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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Energy Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society for Energy Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 3 - Dec 1993
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Sep 1993
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Apr 1993
Selecting the target year
우리나라 에너지 정책에 관한 소고
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 2, issue 3, 1993, Pages 237~238
Energy demand-supply structure and energy export capability in Asian ex-socialist countries
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 2, issue 3, 1993, Pages 239~250
Forced Convection Cooling Across Rectangular Blocks in a Parallel Channel
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 2, issue 3, 1993, Pages 251~257
The purpose of this study is to obtain an improved interpretation of heat transfer phenomena between blocks and fluids in the parallel conducting plates. Flow is two-dimensional, incompressible steady laminar flow over rectangular blocks, representing finite heat source on parallel plate. Heat transfer phenomena, temperature of blocks and heat transfer into the flow field are investigated for different spacings between blocks and Reynolds numbers. Results indicate that Nusselt number on the far upstream corner of the block was higher than that of any part of the block. As Reynolds number and spacings of blocks increased, Nusselt number increased. The distribution of local Nusselt number on the top surface of the conducting plate is similar to the case with insulated plate. Temperature of the block which has heat source in half cubage was approximately twice as high as temperature of the block which has heat source in whole cubage. As Reynolds number and spacings of blocks increased, overall temperature decreased. The peak value of block temperature occurred at position shifted to the right or upper right from center. The maximum temperature of block can be expressed as a function of Reynolds number, spacings between blocks, position of maximum temperature of each block and then it is possible to predict the maximum temperature of blocks.
Development of a Heat Regenerator Using High Temperature Phase Change Material : Part I Prediction of Heat Transfer Phenomena in a Single Module of Phase Change Material
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 2, issue 3, 1993, Pages 258~267
A mathematical model has been developed to describe heat transfer phenomena in a PCM (phase change material) module for development of an energy recovery system. The PCM module, melting point of which is around 1673 K, consists of silicon(96.8%), aluminium(2.7%) and marginal amounts of impurities such as Ca, Fe and Ti. The module is covered by a capsule that consists of SiC(58%) and graphite(42%). Physical properties that are required for model predictions were cited from the references. The apparent capacity method and the postiterative method wert used in the mathematical model to describe the phase changing mechanism. Temperature and velocity of fluid are the major variables in the model calculation. For the gas temperature of 1773 K that simulates real operating conditions, the prediction shows that PCM is rapidly melted to axial direction. However, for the gas temperature of 3000 K that is higher than the real conditions, PCM is melted rapidly to the radial direction. The gas velocity has no influence on the melting phenomena of the PCM except when the gas velocity is relatively low. At the low gas velocity asymmetry of the temperature profiles in PCM is obtained.
A Numerical Study of the 2-D Cold Flow for a Qubec City Stoker Incinerator
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 2, issue 3, 1993, Pages 268~275
A series of parametric investigations are performed in order to resolve the flow characteristic of a Quebec city stoker incinerator. The parameters considered in this study are five internal configurations of the Quebec city stoker itself and its modified ones, primary air velocity, the injection velocity and angle of the secondary air, and the reduction of the stoker exit area. A control-volume based finite-difference method by Patankar together with the power-law scheme is employed for discretization. The resolution of the pressure-velocity coupling is made by the use of SIMPLEC algorithm. The standard, two equation, k-
model is incorporated for the closure of turbulence. The size of recirculation region, turbulent viscosity, the mass fraction of the secondary air and pressure drop are calculated in order to analyze the characteristics of flow field. The results are physically acceptable and discussed in detail. The flow field of the Quebec city stoker shows the strong recirculation zone together with the high turbulence intensity over the upper part of the incinerator.
A study on the Gasifier Modeling using a Chemical Equilibrium
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 2, issue 3, 1993, Pages 276~284
This study is to obtain some basic data which are prerequisite for the conceptual design of gasification process based on entrained-bed type gasifier. The Gibbs free energy minimization method is used to analyze the chemical equilibrium in the gasifier. The modeling results which consider the conventional mass balance and heat balance are compared with the experimental data published by Electric Power Research Institute. The analysis shows that the reaction in a entrained-bed gasifier is influenced mainly by the amount of oxidant, by the temperature of gasifier and by the type of coals.
The Effect of Particle Size on Ignition Characteristics of Pulverized High-Volatile Bituminous Coal
Kim, Hyung-Taek ;
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 2, issue 3, 1993, Pages 285~292
A cylindrical-shape, horizontal furnace was used to investigate the effect of particle size on the pulverized coal combustion behavior. Three differently-sized fractions (5, 30, and 44 microns in average diameter) of high-volatile bituminous coal, were burned in the test furnace. Ignition characteristics of pulverized coal flame were determined through the amount of methane in the carrier gas for the self-sustaining flame. Easiest ignition occurred with the immediately-sized coal particles. Ignition of coal jet flame appeared to occur through a gas-phase homogeneous process for particles larger than 30 microns. Below this limiting size, heterogeneous process probably dominated ignition of coal flame. Oxygen concentration of combustion air was varied up to 50%, to determine the oxygen-enrichment effect on the coal ignition behavior. Oxygen enrichment of primary air assisted ignition behavior of pulverized coal flame. However, enrichment of secondary air didn't produce any effect on the ignition behavior.
A Study on the Development of Anode Material for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 2, issue 3, 1993, Pages 293~299
In order to investigate the effect of Al addition on the electrochemical performance and structural stability of porous Ni anode for molten carbonate fuel cell, porous Ni anodes containing Al up to 10 wt% were fabricated by the tape casting technique. In this study half-cell performance of the anodes was evaluated by anodic polarization in the simulated MCFC anode condition(650
, 80% H
). At the anodic current of 150 ㎃/
, the polarizations for H
oxidation of the anode was about 100 ㎷. The sintering and creep resistance of Ni-Al anodes was higher than those of the pure Ni anode. It was considered that the increase of sintering and creep resistance was due to the formation of Al
on the surface of Ni particles.
A Study on Iron Electrode of Ni/Fe Battery(II)
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 2, issue 3, 1993, Pages 300~307
To develop high performance nickel-iron secondary battery, the characteristics of charge-discharge reaction of iron electrode were examined by cyclic voltammetry technique, SEM and XRD analysis. The capacity of the test electrodes was determined by the constant current charge-discharge method. It was found that the temperature and concentration of electrolyte were the major determinant factors of electrode capacity, and especially the 1st discharge capacity was increased with the increase of temperature. The effect of fore forming agent on the electrode capacity was negligible. The electrode capacity was above 350 ㎃h/g(36% utility) at 0.25C discharge rate. The stability of electrode was very good, but the activation occurred slowly.
Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibria for ternary and each corresponding binaries of the system n.Dodecane-1.Decanol-1.Dodecanol at 15 mbar
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 2, issue 3, 1993, Pages 308~314
Both Vapor-liquid equilibrium data and boiling temperature have been measured for ternary and each corresponding binaries of n.dodecane-1.decanol-1.dodecanol mixture under constant pressure of 15 mbar. Measured vapor-liquid equilibrium data were correlated with the conventional g
E/ model ; Margules, van Laar, Wilson, NRTL and UNIQUAC equations. Binary equilibrium data were thermodynamically tested by Redlich-Kister integral method and ternary data were also qualitatively checked by two point consistency test, suggested by McDermott-Ellis. Among the binary VLE data, only the system n.dodecane-1.decanol has minimum boiling azeotrope.
Application of the BWRS equation of state of polar halocarbons
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 2, issue 3, 1993, Pages 315~322
The generalized 23 constants of the Benedict-Webb-Rubin-Starling (BWRS) equation of state were modified to achieve accurate predictions of thermo-physical properties for polar halocarbons. Multiproperty analysis was employed to obtain an optimum set of 23 constants for individual halocarbons. The overall average absolute deviations of predicted properties for those halocarbons using the 23 constants optimized for each halocarbon with use of either an acentric factor or orientation parameters are 0.41% for density, 0.33 Kcal/kg for enthalpy and 0.39% for vapor pressure. These results show a remarkable improvement in predicting properties over the ones obtained by use of the generalized constants for all the ten halocarbons tested here.