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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
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The Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2016
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
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Thermal Deformation Induced Preload Changein the Tilting Pad Journal Bearing
Suh, Junho ; Hwang, Cheolho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.9725/kstle.2016.32.1.1
This paper focuses on the thermal deformation induced preload change in the tilting pad journal bearing, using a three-dimensional (3D) thermo-hydro-dynamic (THD) approach. Preload is considered as a critical factor in designing the tilting pad journal bearing. The initial preload measured under nil external load and nil thermal gradient is influenced by two factors, namely, the thermal deformation and elastic deformation. Thermal deformation is due to a temperature distribution in the bearing pads, whereas the elastic deformation is due to fluid forces acting on the pads. This study focuses on the changes induced in preload and film clearance due to thermal deformation. The generalized Reynolds equation is used to evaluate the force of the fluid and the 3D energy equation is used to calculate the temperature of the lubricant. The abovementioned equations are combined by establishing a relationship between viscosity and temperature. The heat transfer within the bearing pads, the lubricant, and the spinning journal is calculated using the heat flux boundary condition. The 3D Finite Element Method (FEM) is used in modeling the (1) heat conduction in the spinning journal and bearing pads, (2) thermal gradient induced thermal distortion of the spinning journal and pads, and (3) viscous shearing, and heat conduction and convection in a thin film. This evaluation method has an increased fidelity, and it can prove to be a cost-effective tool that can be used by designers to predict the dynamic behavior of a bearing.
Determination of Contact Area of Cylindrical Nanowire using MD Simulation
Kim, Hyun-Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 9~17
DOI : 10.9725/kstle.2016.32.1.9
Contact between solid surfaces is one of the most important factors that influence dynamic behavior in micro/nanoscale. Although numerous theories and experimental results on contact behavior have been proposed, a thorough investigation for nanomaterials is still not available owing to technical difficulties. Therefore, molecular dynamics simulation was performed to investigate the contact behavior of nanomaterials, and the application of conventional contact theories to nanoscale was assessed in this work. Particularly, the contact characteristics of cylindrical nanowires were examined via simulation and contact theories. For theoretical analysis, various contact models were utilized and work of adhesion, Hamaker constant and elastic modulus those are required for calculation of the models were obtained from both indentation simulation and tensile simulation. The contact area of the cylindrical nanowire was assessed directly through molecular dynamics simulation and compared with the results obtained from the theories. Determination of the contact area of the nanowires was carried out via simulation by counting each atom, which is within the equilibrium length. The results of the simulation and theoretical calculations were compared, and it was estimated that the discrepancy in the results calculated between the simulation and the theories was less than 10 except in the case of the smallest nanowires. As the result, it was revealed that contact models can be effectively utilized to assess the contact area of nanomaterials.
Study on Effective Case Depth for Case Hardened Rolling Bearings
Lee, Han-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 18~23
DOI : 10.9725/kstle.2016.32.1.18
The effective case depth for case-hardened rolling bearing has been discussed. For this purpose, rolling contact fatigue tests for ball bearings built with inner race of various hardness values were conducted until L
calculating rating life using a bearing life test machine under radial loading. Then, the distribution of residual stress below the inner raceway, which depended on the hardness value, was measured by X-ray diffraction. As a result, the linear relationship was established between the hardness value of the inner race and the theoretical shear stress evaluated at the depth where the residual stress disappeared below the inner raceway. Based on the relationship, it could be found that the factor of safety in bearing manufacturer’s rules for the effective case depth of case hardened rolling bearings was set higher. However, it could be also found that the hardness values at the depth where the maximum shearing stress acted below the raceway surface in a tapered roller bearing hardened by the carburizing process, were not sufficient for preventing plastic deformation under the basic dynamic load rating. Consequently, further efforts were still required to reduce or to disperse the contact load on the material design of a rolling bearing in order to prolong its life.
Influence of Groove Location on Lubrication Characteristics of the Piston and Cylinder in a Linear Compressor
Jeon, W.J. ; Son, S.I. ; Lee, H. ; Kim, J.W. ; Kim, K.W. ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 24~31
DOI : 10.9725/kstle.2016.32.1.24
In this paper hydrodynamic lubrication analysis is carried out to investigate the effects of groove location on the lubrication performance of a piston and cylinder system in a linear compressor. The rectangle shaped grooves having a constant groove depth and width are applied on the lubrication area of the piston. The Universal Reynolds equation is used to calculate the oil film pressure, and the Elrod algorithm with the finite different method is used to solve the governing equation. The JFO boundary condition is applied to predict cavitation regions. Transient analysis for different locations of the grooves on the piston is carried out using the typical operating condition of the linear compressor in order to estimate the variations of frictional power losses and minimum film thicknesses. When the grooves are applied on the lubrication area, both the frictional power loss and the minimum film thickness decrease. The frictional power loss can be reduced effectively, while maintaining a minimum film thickness to enable the piston operation without direct contact with the cylinder surface, by means of choosing a proper location of the grooves. The optimum location of the grooves to improve a lubrication performance depends on the operation condition or the system requirements specification.
Wear Characteristics of Metal Ball and Seat for Metal-Seated Ball Valve
Bae, Junho ; Chung, Koo-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 32~37
DOI : 10.9725/kstle.2016.32.1.32
The wear characteristics of metal ball and seat in a metal-seated ball valve significantly affect the performances such as leakage and valve torque. In this work, the wear characteristics of metal ball and seat are experimentally investigated. A stainless steel ball and seat with a high corrosion-resistant coating are prepared and a component level test was performed. The hardness and surface roughness of specimens cut from the metal ball and seat are measured before and after the test using a micro-Vickers hardness tester and confocal microscopy, respectively. In order to assess the wear characteristics, the surfaces of the specimens are carefully examined after the test. The confocal microscope data show that the surface roughness values of both the ball and seat increase by a factor of 3-4, which may lead to an increase in valve torque. However, the wear of the seat is found to be more significant than that of the ball. In addition, a comparison of the surfaces of the ball and seat before and after testing revealed that adhesive and abrasive wear are the major wear mechanisms. The results of this study may aid in the design of metal-seated ball valves from the tribological point of view.