parameters relating the flame structure. Data analysis showed that the vertical straight flame height generally decreased with increasing swirl number and decreasing axial type nozzle diameter. Flame height established with tangential type nozzle is 3 times shorter than that with vertical type. The flame structures among the 3 different tangential fuel nozzles relatively showed no particular difference. By increasing the heating rate, the width of flame increased generally in both vertical and tangential flame. Within the present experimental parameters of the investigation, flame structure is mainly depends on the nozzle type of the combustor. The visually investigated flame lengths are confirmed through the analysis of temperature profile of each flame.
R&D Priority Model for Nuclear Power Utility Company
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 359~369
Nuclear power plant is a huge system with multidisciplinary technology. So, R & D prioritization is a not a simple task and the relative importance of each prioritization criterion is not well established. This study built a technology classification chart for nuclear power plant operation and maintenace, established the relative importance of prioritization criteria and assigned the relative importance of each technology at each level. Analytical Hierarchy Process was used for the prioritization and the result was validated with Consistency Index and outcomes of fields interview.
A Policy Study on the Radioactive Waste Management and Research and Development
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 370~379
In the Korean electricity supply structure, the role of nuclear power generation is essential. But, the delaying of radioactive waste management program induces negative impact to the stable electricity supply. Despite the continuing endeavors of Korean Government and nuclear power industry, radioactive waste management program of Korea is experiencing a continuing setback. In this background, the study examined the past and current policy and recommends that; Long term safety assurance should be the prime objective of radioactive waste management; Siting process should be transparent and opened to the public with the involvement of safety regulatory authority; A new neutral organization which has no conflicts of interest with any other existing organizations should be established to coordinate and manage the R&D programs.