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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Nanotribological Behavior of Adsorbed Water Layer on Silicon Surface
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 245~250
Water is known to playa crucial role on friction of moving parts in nanoscale contact. Little is, however, known about the tribological behavior of a solid surface that is covered with water adsorption layer. The objective of this study is to investigate the nanotribological behavior of the water layer in relation to water affinity of the surface and relative humidity. This paper presents an examination of the frictional behavior of water adsorption layer as 'confined liquid film'. It is shown that the friction is inversely proportional to the hydrophilicity of surface and relative humidity. On the other hand, friction of hydrophobic surface is not influenced by relative humidity. A model is proposed for the water-mediated contact in which it is shown that the water layer between two hydrophilic surfaces with high relative humidity behaves as a lubricant.
An Experimental Study on the Measurement of Soot Contamination in a Diesel Engine Oil
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 251~258
New method and device for the on-line measurement of soot concentration in a diesel engine oil are proposed, where the measurement principle is based mainly on attenuated internal total reflection. The detector were evaluated in various ranges of contaminated oils by carbon black particles. It was found that the proposed detector could be well used to monitor the oil deterioration due to soot contamination. Operational range of the detector was found from 0 to 5 mass percentage of soot content. Test results with water and fuel dilution showed that these effects were not remarkable. However, adsorption of carbon black particles onto the measurement surface was considered to be a critical problem of the detector. Effects of particle deposition on the interface was experimentally evaluated with the oil temperature and flow turbulence and discussed throughout this work.
Design of Energy Absorption Device Using the Axial Crushing Behavior of Truncated Cone Type Cylinder
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 259~267
A brake device for the high-speed impacting object is designed using an axial crushing of thin-walled metal cylinder. Thickness of the cylinder is increased smoothly from the impacting end to the fixed end, resulting in the truncated cone shape. Truncated cone shape minimizes the imperfection-sensitivity of the structure and ensures that plastic hinges are formed sequentially from impacting end. This prevents the undesirable sudden rise in the first peak-crushing load. Several specimens with different conic angles, mean thickness of the wall, and materials were designed and quasi-static compression tests were performed on them. Results indicate that adoption of appropriate conic angle prevents simultaneous wrinkles generation and sudden rise of crushing load and that appropriate conic angle differs in each case, depending on the geometry and material property of the cylinder. Finite element analysis was performed for static compression of the cylinder and its accuracy was checked for the future application.
Numerical Study of Miro-Contact Surface Induced Hot Spots in Friction Brakes
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 268~273
This paper presents hot spot behaviors on the rubbing surface of disk-pad type brake by using coupled thermal-mechanical analysis technique. The height of micro-asperity on the rubbing surface is usually 2∼3
m in practical disk brakes. Non-uniform micro-contacts between the disk and the rigid friction pads lead to high local temperature distributions, which may cause the material degradation, and develop hot spots, thermal cracks, and brake system failure at the end for a braking period. The friction temperatures on the rubbing surface of disk brakes in which are strongly related to the hot spot and thermal related wears are rapidly concentrated on the micro-contact asperities during braking. The computed FEM results show that the contact stress, friction induced temperature and thermal strain are highly concentrated on the rubbing micro-contact asperities even though the braking speed and force are small during the braking period. This hot spot may directly produce the slippage and various thermal wears on the brake-rubbing surface.
High Temperature Friction Characteristic of
Composite Coating Prepared by Plasma Thermal Spray
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 274~279
composite layer was prepared by plasma thermal spray on aluminum substrate. The homogeneously dispersed composite powder for thermal spray was fabricated by mechanical alloying with ball mill. The friction tests of the composite layers and commercial aluminum alloys for comparison were performed in the temperature range of 20∼
with the interval of
with steel counter-face. Friction coefficient was recorded during test sequence, and the microstructure of surface and debris was investigated by optical and scanning electron microscope. Friction coefficients of composite and aluminum alloys at room temperature were similar except pure aluminum. As the temperature increase, friction coefficient was increased rapidly in AC4C, AC2A. But friction coefficient of
composite was not increased so much up to
. Consequently, the reinforcement of
into aluminum matrix increased the stability of friction coefficient as well as wear resistance.
Grease Life and Degradation Characteristics in Rolling Bearing Lubrication
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 280~284
High performance characteristics are required for rolling bearings and the various functions of bearing are greatly influenced by grease. Recently, higher performance is being demanded of rolling bearing greases for bearing lubrication. Four special greases with different composition such as lithium soap/ester oil, urea/ester oil, urea/ether oil and PTFE/fluorine oil were synthesized to compare the performance of these greases with that of the conventional lithium soap/mineral oil grease. The grease properties were investigated using a series of typical grease testing methods and grease life test. After the life test, the greases were charaterized by FTIR analysis and a microscope. And the iron amount in the greases was analyzed by AAS after ashing. The composition and manufacturing process determined the grease performance. The grease with a base oil of synthetic oil showed higher performance and the urea/ester oil and PTFE/fluorine oil showed about three times longer life as compared with conventional lithium grease.
A Study on the Treatment of Shipborne Waste Oils by Ultrasonic Cavitation
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 285~291
Ultrasonic vibrator is an equipment which atomizes and homogenization the oils by breaking the oil particles with ultrasonic cavitation, and would improve the properties. The present study deal with the ultrasonic breaking systems which recycle the shipborne waste oil into usable oil to be burnt. The first place, experimental studies were carried out to investigate the homogenizing effect of the waste oils by ultrasonic cavitation. Variation of the properties(viscosity, specific gravity and pH) and the matrix structures for the various shipborne waste oils were interpreted to analyse the breaking, dispersion effects by ultrasonic cavitation. The experimental results can be useful to the development of waste oil disposing systems.
A Study on the Flow Friction Loss of a Shrouded Rotating Disk
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 292~297
The fundamental fluid mechanics associated with the rotation of a smooth plane disk enclosed within a cylindrical chamber have been studied experimentally. In order to acquire systematic information pertinent to this problem torque and friction loss data were obtained over a wide range of disk Reynolds numbers for axial clearance-disk radius ratio H/R from 0.025 to 0.2 and radial tip gap-disk radius ratio s/R from 0.021 to 0.105. Loss analysis of hard disk drive (HDD) is presented to describe the contribution of windage loss of a rotating disk. The minimum loss form factor of HDD can be obtained from this analysis at each operation conditions.