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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Energy Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society for Energy Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Sep 1998
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
Selecting the target year
Dimethyl Ether as a Diesel Fuel Alternative
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 1998, Pages 157~162
The Degradation of the Effect of Drag Reduction in Synthetic Polymer Solution
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 1998, Pages 163~171
Degradation of polymer additives is enhanced at higher temperature of the test solutions. The degradation of Co-polymer solution was investigated experimentally in a closed loop at the temperature of 6
with various polymer concentrations of 100, 200, 400, 600 ppm in order to see the effect of temperature and polymer concentration with time. The degradation effect were found to be more dependent on temperature than mechanical shear. The friction factor versus Reynolds number curves show that in the range of Reynolds number number 50,000~150,000 the friction was decreased as Reynolds number increased and the friction of solution at low temperature approached to Virk's maximum drag reduction asymptote. For constant flowrates and temperatures the degradation effect was found to be less likely in higher polymer concentration. For constant flowrates and polymer concentrations the degradation rates are affected mainly by temperature. At the temperature of 8
and polymer concentration of 100 ppm, drag reduction effect was disappeared after 4 hours. However, this thermal degradation could be avoided with additional materials such as surfactants which are supposed to enhance the bonding forces between polymer molecules.
A Study of Estimating Local Marginal Power Rate Based on Load Supplying Capability Evaluation Method
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 1998, Pages 172~179
In this paper, an alternative method which can evaluate a marginal power exceeding yearly peak load for each load bus is proposed. The proportion of the marginal power to yearly peak load for each load bus is defined as Local Marginal Power Rate (LMPR). Furthermore, the composite system is separated base on the LMPR. The bottleneck facilities could be found, while the LMPR is estimated. Then, it is possible to provide information concerning improvement in the system reliability by bottleneck facilities. The IEEE Reliability Test System (RTS) is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.
A Study on Dry Film Formation of Clay Solution
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 1998, Pages 180~186
In this study, the effect of shear rate on the viscosity variation is examined to understand the flow characteristics of the mixture of bentonite and water. The variation of film thickness according to mixing ratio and viscosity is measured to characterize the film formation. And, the separation of dried film is studied according to film thickness. Specific surface area affecting on adsorption capability is measured using BET method. The viscosity decreases and the film thickness increases as the mixing ratio increases. The separation characteristic of dried film is suitable within a range of 40 to 150
in film thickness and 5 to 10% in mixing ratio.
Numerical Prediction of Turbulent Heat Transfer to Low Prandtl Bumber fluid Flow through Rod Bundles
Chung, Bum-Jin ; Kim, Sin ;
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 1998, Pages 187~193
The turbulent heat transfer to low Prandtl number fluid flow through rod bundles is analyzed using k-
two-equation model. For the prediction of the turbulent flow field, an anisotropic eddy viscosity model is used. In the analysis of the temperature field, the effects of various parameters such as geometry, Reynolds and Prandtl numbers are considered. The calculation in made for Prandtl numbers from 0.001 to 0.1 in order to analyze the heat transfer to low Prandtl number fluid such as liquid metals. The numerical results show that for small P/D (Pitch/Diameter) geometries low Prandtl number makes severe changes of the rod surface temperature.
A Study on Heat Transfer Coefficient of a Perfluorocarbon Heat Pipe
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 1998, Pages 194~201
In electric commuter trains using AC motors, lots of GTO thyristors and diodes are needed for power controls. These semiconductors generate heat about 1~2 kW, and for cooling which perfluorocarbon(PFC) heat pipes have been in use for the last two decades. The present study was investigated on the effects of such important design parameters as structure of internal surface (grooved or smooth), fill charge ratio, and inclinating angle from a vertical on heat transfer coefficients at both evaporators and condensers. To obtain experimental data, several heat pipes of the same geometry of 520 mm long and diameter of 15.88 mm but different in fill charge ratio and internal surface structure were designed and fabricated. For prediction of the heat transfer coefficients, related expressions were examined and the results of calculations were compared with experimental data. Performance tests were conducted while heat pipes operated at mode of thermosyphons. High enhancements of heat transfer coefficient were obtained internal grooves. In these cases, the evaporating heat transfer coefficients distributed in the range of 2~5.5 kW/
K, with an increase of heat flux from 15~45 kW/
. These experimental data were in good agreement with Rohsenow's expression based on nucleate boiling when correction factor
=1.3 was encountered. In addition, the condensation heat transfer coefficients were distributed from 1.5 to 3.5 kW/
K, and the data were in good agreements with Nusselt's correlation, based on filmwise condensation on vertical plate, when choosing a correction factor
. A fill charge ratio of 40~100% were recommended, and the in clination angle effects were negligible when the angle was higher then 30
Analytical Study on the Discharge Transients of a Steam Discharging Pipe
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 1998, Pages 202~208
As in the other industrial processes, a nuclear power plant involves a steam relieving process through which condensable steam is discharged and condensed in a subcooled pool. An analysis of steam discharge transients was carried out using the method of characteristics to determine the flow characteristics and dynamic loads of piping that are used for structural design of the piping and its supports. The analysis included not only the steam flow rate but also the flow rates of the air and water which originally exist in the pipe. The analytical model was developed for a uniform pipe with friction through which the flow was discharged into a suppression pool. Including the combinations of system elements such as reservoir, valve and branching pipe lines. The piping flow characteristics and dynamic loads were calculated by varying system pressure, pipe length, and submergence depth. It was found that the dynamic load, water clearing time and water clearing velocity at the water/air interface were dependent not only on the system pressure and temperature but also on the pipe length and submergence depth.
The Throughflow Effects on Natural Convection in Horizontal Porous Layer
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 1998, Pages 209~215
This paper investigated the vertical throughflow effects on natural convection due to heating from below in horizontal porous layer. The motion of the fluid in the porous layer is governed by Brinkman-Darcy equation. And compared Critical Rayleigh number in case of throughflow with no throughflow. Investigated Nusslet number, isothermalline and flow with the variation of the strength of throughflow in a constant Rayleigh number. In the numerical analysis, flow is assumed to be two-dimensional and unsteady. The numerical scheme used is a finite-difference method. In the experimental study, Temperature distribution was measured by use of Liquid Crystal film. As a results, indicated that throughflow influences largely on the temperature field and as the strength of throughflow increased, unstability of natural convection decreased. Also it could predict the strength of natural convection with the measured Nusselt number.
Sulfation Reaction Kinetics of Pulverized Korean Dolomite and Limestone using Thermogravimetric Analyses
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 1998, Pages 216~222
Thermogravimetric analyses were conducted by isothermal technique in order to characterize the sulfation reaction of calcined sorbents such as Tanyang dolomite, Yongwol dolomite, Tanyang limestone, and Yongwol limestone. Sulfation reaction for 0.08 mm in particle diameter were carried out with respect to various factors.; isothermal reaction temperatures (650~85
concentration (0.38~1%), and oxygen concentration (1.2~6.7%). Measured reaction orders of SO
concentration, oxygen concentration, and activation energy were 0.3~2.2, 0.22~0.51 and 23.6~36 kJ/mol, respectively. The kinetic equations of sulfation reaction of calcined dolomites were correlated with various factors.
A Survey on the Co-Generation Load for Large Commercial Buildings
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 1998, Pages 223~230
Energy consumption statistics have been surveyed for 50 large commercial buildings with high energy consumption records in Seoul City. The buildings were classified into three different groups for data analysis: hospitals, hotels, and department stores/office buildings. The analysis was focused on identifying installed boiler and refrigerator data, energy consumption rates, and energy load distribution throughout the year. Refrigerating electricity was confirmed again to affect most on the formation of the summer electricity load peak as expected. Replacing the refrigerator electricity peak in the summer with co-generation in large commercial buildings. However, overall heat load distribution in a single building is still considered not large enough for economically feasible co-generation and thus joint co-generation for multiple neighboring buildings are preferred and the Electric Power Law and LNG pricing policy should be revised favorably for co-generation in advance.
Performance Analysis of New Working Solution for Absorption Refrigeration Machine using Treated Sewage
Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 1998, Pages 231~240
The global environmental problems such as CFC, energy losses in heat recovery system as well as summer peak time power demands, the development of high efficiency absorption refrigeration systems is one of the most promising method in this problems. The absorption refrigeration system to utilize treated sewage is available for environmental protection and energy conservation. Simulation analysis on the double-effect absorption refrigeration cucles with parallel or series flow type has been performed. LiBr+LiI+LiCl+LiNO
solution was selected as the new working fluid. The main purpose of this study is evaluating the possibilities of effective utilization of treated sewage as a cooling water for the absorber and condenser. The other purpose of the present study is to determine the optimum designs and operating conditions based on the operating constraints and the coefficient of performance in the parallel or series flow type. In this study, we found out the characteristic of new working solution through the cycle simulation and compared LiBr solution to evaluate. The absorption refrigeration machine using the new working fluid was obtained better results COP rise and compactness of system by comparison with LiBr solution.