Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Qualitative Analysis of Film Thickness in Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 16, issue 5, 2000, Pages 317~323
The film thickness and shape of elastohydrodynamic lubrication is measured by optical interferometer, which is the most precise method for EHL film measurement. However, the interpretation of the image pattern from optical viscometer is not simple for two-dimensional shape. A newly developed method of image processing makes it possible to evaluate the film thickness and shape in every point of contact region with two dimensional aspects. In this study, we captured the film shape of EHL film by the monochromatic incident light and analyzed the film thickness with the image processing method, which uses phase shift method. From the values of intensity in fringes, the qualitative feature of film thickness in the contact area are obtained by using Zernike polynomial
Wear Characteristics of Plastic Pinion Against Steel Gear
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 16, issue 5, 2000, Pages 324~331
Wear characteristics of Plastic and Nylon pinions against steel gear were studied to gain a better understanding of their tribological behaviors. Wear tests were conducted with power circulating gear test rig under dry contact conditions. Specific wear rates were measured as a function of applied load and the number of revolution. The worn teeth surfaces were examined with a profile projector and a camera. Nylon pinion showed lower specific wear rates than acetal pinion, but suffered teeth breakage under high load per unit tooth width. The dominant wear mechanisms found were adhesion and abrasion.
Lubricating Characteristics of Diesel Fuel
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 16, issue 5, 2000, Pages 332~340
The reduction of sulfur content in the diesel fuel has caused the poor lubricity of diesel fuel in the distributor type injection pumps of diesel engines that use the diesel for lubrication of their moving parts. To investigate the reason for poor lubricity of low sulfur diesel fuels, the wear scar diameters by HFRR (High Frequency Reciprocating Rig) were measured on the diesel fuels from Korean markets and the results were compared with their physical and chemical properties. Also, the lubricity change and the improvement effects on lubricity additives for the ultra low sulfur diesel fuel, were made experimentally, that will be regulated to a maximum of 0.005 wt% from about 2005 were evaluated. As a result, a good correlation was found between the wear scar diameter and the polyaromatic compound which includes heterocyclic compound in the diesel fuel. It was also found that the content of polyaromatic compound including heterocyclic compound was affected by the amount of desulfurization treatment fraction. And the lubricity additives with ester base were more effective than that with acid base on the ultra low sulfur diesel fuel. Therefore, it is suggested that the factors affecting the lubricity stated above should be taken into account to improve the lubricity property of the diesel fuel in the refining process
Numerical Analysis of Non-Newtonian Behavior in the Fluid Film Layer of Bearing Lubrication
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 16, issue 5, 2000, Pages 341~350
The study reported in this paper deals with the development for parametric investigation of the influence of the rheological properties of the lubricant in the thermohydrodynamic (THD) film conditions which occur in slider and journal bearings. A parametric investigation based on a Bingham model with a shear yield stress which best fit the experimental pressure is performed for predicting the thickness of the shear Bone in lubricating films with fixed geometry between the stationary and moving surfaces. The results suggest that the shear yield stress for the lubricating film is proportional to the pressure developed in the film within the range of the investigated cases and the shear zone thickness which is of the same order of magnitude as that obtained by the empirical formula is significantly smaller than the fluid film thickness in the lubrication zone.
Ultrasonic Evaluation of Worn Surface
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 16, issue 5, 2000, Pages 351~356
The feasibility of an ultrasonic technique using a pulse-echo method of normal-incident compressional waves was evaluated for its sensitivity to the worn surface and near surface damage due to wear. Worn surfaces were generated at various oscillation frequency under a given load and amplitude and these surface were in situ monitored using a ultrasonic wave detection system. Analysis of the ultrasonic waves received from the worn surface revealed a close relationship between the surface and near-surface damage and the maximum echo-amplitude of the compressional waves. The ultrasonic technique was successful in assessing the level of severity of the worn surface in real time during the wear process. It is also shown that the wear depth can be easily measured by the calculation of change of the specimen thickness based on the wave speed measured for the specimen medium.
A Study on the Sliding Wear Rate Calculation in Spur Gears
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 16, issue 5, 2000, Pages 357~364
In this study, the sliding wear in spur gears, using Archard's wear model, is analyzed. Formulas of tooth sliding wear depth along the line of action are derived. The tooth profile is modified Id make a smooth transmission of the normal loads and the cylinder profile for reducing the pressure spike is suggested. The sliding wear rate is calculated with these profiling results. We expect these modification methods to contribute to the reduction of sliding wear not only in the root, but the tip of tooth and tooth edge.
High temperature Friction and Wear of Friction Material; The Effect of the Relative Amount of Graphite and Zirconium Silicate (ZrSiO
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 16, issue 5, 2000, Pages 365~372
Tribological behavior of novolac resin-based friction materials with three different relative amounts of graphite and zirconium silicate was investigated by using a pad-on-disk type friction tester. The goal of this paper is to examine the effects of the relative amount of a lubricant and an abrasive in the automotive friction material on friction and wear characteristics at elevated temperature. Friction and wear of friction materials were affected by the existence of transfer film(3
rd/ body layer) at friction interface and the composition of friction material, especially lubricant amount. The friction material with higher content of graphite indicated homogenized and durable transfer film, and resulted in stable friction coefficient regardless of the increase in friction heat. The experimental result also showed that the higher concentration of ZrSiO
in friction material aggravated friction stability and wear resistance due to the higher friction heat generated at fiction interface during high temperature friction test.
Finite Element Analysis of Subsurface Multiple Horizontal Cracks Propagation in a Half-space Due to Sliding Contact
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 16, issue 5, 2000, Pages 373~380
Finite element analysis is performed on the subsurface crack propagation in brittle materials due to sliding contact. The sliding contact is simulated by a rigid asperity moving across the surface of an elastic half-surface containing single and multiple cracks. The single crack, coplanar cracks and parallel cracks are modeled to investigate the interaction effects on the crack growth in contact fatigue. The crack location is fixed and the friction coefficients between asperity and half-space are varied to analyze the effect of surface friction on stress intensity factor for horizontal cracks. The crack propagation direction is predicted based on the maximum range of shear and tensile stress intensity factors. With a coplanar crack, the stress intensity factor was increased. However, with a parallel crack, the stress intensity factor was decreased. These results indicate that the interaction of a coplanar crack increases fatigue crack propagation, whereas that of a parallel crack decreases it.
Relationship between Contact Resistance and Tribological Behavior in Boundary Lubrication
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 16, issue 5, 2000, Pages 381~388
Boundary lubrication condition arises in most lubricated systems, especially during motion reversals and start up phase of operation. In this work electric contact resistance variations with respect to sliding conditions under lubrication is investigated. The motivation was to improve the understanding of the contact condition in the boundary lubrication regime. It is shown that electrical contact resistance is sensitive to sliding speed and surface condition of the specimens. Also, phenomena such as run-in during the initial phase of sliding and lubricant pile up near the sliding pin could be observed. The results of this work will aid in better understanding of the metal to metal contact condition in lubricated systems.
Nano-Scale Surface Observation of Cyclically Deformed Copper and Cu-Al Single Crystals
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 16, issue 5, 2000, Pages 389~394
Scanning Probe Microscope (SPM) such as Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM) and Atomic Force Microscope (AEM) was shown to be the powerful tool for nano-scale characterization of material surfaces. Using this technique, surface morphology of the cyclically deformed Cu or Cu-Al single crystal was observed. The surface became proportionately rough as the number of cycles increased, but after some number of cycles no further change was observed. Slip steps with the heights of 100 to 200 nm and the widths of 1000 to 2000 nm were prevailing at the stage. The slipped distance of one slip system at the surface was not uniform, and formation of the extrusions or intrusions was assumed to occur such place. By comparing the morphological change caused by crystallographic orientation, strain amplitude, number of cycles or stacking fault energy, some interesting results which help to clarify the basic mechanism of fatigue damage were obtained. Furthermore, applicability of the scanning tunneling microscopy to fatigue damage is discussed.
Effect of Particulate Contamination on the Friction and Wear of Head-Disk Interface with Picoslider
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 16, issue 5, 2000, Pages 395~402
The effect of particulate contamination on friction and wear between a negative-pressure picoslider and a laser-textured disk was studied. Particles of different concentrations, materials and sizes were injected to the head-disk interface (HDI), consisting of disks with various textures, at the same speed. In a contaminated environment, durability of head-disk interface gradually decreased as the particle concentration increased. Large particles caused HDI failure early and resulted in an extensive damage to the slider and disk surfaces. Hard particles also caused HDI failure earlier and damages more extensive than soft ones. Based on the test results, mechanisms of HDI failure with picoslider were presented.