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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
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An Experimental Study on the Rolling Resistance of Bearing Surfaces Coated by Pure Tin and Zinc Films
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 14, issue 1, 1998, Pages 1~6
An experimental study was performed to discover the tribological behaviors of pure tin and zinc coated 52100 bearing steel. Pure tin coatings ranging from 30 nm to 30,000 nm and pure zinc coatings ranging from 500 nm to 52,000 nm were produced by a thermal evaporation coating method. Experiments using a thrust ball bearing-typed rolling test-rig were performed for the investigations of the effect of coating thickness on the tribological rolling behavior. Results showed that the existence of optimum film thickness which revealed minimum rolling resistance was discovered for tin and zinc coating. The compatibility of coating material to iron showed no significant effect on the rolling resistance behavior. The hardness of coating material revealed significant influence to the rolling resistance behavior.
Experimental Study on the Characteristics of the Film Pressure and Temperature in a 5-Pad Tilting Pad Journal Bearing of LOP Type
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 14, issue 1, 1998, Pages 7~13
The static characteristics of a five-pad tilting pad journal bearing of load on pad (LOP) type have been investigated experimentally under the different values of bearing load and shaft speed. The diameter and length of the bearing are 300.91 mrn and 149.8 mm, reslx;ctively. Circumferential distribution of the film pressure, film thickness, journal surface temperature and beating surface temperature are measured. A noticeable inlet pressure rise is observed at the entrance of each pad, especially the bottom pad. The inlet pressure is increased by the increase of shaft speed as well as bearing load. In the five-pad tilting pad joumal bearing of LOP type, almost all of beating load is being carried only by the bottom pad. The maximum bearing surface temperature is observed at near the minimum film thickness. It is observed that the metal temperature of the mid-plane is higher than that of the edge at the inlet region, while the metal temperature of the edge is higher than that of the mid-plane at the outlet region.
Effects of Exciting Frequency on the Stiffness and Damping Coefficients in a Tilting Pad Journal Bearing
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 14, issue 1, 1998, Pages 14~22
This paper describes the effects of exciting frequency on the stiffness and damping coefticients of a 5-pad tilting pad journal bearing, LOP (load on pad) type. The stiffness and damping coefficients are investigated experimentally under the different values of exciting frequency, bearing load and shaft speed. These coefficients are estimated by measuring the response of the relative displacement between the bearing and the shaft and acceleration of the bearing due to the known exciting loads acting on the bearing. In order to analysis the response of exciting load, displacement and acceleration, a FFT analyzer is used. It is shown that the variation of exciting frequency has a little effect on both the stiffness and damping coefficients. Both the stiffness and damping coefficients in the loading direction are decreased by the increase of shaft speed but increased by the increase of bearing load.
The Characteristics of Friction in Direct Acting OHC Valve Train System
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 14, issue 1, 1998, Pages 23~27
The characteristics of friction in direct acting OHC vane train system have been investigated by the comparison of experimental and theoretical results. A modified friction model was presented to calculate the friction force at cam/tappet contact. A simple experimental system was evaluated to measure the friction force and the camshaft driving torque. The friction force was measured by using the dynamic loadcell. Good agreement was found between theoretical and experimental results in friction force, but there was a little difference in driving torque.
Finite Element Analysis of Thermal Behaviours of a Disk Brake in High-Speed Trains
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 14, issue 1, 1998, Pages 28~36
This paper presents the thermal behaviours of a solid type disk brake for a high-speed train. The thermal behaviours of a brake disk with 50mm thickness shows good performance compared with 45mm thickness of a disk because of a high specific heat capacity. The FEM results show that the thickness of the disk with a same weight of the brake disk should be increased for a good flexibility of the contact thermal problems. Therefore, the ratio between the pad and disk in diameter may be reduced and the thickness of a disk increased.
Numerical Analysis on the Thermal Characteristics of a Ventilated Disc Brake
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 14, issue 1, 1998, Pages 37~44
The adequate design of a passenger car's braking system, which is directly related to the safety of a car, is very important since the safety is an essential design parameter of a car to keep men and car from the damage. The general method to verify the performance and safety of a braking system is still based on the trial-error experiments. However, the design based on experiments costs high and is time-consuming method. So it is desirable to use the numerical analysis method for the reduction of cost and time in the design of a braking system. In this paper, the thermal characteristic of a ventilated disc brake has been analyzed as a function of the car speed and a deceleration during quick braking.
Tribological Characteristics for High Perfomance Metallic Friction Materials
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 14, issue 1, 1998, Pages 45~53
Friction and wear test for two kinds of Cu-based sintered metallic friction material against cast iron disk was carried out by plate-on-disk type friction and wear tester to investigate the friction and wear characteristics of brake system in severe condition. In this experimental study, the counter specimen was cast iron which is being used generally in brakes of heavy duty equipments. Test friction materials were A type which was manufactured by foreign company and B type by domestic company. Friction coefficient and wear volume were measured and compared with each other. The experiment was performed under room temperature. The worn surface of cast iron disk and friction material were observed by scanning electron microscope. The temperature of surface of disk was measured continuously by the non-contacting thermometer. It was found that A type friction material had stable friction coefficient over the wide range of sliding condition, but B type friction material had unstable friction coefficient and lower value of 0.2 under the severe sliding condition.
Thin Film Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication of Nanometer Scale
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 14, issue 1, 1998, Pages 54~63
In many practical lubricated contacts such as a rough concentrated contact on the sliding of nominally flat surfaces, the fluid may be of molecular (nanometer) scale owing to the asperity interactions on the surfaces. Under this condition, there is insufficient lubricant on the concentrated contact spot to maintain a realistic continuum. Rheological behavior for this kind of concentrated contact has been studied extensively to know whether the application of viscous fluid model is appropriate. The interaction of two rough surfaces is simplified as perfectly flat-rough surfaces contact under certain conditions by "composite topography" and for a nanometer scale fluid film, three kinds of rheological fluid behavior are analyzed in elastohydrodynamic asperity point contact.t contact.
A Lubrication Analysis between the Piston and Cylinder in Hydraulic Piston Pumps Part 1: The effect of piston shape
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 14, issue 1, 1998, Pages 64~69
A numerical analysis is carried out to study the effect of piston shape on the lubrication characteristics between the cylinder and piston in hydraulic piston pumps. The results showed that the shape of piston affect significantly the pressure distribution in the clearance, the lateral force acting on the piston and leakage flow through the clearance. Partially tapered piston is more effective than any other piston shapes because it reduces the possibility of hydraulic locking and improves the volumetric efficiency of the pump.
Study of Anti-Fading Phenomena during Automotive Braking
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 14, issue 1, 1998, Pages 70~78
Two different friction materials (organic and low-metallic pads) for automotive brakes were studied to investigate the anti-fading phenomena during stop. The anti-fading phenomena were pronounced more in the case of using low metallic friction materials than organic friction materials. The main cause of the anti-fading phenomena was the high dependence of friction coefficient on a sliding speed. The anti-fading was prominent when the initial brake temperature was high in the case of low-metallic friction materials due to the strong stick-slip event at high temperature. On the other hand, the anti-fading was not severe in organic friction materials and the effect was reduced at high braking temperature due to the thermal decomposition of organic friction materials. The strong stickslip phenomena of low metallic friction materials at high temperature induced high torque oscillations during drag test. During this experiment two different braking control modes (pressure controlled and torque controlled modes) were compared. The type of the control mode used for brake test significantly affected the friction characteristics.
A Study on the Characteristics of Internal Dynamic Pressure of Vane Pump
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 14, issue 1, 1998, Pages 79~84
This paper presents the experimental study of the dynamic internal pressure within a vane pump. The measurement of the dynamic internal pressure acting on the line contact between the vane and the camring in a vane pump with intravanes have been investigated. The variations of the radial acting force of a vane are calculated from previously measured results of dynamic internal pressure in four chambers surrounding a vane, and the variations of the film thickness are estimated in both the rotational speed ranges from 600 to 1200 rpm and the delivery pressure ranges from 1 to 14 MPa. The experimental technic has been established to obtain the data for performance analysis, such as reaction forces between vane and camring, friction wear at the contact regions, leakage characteristics and net forces upon the pump shaft in case of the unsteady load which is forced to the intravane pressure balance type vane pump.
Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication of Line Contacts Incorporating Bair & Winer's Limiting Shear Stress Rheological Model
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 14, issue 1, 1998, Pages 85~93
The Bair & Winer's limiting shear stress rheological model is incorporated into the Reynolds equation to successfully predict the traction and film thickness for an isothermal line contact using the primary rheological properties. The modified WLF viscosity model and Barus viscosity model are also adapted for the realistic prediction of EHD tractional behavior. The influences of the limiting shear stress and slide-roll ratio on the pressure spike, film thickness, distribution of shear stress and nonlinear variation of traction are examined. A good agreement between the disc machine experiments and numerical traction prediction has been established. The film thickness due to non-Newtonian effects does not deviate significantly from the fdm thicknesss with Newtonian lubricant.
Design of Laminar Flow Chamber Apparatus for Endothelial Cell Physiology Study
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 14, issue 1, 1998, Pages 94~98