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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
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Finite Element Analysis on the Thermoelastic Wear Behaviors for a High-Speed Disk Brake
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 291~296
This paper presents the results of thermoelastic wear behaviors in ventilated disk brakes for a high-speed automotive and train using the finite element method. The computed results show that the sinusoidal distortions due to non-uniform distributions of temperature profiles may lead to thermoelastic wears on the rubbing surface. This may decrease the service life of a disk brake and produce micro-cracks, noise and squeals between two rubbing surfaces.
Numerical Simulations on the O-ring Extrusion in Automotive Engines
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 297~303
O-rings in automotive engines are important components such as a coolant pipe, engine oil circulating lines and fuel injector for sealing that makes efficient performance of the engine. Life cycle of O-rings is effected in environments of the O-ring seal, like that applied pressure, working temperature, precompressed ratio and materials. It is related in extrusion, expansion and fatigue failure of O-rings. In this paper, an pressurized, compressed elastomeric O-ring inserted into a rectangular groove is analysed numerically using the nonlinear finite element method. The calculated FEM results showed that extrusion ratio and contact stress are strongly related to the gap clearance and edge radius of the groove.
Rotordynamic Characteristics of A Rigid Rotor Supported by A Sealed and Pressurized Squeeze Film Damper
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 304~313
High-speed rotors set a lot of high vibration and stability problems especially when the speed of rotation is going through the first or the second critical speed. The aim of this paper is to investigate the possibility of an active control of a rigid rotor with squeeze film damper which has a good configuration of easily controlled end seal clearances and/or adjustment of a feed pressure. A theoretical method is presented and some numerical results are compared with test measurements. Both results show that the vibration or bit sizes are decreased when the end seal gap decreases with constant supply pressure, and when the supply oil pressure increases with constant seal gap. The experimental results show also a pleasing similarity on both orbit sizes and their decrement ratio compared with theoretical analysis. The possibility of an active control with the squeeze film damper was verified by adjusting the seal gap and the supply pressure.
A Study of Binder Resins and Reinforcing Fibers in Automotive Friction Materials on Friction and Wear
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 314~320
Friction and wear characteristics of phenolic resin-based friction materials reinforced with aramid pulp and potassium titanate were investigated using a pad-on-disk type friction tester. Friction characteristics such as friction stability, thermal stability, and wear rate varied according to the type of phenolic resins and the relative amount of aramid pulp and potassium titanate. The modified novolac resin-based friction materials showed better heat resistance and friction stability than those with the unmodified(straight) novolac resin. Compared with friction materials filled with potassium titanate or aramid pulp only, the friction materials reinforced with both aramid pulp and potassium titanate showed good friction stability and wear resistance. Increment of aramid pulp from 10 to 20 vol.% however, showed little difference in friction stability.
An Experimental Study on the Rolling Resistance of Silver-Coated Films Modified by Plasma Surface Treatments
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 321~327
An experimental study was performed to discover the effect of adsorbed moisture on the rolling resistance behavior of pure silver-coated 52100 bearing steel. Plasma surface modifications were performed on the silver-coated specimen to change the wetting characteristics. Experiments using a thrust ball bearing-type rolling test-rig were performed under vacuum, dry air and various humidity conditions. Results showed that the changes in the wetting characteristics influenced remarkably on the silver particle agglomeration and resulted in the different behavior of rolling resistance with humidity.
Life Evaluation of CrN Coatings due to Wear Using Friction and Acoustic Emission Sensor
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 328~334
Acoustic emission (AE) sensor was used to evaluate the wear-life of CrN-coated steel disks with 1
coating thickness. The relationship between Af and friction signal from scratch test and sliding test was investigated. The first spatting of CrN film was detected by AR signals in the early stage of coating failures, and overall failures by friction signals. Therefore, the conservative design for coating-life should be done using the results of AE signals. Using the percent contact load, the ratio of sliding normal load to the critical scratch load and the number of cycles to failure was measured to predict the wear-life of CrN film. On the wear-life dia-gram the percent contact loads and the number of cycles to failure showed a good linear relationship on the log coordinate. As the load percentage was decreased, the diagram showed that the wear-limits, at which the coated steels survived more than 35,000 cycles, were about 4∼5% of the critical scratch loads.
The Study of Corrosion Induced Co migration and Its Effect on Thermal Asperity Phenomenon
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 335~342
Corrosion of the disk has been an ongoing concern for the manufacturers of hard disk drives. With the advent of magnetoresistive (MR) head, very low levels of corrosion and contamination become more critical since the raised defects and corrosion products on the disk surface-anything that heats the MR sensor due to the contact-can distort the output signal of the head. This phenomenon is called as thermal asperity. In this paper, the effect of corrosion as a form of Co migration on the occurrence of thermal asperity in MR drives was investigated. The corrosion test at high temperature (60
) and high relative humidity (80%) was emphasized in this study and the testing results at ambient condition were compared. The corrosion on the disks was characterized as the amount of Co ion migration using an ion chromatography (IC) and a time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (TOF-SIMS). It is proved that corrosion on the disk surface after storage testing is closely correlated to the amount of Co ions migration from the magnetic layer to disk surfaces and higher Co migration causes more thermal asperities in the drive. In order to reduce Co migration, several methods such as burnishing process and structure of the carbon overcoat were investigated. It is found that the hydrogenated carbon overcoat shows the least Co migration among different types of overcoat layer. However, the most effective way to reduce Co migration is the application of Cr layer between the overcoat and the magnetic alloy layer.
Study of Cam and Follower Contacts with the Mixed Concepts of EHL and Boundary Lubrication
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 343~353
The role of viscosity index improver's(Ⅶ) additives for modem engine lubrication is complex. Under the condition of atmosphere or low shear rate, the characteristics of Ⅶ added lubricant is verified and quoted frequently for mathematical model of lubricant behavior. However, recent research shows that added lubricant has the characteristics of shear thinning at high shear rate condition although it performs well enough over the whole range of working temperature. At high shear rate, they show significant decrease of apparent viscosity irrespective of temperature. Many experimental researches verify that Ⅶ added lubricant shows boundary film layer formation on the solid surface as well as shear thinning effect by its polymeric molecular characteristics. The intend of our research is to verify the effects of Ⅶ from the viewpoint of continuum mechanics, because conventional Reynolds'equation with only pressure-viscosity relation cannot fully predict the lubricant behavior under the Ⅶ added condition. In these aspects, Reynolds'equation of Newtonian fluid model lacks the reflection of real fluid behavior and there is no way to explain the non-linear characteristics of Ⅶ added lubricant. In this research, we mathematically modeled the Ⅶ added lubricant behaviors which are the characteristics of non-Newtonian fluid behavior at high shear rate and boundary film formation on the solid surface. The consideration of elastic deformation in the contact region is also included in our computation and finally the converged film pressure and the film thickness with elastic deformation are obtained. The results are compared with those of Newtonian fluid model.