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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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Journal DOI :
Korea Safety Management and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
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A Study on the Priority Evaluation of Prevention Factors and Strategies to Minimize Industrial Accident Cause
Kang, Young-Sig ; Choi, Man-Jin ; Yang, Sung-Hwan ; Yoon, Yong-Gu ; Kang, Kyung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 1~9
It is very important to evaluate the priority of prevention factors and strategies in order to minimize industrial accident. It provides decisive information for accident prevention and safety management. Therefore, this paper proposes evaluation method of the priority through statistic testing with prevention factors and strategies by the cause analysis of cause and effect models. Especially, this paper uses priority matrix criterion to justify application of rank and objectivity. This paper is based on the results of a questionnaire of workers and managers who are engaged by real manufacturing and construction industries with less than 300 workers in the central region of Korea, where most of the fatal accidents have happened. Finally, the result provides one way to implement safety management for industrial accident prevention.
Development of the Certification Standard of the Occupational Safety & Health Management System for Small & Medium Enterprises
Jang, Seo-Il ; Ha, Jeong-Ho ; Lyu, Bo-Hyuk ; Kim, Tae-Ok ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 11~20
The present management of the domestic and international advanced enterprises is transferring the systems and the regulations to the prevention system management. Expecially, KOSHA (Korea Occupational Safety & Health Agency) in Korea has supported to set up the OSHMS (Occupational Safety & Health Management System) by KOSHA 18001 since 1997. But small & medium enterprises (SMS) have many difficulties to set up the OSHMS because of limited natural and human resources. Therefore, this study is developed and proposed the certification standard of an OSHMS for SMS based on the case study on advanced countries, actual conditions of SMS in Korea, and opinion of specialists.
A comprehensive model for musculoskeletal disorders of hospital workers based on ergonomic risk and psychosocial factors
Choi, Soon-Young ; Son, Chang-Won ; Hur, Kook-Kang ; Park, Dong-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 21~30
The psychosocial stress and musculoskeletal disorders(MSDs) have been one of major health problems for hospital workers. This study tried to understand the relationship between symptoms associated with MSDs and risk factors such as working posture, job stress, psychosocial stress and fatigue. A total number of 655 hospital workers participated in this study. Specifically, REBA was applied for evaluating working posture and a checklist prepared by KOSHA(Korean Occupational Safety and Health Agency) was used for symptom survey. A questionnaire from KOSHA was also used for collecting data associated with job stress, psychosocial stress and fatigue. All these data were formulated and modeled by path analysis which was one of major statistical tools in this study. Specifically, path analysis for the data we collected came up with several major findings. The risk scores from working posture based on REBA had indirect effects via fatigue factor(MFS) as well as direct effects on symptoms. The factors associated with job stress (KOSS) and psychosocial stress(PWI-SF) had significant effects on symptoms. Specifically, indirect effect of job stress factors via fatigue factors(MFS) had bigger than that of direct effect of job stress on symptom.
A Study on Relationship between Working Characteristics and Subjective Symptoms Associated with Musculoskeletal Disorders of Hairdressers
Lee, Hee-Young ; Park, Jung-Gyun ; Kim, Jong-In ; Choi, Soon-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 31~38
Recently, there are many research of musculoskeletal disorders in manufacturing industry because of increasing interest of that disorders, but the research is still lacking in the small business and service industry. So we researched relationship between working characteristics and subjective symptoms associated with musculoskeletal disorders by get information of 145 hairdresser about working hour, work record, position and working pattern. The results of this research show that there are many musculoskeletal disorders of hairdressers' neck, shoulder, arm, knee and also close relationship between working characteristics and subjective symptoms associated with musculoskeletal disorders. Besides, some parts of subjective symptoms have an effect on other parts of body. This information contributes to future reference and a precautionary measure about musculoskeletal disorders for hairdressers.
A Study on the Quantitative Risk Assessment Technique about Frequency and Severity of Occurrences through Accident Analysis in Laboratories
Kim, Jong-In ; Rie, Dong-Ho ; Choi, Soon-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 39~46
In this study, with the objects of 173 institutions of university and research institutions, investigation was carried out through visit investigation ar d questionnaire investigation. Frequency and severity of occurrences was acquired mainly through universities and research institutions which have reported occurrences of accidents to the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology. Quantitative danger evaluation was conducted through frequency and strength of occurrences. Case study was carried out by selecting bio science laboratory of university and as the result of this study, degree of danger among the inspection objects of bio science laboratories, laboratory work place was evaluated as the most dangerous with the scores of 155.00 and as the result of average danger level, compression gas cylinder was evaluated as the most dangerous with the scores of 6.4000.
A study on the improvement of operation process to lighten duty-load of the critical tasks of KTX train driver
Jeon, Young-Rok ; Lee, Myung-Gil ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 47~56
This study suggest a way to improve duty process of KTX(Korea Train Express) high-speed train driver. A new operating system which based on safety was introduced to operate high-speed train which travel above 300km/h on the high-speed railroad but below 200km/h on the general railroad. There were some studies on the operation of high-speed train which travel on the high-speed railroad and on the general railroad with safety. However they overlooked the elements of human errors. The duty-load of KTX train driver's 14 basic operation processes was measured using NASA-TLX and found four processes with high duty-load. In this paper, critical tasks of the high duty-load processes are determined using a questionnaire. Some suggestions which include the improvement of facilities, operating system and operating skill are proposed to lighten duty-load of the critical tasks. The validity of the proposed new task processes is demonstrated by making question to KTX train driver. To use this results cost-benefit analysis, hazards analysis etc. should be performed additionally.
A study of the moderating effect of social support on the relationship between job stress responses and occupational accident/illness
Ahn, Kwan-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 57~63
The purpose of this paper is to review the moderating effect of social support on the relationship between job stress responses(physiological response, psychological response, behavioral response) and occupational accidents/illness. Based on the responses from 187 employees in small & medium manufacturing industry, hierarchical regressional analysis showed that physiological response has positive relationship with accidents and illness, and psychological response has positive relationship with accident. Social support has partly moderating effect on the relationship between job stress responses and occupational accidents/illness.
Aberrant Driving Behaviors by Driver Behavior Questionnaire
Lee, Jae-In ; Lim, Chang-Joo ; Lee, Chan-Saem ; Hwang, Sang-Hyuck ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 65~72
The Manchester Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) is the most commonly used frameworks for investigating the relationship between self-reported driving behavior and accident involvement. After Reason et al. introduced DBQ, there were many studies replicating the research of Reason et al. in many countries. There was, however, no study replication of the Reason's research in Korea. The aim of this study is to replicate the distinction among errors, lapses and violations, and to evaluate the relationship of these behaviors with road traffic accidents on Korean drivers. 223 Korean drivers completed the Korean version of original DBQ with questions regarding background information, such as age, gender, annual mileage and accident involvement. Participants answered self-assessment questions, also. Factor analysis revealed three factors like Reason et al. The three factors were dangerous errors, violations and relatively harmless errors.
On the Development of Preventive Electrical Safety Plan Using Operation Concept Document
Lee, Byoung-Gil ; Lee, Jae-Chon ; Shin, Heung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 73~81
The current electrical safety plan developed for the national electricity system has been playing an important role in handling a variety of electrical accidents. However, it can be more effective to prevent or reduce those accidents if a preventive electrical safety plan is available. In this paper, an approach to developing the safety plan is described. We first discuss the contents that should be included in the plan. Noting that an effective plan requires the system level consideration of all the factors affecting the safety issues, an operation concept document (OCD) is considered. The OCD can allow us to understand the behavior of the safety system based on the operation environment, the system functions, the performance requirements, all at the system level of the safety system. Thus, the OCD can be useful in developing the safety plan. A detailed description then follows on how the OCD is developed for the electrical safety system under study. Finally, we discuss how the developed OCD can be used in deriving the preventive electrical safety plan.
Study on actual status investigation of safety management of laboratories -Centering on university, government research institution, and corporate affiliated research center-
Rie, Dong-Ho ; Choi, Soon-Young ; Lee, Hee-Young ; Kim, Jong-In ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 83~91
In this study, actual status of safety management for the objects of 173 university, government research institution, and corporate affiliated research center was carried out through questionnaires. For unexpected accident status according to kinds, scale, and types of laboratories, frequency analysis using cross analysis and multiple replies analysis was used. The result of this study is judged to be used for laboratory safety education prevention programs, laboratory environment improvement, investment or improvement of laboratories through the actual safety management status of laboratories such as vulnerable works for generation of unexpected sudden accidents according to kind, scale, and type of laboratories, period of occurrence, prevention education, necessity for preliminary test, and cause of laboratory accidents.
A Study on Fire Risk Analysis & Indexing of Buildings
Chung, Eui-Soo ; Yang, Kwang-Mo ; Ha, Jeong-Ho ; Kang, Kyung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 93~104
A successful fire risk assessment is depends on identification of risk, the analytical process of potential risk, on estimation of likelihood and the width and depth of consequence. Take the influence on enterprise into consideration, Fire risk assessment could carry out along the evaluation of the risk importance, the risk level and the risk acceptance. A large part of the limitation of choosing the risk assessment techniques impose restrictions on expense and time. If it is unnecessary high level risk assessment or Probabilistic Risk Assessment of buildings, in compliance with the Relative Ranking Method, Fire risk indexing and assessing is possible. As working-level technique, AHP method is useful with practical technique.
An Experimental Study on the Fire Investigation to the Broken Plane Types of Glass
Mun, Yong-Soo ; Kong, Ha-Sung ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 105~109
The purpose of this study is to distinguish the causes of broken glass on doors or windows when it is originally kept among the remains on the floor in fire site - whether it was broken due to heating or outer power-through test and characteristics of the broken plane including the pattern on the plane. Addition to it, the study tries to find characteristics to judge the point and direction of breakdown through the analysis of glass broken by outer power. With two assumed causes - a) breakdown due to heating and b) breakdown due to outer power-3 pieces of glass plates (
) were tested for each case, getting the results as following: First, for the glass broken due to the change of temperature, the broken plane is of slow and smooth curve without any pattern. Second, for the glass broken due to outer power, with the impact point as the center, the glass shows breakdown of radial type and the side shows breakdown of near-perpendicular type. The far the broken piece is from the impact point, the bigger the size is. The broken piece at the impact point is of long triangle type and the two long planes of the triangle shows semi-arc with the center of breakdown point and the other plane shows opposite pattern. Third, when glass that is damaged by outer power is heated, damaged forms and side patterns of the glass that is damaged by outer power are heated and disappeared.
Thermal Characteristics of Polypropylene in Combustion Reaction Using TGA
Kang, Yun-Jin ; Seo, Su-Eun ; Seo, Gyu-Suk ; Kang, Kyung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 111~120
The combustion reaction of polypropylene was investigated using a thermogravimetric technique under an air atmosphere condition at several heating rates from 10 to
. To obtain information on the kinetic parameters, the dynamic thermogravimetric analysis curve and its derivative were analyzed by a variety of analytical methods such as Kissinger, Friedman, Freeman-Carroll, Chatterjee-Conrad, Ozawa and Coats-Redfern methods. The comparative works for the kinetic results obtained from various methods should be performed to determine the kinetic parameters, because there are tremendous differences in the calculated kinetic parameters depending upon the mathematical method taken in the analysis.
The Study on the Flame Retardancy of Rubber according to
Addition Using Experimental Design Method
Min, Young-Cho ; Kang, Yun-Jin ; Kim, Ki-Young ; Kang, Kyong-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 121~126
The effect of
on physical, thermal, and retardant property of rubber was studied. It was analyzed by statistical experimental design method with one way array to confirm the effect of factors. Physical characteristics, thermal pyrolysis temperature, and combustion time were considered as the properties. The amount of
addition was chosen as significant parameter. As the result of ANOVA analysis, thermal pyrolysis temperature increased and combustion time decreased with increasing of
Acoustic Emission Studies on the Structural Integrity Test of Welded High Strength Steel using Pattern Recognition: Focused on Tensile Test
Kim, Gil-Dong ; Rhee, Zhang-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 127~134
The objective of this study is to evaluate the mechanical behaviors and structural integrity of the weldment of high strength steel by using an acoustic emission (AE) techniques. Monotonic simple tension and AE tests were conducted against the 3 kinds of welded specimen. In order to analysis the effectiveness of weldability, joinability and structural integrity, we used K-means clustering method as a unsupervised learning pattern recognition algorithm for obtained multi-variate AE main data sets, such as AE counts, energy, amplitude, hits, risetime, duration, counts to peak and rms signals. Through the experimental results, the effectiveness of the proposed method is discussed.
Development of Composite Examination Equipment for Improvement of Fire Detectors Checking Technology
Kong, Ha-Sung ; Lee, Jong-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 135~143
Recently as the testing of fire detector used the testing device for fire detector, there are something the matter in the perception function loss of fire detector, structure and form of the testing device for fire detector. The problem at oxidation of emitting smoke ashes hazardous article part and so on that checking person absorbs be. In this paper the problem or the conventional the examination equipment of fire detectors is analysed and researched. To solve these problems after the theoretical study and design and paint drawing of equipment the prototype of composite examination equipment of fire detectors was made. After compared with the conventional, part that improve of composite examination equipment of fire detectors are verified through the examination. In the future it will be useful the operation state and correct operation time of the fire detectors are measured after the research about the quality of the material and transparency of bellows cover is done.
A study on the method of OLED device's lifetime test
Choi, Young-Tae ; Cho, Jai-Rip ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 145~152
According to the Korea Agency for Technology and Standards under the Commerce Ministry, OLED device's lifetime is defined 50% drop of luminance. OLED device is self-emitting operating device, that means it becomes different color between pixels under using environment. That's reason of the different luminance drop ratio & chromaticity coordinates shift ratio with time. The problem is there is not recovered after luminance drop and color shift. We can recognize the difference of color as image sticking. First we studied when human recognize the difference of color and second we apply the method of OLED device's lifetime test that's able to check different color between pixels.
Subcontractors Protection Scheme for Harmful Works in Korea
Kim, Byung-Suk ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 153~158
It compared subcontractor with contractor that are wages, the labor hour and labor condition of the work environment back are inferior relative. The subcontractor which basically the contract workers evade the dangerous process or the difficult work, the dirty work back what is called 3D the case which does to keep a business is many. so With life it will be threatened consequent health directly. The possibility where the subcontractor will be exposed to danger work came to be high. Consequently it prevents the subcontract which danger work is insensitive from this research and immediacy of the subcontract workers who is weak hygiene circumstance complement the plan it will be able to secure the immediacy safety&health subcontract workers, substantially to prepare in the hazard subcontract proprietor. Thus, this paper aims at presenting countermeasures to substantially secure safety and health of subcontractors by preventing ill-advised subcontracting of harmful and hazardous operations and imposing partial occupational safety and health responsibility to employers to enhance safety and health environment of subcontractors.
Measures of Reliability, Maintainability and Availability in Information Technology Service Management
Choi, Sung-Woon ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 159~163
This paper proposes various measures of reliability, maintainability and availability in information technology service management(ISTM). Global ITSM standards such as ITIL(IT Infrastructure Library) and ISO/IEC 20000 are introduced. Especially availability management of De-facto and De-juire standards is concerned with users and customers of IT service. The study presents seven reliability measures, six maintainability measures and two availability measures. These results can be effectively used with a appropriate IT availability management tools such as CFIA(Component Failure Impact Analysis) and SOA(Service Outage Analysis), etc.
Research on the usage status of Job Instructions in domestic enterprises holding ISO certification
Syn, Dong-Sig ; Jung, Jang-Woo ; Pack, Jong-Yop ; Kang, Kyung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 165~171
In the policy management system of the safety&health(same as the environment and the quality), the documentation of the management system is required in various international standards & guides. In case of 3 level classification of the system documents, it generally will be identified such name as the manual, the procedure(or the process) and the job instruction. Each level of the document has the unique role and usage though, the job instructions, especially, would be developed to support the practical job worker. Considering such document level, the job instructions should be reflect the latest know-how of the job-handling methods. And that, it should be used at any times by the related job worker. This paper is prepared for surveying the actual usage status of the job instructions of the domestic enterprises holding ISO certificate and trying to suggest the better way of application of the system documents.
A Study on Air Logistics Process Simplification based on RFID(2)
Li, Zhong-Shi ; Lee, Tae-Yun ; Na, Hyeong-Seok ; Lee, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 173~179
The portion of air logistics is getting growing in the global logistics and customer need the rapidity and accuracy for freight delivery. But, the process of air logistics is so complicated because there are too many stakeholders involved in the process. So we suggest the way to make simple the process for improving ability of handling air freights. First, we analyze the AS-IS process and problems by studying previous documents and researching the field. Also we offer how to adopt the ways that are solutions concerning AS-IS process. Second, we suggest integrated information system that will make it simple the air logistics process and mitigate the intensive work load of air cargo. Also we show the reliance about our suggestion by simulation comparing TO-BE process to AS-IS process. We result in that this study will contribute to improve air logistics process by making simple the process.
A Study on Development of u-4PL Based Air Cargo Logistics System
Li, Guang-Zhu ; Na, Hyeong-Seok ; Lee, Doo-Yong ; Li, Zhong-Shi ; Lee, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 181~187
The market of air cargo in Korea grows very quickly and diversifies. It is an essential factor in the process of development of Northeast-Asia as a hub for Air Cargo logistics. But the process of air cargo in Korea is complex as compared with other north-east asia nations and it has many problems and causes inconvenience to owners of freight. We emphasize that 4PL(Fourth party Logistics) is the excellent solution from among many alternatives. The wave of 4PL added to strategic consulting based on new IT techniques, for example RFID, with logistics outsourcing through existing 3PL service is a great issue. It is also worthy of notice that EPCglobal network strengthen the role of 4PL. In conclusion, the 4PL system based on EPCglobal network will result in a good success, so it will raise a prestige of air cargo in Korea to a higher position. This study deals with the new logistics system, air cargo logistics system based on u-4PL system, RFID and EPCglobal network, that will bring many advantages. At the end, we verify the u-4PL air cargo logistics system by simulation tool.
A Study on RFID Application Method in Franchise Business
Rim, Jae-Suk ; Choi, Wean-Yang ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 189~198
At present, companies write daily work record or use bar-code in order to collect distribution flow data in real time. However, it needs additional works to check the record or read the bar-code with a scanner. In this case, human error could decrease accuracy of data and it would cause problems in reliability. To solve this problem, RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) is introduced in many automatic recognition sector recently. RFID is a technology that identification data is inserted into micro-mini IC chip and recognize, trace, and manage object, animal, or person using wireless frequency. This is being emerged as the core technology in future ubiquitous environment. This study is intended to suggest RFID application method in franchise business. Traceability and visibility of individual product are supplied based on EPCglobal network. It includes DW system which supplies various assessment data about product in supply chain, financial transaction system which is based on product transaction and position information, and RFID middleware which refines and divides product data from RFID tag. With the suggested application methods, individual product's profile data are supplied in real time and it would boost reliability to customer and make effective cooperation with existing operation systems (SCM, CRM, and e-Business) possible.
Development of the Enhanced Cross-Docking Model through Compromise between Line-haul and Shuttle Service
Kim, Ki-Hong ; Shin, Seung-Jun ; Choi, See-Yeong ; Kang, Kyung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 199~207
Many logistics enterprises have made efforts to achieve low costly and high efficient logistics network. The cross-docking system can be a good solution for them. However, it requires tight schedule and all-night operation inevitably for realization of ideal cross-docking. These causes the difficulty of the attainment of daily delivery target and the leave of delivery service persons. In this paper, we develop the line-haul and shuttle service compromised cross-docking model in order to solve the problems practically. We apply the storage process with the cross-docking system and the direct cross-docking between line-haul and shuttle services. The simulation model validates the shorter delivery time by the developed model than the present model.
A Study on the Service Quality Evaluation of University Administrations - The utilization of DMAIC process 6sigma -
Koo, Il-Seob ; Cho, In-Hee ; Jung, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 209~218
The growth in services has focused issues of service quality both for commercial enterprises and across a range of public services and government institutions. The education sector, in particular, has undergone radical change to meet the needs of its varied constituents. This paper examines key issues in internal service, customer satisfaction, service quality, relational commitment as they apply in one particular education sector. The purpose of this study is to analyze effect of internal service on customer satisfaction, educational service quality. First, In the dimension of internal service, many factors affect internal customer's evaluation for overall satisfaction. They are categorized as five factors; tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy. The results of this study supported the proposed conceptual framework overall. Therefore, we identified that internal service quality is the antecedent of an internal customer satisfaction, and the consequent variables of an internal customer satisfaction are educational service quality, external customer satisfaction. The major findings of this study are summarized as follows. First, some factors(tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy) affected positively internal customer satisfaction. Second, external service quality affected positively educational service quality, external satisfaction. In other words, the more internal customers have experienced internal service, the higher internal service quality deliver educational service quality.
A Study on Quality Improvement in Internet Media Portal Company Applying 6 Sigma Methodology
Sung, Ki-Wook ; Kim, Bong-Sun ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 219~227
Since six sigma program was first introduced in late 1990's, it has been evolved in Korea. The number of six sigma adopting company are getting increased and diversify manufacturing, service, government. In these days, the rapid innovation of internet technology change the media industry's game rule. This paper is concerned with a six sigma applications to internet media portal service company. The main focus of this study is to introduce an empirical study on the implementation of DMAIC procedures for internet media portal service company.
A Study on the conditions of the Environment-Conscious Logistics Activity
Park, Seog-Ha ; Kim, Hyun-Soo ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 229~240
With the effectuation of Kyoto Protocol, one of the important movement throughout the world is reducing the emission of greenhouse gas which is the main reason of making global warming. The actual factor of greenhouse gas is CO2, and in year of 2002 20% of total CO2 emission was produced only through transportation throughout the South Korea. In the contrary, the recycling of municipal wastes in South Korea was 44.0% in 2002, but it will be targeted upto 53.5% in 2011. All of these show environment-conscious logistics should be implemented together throughout the each stage of distribution with the development of product and service. This study applied survey research for the activities affecting to the emission of CO2 and packaging wastes produced from transportation and packaging stages in logistics area. For this, survey questionary was constructed with five specific areas - strategy, transportation & distribution, custody, packaging, and information. Based on the 148 returned survey questionaries, this study analyzed 52 categories and finally suggests necessary modal shift, collaboration & co-operation in logistics, LCA(life-cycle assessment), and other promoting policies for the environment-conscious logistics in effective way.
A study on integration for unifying and rearranging of distribution center
Lee, Joo-Hang ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 241~245
Every single company in the world makes a huge amount of effort so as to not only cut down the physical distribution cost but promote the efficiency. In the government's respect, especially, they expect to maximize the synergy by unifying the physical distribution. For that reason, it relevant for all kinds of a distribution strategy to get rid of unnecessary distribution centers and to integrate distribution centers by unifying and rearranging the distribution centers that are hardly efficient. Most enterprises in Japan, related to making and distributive, have got a tendency to decentralize their distribution centers in a wide scope of the whole nation. In the meantime, they seem to get a move to become a great-sphere distribution center. Many similar cases in Korea, Koon-Po distribution center, Yong-In distribution center, are not expected to function properly. With a rate of trading products expanded, a new strategic physical distribution is needed to turn the way of depending on building up a new distribution center into the way of unifying and rearranging a distribution center. Therefore, this study aims to identify the optimal method of unifying and rearranging a distribution center, compared to the cost which takes place in a large number of distribution centers.
A Study on Effect of Commitment Typed HRM Practice on Business Performance Focusing on Adjusting effects of Labor-management Relations Character
Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Jeong, Jae-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 247~258
In today's business environment faced in very quick change, Human Resource Management play a key role in sustaining corporate competitive advantage and boosting organizational competency. Based on a former study, the purpose of this study is to find how individual Human Resource Management practice effects business performance and labor relations. Business performance is a positive influence on employee royalty and devotion. Also it is more influenced statistically significant impact on industrial relation of corporate. As a result of this study, we can find the significant influence from Human Resource Management practice and industrial relation.
Design of Sales Strategy according to 4P Characteristics
Kim, Chang-Shik ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 259~265
Domestic industry has a long history, but it has been suffering for a long time due to its poor competitiveness in management ability, supply of materials, technological development, sales marketing, and distribution networks. Moreover, the industry has not established its strong presence in the world market but is exposed to increasingly greater agonies because of inactive domestic demands, increase rate of import versus export, diversified government policies, and non-selective introduction of high-quality and low-priced foreign named brands of ceramics into the country. Theses factors have partly contributed to consumers' low or negative recognition.
A Study on the Analysis of Subway Crowdedness using Simulator
Lee, Doo-Yong ; Li, Zhong-Sh ; Kim, Dong-Hee ; Hong, Soon-Heum ; Lee, Chang-Cho ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 267~273
Many people transfer from the automobile to the subway because of increasing in oil price and improvement of mass transit system of Seoul Metropolitan City. But Seoul Metropolitan Subway have brought out passengers discomfort because it is more crowded over the appropriateness because of very high utilization though it is highly technically facilitated. This study deals with the development and simulation study of subway train simulator. We performed the validity simulation study for the simulator for the interval from Sindorim station to Samsung station in Seoul Subway Line 2. We analyzed the simulation results considering crowdedness after we defined the concept of crowdedness. Also we accomplished the analysis of simulation results after simulation under the assumption that the crowdedness is alleviated by controlling the passengers using RFID technology.
A Study on Mediating Effect of Trust in Supervisor on the Relationship between Self-Leadership and Innovative Behavior
Son, Eun-Il ; Song, Jung-Su ; Yang, Pil-Seok ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 275~286
The purpose of this study verifies: the relationship between self-leadership (behavioral-focused strategies, natural reward strategies, constructive thought pattern strategies) and innovative behavior, and mediator effect of trust in supervisor. In order to verify the relationship and mediator effect, data obtained from 140 employees working in business office in Ulsan Metropolitan City were analyzed by using SPSS 12.0. The findings are as follows: First, the relationship between self-leadership(behavioral- focused strategies, natural reward strategies, constructive thought pattern strategies) and trust in supervisor is positively related Second, There was also a positive correlation between the trust in supervisor and innovative behavior. Finally, trust in supervisor played as a partial mediator on the relationship between self-leadership(behavioral- focused strategies, natural reward strategies, constructive thought pattern strategies) and innovative behavior. Based on these findings, the implications and the limitations of the study were presented including some directions for future studies.
A Study on the Structural Relationship in the Characters of Founders, Management and Competitiveness of Startup Companies
Na, Sang-Gyun ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 287~296
The objective of the present paper is to analyze the problems found in the operation of startup companies and to seek after their solutions. It is thus aimed at offering reasonable grounds for the government to work out long- and short-term strategies in an attempt to help and vitalize startup companies. In this context, following analysis was conducted to meet the objective of this study: First, it was analyzed here to determine if there was any difference in the application of management characters that were deemed to be important factors exercising drastic influence on competitiveness of startup companies directly as well as indirectly; and Second, it was empirically proved how management characters of startup companies affected their competitiveness. From the analysis, it was discovered as follows: First, characters of founders such as age, education and experience in management were found to differ depending on the extent that factors of managerial characters in startup companies were practically applied; and Second, the four factors of managerial characters that were classified by factor analysis turned out to have influence on variables of financial and non-financial competitiveness that were connected with competitiveness of a company.
A Study on the Key Sucess factors Analysis Based on the Malcolm Baldridge National Quality Award
Jung, Kyung-Hee ; Cho, In-Hee ; Kim, Sung-Je ; Cho, Jai-Rip ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 297~307
At the spots of enterprises experiencing rapid environmental changes, necessity for ceaseless managemental innovation is raised. We can't deny that management quality is also a part of such managemental innovation. Introduction of management quality by an organization is different from introduction of other individual innovative techniques. Management quality is not one time project but complete historical change program to be pursued continuously. Furthermore, it must be understood as a strategic 'Quality Journey' looking for far future of an organization. Malcolm Baldrige Model has been increasingly used in Korea as a global standard for management quality. The model, however, has shown a number of limitations in application due to nonsystematic elements in the implementation process. The deployment process of the model should be detailed through a real world case study. In this research, we proposed a quality evaluation standard model which is suitable for the Korean public enterprise based on the Malcolm Baldrige Non-profit Criteria, and examined the model. A 7-Point Likert Scale was used based on the seven categories within the 2007 Malcolm Baldrige Non-profit Criteria: Leadership, Strategic Planning, Customer and Market Focus, Management Analysis and Knowledge Management, Workforce Focus, Process Management, and Results. Furthermore, we analysed the validity and causal relationship among the factors within the model. Through the above case study, following common factors for successful Malcolm Baldrige Model have been derived. The following is a summary of the results of this study. First, for Malcolm Baldrige Model management, needs powerful support Leadership. Second, for Malcolm Baldrige Model management, needs systematic Strategic Planning. Third, for Malcolm Baldrige Model management, needs the continuous Customer and Market Focus. Fourth, for Malcolm Baldrige Model management, needs systematic Measurement Analysis and Knowledge Management. Five, for Malcolm Baldrige Model management, needs systematic Workforce Focus. Six, for Malcolm Baldrige Model management, needs systematic Process Management. The finding are surely necessary factors to arrange the human resource management for upgraded management quality, those factors help to explain why all enterprises consider human resource as the strategic view.
Development of Personalized Insurance Product Recommendation Systems based on Artificial Neural Networks
Seo, Kwang-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 309~314
Many studies on predicting and recommending information and products have been studying to meet customers' preference. Unnecessary information should be removed to satisfy customers' needs in massive information. The some information filtering methods to remove unnecessary information have been suggested but these methods have scarcity and scalability problems. Therefore, this paper explores a personalized recommendation system based on artificial neural network (ANN) to solve these problems. The insurance product recommendation is adapted as an example to demonstrate the proposed method. The proposed recommendation system is expected to recommended a suitable and personalized insurance products for customers' satisfaction.
A Study on a Brand Personality Effect on a Corporate Image
Cho, In-Hee ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 315~325
This study examines the effect of brand personality on consumer's attitude. Previous research has suggested that the greater the congruity between consumer personalities and brand personalities, the greater the preference for the brand. However, empirical explorations of this hypothesis revealed that the congruity between consumer personalities and brand personalities is limitedly related, if ever, to the preference for the brand. It is partly because of the views of the previous researchers who considered human personality as a uni-dimensional concept, and partly because of the lack of consensus regarding what brand personality really is. This study examines the relative effect of brand personality on company image. In this study, brand personality is represented by the 'Big Five' factors - Sincerity, Excitement, Competence, Sophistication and Ruggedness - which were suggested by Jennifer Aaker.
The Factors of the Firm Involvement in the Cooperation between Firms and Universities for Technological Development
Park, Yoon-Gu ; Lee, Jae-Kwang ; Seo, Jong-Hyen ; Kim, Chong-Man ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 327~336
Recently, technology growth and globalization of the market bring the age of knowledge based economy. These competitive environment require that the firms should cooperate among industry, academia, and institute. Cooperation between firms and universities for research and development is one of the most important business strategy in improving their business competences. This paper studied the factors of the firm involvement in the cooperation between firms and universities for technology development. To analyze the involvement factors, the data of 'R&D activity survey' of Ministry of Science and Technology(MOST) were used. Based on results of the analysis, 6 factors such as firm size, the years of firms, ratio of the researchers, the ratio of collaborative investments, the ratio of new product development, and the number of property right were significant. As the technology cooperation get flourished, the results of this research is expected to play a meaningful role as an basic data for developing the cooperation between industry and academia policy for technology development.
Investigation of Optimal Nesting Systems on a Board
Rhee, Zhang-Kyu ; Lee, Sun-Kon ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 337~342
This paper investigates the optimal nesting system for a board. A hybrid method is used to search the optimal solution for rectangular nesting problem. This method is composed of heuristic approach algorithm. An engineer's experience of board nesting in which a loss occurred to sheet because of various individual error and diffidence. So, item layout at resource sheet were evaluated in engineering algorithm logic in which specially designed was installed. The nesting system consists of Lisp and Visual Basic. The system was controlled by AutoCAD so as to best item batch path test.