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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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Korea Safety Management and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
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A Study on Safety Coordination for a Complex System Comprised of Interoperable Systems Utilizing DoD Architectural Framework
Kim, Young-Min ; Lee, Jae-Chon ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.1
The recent trend in the war fields on the globe may be characterized by the network-centric warfare, which would, in turn, make the concept of weapon systems be changed. To this end, the concept of system of systems (SoS) has been introduced in literature. An SoS is a collection of multiple systems, each of which is an independent system and can be interoperable with each other. Thus, in defense domain each SoS is a big weapon system as a whole operated in actual environment and each element of it is also an independent smaller weapon system, but they should be interoperable via network among each other. The safety results studied for each elementary system alone may not be fully applicable to the whole SoS. As such, the objective of this paper is to study how to make the SoS safety requirements be distributed down over the interoperable elementary systems. Since handling the interoperability requires a technique of systems architecture, a standard method called the DoD Architectural Framework (DoDAF) has been used here to derive a solution. Using DoDAF, the safety requirements were first analyzed in the operability environment. The results were then studied to be included in an integrated model of both the systems design and safety processes. A further study of present paper would facilitate ensuring safety in the development of SoS weapon systems in practice.
On the Development of an FMEA Method for Automotive Safety Utilizing Design Traceability
Lim, Gwan-Taik ; Lee, Jae-Chon ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 11~19
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.11
In modern systems design and development, one of the key issues is considered to be related with how to reflect faithfully the stakeholder requirements including customer requirements therein, thereby successfully implementing the system functions derived from the requirements. On the other hand, the issue of safety management is also becoming greatly important these days, particularly in the operational phase of the systems under development. An approach to safety management can be based on the use of the failure mode effect and analysis (FMEA), which has been a core method adopted in automotive industry to reduce the potential failure. The fact that a successful development of cars needs to consider both the complexity and failure throughout the whole life cycle calls for the necessity of applying the systems engineering (SE) process. To meet such a need, in this paper a method of FMEA is developed based on the SE concept. To do so, a process model is derived first in order to identify the required activities that must be satisfied in automotive design while reducing the possibility of failure. Specifically, the stakeholder requirements were analyzed first to derive a set of functions, which subsequentially leads to the task of identifying necessary HW/SW components. Then the derived functions were allocated to appropriate HW/SW components. During this design process, the traceability between the functions and HW/SW components were generated. The traceability can play a key role when FMEA is performed to predict the potential failure that can be described with the routes from the components through the linked functions. As a case study, the developed process model has been applied in a project carried out in practice. The results turned out to demonstrate the usefulness of the approach.
Study on the strengthening of community safety Network through volunteer fire department training program reengineering
Park, Chan-Seok ; Oh, Taek-Hum ; Yoon, Myoung-Oh ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 21~30
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.21
Korean Volunteer Fire Departments are the representative disaster-related civilian organizations which are based on "Firefighting Framework Act Article 37"and ordinance for complementing the lack of fire-fighting personnel and volunteer and they play a part as community safety keepers. They are operated by the National funding, but cannot be defined as the organization in governmental sources completely or pure volunteer organization in terms of its founding purpose and activities. In these special characteristics, some Volunteer Fire Departments play an important role in Civilian Volunteer Disaster Prevention by being managed effectively, but the others do not. There can be many cause-analyses about this difference. They aren`t profit-making organizations and are groups which have no compulsion. So it is important that who the leader is, and what type of leadership he has. By solving this bias by considering these characteristics, in this study we make them perform the center role of community safety network through analyzing the existing status and problems of volunteer fire department education and customized training program reengineering to meet class-specific and regional level.
A research for improvement methods in the aspect of safety engineering through risk analysis of facilities for multiple use - Focused on escalator and passenger conveyors -
Kwon, Sun-Geol ; Kim, Jin-Soo ; Kim, Chang-Eun ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 31~40
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.31
For the matter of elevator, one of the multi-use facilities for unspecified public, the JIS has re-established and reformed to apply to the environment in South Korea for the past 20 years. In the aspect of safety assurance, it was inevitable to suggest improved measures. The government, Ministry of Public Administration and Security has secured the safety by enhancing the safety management functions in the elevator inspection standards and expanding its safety device measures. Further, the international inspection standard has been introduced, which is about unifying inspection standard system into the international standard code. In March 14th 2012, the international standard (EN) has been amended and fully announced. Escalator and passenger conveyor among lift devices have several common danger factor that cause safety accident. First, the accident caused by decreased braking power of brake. Second, the accident caused by the rate difference between handrail and tread-board. Third, the accident caused by defects of contraflow preventing device or carelessness inspection. Fourth, the accident caused by wet tread-board or wet floor of platform which makes passenger slip and fall. As the improvements to prevent and reduce these negligent accidents, the inspection list to check and methods should be subdivided and applied for each accident likelihood cause for safety management enhancement and safety assurance of existing escalator and passenger conveyors. The escalators and passenger conveyors without safety devices in existence should be obliged to modify the part of the system or install additional safety device. With making these measures obligations, it requires to improve the system to be suitable for the international inspection standard and to have measures to prevent safety accidents. It also needs to arrange improvements for skid accident of tread-board by the external environment factors such as snow and rain.
The effects of job characteristics and psychological stress response on accidents, and the mediating effect of psychological stress response
Kim, Wan-Il ; Ahn, Kwan-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 41~49
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.41
This paper reviewed the relationship among job characteristics, psychological stress response, and accidents, and the mediating effect of psychological stress response between job characteristics and accidents. Based on the responses from 176 employees, the results of multiple regression analysis appeared as follow; 1) autonomy, importance and feedback effect negatively on psychological stress response. 2) psychological stress response effects positively on accident frequency. 3) psychological stress response mediates fully between autonomy and accident. 4) psychological stress response mediates partly between feedback and accident.
On the Improvement of the Design Verification Process for the Development of Railway Systems with Systems Safety Considered
Sim, Sang-Hyun ; Lee, Jae-Chon ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 51~60
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.51
As the human demand or desire on brand new systems otherwise equipped with new functions grows drastically, so does the complexity of the systems. With this trend, the systems are becoming bigger in scale and at the same time the safety requirements are more stringent in the development. Typical systems examples in such a situation may include high-speed railway systems, aero and space systems, marine systems, etc. Failure of those systems can cause serious damages on both the human being and wealth with social infrastructure. As such, it is quite necessary to ensure that the safety requirements be satisfied in the system development. To achieve this need, there could be a lot of solutions to take. In this paper, regarding safety, a special attention is given to the verification phase process, which is one of the intermediate phases of whole systems development process. More specifically, the ultimate concern is placed on how to carry out the design verification while ensuring the safety requirements. To do so, some improvements in the verification phase were proposed first. Then, the outcomes were combined with the systems safety process by generating an integrated process model to reach the goal. As a case study, application to a railway system was discussed, where strict safety requirements are usually necessary. It would be expected that the potential likelihood of failure with rail systems could be reduced if the results obtained are used effectively with some enhancement from further study.
Improvement of fire protection equipment the opening of according to narrow the distance between buildings
Oh, Taek-Hum ; Park, Chan-Seok ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.61
In the case of the fire to the exterior of the building through openings, the openings of the adjacent building are exposed to the risk of combustion expanding and factors that affect the combustion in the radiant heat and direct flame. Recent five years, fire of the adjacent building indicated that incidence of the 5,134(2.27%) among total 225,934 cases occurred The damage scale of fire expanded was lower than in a single building but casualties(5.46%) and property(25.0%) damage were higher. Therefore, this study provides to analyze the operating status for fire protection equipment of fire-preventing area in the Seoul and to apply measures to improve fire protection equipment according to narrow the distance between the building openings studied.
Namsan 1.2.3 Tunnel accident disaster countermeasures
Lee, Jeong-Il ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 69~75
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.69
Namsan road are taxis in the engine room fires (07/14/2011 18:05) in the tunnel, and the driver of the vehicle was 100 passenger car and more than 500 evacuated were disasters. Pole road vehicles within the tunnel if there is a fire tunnel fire occurred at a two-way evacuation difficult and rapid evacuation is difficult and mass casualties are concerned, the number of casualties is feared. In this study, by considering the problems and improve the Namsan 1,2,3 Tunnel In case of fire, the best disaster response is to come up with ways.
An unwanted facility location problem with negative influence cost and transportation cost
Yang, Byoung-Hak ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 77~85
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.77
In the location science, environmental effect becomes a new main consideration for site selection. For the unwanted facility location selection, decision makers should consider the cost of resolving the environmental conflict. We introduced the negative influence cost for the facility which was inversely proportional to distance between the facility and residents. An unwanted facility location problem was suggested to minimize the sum of the negative influence cost and the transportation cost. The objective cost function was analyzed as nonlinear type and was neither convex nor concave. Three GRASP (Greedy Randomized adaptive Search Procedure) methods as like Random_GRASP, Epsilon_GRASP and GRID_GRASP were developed to solve the unwanted facility location problem. The Newton`s method for nonlinear optimization problem was used for local search in GRASP. Experimental results showed that quality of solution of the GRID_GRASP was better than those of Random_GRASP and Epsilon_GRASP. The calculation time of Random_GRASP and Epsilon_GRASP were faster than that of Grid_GRASP.
A Study on the Employer`s Perception and Corresponding Types of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance
Jeong, Jae-Hoon ; Park, Young-Dae ; Oh, Ju-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 87~100
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.87
The purpose of this study is to analyze the employer`s perception and corresponding types of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance System. To analyze the employer`s perception and corresponding types of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance System, interviews and surveys were conducted. Based on the analysis of interview and survey results, we proposed policy alternatives to raise awareness of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance System and increase the utilization of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance System.
A Study on the Reliability Improvement of Safety Management System in Major Construction Companies - Focused on G Construction Company -
Cho, Jae-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 101~108
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.101
Industrial disaster caused the deaths of 2,114, construction workers among them was the highest of 621 deaths. In the construction industry, has established a number of safety alternatives to prevent accidents. But until now, the cause of the accident has stopped being superficial analysis, awareness on the root cause of the acciden did not reflect. In this study, we analyze the characteristics and causes in G contractors` safety accidents. And innovation strategy, organization-wide safety management system and detailed tasks to derive essentially was to prevent the occurrence of large construction companies. A lot of business for accident prevention effect was transient and formal, to reflect a management style and organizational culture, and try to prevent construction accidents. we will strive to prevent the disaster from the construction site through the improvement of these.
A Study on the Reliability Prediction about ECM of Packaging Substrate PCB by Using Accelerated Life Test
Kang, Dae-Joong ; Lee, Hwa-Ki ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 109~120
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.109
As information-oriented industry has been developed and electronic devices has come to be smaller, lighter, multifunctional, and high speed, the components used to the devices need to be much high density and should have find pattern due to high integration. Also, diverse reliability problems happen as user environment is getting harsher. For this reasons, establishing and securing products and components reliability comes to key factor in company`s competitiveness. It makes accelerated test important to check product reliability in fast way. Out of fine pattern failure modes, failure of Electrochemical Migration(ECM) is kind of degradation of insulation resistance by electro-chemical reaction, which it comes to be accelerated by biased voltage in high temperature and high humidity environment. In this thesis, the accelerated life test for failure caused by ECM on fine pattern substrate,
pattern width/space applied by Semi Additive Process, was performed, and through this test, the investigation of failure mechanism and the life-time prediction evaluation under actual user environment was implemented. The result of accelerated test has been compared and estimated with life distribution and life stress relatively by using Minitab software and its acceleration rate was also tested. Through estimated weibull distribution, B10 life has been estimated under 95% confidence level of failure data happened in each test conditions. And the life in actual usage environment has been predicted by using generalized Eyring model considering temperature and humidity by developing Arrhenius reaction rate theory, and acceleration factors by test conditions have been calculated.
A study of decomposition of harmful gases using Composite catalyst by Photocatalytic plasma reactions
Park, Hwa-Young ; Kim, Kwan-Jung ; Woo, In-Sung ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 121~132
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.121
The objective of this study is to maintain the same frequency as the electrode material, concentration, duration of decomposition efficiency, power consumption and voltage measurements using a composite catalyst according to the change of process parameters to obtain the optimum state of the process and the maximum decomposition efficiency. In this paper, known as a major cause of air pollution, such as NO, NO2, SO2, frequency, flow rate, concentration, the material of the electrodes, and using TiO2 catalyst reactor with surface discharge caused by discharging the reactor plasma NOx, SOx decompose the harmful gas want to remove.
A Study on the ways to minimize Casualties through a consideration of the CO gas generated during combustion
Choi, Man-Chul ; Kim, Byung-Suk ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 133~140
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.133
Recently developed a variety of architectural interior decoration according hwadoeme type of toxic gases generated during fire also are becoming diversified, resulting in fatal casualties occurred in the trend is also being increased. During a fire, toxic gas that is generated varies depending on the combustible material occurs. However, all combustible materials, including carbon, incomplete combustion of carbon monoxide which is generated in the most common toxic gases can be seen as one. Accordingly, in this study of organic solids that are generated in case of fire toxic gases, and briefly discuss the characteristics of the risks and, by far the most common Co gas for measures to prevent human casualties, seolbijeok, the temperature dependence, divided into four aspects of administrative daechaekdeung explained.
A Study on Designing Haptic Icons to support Informative Communications for Navigation
Kim, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 141~150
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.141
In this paper, the learnability of haptic icons was tested as a way of conveying turn-by-turn directions to users involved in navigation interactions with commercial smartphones. To do this, six most distinctive haptic icons were identified from those having different duration of each pulse, interval between pulses, and rhythm. Associations between the selected haptic icons and 3 pairs of navigation directions were analyzed using data gathered from 30 subjects by 7 point Likert scale. The haptic icons were then assigned to proper directions based on the results from that stereotype analysis. The results showed that the commercial smartphone with one linear motor at a fixed location is not capable of making hapticons to have clear directional stereotypes. The hapticons with poor stereotypes has no advantage in learnability compared to those of random assignment.
A Study on Safety Training Program at Elementary School : with an Emphasis on Curriculum Changes
Suk, Hye-Min ; Park, Chan-Seok ; Yoon, Myong-O ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 151~160
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.151
Recently, children`s deaths are found to be mostly caused by various accidents in Korea. But it is in reality that the safety training are very roughly conducted, and even contemporarily appropriate training materials are not sufficiently furnished contrary to the increasing significance of the safety training to reduce the children`s accidental risks. This study is to compare and analyze the safety training courses of domestic and overseas elementary schools and various safety training materials. This study is purposed ultimately to reduce the accidental risks of elementary school students by suggesting the future development direction. It is concluded in this study that more appropriate safety training courses and materials should be provided to train the students to habituate their safe behaviors with a view to protect the elementary school students against the accidents. In addition, the safety training should be conducted consistently by reflecting the students` characters, and the pertinent training materials should be developed for the students` spontaneous learning and for more practical preventive training.
The Recommendation on Power Saving through the Measuring of the Standby Power of OA Equipments
Kim, Man-Geon ; Choi, Don-Mook ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 161~167
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.161
The purpose of this study was to assess power loss in the computer and office automation equipment and identified a way to save power consumptions through field measurement. In this study, the meaning of standby power was to consume power while waiting for the use of any electronic equipment. This standby consumption was about 11% of total power consumption even though we did not seriously realize it. Therefore, it was very important to measure accurate power consumption at the standby status of electronic equipment. In addition, it also helped to reduce potential risks of electricity associated disasters. This study proposed the way to reduce power losses through automatic turn off switches for power outlets and switches. Finally, this study can evaluate power consumption patterns that can reduce power consumptions and potential risks of power related disasters. This also can achieve the goals of sustainability that can reduce environmental impacts by lowering energy consumptions and greenhouse gas emissions.
A Study on Status Analysis and Planning Strategy in Media Field for Safety Education
Kim, Min-Jun ; Yun, Yong-Do ; Kang, Kyong-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 169~176
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.169
A government needs the investment expansion for the industrial accident prevention of the disadvantage group workers in order to improve the external phase and reliability. In this study, we analyze the current status of the development for safety and health material which is necessary for education of the disadvantage group workers. Firstly we find the problems that may occur when applying in domestic safety and health management system and then we`ll propose a new method for safety and health material development and supply.
A Study on Export and Import Logistics Business Model for Transportation Cost Reduction
Kim, Tae-Hun ; Jang, Jung-Hwan ; Choi, Yoon-Jeong ; Lee, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 177~182
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.177
More and more medium and small enterprises do business across the world according to generalization of online shopping mall such as eBay and Amazon. But high export and import transportation cost make weak the price competitive power of medium and small enterprises products. Then this paper deals with the development of new business model which can reduce the transportation cost for global logistics through efficiently overcoming the constraints as length, size, and weight of product. We explain this model with application for company which export the automobile parts. We can expect the transportation cost reduction by 50%.
Environmental Analysis and Efficiency Improvement Plan of Agricultural Export Logistics through Applying 3PL
Lim, Jang-Hyuk ; Han, Young-Geun ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 183~191
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.183
After the Uruguay Round, Korean agriculture industry has been protected and reared with government grants. However, until now there has been very minimal development to establish a solid export industry which can make the most of the trade agreements in place. There has been much research on ways to expand agricultural exports in order to respond properly to this ever changing environment and sustainable agricultural industry. As all other export industries, an efficient logistics network is paramount in order to allow the agricultural industry to respond to changes in demand and penetrate global markets. The lack of systematic logistics activities such as packaging, transportation, unloading, storage, and information transfer in farms has been a major factor in the inefficiency of the agricultural industry resulting in minimal development. From this perspective, 3PL was proposed and applied as a way to build on the streamlining of export of agricultural logistics system. The Agri 3PL is considered as an efficient agricultural exports method as a new concept connecting producers with exporters.
A Study on development of WMS System for H Automobile Plant in China
Zhang, Jing-Lun ; Lee, Doo-Yong ; Jang, Jung-Hwan ; Yoo, Sung-Hee ; Lee, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 193~198
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.193
Warehouse Management System was a helper of business in past, but it is perceived as a core competitive power and a tool for generating new business. It have been come out some new prospects for WMS due to generalization of global outsourcing and extension of the range of supply chain. In China, H automobile company construct the new WMS for providing the production extension and increment of part demand for A/S. This paper deals with the location management in warehouse, warehouse management, delivery management of goods from a warehouse, inventory management organizing WMS for construction of A/S warehouse in H motor in China. Then we identified the several problems of existing warehouse and constructed the driving organization and methods for overcoming these problems. We continually gather data for analysing the effects of new A/S warehouse and WMS construction.
A Study on Increasing Productivity using Profits Making Analysis in the Semiconductor Industry
Yun, Young-Do ; Kim, Min-Jun ; Yang, Kwang-Mo ; Kang, Kyong-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 199~207
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.199
Domestic semiconductor industry grew rapidly enough to draw a close attention in a short period less than twenty years. Korea grew to be the third largest semiconductor manufacturing country in the world during the period and has maintained the proud of Koreans even in technological competitiveness. Accordingly, In this study, it was introduced and analyzed 6 sigma method using profits making analysis for increasing Productivity in the semiconductor manufacturing process.
A Study on Analyzing the Effects and Verification of EPCIS by Influences of Shema
Li, Zhong-Shi ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 209~216
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.209
RFID/USN, are recognized as the new growth engines for the future, regardless of the advanced and developing countries. RFID, in particular, already entered practical stage by global companies. EPCIS, which is the one of the EPC golabal network components, makes a huge load on the system due to the large amount of entering data by following events. In this study, a data model developed based on ER-WIN by collecting four kind information that occurred in the EPC global networks. This model supports both in processing of high performance and huge capacity of data by a considerable storage capacity and input speed. A simulation was developed in order to verify the performance. Each model tested several times and results were compared.
A study on Inventory Policy (s, S) in the Supply Chain Management with Uncertain Demand and Lead Time
Han, Jae-Hyun ; Jeong, Suk-Jae ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 217~229
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.217
As customers` demands for diversified small-quantity products have been increased, there have been great efforts for a firm to respond to customers` demands flexibly and minimize the cost of inventory at the same time. To achieve that goal, in SCM perspective, many firms have tried to control the inventory efficiently. We present an mathematical model to determine the near optimal (s, S) policy of the supply chain, composed of multi suppliers, a warehouse and multi retailers. (s, S) policy is to order the quantity up to target inventory level when inventory level falls below the reorder point. But it is difficult to analyze inventory level because it is varied with stochastic demand of customers. To reflect stochastic demand of customers in our model, we do the analyses in the following order. First, the analysis of inventory in retailers is done at the mathematical model that we present. Then, the analysis of demand pattern in a warehouse is performed as the inventory of a warehouse is much effected by retailers` order. After that, the analysis of inventory in a warehouse is followed. Finally, the integrated mathematical model is presented. It is not easy to get the solution of the mathematical model, because it includes many stochastic factors. Thus, we get the solutions after the stochastic demand is approximated, then they are verified by the simulations.
Extraction of CTQ for the Improvement of the Education Quality Using QFD in College
Park, Byoung-Tae ; Kim, Bok-Key ; Kwak, Moon-Su ; Lee, Eun-Soo ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 231~239
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.231
This intensity is now on a global scale with countless universities across the globe competing for better services, programs and diplomas. For to counteract such a considerable change, in this paper CTQ(Critical to Quality) is extracted for the improvement of the education quality using QFD(Quality Function Development) in college. QFD is a structured approach to seek out voice of customers, understanding their needs, and ensure that their needs are met. First of all, the requirements of the customer are surveyed and analyzed, and then with these results the strategic alternatives are decided. In sequence, the importance and assessment ratings on the requirement of customers are surveyed. Finally, from the relation between the requirement of customers and the strategic alternatives the CTQ is extracted. The derived CTQ is reviewed and analyzed in detail. It`ll have major positive effects on the competitiveness of college as well as the education quality of departments.
A modified Importance-Satisfaction analysis using Kano`s model
Song, Hae-Geun ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 241~248
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.241
Importance-Performance Analysis(IPA) is a well-known methodology to find the area for improvement. However, the IPA uses different strategies depending on an attribute falls in either `Concentrate`, `Keep up`, `Possible overkill`, or Low priority` quadrant. Problems can occur when attributes locate near the demarcation lines. To solve this problem of IPA, I suggest a modified importance-satisfaction analysis which integrates the Slack(1994)`s diagonal approach and Kano`s ASC(Jang et al., 2012) into Yang(2003)`s Importance-Satisfaction model. For this, I investigated 21 smartphone`s quality attributes, which adopted from Song and Park(2012)`s study, and conducted a survey of 280 university students for the results of Kano` model and the importance and satisfaction of the quality attributes. The results show that the proposed model enables the business managers to prioritize the quality attributes for improvement through the interpretation on the continuous diagonal line using the Kano`s questionnaire only, without acquiring any additional survey for importance of attributes. Accordingly, it is expected that the newly proposed method will diminish the limitation of the existing IPA. In addition, to test the validity of the ASC, this study conducts a comparative analysis between the Kano`s ASC and Tontini(2007)`s method to determine the relative importance of quality attributes.
A Comparison Study on University Research Efficiency Using DEA Analysis: focused on A University Case
Kim, Seonmin ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 249~258
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.249
Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is a useful tool to analyze the relative efficiency of decision making units (DMU) characterized by multiple inputs and multiple outputs. This method has been popularly used as an analytical tool to suggest some strategic improvement. To do this, the results of DEA provide decision makers with a single efficiency score, efficient frontier, return to scale, benchmarking decision making units, etc. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate research performance of 38 universities and provide an inefficient university with the way of organizational changes to be an efficient university by using DEA. Various input and output variables are used to identify technical and scale inefficiency. Additionally, we analyze how an inefficient DMU could be changed an efficient DMU based on a case university. This result will give an insight of constructive directions for increasing of research performance to university decision makers.
Propose new methodology based on Kano`s Model
Cho, Yong-Wook ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 259~269
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.259
Customer satisfaction is an ever-growing concern of management throughout the world. To find the way to increase customer satisfaction, we must understand customer requirements. Kano distinguishes between three types of product requirements(:must-be, one-dimensional, attractive requirements which influence customer satisfaction in different ways when met. Timko has developed customer satisfaction(CS) coefficient based on Kano model. The CS coefficient is indicative of how strongly a product feature may influence satisfaction. As there were a few limitations on the Kano`s method and on the Timko`s customer satisfaction index method. The objective of this study is to provide improved methodology based on the Kano`s method. One case studies are solved by the proposed method.
A Cross-Cultural Study on the Effect of Group Discussion in AHP-Group Decision Making for a Car Purchase
Choe, Pilsung ; Zhu, Wen ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 271~281
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.271
In the trend toward globalization, cross-cultural teams in organizations are becoming more and more common. In particular, the influence of China and Western Europe on the global economy is getting increased. With this trend, it is important to understand cross-cultural characteristics for group decision making in managerial environments. This study aims at analyzing cross-cultural differences between China and Western Europe in light of the effect of group discussion in group decision making. An experiment simulating a decision of a car purchase was conducted. A total of 48 subjects (24 Chinese and 24 Western Europeans) assigned in decision groups were asked to judge relative importance ratios of nine factors affecting their purchase decisions using the AHP program developed for the experiment. Three dependent variables (consistency, satisfaction, and consensus) were measured. Chinese were slightly more consistent than Western Europeans in discussion-involved group decision making. In terms of decision satisfaction, Western Europeans were more satisfied with discussion-included decisions than discussion-excluded decisions. Chinese, on the contrary, did not show a significant difference. There was no significant difference between two cultures in decision consensus.
Implementation of Statistical Significance and Practical Significance Using Research Hypothesis and Statistical Hypothesis in the Six Sigma Projects
Choi, Sung-Woon ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 283~292
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.283
This paper aims to propose a new steps of hypothesis testing using analysis process and improvement process in the six sigma DMAIC. The six sigma implementation models proposed in this paper consist of six steps. The first step is to establish a research hypothesis by specification directionality and FBP(Falsibility By Popper). The second step is to translate the research hypothesis such as RHAT(Research Hypothesis Absent Type) and RHPT(Research Hypothesis Present Type) into statistical hypothesis such as
(Null Hypothesis) and
(Alternative Hypothesis). The third step is to implement statistical hypothesis testing by PBC(Proof By Contradiction) and proper sample size. The fourth step is to interpret the result of statistical hypothesis test. The fifth step is to establish the best conditions of product and process conditions by experimental optimization and interval estimation. The sixth step is to draw a conclusion by considering practical significance and statistical significance. Important for both quality practitioners and academicians, case analysis on six sigma projects with implementation guidelines are provided.
Implementation of Z-Factor Statistics for Performance Evaluation of Quality Innovation in the High Throughput Process
Choi, Sung-Woon ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 293~301
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.293
The purpose of this study is to introduce the limit of previously used six sigma quality process evaluation metrics,
, and a solution to overcome this drawback by using a metric based on performance evaluation of Z-factor quality innovation. Case analysis on projects from national six sigma contest from 2011 to 2012 is performed and literature review on new drug development HTS (High Throughput Screening) is used to propose innovative performance evaluation metrics. This research shows that experimental study on six sigma evaluation metric,
, have no significance difference between industrial type (Manufacturing, Semi-Public Institute, Public Institute) and CTQ type (Product Technology Type CTQ, Process Technology Type CTQ). Following discovery characterize this quality improvement as fixed target type project. As newly developed moving target type of quality innovation performance metric Z-Factor is used for evaluating experimental study, hypothetical analysis suggests that
share different relationship or even show reciprocal relationship. Constraints of the study are relatively small sample size of only 37 projects from past 2 years and conflict on having interview and communication with six sigma quality practitioner for qualitative experimental study. Both moving target type six sigma innovation project and fixed target type improvement project or quality circle enables efficient ways for a better understanding and quality practitioner use by applying quality innovation performance metric. Downside of fixed target type quality performance evaluation metric,
, is presented through experimental study. In contrast, advantage of this study is that high throughput requiring product technology, process technology and quantum leap typed innovation effect is evaluated based on precision and accuracy and Z-Factor that enables relative comparison between enterprises is proposed and implemented.
Mediator Effect of Presidential Candidate Brand Affiliated to Certain Party
Chai, Young-Dug ; Kim, Joon-Seok ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 303~315
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.303
The purpose of this study is to explore the mediator effect of the presidential candidate brand affiliated to the certain party toward enhancing the party brand equity and the presidential candidate brand value. In detail, firstly, the study attempts to identify the determinants of the party brand equity. Secondly, we clarify the factors of presidential candidate brand value. Finally, the paper testifies the proposed mediator model of the presidential candidate brand with respect to the impact of the belonging party brand equity in voting intention. Results show that the mediator effect of candidate brand exists between the affiliated party and the voting intention. In voting intention, the perceived quality of the party brand equity significantly influences on the candidate brand. Brand loyalty and Brand association of the party brand equity don`t impact on the candidate brand significantly. In addition, the result proposes the all components of candidate brand value have significant impacts on voting intention. This paper is an initial attempts to regard the political parties and affiliated candidates in terms of brand marketing as the party brand equity and the candidate brand value respectively. With respect to better enhancing an approval rating, the study is proposed to the parties and candidates to-do list and direction of brand equity management.
The relationship between social capital and innovation in small business of Convergence Federation
Ahn, Kwan-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 317~325
DOI : 10.12812/ksms.2013.15.1.317
This paper reviewed the relationship between social capital(interaction, trust, shared vision) and innovation(product innovation, process innovation), and the moderating effect of CEO`s entrepreneurship in small businesses of Convergence Federation. Based on the responses from 252 responses, the results of multiple regression analysis showed that interaction and shared vision effect positively on product innovation and process innovation, but trust effects positively only on process innovation. The results of moderating analysis showed that entrepreneurship effects positively on the relationship between trust and product innovation, and the relationship between shared vision and process innovation.