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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Hospice and Palliative Care
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Usage of Statistics in Clinical Trials
Ahn, Hong-Yup ;
The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~6
The purpose of clinical trials is to find evidences for the effects of experimental new drugs or treatments on human. For the successful clinical trials, it is not sufficient to use statistics only for the analyses of collected data, but it is necessary to extend the usage of statistics in various ways. At the beginning of the study, one needs to use statistics for systematically and concretly planning the study. For this, we discussed the usage of statistics in defining the effect, determining the sample size, statistical analyses, and so on.
Medications at the End of Life Care for Terminal Cancer Patients during Their Last Admission
Kim, Do-Yeun ;
The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 7~12
Purpose: To evaluate medications at the end of life care for terminal cancer patients during their last admission. Methods: Medical records of terminal cancer patients during their last admission from July 2003 to April 2008 at a district academic hospital were evaluated. Patient's characteristics, therapeutic drug classification during their last admission and on the patient's day of death, and the administrated route and number of medications on the patient's day of death were analyzed. Results: Total 81 patients were included. The median patient age was 63 years. The median length of admission was 18 days (range: 1~101). 54% of the patients had more than one comorbidities. The most frequently prescribed drugs during the last admission were opioid analgesics (63%), followed by antibiotics (58%) and antacids (53%). On the day of death, common medications were antibiotics (59%), antacids (58%), and opioid analgesics (46%). Intravenous injection was given to 81% of the patients and intramuscular injection was given to 16% of the patients on the day of patient's death. Number of medications prescribed to patients was between 0 and 11 (median: 3) and 12% (10/81) of the patients took over 8 medications including intravenous and oral drugs on the day of death. 6% (5/81) of the patients took potentially futile medications, like multivitamin or statin until the day of death. Conclusion: This study suggests that potentially futile medications and uncomfortable care were given to terminal cancer patients. Multicenter-based studies are necessary to diminish futile medications by essential medication at the end of life care for terminal cancer patients.
Job Analysis for Role Identification of General Hospice Palliative Nurse
Kim, Boon-Han ; Choe, Sang-Ok ; Chung, Bok-Yae ; Yoo, Yang-Sook ; Kim, Hyun-Sook ; Kang, Kyung-Ah ; Yu, Su-Jeong ; Jung, Yun ;
The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 13~23
Purpose: This study was to identify the role of general hospice palliative nurse through job analysis (duties, task, and task elements). Methods: The sample consisted of 136 nurses or professors who were performing duties related to hospice care areas in Korea. A survey method was used, and the questionnaire included frequencies, criticality, and difficulties of task elements in job description by the DACUM method. Descriptive statistics were performed by using SPSS WIN 17.0. Results: The job description of general hospice palliative nurse was identified 8 duties, 36 tasks, and 137 task elements. As for the 8 duties, the average scores of frequency, criticality, and difficulty were 2.94, 3.66, and 2.80, respectively. The role of ‘pain assessment’ was the most important task element among frequency and criticality. The lowest score at the frequency and criticality were ‘manage public finance’ and ‘collect datum through diagnostic test & lab', respectively. Furthermore, the role of 'identify spiritual needs of patients and family' was the most difficult task, whereas the role of 'manage documents and information' was the least. Conclusion: In this study, we could recognize the reality of general hospice palliative nurse's performances. For general hospice palliative nurse, therefore, concrete practice guide lines of psychosocial and spiritual care, communication skills, and bereavement care with qualifying system are critically needed.
Retrospective Analysis for Complications of the Central Venous Catheter in Patients with Cancer at a Single Center in Korea
Kim, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Han-Jo ; Kim, Kyoung-Ha ; Kim, Se-Hyung ; Lee, Sang-Cheol ; Bae, Sang-Byung ; Kim, Chan-Kyu ; Lee, Nam-Su ; Lee, Kyu-Taek ; Park, Sung-Kyu ; Won, Jong-Ho ; Park, Hee-Sook ; Hong, Dae-Sik ;
The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 24~31
Purpose: A central venous catheterization (CVC) is frequently used for delivering anti-cancer chemotherapeutic agents, blood products, parenteral nutrition, and other intravenous therapy in patients with cancer. Major complications of CVC use are thrombosis, infection, and mechanical complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of CVC complications and related factors. Methods: The records of cancer patients who received a CVC at our university hospital from March 2001 to October 2006 were retrospectively investigated. Chi square test was used to determine whether there was a related factor for thrombosis or infection, and Kaplan-Meier analysis for univariate analysis, or Cox-regression analysis for multivariate analysis was used for catheter life span. Results: Three hundred and ten CVCs (235 nontunneled, 75 tunneled) were inserted in 310 patients (157 males, 153 females). Among them, 104 had hematologic cancers and 206 had solid cancers. The mean age of the patients was 52 years (range, 19~82 years). CVC complications occurred in 60 cases (19%). CVC-related thrombosis occurred frequently in patients with infection (P=0.003), whereas diagnosis, catheter type, transfusion, and TPN history did not affect infection or thrombosis. The mean duration of the catheter was 102 days (range, 2~1,330 days), and the duration was prolonged in patients with tunneled catheters (P=0.000), or without transfusion through CVC (P=0.030). Conclusion: The major complications for long-term use of a CVC were infectionand thrombosis. Tunneled catheter was effective tool for long term use, especially in cases without transfusion through CVC. The studies on the prevention or treatment ofthrombosis and infection are, therefore, warranted by using CVC for an extended period of time.
A Survey on the Certification and Curriculum Development for Hospice and Palliative Care Professionals
Kang, Jin-A ; Kim, Do-Yeun ; Shin, Dong-Wook ; Kim, Si-Young ; Lee, Soon-Nam ;
The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 32~40
Purpose: The survey was aimed to provide basic data to develop a certification system for hospice and palliative care professionals. Methods: National Cancer Center (NCC) and the Korean Society for Hospice & Palliative Care (KSHPC) conducted the survey for hospice and palliative care professionals who worked at 34 Palliative care units designated by the Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Family Affairs (MW) and the members of the KSHPC. The survey was conducted via e-mail from June 17 to 23, 2009. Total 220 professionals were surveyed. Results: Most of the hospice and palliative care professionals reported a great need for certification system: Physician, 90% (n=51) nurse, 84% (n=134) social worker, 89% (n=35). In regard with the requirement for the certification, a majority of physicians (46%) preferreddiploma course, while social workers (46%) preferred training course for medical social workers. Concerning the certification body, physician (45%) preferred the KSHPC and the MW almost equally, while nurses (50%) and social workers (60%) preferred the MW highly. As for the body to develop and accredit advance training course for each professionals, most of the physicians (51%) preferred the KSHPC, whereas nurses and social workers preferred collaboration of the MW (or NCC) with the professional society, such as the KSHPC (23%), the Korean Hospice & Palliative nurses association for nurses (21%), or the Korean association of (medical) social workers (37%). Lastly, all respondents preferred the course format of once a week, full day, and some field study at weekend. Conclusion: Korean hospice and palliative care professionals identified the great need for the certification system, therefore, the adequate system development must be followed to reflect their voice.
The Preference for Care Near the End of Life of Korean Nurses
Kim, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Shin-Mi ; Yu, Su-Jeong ; Kim, Moung-Ok ;
The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 41~49
Purpose: This study was performed to explore the preference for care near the end-of-life of nurses who had been working in an acute hospital. Methods: Data were collected by using PCEOL-K which was originally developed in U.S. and standardized into Korean version. Two hundred nurses from one acute hospital who agreed to participate in the study filled out questionnaires and 177 questionnaires were analyzed for the study results. Results: Relatively positive preference toward spirituality and pain control and negative preference toward decision making by health care professional were uncovered. Conclusion: Nurses consider patient's autonomy, pain control and spirituality as important factors at the end-of-life care. Further studies regarding the preference for the care near the end-of-life of diverse groups such as patients, doctors, and family members are called for.