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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
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Three-Dimensional Beat Transfer Analysis on Tilting-Pad Thrust Bearings
Kim Ho-Jong ; Choi Sung-Pil ; Ha Hyun-Chun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 22, issue 4, 2006, Pages 173~181
In the present study, we developed a numerical analysis software to predict performance of tilting-pad thrust bearings. The finite element method was adopted to compute lubricant film pressure and temperature. Three-dimensional heat transfer equations were solved simultaneously for the lubricant film, pad, and runner. Groove temperature was assumed with two different models. From application of the software to a thrust bearing, it has been seen that the three-dimensional analysis predicts higher temperature than the average temperature analysis. It has also been found that the groove model with a hot-oil-carry-over factor predicts higher temperature.
Adhesion Characteristics between Stamp and Polymer Materials Used in Thermal Nanoimprint Lithography
Kim Kwang-Seop ; Kang Ji-Hoon ; Kim Kyung-Woong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 22, issue 4, 2006, Pages 182~189
In this paper, the adhesion characteristics between a fused silica without or with an anti-sticking layer and a thermoplastic polymer film used in thermal NIL were investigated experimentally in order to identify the release performance of the anti-sticking layer. The anti-sticking layers were derived from fluoroalkylsilanes, (1H, 1 H, 2H, 2H-perfluorooctyl)trichlorosilane (
) and (3, 3, 3-trifluoropropyl)trichlorosilane (FPTS), and coated on the silica surface in vapor phase. The commercial polymers, mr-I 7020 and 8020 (micro resist technology, GmbH), for thermal NIL were spin-coated on Si substrate with a rectangular island which was fabricated by conventional microfabrication process to achieve small contact area and easy alignment of flat contact sur- faces. Experimental conditions were similar to the process conditions of thermal NIL. When the polymer film on the island was separated from the silica surface after imprint process, the adhesion force between the silica surface and the polymer film was measured and the surfaces of the silica and the polymer film after the separation were observed. As a result, the anti-sticking layers remarkably reduced the adhesion force and the surface damage of polymer film and the chain length of silane affects the adhesion characteristics. The anti-sticking layers derived from FPTS and
reduced the adhesion force per unit area to 38% and 16% of the silica sur-faces without an anti-sticking layer, respectively. The anti-sticking layer derived from
was more effective to reduce the adhesion, while both of the anti-sticking layers prevented the surface damages of the polymer film. Finally, it is also found that the adhesion characteristics of mr-I 7020 and mr-I 8020 polymer films were similar with each other.
Thermal Property Analysis of 40 mm Long Hollow Cylinders Though Measurements and Analysis of Transient Temperatures
Shin Nae-Ho ; Chung Dong-Yoon ; Oh Myoung-Ho ; Yoo Sam-Hyeon ; Nam Seok-Ryun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 22, issue 4, 2006, Pages 190~195
A simple and effective analysis method is presented for gaining a complete transient temperatures on the internal and external surfaces of a 40 mm gun tube subjected to a series of rapid firings. Two series of temperature data for both Hs and As were measured by using two rapid response k-type surface thermocouples near the firing origin and the muzzle. With other available temperature data, patterns of temperature variations of the gun tube as a function of time variable were driven through complete evaluations of the data. It is found that overall temperature gradients which increase exponentially toward saturation temperature, actually consist of a series of linear temperature gradients corresponding to the firing sequences. Under the similar firing sequences, patterns of temperature variations fur both the surface temperatures near the chamber and those near the muzzle were found to have linear temperature gradients with different values and the same response frequencies, i.e. they had peaks and lows in temperatures at the same time. The resultant complete temperature data can be used as the fundamental bases for analysis of thermoelastic properties of the materials such as thermal strain and stress, and f3r the prediction of cannon tube life-time through calculation of wear rate.
Failure Study for Tribological Characteristic Analysis of a Clutch System in Passenger Cars
Kim Chung-Kyun ; Lee Il-Kwon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 22, issue 4, 2006, Pages 196~202
This paper presents a case study on the tribological failure analysis of a clutch system for a manual transmission car. The clutch systems are composed of clutch disk, clutch pressure plate, flywheel rubbing surface, coil and diaphragm springs, release bearing and lever, clutch spline and shaft. The purpose of a clutch system is to transmit and disconnect the driving power of engines by frictional farce from a rubbing surface of a flywheel to a clutch disk and clutch pressure plate with a minimum power loss. In this study, many tribological failure cases based on the wear phenomena and thermal distortions have been presented, which are collected from the car repair shop and maintenance center. The triboiogicai failures are mostly come from the driving conditions, overloading of a car, and especially driving style and personal habit of a car driver.
A Study on Design of Crankshaft Bearing System
Yun Jeong-Eui ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 22, issue 4, 2006, Pages 203~210
Two kinds of crankshaft oil supply system which were called continuous and discontinuous oil sup-ply system have recently been adopted in engine developing process. In order to clarify the lubrication characteristics for theses systems, in this paper, the comparison studies on supplied oil temperature, pressure, aspect ratio of bearings, and radial clearance were carried out for the main and the connecting rod bearing using computational fluid dynamic analysis.
A Study on Ring Face and Groove Wear during Engine Durability Test
Chun Sang-Myung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 22, issue 4, 2006, Pages 211~217
Ring and groove wear may not be a problem in most current automotive engines. However, a small change in ring face and groove geometry can significantly affect the lubrication characteristics and ring axial motion. This in turn can cause to change inter-ring pressure, blow-by and oil consumption in an engine. Therefore, by predicting the wear of piston ring face, ring groove and cylinder bore altogether, the changed ring end gap and the changed volume of gas reservoir can be calculated. Then the excessive oil consumption can be predicted. Being based on the calculation of gas flow amount by the theory of piston ring dynamics and gas flow, and the calculation of oil film thickness and friction force by the analysis of piston ring lubrication, the calculation theory of oil amount through top ring gap into combustion chamber will be set. This is estimated as engine oil consumption. Furthermore, the wear theories of ring, groove and cylinder bore are included. Then the each amount of wear is to be obtained. The changed oil consumption caused by the new end gap and the new volume of oil reservoir around second land, can be calculated at some engine running interval. Meanwhile, the wear amount and oil consumption occurred during engine durability cycle are compared with the calculated values. Next, the calculated amount of oil consumption and wear are compared with the guideline of each part's wear and oil consumption. So, the timing of part repair and engine life cycle can be predicted in advance without performing engine durability test. The wear data of rings and grooves are obtained from three engines before and after engine durability test. The calculated wear data of each part are turn out to be at the lower bound of aver-aged test values or a little below.
The Effect of Ultrasonic Cavitation on the SS400 in Marine Sludge Oil
Han Won-Hui ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 22, issue 4, 2006, Pages 218~224
The sludge oils were produced necessarily in the ships operation, so that it will be the best way to manage the sludge oils inside ship itself from a viewpoint of the prevention of marine oil pollution. The ultra-sonic breaking system which recycle the sludge oil from ship into usable oil to be brunt is recognized as a most possible recycling device. In this regards, the purpose of this study is to examine erosion damage,on the SS400 specimen by cavitation and the effect of impact pressure generated from the demolition of the cavity of ultrasonic vibration in the marine sludge oil environment.. The erosion damage of specimen was investigated mainly on weight loss, weight loss rate and maximum erosion rate with variation of the oil temperature as well as the change of space between transducer hem and specimen. The experimental results showed that as the space between ultrasonic vibrator horn and specimen disk increased, the weight loss and weight loss rate decreased and the values were larger in SFO than in SLO. The experimental results can be useful to the development of sludge oil disposing systems and to consider a countermeasure for the prevention of erosion damages by cavitation.
The Development of Robot that is Detecting of Sewage Pipe and Cutting of Connection Projecting Part
Chung Jae-Kang ; Kim Woo-Jin ; Kim Jae-Yeol ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 22, issue 4, 2006, Pages 225~229
The issue with the drainpipe now a day is that they are laid underground. Causing us to perform additional work to repair, such as digging up the ground and peeling off the insulator that surrounds the pipe. And such series works are difficult that concession appears from government and municipal office. However, if we can save time and money. Performance of piping robot that we are studied in existing session through fixing unit and improvement of cutting bit shorten and wished to heighten work efficiency. And we are trying to develop a unit that can cut up the projecting parts which connects with the interior part of the drainpipes.