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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
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최근 철강용 수용성 냉간압연유의 동향
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 12, issue 4, 1996, Pages 1~6
A Study on the Gas Leakage and Friction of the Self-lubricating Piston Seal Rings
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 12, issue 4, 1996, Pages 7~12
Present study was undertaken to investigate the leakage and friction of self-lubricating piston seal rings. A crank-piston type gas leakage test set-up was constructed. The piston rings were made of PTFE-polyimide composite. The free gap configurations of the seal rings were butt and step types. Eccentric tension rings were used to give the seal rings prepressure between the seal rings and cylinder wall. Two sizes of the tension rings were installed to investigate their effect on the gas leakage and friction of the seal rings. The results showed that step type seal rings are superior than the butt types. High tension spring rings resulted in low leakage and high friction loss. In order to reduce the gas leakage and friction loss of the piston seal rings, there should be compromise between the number of ring stages and prepressure of the tension rings.
The Error Estimation of Radial Contact Force with a Split Shaft Device for Lip Seals
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 12, issue 4, 1996, Pages 13~17
Study on the Tribo-Characteristics of Tin-Bronze Matrix Material for Brake Pad
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 12, issue 4, 1996, Pages 18~27
An interlaboratory wear testing was performed in order to understand the friction behaviors and the wear mechanisms of the sintered composites. The specimens were the sintered bronze matrix composites having various contents of friction additives, friction control agents and reinforcements. The variation of the wear characteristics according to the constituents of the composites as well as the wear conditions was investigated by SEM, EPMA, OM, the hardness testing and the measurement of friction. The specimen having glass fiber as the matrix reinforcement showed a remarkable increase in wear resistance as increasing the content of glass fiber. Graphite particles in the composites exhibited the lubricating effect and also resulted in the lowering strength of the matrix. Addition of Mo powder to the composites led to the deterioration of wear properties at the room temperature, however, an enhanced wear properties were obtained in the containing Mo at an elevated temperature.
Lubrication Characteristics of High-Speed Ball Bearing with Oil-Jet Lubrication
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 12, issue 4, 1996, Pages 28~34
The lubrication characteristics of high-speed ball bearings have been investigated empirically using 45mm bore split inner ring ball bearings employed in small industrial gas turbine engines with oil-jet lubrication method. For the close structural simulation, experiments carried out with bearing mounting supports of real engines, such as bearing housings and oil nozzle assemblies with squeeze film dampers. Thus the results of tests can be directly applied to the design and the development of gas turbine engines. Testing was done by varying operating speeds, axial load on bearings, and lubricant flow rates. During testing, the temperature of bearing at outer-ring face, the power consumption of the driving motor, and the rotating resistance of the bearing were measured. From this study, the representative factors for lubrication characteristics at high speed was found, and the most important one was not operating speed but axial load up to 1.95 million dmN speed and 2969 N axial load. Furthermore, the detailed variation of the rotational resistance of the bearing could be visualized by measuring the change of the radial load under the bearing supports. The rotational resistance consists of the frictional resistance and the bearing-cavity oil resistance.
The Air Jet Effect of Sealing Performance Improvement on Labyrinth Seal
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 12, issue 4, 1996, Pages 35~42
The labyrinth seal is one of the widely used non-contact type mechanical seal. Current work was emphasized on the investigation of the air jet effect on the labyrinth seal. To improve the sealing capability of conventional labyrinth seal, air jet was injected against through the leakage flow. In this study, both of the numerical analysis by CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and the experimental measurement were carried out. Both of the turbulence aad the compressible flow model were introduced in CFD analysis. The sealing effect of the leakage clearance and the air jet magnitude were studied in the experiment. The reason of the enhanced sealing was explained as a reduction of effective clearance by jetting air. As a result, the air jet could reduce the effective clearance with a wide range of leakage clearance.
The Lubrication Characteristics of Rotary Compressor for Refrigeration & Air-Conditioning (Part I ; The analysis of rolling piston behavior)
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 12, issue 4, 1996, Pages 43~51
Rapid increase of refrigeration & air-conditioning system (r & a system) in modem industries brings attention to the urgency of research & development as a core technology in the area. And it is required to the compatibility problem of r & a system to alternative refrigerant for the protection of environment. Then, it is requested to study the lubrication characteristics of refrigerant compressor which is the core technology in the r & a system. The study of lubrication characteristics in the critical sliding component is essential for the design of refrigerant compressor. Therefore, theoretical investigation of the lubrication characteristics of rotary compressor for r & a system is studied. The Runge-Kutta method is used for the analysis of the behavior of rolling piston in the rotary compressor. The results show that the rotating speed of shaft and the discharge pressure have an important effect upon the angular velocity of the rolling piston. This results give important basic data for the further lubrication analysis and design of the rotary compressor.
Analysis of Electrical Contact Resistance Model in Multi-Contact of Tribological Elements
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 12, issue 4, 1996, Pages 52~59
The results of the electrical contact conductivity of multi-contact spots accounting the surface roughness and the non-conductive films of different origins such as air, water, cutting oil, and machining oil are presented. The array of metal spheres compressed between two flat plates has been used for simulation of the contact behavior of multiple contact of solids, under normal loading. Measurement of electrical contact resistance has been made using the equipment providing the adequate accuracy in the range of micro Ohms. The data on electrical contact resistance have been compared with theoretical predictions using the multiple contact model of constriction resistance. The effect of single spot number and array on conductivity of contact has been evaluated. The results of the experiments show that the contact resistance are closely related to the number of loading cycles, form of surface roughness, and presence of non-conductive films that reduce the size of the real electrical contact spots.
Tribological Characteristics of Plasma Ion Nitriding Surface Treatment
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 12, issue 4, 1996, Pages 60~70
Scuffing and severe wear of the highly stressed sliding components have been very critical problems in the development of a rotary compressor. In order to improve durability and reliability of the compressor, plasma ion-nitriding was applied on the shaft and the vane surface. The effects of different treatment conditions on the mechanical and tribological properties of the ion-nitrided surfaces were investigated. Ion-nitrided surfaces showed better tribological performances than untreated surfaces. The best wear performance was observed when the shaft was nitrided in the condition of 450$\circ$C, 7 hours, $N_2:H_2=1:4$ gas mixture by forming a ductile nitrided layer which has $\gamma'$ phase microstructure. As nitrogen gas pressure increased, $\varepsilon$ phase layer was formed. This hard phase layer was observed to be more beneficial for the vane in reducing friction and wear.