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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
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A Study on the Application of Spectrometric Methods for the Analysis of Lubricant Contaminants and Wear Debris
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 131~140
This study dealt with some problems occurred in spectrometric oil analysis that has been popularly used for a machine condition monitoring in various fields of industry. One of the problems is that spectrometric technique could not analyze contaminants of large particle (larger than 10
) in lubricating oils. This limitation caused a serious problem in analyzing lubricated machine conditions since wear debris of large size represents better critical machine conditions. In this work, this problem was found to be solved by using a filtration method prior to spectrometric analysis. Another problem could be that spectrometric analysis is incapable of identifying contaminants. This nay mislead the result seriously in practice. This problem was surveyed by analyzing both various types of industrial lubricants and laboratory simulation tests, and the solutions to the problem were suggested in this work.
Fracture and Wear Characteristics of Al-Si alloy used for Compressor
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 141~149
Fracture, fatigue and wear characteristics of Al-Si alloy used for compressor are experimentally studied. Plane strain fracture toughness test is carried out using three point bending specimen. Fatigue test is performed under constant loading condition and wear test is carried out as a function of sliding velocity and applied load. To obtain the crack propagation characteristics and wear mechanism of Al-Si alloy, fracture and worn surfaces are investigated using SEM. It is verified that fracture and fatigue strength of Al-Si alloy are improved by the fine microstructure of alloy. The wear behavior and specific wear amount of Al-Si alloy are not dependent on the microstructure but on a function of the silicon content. Anodizing on the surface of Al-Si alloy, surface hardness and wear characteristics are improved.
Rolling Fatigue Life of Silicon Nitride Ceramic Balls
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 150~155
The rolling fatigue lives (RFL) of five kinds of silicon nitride balls were investigated. Four kinds of Si
balls were fabricated using different raw materials, sintering aids and sintering conditions. Commercially available Si
ball was also studied for comparison. All the balls were finished up to the dimensional accuracy of Grade 10 defined in KS B 2001 (Steel Balls fer Ball Bearings) with a size of 9.525 mm. RFL tests were then conducted under the initial theoretical maximum contact stress 6.38 GPa and the spindle speed 10,000 rpm. Gear oil was provided by oiled race as lubricant. The results of RFL test indicated the prerequisitic conditions for the long rolling life of Si
ball : (1) the high density, (2) microstructures consisted of small uniformly distributed grains, (3) little glassy phase in grainboundary, and (4) little crystalline phase and secondary phase that induces residual thermal stress due to the differences of thermal expansion coefficient with Si
The Effects of Cobalt on Wear and Friction Characteristics of High Speed Steel by Powder Metallurgy
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 156~163
The mechanical characteristics of the high speed steel by Powder metallurgy Process (PM-HSS) has been reported to improve with several alloying constituents, such as high carbon, vanadium and cobalt. In this paper, sliding wear test has been conducted using a pin-on-disc machine for three PM-HSS which contains 0%, 5% and 12% cobalt respectively, in order to evaluate the effect of cobalt on wear properties of PM-HSS. The results of this study showed that the wear resistance of PM-HSS has been increased by the addition of cobalt on the range of experimental friction velocities. When compared with the effect of addition of cobalt, the wear resistance of PM-HSS with 5% cobalt has been found to be superior to that of PM-HSS with 12% cobalt.
Analysis of Tooth Contact Stress of Gerotor Hydraulic Motors
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 164~170
Gerotor is widely used as a hydraulic pump or motor, by virtue of its volume changing ability. Performance deterioration of a gerotor hydraulic motor mainly due to the wear come from the contact between inner rotor with trochoidal curve and outer rotor with circular arc profile. This research covers the basic investigation about the contact forces of a gerotor hydraulic motor using analytic method. The influence of the eccentricity and the radius of circular arc teeth on the contact stress was evaluated.
Major Factors that Affect Friction and Wear of Metals in Boundary Lubrication
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 171~177
Many lubricated systems experience boundary lubrication condition during operation. However, the friction and wear characteristics of boundary lubrication are not clearly understood. In this work the factors which affect the friction and wear between boundary lubricated metallic surfaces are investigated. Experiments were performed using a pin-on-disk type tester with pure aluminum, pure copper, and SM45C steel as the disk material and steel, stainless steel and bearing ball as the ball. The experimental conditions were determined according to the Taguchi experimental method. From the experimental results, the major factors that influence the friction and wear characteristics of boundary lubrication could be identified.
A Study on Friction and Wear Characteristics of Welded Rails Under Various Sliding Environments
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 178~183
This paper presents friction and wear related results of thermite and gas pressure welded rails under various environmental contact conditions. A welded rail which was fabricated by thermite welding and gas pressure one has been tested over full range of test conditions in a pin-on-disk wear testing machine. The results show that the friction coefficient and wear rates of a welded rail are heavily dependent on the contact pressures and sliding environments for two welding methods such as thermite and gas pressure weldings.
Fabrication of Cr
/Mo Composite Powders and Tribological Properties of Plasma-sprayed Coatings
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 184~192
Various compositions of
/Mo composite powders were fabricated using spray-drying method and plasma-spray coatings of these powders were prepared to understand their tribological properties. Experiments were conducted using a reciprocal type tribo-tester at room temperature under dry sliding condition. The worn surface of coated specimens were observed using SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) and chemical compositions were analyzed using XRD (X-ray Diffractometry) and XPS (X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy). The results showed that friction coefficient of the Mo added specimens were lower than that of
specimen showed the lowest wear loss. Wear protecting layer were observed at the worn surface of coated specimens with Mo addition. From the XPS analysis, the mixed phases of
were founded in the wear protecting layer.
Development of a Friction Tester and Experimental Study on the Frictional Characteristics of Rubbers
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 193~198
Applying design methodology, new type friction tester has been developed. Functional analysis has been executed and functional structure were constructed during the conceptual design. Optimal solution has been selected and a proto model has been manufactured according to the conceptual design. Using the tester developed in the laboratory, frictional characteristics of natural rubbers have been experimentally analyzed. Friction coefficient has been calculated from the measured normal force and friction force under various speeds, loads, and temperatures. The corelations between the various operating conditions and friction coefficients have been verified. Especially, drag friction due to the visco-elastic behavior of the rubber has been observed in this analysis.
Tribological Analysis on the Contact Behaviors of Disk Brakes Due to Frictional Heatings -Cooling Effects By Vent Holes-
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 199~205
Using a coupled thermal-mechanical analysis, the thermal distortion of the ventilated disk brakes has been investigated based on the air cooling effects during 15 braking operations. The FEM results show that the bendings and distortions of the disk toward the left side are decreased, but the sinusoidal distortion of the disk rubbing surface along the arc length of the vent hole is highly increased by increasing the convective air cooling effects, which is heavily related to the squeal, wear and micro-thermal crackings at the rubbing surfaces due to uneven dissipation rates of friction heatings.
A Study on Automatic wear Debris Recognition by using Particle Feature Extraction
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Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 206~211
Wear debris morphology is closely related to the wear mode and mechanism occured. Image recognition of wear debris is, therefore, a powerful tool in wear monitoring. But it has usually required expert's experience and the results could be too subjective. Development of automatic tools for wear debris recognition is needed to solve this problem. In this work, an algorithm for automatic wear debris recognition was suggested and implemented by PC base software. The presented method defined a characteristic 3-dimensional feature space where typical types of wear debris were separately located by the knowledge-based system and compared the similarity of object wear debris concerned. The 3-dimensional feature space was obtained from multiple feature vectors by using a multi-dimensional scaling technique. The results showed that the presented automatic wear debris recognition was satisfactory in many cases application.
Wear Behaviours of Dental Composite Resins Containing Prepolymerized Particle Fillers (1st Report)
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 212~217
The wear characteristics and wear mechanisms of dental composite resins were investigated. Composite resins such as Metafil, Silux Plus, Heliomolar and Palfique Estelite were selected as specimens and contents of filler in specimens in order to evaluate the effect of Prepolymerized Particle Fillers in friction and wear characteristics. Ball on flat wear tester was used for the wear test at room temperature. The friction coefficient of Metafil was quite high relatively, and the wear resistances of Silux Plus and Palfique Estelite were better than that of Metafil and Heliomolar at the same experimental condition. It was found that The main wear mechanism is plastic flow and abrasive wear by failure of filler's bond to the matrix.