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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
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Analysis of Ring Pack Lubrication Considering Oil Transport
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 233~239
Generally quantity of supply oil for piston ring lubrication in an internal combustion engine may be insufficient to fill the entire volume formed in the clearance between piston ring and cylinder liner. Thus oil starvation condition should be considered for the analysis of piston ring lubrication. In order to reasonably estimate amount of oil left on the cylinder liner, adequate boundary condition should be adapted for the analysis of ring pack lubrication. In this analysis of ring pack lubrication of an internal combustion engine, oil starvation and open-end boundary conditions are considered at inlet and outlet of piston rings. It is revealed that piston rings are operated under oil starvation in most operating cycle and the result with these conditions are quite different from that with fully-flooded assumption.
The Effect of Surfactant on the Electrorheological Properties of Phosphoric Ester Cellulose ER Fluids
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 240~247
The electrorheological (ER) behavior of suspensions in silicone oil of phosphoric ester cellulose particles (average particle size : 18
) coated with octadecylamine (
) as surfactant was investigated at room temperature. For development of anhydrous ER suspension using at real application, it should be researched how can reduce deposition of ER particles in ER suspension. Anhydrous ER suspensions mixing with phosphoric ester cellulose particles coated with octadecylamine were measured. As increasing the coating concentration of octadecylamine, not only analysis of electrical properties such as dielectric constant, current density and electrical conductivity but also rheological properties of ER suspensions were studied. From the experimental results, coating concentration of surfactant had large influence to ER properties of anhydrous ER suspension. Current density, conductivity and electrorheological effect (
) of ER suspension were linearly reduced with increasing the coating concentration of octadecylamine. But ER suspensions dispersed the phosphoric ester cellulose particles coated with octadecylamine showed reducing deposition of ER particles and could be redispersed easily.
Study on Boundary Lubrication in the Sliding Bearing System under High Load and Speed
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 248~256
Many tribological components in automobile engine undergo high load and sliding speed with thin film thickness. The lubrication characteristics of the components are regarded as ether hydrodynamic lubrication or boundary lubrication, whereas in a working cycle they actually have both characteristics. Many modem engine lubricants have various additives for better performance which make boundary film formation even under hydrodynamic lubrication regime. Conventional Reynolds equation with the viewpoints of continuum mechanics concerns only bulk viscosity of lubricant, which means that its simulation does not give insights on boundary lubrication characteristics. However, many additives of modern engine lubricant provide mixed modes of boundary lubrication characteristics and hydrodynamic lubrication. Especially, high molecular weight polymeric viscosity index improvers form boundary film on the solid surface and cause non-Newtonian fluid effect of shear thinning. This study has performed the investigation about journal bearing system with the mixed concepts of boundary lubrication and hydrodynamic lubrication which happen concurrently in many engine components under the condition of viscosity index improver added.
An Effect on the Running Accuracy of the Perpendicularity Error in the Spindle System Supported with Externally-Pressurized Air Bearing
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 257~264
Recently as electronics and semi-conductor industry develop, ultra-precision machine tools that use air-spindle with externally pressurized air bearing appear in need of ultra-precision products which demand high precision property. Effects of air compressibility absorbs the vibration of shaft, this is called averaging effect, however, the higher running accuracy is demanded by degrees, the more important factor is machining errors that affect running accuracy of shaft. Actually, it would be very important in the view points of running accuracy to understand effects of machining errors on the running accuracy of the spindle system quantitatively to design and manufacture precision spindle system in the aspect that efficiency in manufacturing spindle system and performance in operation. So fu, there are some researches on the effects that machining error affect running accuracy. However, because these researches deal with one bearing of spindle system, these results aren't enough to explain how much machining errors affect running accuracy in the typical spindle system overall. In this study, we investigate the effects of the perpendicularity error of bearing and shaft on running accuracy of spindle system that consists of journal and thrust bearing theoretically, and suggest design guideline about shape tolerances.
Quantitative Analysis of Wear Debris for Surface Modification Layer by Ferrography
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 265~271
Wherever there are rotating equipment and contact between surface, there is wear and the generation of wear particles. The particles contained in the lubricating oil carry detailed and important information about the condition monitoring of the machine. This information may be deduced from particle shape, composition, size distribution, and concentration. Therefore, This paper was undertaken to Ferrography system of wear debris generated from lubricated moving machine surface. The lubricating wear test was performed under different experimental conditions using the Falex wear test of Pin and V-Block type by Ti(C, N) coated. It was shown from the test results that wear particle concentration (WPC) and wear severity Index(
), size distribution in normal and abnormal wear have come out all the higher value by increases sliding friction time. Wear shape is observed on the Ferrogram it was discovered a thin leaf wear debris as well as ball and plate type wear particles. This kind of large wear shape have an important effect not only metals damage, but also seizure phenomenon.
Development of Intravascular Micro Active Endoscope(I) -Analysis of Lubrication Characteristics of Small Arteries with Micro Catheter Insertion-
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 272~277
The objective of this investigation is to examine the influence of the micro catheters, which mimic the intravascular micro active endoscopes, on local pressure changes and flow rate in an arterial branch model similar to the femoral artery of human. The effects of branch to main lumen flow rate ratios and the locations of a catheter tip were found to be significant on the local pressure changes. Relatively large pressure drops and an increase in shear stress due to the obstruction effects may induce an endothelial cell damage and a change in arterial wall permeability, which have been reported to be the primary cause of the initiation of the atherosclerosis and other major vascular diseases.
Development of Intravascular Micro Active Endoscope(II) -System Design, Fabrication and In-vitro Evaluation-
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 278~286
To predict the behavior of the intravascular micro active endoscope in the real human vascular system, a human mock circulation system was developed. The intravascular micro active endoscope which consists of micro active bending catheter and micro drug infusion catheter was driven in the velocity, Re number and temperature controlled flow. The three SMA (Shape Memory Alloy) zigzag type spring in the micro active bending catheter was heated by the electric current generated by PWM controller, and the shape memory effect made the actuator bend to any direction. The micro drug infusion catheter was driven through the inner hole of the micro active bending catheter. A mock circulation system is shaped from Ascending Arota to Femoral artery according to a human data (the data contains many vascular sizes and hydrographs of many control points). We developed a vascular model with glass and silicone tubes, and set the flow system with circulation parts, flow settling parts, and lots of valves. The heater and heat-controller was added to the How system to centre! the temperature of the How at 36.5
. The result showed that the developed intravascular micro active endoscope could be induced to any point in the vascular model.