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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
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The Effect of Metal Fibers on the Tribology of Automotive Friction Materials
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 17, issue 4, 2001, Pages 267~275
Friction and wear properties of brake friction materials containing different metal fibers (Al, Cu or Steel fibers) were investigated. Based on a simple experimental formulation, friction materials with the same amount of metal fibers were tested using a pad-on-disk type friction tester. Two different materials (gray cast iron and aluminum metal matrix composite (MMC)) were used for disks rubbing against the friction materials. Results front ambient temperature tests revealed that the friction material containing Cu fibers sliding against gray cast iron disk showed a distinct negative
-v (friction coefficient vs. sliding velocity) relation implying possible stick-slip generation at low speeds. The negative
- v relation was not observed when the Cu-containing friction materials were rubbed against the Al-MMC counter surface. Elevated temperature tests showed that the friction level and the intensity of friction force oscillation were strongly affected by the thermal conductivity and melting temperature of metallic ingredients of the friction couple. Friction materials slid against cast iron disks exhibited higher friction coefficients than Al-MMC (metal matrix composite) disks during high temperature tests. On the other hand, high temperature test results suggested that copper fibers in the friction material improved fade resistance and that steel fibers were not compatible with Al-MMC disks showing severe material transfer and erratic friction behavior during sliding at elevated temperatures.
An Experimental Study on the Nano-adhesion of Octadecyltrichlorosilane SAM on the Si Surface
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 17, issue 4, 2001, Pages 276~282
Nano adhesion between SPM (scanning probe microscope) tips and 075 (octadecyltrichlorosilane) SAM (self-assembled monolayer) was experimentally studied. Tests were performed to measure the nano adhesion and friction in both AFM(atomic force microscope) and LFM(lateral force microscope) modes in various conditions of relative humidity. OTS SAM was formed on Si-wafer (100) surfaces, and Si
tips of different radius of curvature were used. When the surface was hydrophobic, the adhesion and friction forces were found lower than those of bare Si-wafer. Results also showed that micro-adhesion force increased as the relative humidity and the tip radius of curvature increased. The main parameter for affecting the micro-adhesion was found absorbed humidity on the contact surface. These results were discussed with the JKR model and a capillary force caused by absorbed water.
Proportional and Derivative Control of Hydrodynamic Journal Bearings
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 17, issue 4, 2001, Pages 283~289
The paper presents the stability characteristics of a rotor-bearing system supported by actively controlled hydrodynamic journal bearing. The proportional and derivative controls including coupled motion are adopted for the control algorithm to control the hydrodynamic journal bearing with a circumferentially groove. Also, the cavitation algorithm implementing the Jakobsson-Floberg-Olsson boundary condition is adopted to predict cavitation regions in the fluid film more accurately than a conventional analysis which uses the Reynolds condition. The stability characteristics of a rotor-bearing system supported by actively controlled hydrodynamic journal bearing are investigated for various control gains with the Routh-Hurwitz criteria using the linear dynamic coefficients which are obtained from the perturbation method. It is found that the speed at onset of the instability is increased for both proportional and derivative control of the bearing. It is also found that the proportional and derivative control of the coupled motion is more effective than that of the uncoupled motion.
A Study on the Lift-off Characteristics of an Air-lubricated Multi-leaf Foil Journal Bearing
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 17, issue 4, 2001, Pages 290~296
Lift-off means that the rotating journal surface separates from the leaf surface in an air-lubricated multi-leaf foil journal bearing. Lift-off builds up minimum film thickness which will provide load capacity between leaves and journal. In this paper an analysis of air-lubricated multi-leaf foil journal bearing was performed with effects of multi-leaf foil deflection and compressible lubrication equation simultaneously. Minimum film thickness built up versus journal speed predicts the lift off characteristics and these results will be useful in designing and selecting the proper speed of the air-lubricated multi-leaf foil journal bearing.
Thermohydrodynamic Lubrication Analysis of High Speed Journal Bearing Considering Variable Density and Specific Heat
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 17, issue 4, 2001, Pages 297~306
Under the condition of variable density and specific heat, maximum pressure, maximum temperature, bearing load, friction and side leakage in high-speed journal bearing operation are examined within some degree of Journal misalignment. The results are compared with the calculation results under the conditions of constant density and specific heat, and variable density and constant specific heat. It is found that the condition of variable density and specific heat play important roles in determining friction and load of Journal bearing at high speed operation.
Friction and Lubrication Behaviors of Rabbit Joint Cartilage
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 17, issue 4, 2001, Pages 307~311
The friction and lubrication characteristics of joint cartilage were investigated using the metatarso-phalangeal joint cartilage of rabbit against rotating stainless steel disk. Friction tests were conducted by dry and bovine serum lubricated sliding at room and body temperatures. For the dry sliding tests, low friction coefficient of 0.1-0.15 was observed at the early period of test, and then the friction coefficient increased as a test continued. With increasing applied load the early period of low friction lengthens. For the lubricated sliding tests, the coefficient of friction decreased as the applied load increased. And also the coefficient of friction decreased continuously to 0.07 as the test duration increases. These results can be interpreted that the squeeze or weeping lubrication mechanism dominates the friction and lubrication characteristics in the joint cartilage of rabbit.
Experimental Analysis of Tribological Performances of Padder Slider in HDD
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 17, issue 4, 2001, Pages 312~320
In magnetic hard disk drives, higher areal recording density requires reduction of head-disk spacing. To overcome the increase of stiction associated with reduction of head-disk spacing, a padder slider, which adds pads to slider's air bearing surface, can be one of the practical solution for sub 20 nm flying height, and even for near contact recording. This study investigated the tribological characteristics of a padder slider. A padder slider took off slowly but showed less friction force than a normal slider. The hot/dry CSS test and drag test indicated that pad wear of a padder slider was negligible. The tribological performance of disk is an important factor to be considered. In particular, less carbon overcoat layer of the disk will result in higher stiction and wear in slider/disk interface. In conclusion, a padder slider shows encouraging tribological performances for practical use in HDD.
Thermohydrodynamic Bubbly Lubrication Analysis of High-Speed Journal Bearing
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 17, issue 4, 2001, Pages 321~334
The influence of aerated oil on high-speed journal bearing Is examined by thermohydrodynamic lubrication theory to lubrication with mixtures of a Newtonian liquid and an ideal gas. For this purpose, analytical models for viscosity and density of aerated oil in fluid-film bearing are applied. Convection to the walls, mixing with supply oil and re-circulating oil, and some degree of journal misalignment are considered. The results show that deliberate oil aeration can increase the load capacity of high-speed plain Journal bearing. And the load capacity is increased more by oil aeration under the conditions of shaft misalignment and higher speed.
Effects of Tribological Characteristics on Lubricants Properties (The 2nd)
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 17, issue 4, 2001, Pages 335~340
It was reviewed that the kinds of lubricating oil, viscosity, temperature and strength of materials affected the wear of the surface heat treatment. When lubricants is used under severe running conditions, their tribological characteristics are very important. We have studied the lubricating oil viscosity, kinds of additives and their amounts, and lubricating oil temperatures were changed. In order to study the effect of oil temperature on the wear of the surface, the temperature of the oil was changed for the same sample. It was shown from the test results that wear is not greatly affected by the amount of ZnDTP (Zinc dialkyl dithio phosphate) antiwear agent, but EP (Extreme pressure) additives are less effective against wear than ZnDTP additives. The viscosity of lubricating oil and its temperature greatly affect the wear of the surface. Combining all the wear data with those of the surface strength, it was observed that the higher the load, the lower the scratch of wear, and also in the case of the same running load, the lower the wear, the longer the life of the surface strength.