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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Energy Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society for Energy Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Nov 2003
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Gas-Phase Mercury Control Technology from Flue Gas
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 12, issue 2, 2003, Pages 65~73
In Korea, not much interest has been paid yet to mercury among flue gas HAPs (Hazardous Air Pollutants), but mercury is expected to become a major problem in the near future. The present paper investigates the current state of mercury emission and control technologies. Interest of the U.S. and European countries in the area of air pollution has been recently directed to mercury emitted from power plants. There are largely two mercury removal technologies applied to power plants. One is removing mercury by oxidizing elemental mercury in WFGD (Wet Flue Gas Desulfurization), and the other is spraying an adsorbent such as activated carbon or other novel sorbents (low-cost sorbents). Developed country is requiring that all power plants be equipped with mercury control facilities by 2007. This paper aims at contributing to the establishment of future strategies in response to the problem.
Review of Steam Jet Condensation in a Water Pool
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 12, issue 2, 2003, Pages 74~83
In the advanced nuclear power plants including APR1400, the SDVS (Safety Depressurization and Vent System) is adopted to increase the plant safety using the concept of feed-and-bleed operation. In the case of the TLOFW (Total Loss of Feedwater), the POSRV (Power Operated Safety Relief Value) located at the top of the pressurizer is expected to open due to the pressurization of the reactor coolant system and discharges steam and/or water mixture into the water pool, where the mixture is condensed. During the condensation of the mixture, thermal-hydraulic loads such as pressure and temperature variations are induced to the pool structure. For the pool structure design, such thermal-hydraulic aspects should be considered. Understanding the phenomena of the submerged steam jet condensation in a water pool is helpful for system designers to design proper pool structure, sparger, and supports etc. This paper reviews and evaluates the steam jet condensation in a water pool on the physical phenomena of the steam condensation including condensation regime map, heat transfer coefficient, steam plume, steam jet condensation load, and steam jet induced flow.
Development of a Computer Program for Thermal Sizing of a Copper Bonded Steam Generator
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 12, issue 2, 2003, Pages 84~92
A one-dimensional thermal-hydraulic analysis computer program is developed for thermal sizing of a copper bonded steam generator. It is assumed that the conduction heat transfer of copper region between the hot side and the cold side tube is one-dimensional and its thermal resistance is derived as a function of a tube pitch. The flow regions of the water/steam side are divided into four regions: subcooled, saturated, film boiling, and super-heated. The number of tube selected ranges from 250 to 3500 and the pitch to tube diameter (P/D) ratios are 1.4, 1.6 and 1.8 for the parametric study calculation. The calculation results showed that when the number of tube was 2500, the length of the heating tube was about 12 m and the outside diameter of the steam generator was about 3 m. If the P/D ratio increases, the thermal resistance of copper component also increases, however the length of the heating tube is not so much increased.
Development of Main Steam Line Break Mass and Energy Release Analysis with RETRAN-3D Code
Park, Young-Chan ; Kim, Yoo ;
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 12, issue 2, 2003, Pages 93~100
An estimation methodology of the mass and energy (M/E) release due to the main steam line break (MSLB) has been developed with the RETRAN-3D code. In the case of equipment qualification (EQ), the over-estimated temperature would exceed the design limits of some cables or valves. In order to have a more flexible EQ profiles from the MSLB M/E release, the methodology with the best-estimated code was used. The major conditions affecting the MSLB M/E were found to be the initial SG level, heat transfer between primary and secondary sides, power level, operable protection system, main or auxiliary feedwater availability, and break conditions. The RETRAN-3D models were developed for the Kori unit 1 (KRN-1) which is typical two loop Westinghouse (WH) designed plant. Particularly, a detailed model of the steam generators was developed to estimate a more realistic two-phase heat transfer effect of the steam flow. After the modeling, the methodology has been developed through the sensitivity analyses. The M/E release data generated from the analyses have been used as the input to the inside containment pressure and temperature (P/T) analysis. According to the results at the point of view containment P/T, the Kori unit 1 can have more margin of 5∼15 ㎪ in pressure and 8∼15
Development of an Entrainment Model for the Steam Line Break Mass and Energy Release Analysis
Park, Young-Chan ; Kim, Yoo ;
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 12, issue 2, 2003, Pages 101~108
The purpose of this study is to develop an entrainment model of the Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) U-tube Steam Generator (SG) for Main Steam Line Break (MSLB) analyses. Generally, the temperature of the inside containment vessel at MSLB is decreased by introducing the liquid entrainment effect. This effect makes a profit on the aspect of integrity evaluation for Equipment Environmental Qualification (EEQ) in the containment. However, the target plant, Kori unit 1 does not have the entrainment data. Therefore, this study has been performed. RETRAN-3D and LOFTRAN computer programs are used for the model development. There are several parameters that are used for the initial benchmark, such as Combustion Engineerings (CE) experimental data and the RETRAN-3D model which describes the test leg. A sensitivity study is then performed with this model in which the model parameters are varied until the calculated results provide reasonable agreement with the measured results for the entire test set. Finally, a multiplication factor has been obtained from the 95/95 values of the calculated (best-estimate) quality data relative to the measured quality data. With this new methodology, an additional temperature margin of about 40
can be obtained. So, the new methodology is found to have an explicit advantage to EQ analyses.
Development & Application of Generator Control System Models of EUROSTAG for Stability Study of Power Systems
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 12, issue 2, 2003, Pages 109~117
Because of the difficulty of acquiring new generation sites and right-of-way, additional units have been added to the existing generation sites and the transmission system has been developed into highly meshed configuration. This structural characteristics may cause restriction on the reliable operation of power systems. In other to meet with this problem, the enhancement of system analysis techniques and establishment of appropriate measures have been required in this situation. In addition the deregulation of electric power industry in Korea would require better tools for power system analysis and control. In this paper, exciter system models, speed governor system models and PSS models of EUROSTAG for stability study are developed. Comparison with simulation results of PSS/E is performed for verification of EUROSTAG models.
Analysis on the Promotion Programs for High-Efficiency Induction Motors
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 12, issue 2, 2003, Pages 118~123
Motor-driven systems are the largest electrical load and share about 40％ of electric energy consumption in Korea. Increasing the efficiency of drive-power systems, therefore, is one of the most urgent demand side programs to be designed and launched. This paper presents an extensive analysis on the alternative rebate programs viable to enhancing the adoption of high-efficiency induction motors, and suggests government activities supporting market transformation initiatives.
A Study on Combustion Characteristics of the Methane-Hydrogen Lean Mixture by Using Multiple Spark Capacity Discharge in a CVCC (I)
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 12, issue 2, 2003, Pages 124~130
In the present study, the combustion characteristics of methane and hydrogen-supplemented methane as alternative fuels for automotive vehicles were investigated at various hydrogen substitution rate, ignition position and ignition methods in a CVCC. As a result, it is possible to decrease the total burning time and to obtain the reduction of NO concentration by using MSCDI device under the lean mixture conditions without deteriorating combustion characteristics such as combustion efficiency, maximum combustion pressure etc.. And by mixing hydrogen into methane, it was found that the reduction of the total burning time was obtained, in comparison with the use of methane only ; and at the same time, the combustion promotion rate was improved remarkably in comparison with the use of methane only.
An Experimental Study on the Transport of Turbulent Energy in the Transitional Boundary Layer
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 12, issue 2, 2003, Pages 131~138
This paper considered the structural mechanism of transitional boundary layer by the experimental approach. In order to measure the turbulence quantity in the boundary layer, we made a wind tunnel with 400
2500 mm test section and a flat plate with well fabricated leading edge. Hot wire anemometer was used for acquiring the continuous turbulence signal which is processed by special software. The results of experiment show that the region where turbulence spot is dominant moves from near wall to overall layer and thus the anisotropy of velocity fluctuation shows so large value. Also the turbulence energy originally contained in low frequency band comes up to the high frequency band. Finally the turbulence model needs minimum two length scales to consider the pre-transition region.
Experimental Study of the Ultrasonic Vibration Effects on CHF Occurring on Inclined Flat Surfaces
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 12, issue 2, 2003, Pages 139~144
Augmentation of CHF by ultrasonic vibration in water pool is experimentally investigated under pool boiling condition. The experiments are carried out using copper coated plates and distilled water. Measurements of CHF on flat plate heated surface were made with and without ultrasonic wave and with variations in inclined angle of the surface and water subcooling. Experimental apparatus consists of a bath, power supply, test section, ultrasonic generator, and data acquisition system. The measurements show that ultrasonic wave enhances CHF and its extent is dependent upon inclination angle as well as water subcooling. The rate of increase in CHF increases with an increase in water subcooling while it decreases with an increase in inclination angle. Visual observation shows that the cause of CHF augmentation is closely related with the dynamic behavior of bubble generation and departure in acoustic field.
Study on the Characterization of the Methane Stream Reforming in the High Pressure Using Reforming Catalyst
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 12, issue 2, 2003, Pages 145~153
In order to develop the carbonation process as a core technology of zero emission coal power plant, study on characterization of methane steam reforming (MSR) which is main reaction of this process was carried out. The effects of gas hourly space velocity (GHSV), steam/carbon (S/C) ratio and pressure in the MSR using reforming catalyst were investigated. The equilibrium composition of the gases produced in the MSR were obtained below GHSV 7,000 hr
-1/. The operating conditions of carbonation process using hybrid reaction (MSR+CO
adsorption using CaO) were 700∼800
and S/C ratio of 2.5∼3. The equilibrium mixture of gases composed of 75∼78% H
and 8∼9％ CO
at atmospheric pressure and 60∼78% H
and 9∼l1% CO
at 1∼30 atm respectively under above operating conditions.
Modeling and Analysis of Control Scheme for Voltage Source Inverter Based Grid-connection of Wind Turbine
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 12, issue 2, 2003, Pages 154~163
Grid connection essentially requires a wind energy conversion system (WECS) to not only supply adequate power responding to constantly varying wind speed but also provide a specified level of voltage magnitude and frequency that is acceptable in the electric power network. To satisfy such requirements, appropriate control schemes of a wind turbine to be connected to the power grid should be employed. This paper presents an output control strategy of a grid-connected wind power generation, which consists of a fixed-pitch wind turbine, a synchronous generator and a AC-DC-AC component with a voltage source inverter built in, and performs modelling and analysis of the strategy using PSCAD/EMTDC, an electromagnetic transient analysis software. Real power output control of the voltage source inverter is implemented to extract the maximum energy from wind speed inputted through wind blades and reactive power control, to keep the terminal voltage of WECS at a specific level. SPWM switching method is used to reduce the harmonics and maintain 60 ㎐ of the output frequency. The wind turbine performance and output corresponding to wind variation and the terminal load change is simulated and analysed.