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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for the Gifted
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Dec 2001
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Sep 2001
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jun 2001
Selecting the target year
Curriculum Development for the Gifted/Talented : Reflection and Vision
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 1~21
In general, curriculum is a product of the process of a political decision-making among a variety of peoples who have different perspectives on learners, knowledge, and society as a whole. And also, it is being affected by larger social and political contexts. As curriculum has become more a centerpiece of program activity for the gifted, the field has more emphasized the importance of viable curriculum models. The purpose of this article is to reflect current status of curriculum development for the gifted, explain the commonness and differences of several perspectives on gifted education programs, and lastly, share some experiences to deliberate about several critical issues of which any activity of program development for the gifted should consider. According to Eisner & Valiance (1974), there are five conceptions of curriculum which have shaped the thinking of many educators of what a view of curriculum for the gifted might be ; curriculum as the development of cognitive process, curriculum as technology, curriculum as personal relevance, curriculum as social construction, curriculum as academic rationalism. Although educators have a freedom to choose among these various curriculum orientations, the most effective curricular incorporate or balance all of them to some extent. After reviewing those perspectives on curriculum and several difficulties which are currently confronted at the site of curriculum development, this article have tried to identify the major curriculum efforts of the gifted education field. It focuses on the issues of developing programs for gifted and talented students, rather than on specific program models. As a result, it suggested seven critical issues or value conflicts which should be considered in the process of program development for the gifted: the balance of domain-general abilities of the gifted and domain-specific abilities, mutual consideration of accelerated learning and enrichment learning, separate organization of contents versus integrated organization, the balance of cognitive domain of human development and affective domain, official curriculum versus non-official education experience, individual-oriented learning situation versus group-oriented teaming, and expert-centered approach versus practitioner-centered approach to curriculum development.
Doing Science through the Project-Based Science Program
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 23~44
In the current classrooms a teacher has been merely able to inculcate the procedural knowledge of how-and-what. In doing so, however, we lose sight of the essence of "doing science."Though desire of the gifted children is qualitatively different from that of normal children, it is an undesirable reality that we have not developed sufficient researches and programs in conformity with the necessary desire and demand of the gifted children. Curriculum for gifted children in the domain of science necessitates markedly the specializations for the specific areas of the contents, the processes, and the products of studies. In an effort to provide the optimum learning experience for the gifted, this paper deals with the development of project-and-discovery-based science program, its method of application to the real field of education, and its effect, however limited and partial that effect may be. What this study has found are the following: on the one hand, the students acquired and developed the higher levels of thinking when they were under the influence of project-and-discovery-based science program that dealt with concrete real-world problems and issues; on the other, the students were capable of solving creatively the complex and real problems through small group activities. This study also suggests the possible implications of project-and-discovery-based science program: the students can not only learn the contents of study but also apply them creatively; the students can cultivate critical thinking skills that can be a fundamental base for a life-time leaner; the students can naturally acquire the abilities of communication and coordination. Project-and-discovery-based program is currently used in the various disciplines. However, the field of gifted education does not yet implement this type of program. So the overall contribution of this study is to show the successful implementation of project-and-discovery-based science program in developing optimal teaming experience for gifted children in the domain of science, since this type of study is most compatible with the characteristic of the gifted children. children.
A Exploration of Web-Based Collaborative Learning for the Gifted Education on Mathematics : Web-Based Structural Communication
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 45~68
The Gifted need the constructivist loaming environments that reflect his or her cognitive and affective characteristics and needs to exert their potential fully. 'Structural Communication'was designed to encourage creative thinking in learners, allowing them to create an understanding of a topic, not simply memorize facts. It is considered in line with constructivist philosophy and cognitive paradigms. The major purpose of this study is to explore 'Web-Based Structural Communication'program to embody the collaborative loaming based on constructivism. It was applied on high school
matrix teaming for the gifted students. Recently developed computer technology, emerging network facilities, and internet enable us to extend the usefulness and efficiency of 'Structural Communication’Especially web provides not only the discussion environment that is free from space and time constraints and characteristics of leasers, but also the experiences of knowledge construction through the collaborative learning. Through the 'Web-based Structural Communication', the gifted will be able to argue, persuade and share their unique ideas and gradually elaborated ill-structured ideas. The gifted will escape from the tunnel vision of the early time and have multiple perspectives that are more objective and logical. As the result, the gifted are expected to acquire the effect of 'the Zone of Proximal Development'that Vygotsky advocated.
A study on the development of a new learning method and program for the science gifted students on cyber environment
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 69~84
Present paper describes on the development of a new virtual program for science learning, and an exploration of it's application to science education. In addition, the method of teaching and loaming activities for science is suggested. The new type program is called Science Cyber Conference(that is Shimpark's Ssacon). It is developed to improve the abilities of inquiry and the scientific reasoning by planning on the investigation, arranging the data, synthesizing the results, and concluding and presenting one's opinions. On cyber environment, discussing about and communicating opinions and data investigated, are performed for special topic through chatting room, discussing room and electronic mailing, and totally synthesis and discussion about special inquiry topic at cyber conference day.
An investigation about science sifted student′s perception of the science and scientist
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 85~97
This study was to gain a suggestion how to educate the science gifted student and manage the science gifted education center by analyzing the science gifted student's perception of the science, scientist and vocation. One seventy and eight science gifted students were involved in the questionnaire to investigating the perception of science, scientist and vocation. As the results, many of science gifted students thought the convenience as the positive aspect of science and the environmental pollution as the negative aspect of science. Science gifted students considered most scientists a diligent person, researcher and what's more, they are careless about home. They suggested much more of foreign scientists like Einstein, Edison, etc. than Korean ones as respectable scientists. Scientist is a major vocation that they want and know in the science area, while some students want to be a doctor, occurred to science singer. The mystery, difficulty, complexity, scientist, etc. occurred to science gifted students when they heard the ‘science’. According to the results, there are in need of the new educational programs for the science gifted students and science gifted education center. One of the aims of the science gifted education center is the judgment and cultivation of the science gifted student. Therefore, the science gifted student to be educated to improve positively the images of science and scientist. In addition to, they should get a concern about the vocation in science area and to be a famous scientist.
A Comparative Study of Motivation Factors between the Gifted and Average Students based on Implicit Theory
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 99~129
The purpose of the present study is to determine antecedents in the area of subject matters and to compare these factors between average student group and gifted student group, based on the implicit theory proposed by Sternberg(1993). The average group consisted of 350 primary school students (boy 172; girl 178) from a primary school and 380 middle school students (boy 221; girl 159) from a middle school in Taejeon Metropolitan City. The gifted group consisted of 181 primary school students (boy 130; girl 51) and 154 middle school students (boy 92; girl 62) from the Center for the Gifted Education of the Kong Ju National University. A questionnaire was developed by the authors. It consisted of 30 research questions related to reasons why they studied those subject matters hard. It took about 40 minutes to complete the questionnaire. Several exploratory factor analyses and confirmative analyses were conducted. The main results obtained were as follows: The subject matters all the students of the present study were English and Math. The main reasons why they studied those subject matters hard were interest, utility, competition, self-esteem, entrance examination, recognition, punishment avoidance, etc. A factor analysis revealed that, for the elementary school students, recognition and interest were factors for the average students, whereas knowledge acquisition was an unique factor for the gifted. Utility was common factor for both groups. A factor analysis revealed that, for the middle school students, knowledge acquisition was the main factor for the average students, whereas competition was the unique factor for the gifted. Recognition, interest, and utility were common factors for the both groups.
Early Identification of Gifted Young Children and Dynamic assessment
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 131~153
The importance of identifying gifted children during early childhood is becoming recognized. Nonetheless, most researchers preferred to study the primary and secondary levels where children are already and more clearly demonstrating what talents they have, and where more reliable predictions of gifted may be made. Comparatively lisle work has been done in this area. When we identify giftedness during early childhood, we have to consider the potential of the young children rather than on actual achievement. Giftedness during early childhood is still developing and less stable than that of older children and this prevents us from making firm and accurate predictions based on children's actual achievement. Dynamic assessment, based on Vygotsky's concept of the zone of proximal development(ZPD), suggests a new idea in the way the gifted young children are identified. In light of dynamic assessment, for identifying the potential giftedness of young children. we need to involve measuring both unassisted and assisted performance. Dynamic assessment usually consists of a test-intervene-retest format that focuses attention on the improvement in child performance when an adult provides mediated assistance on how to master the testing task. The advantages of the dynamic assessment are as follows: First, the dynamic assessment approach can provide a useful means for assessing young gifted child who have not demonstrated high ability on traditional identification method. Second, the dynamic assessment approach can assess the learning process of young children. Third, the dynamic assessment can lead an individualized education by the early identification of young gifted children. Fourth, the dynamic assessment can be a more accurate predictor of potential by linking diagnosis and instruction. Thus, it can make us provide an educational treatment effectively for young gifted children.
Kindergarten and Elementary School Teachers′ Perception on the Gifted Children and the Education for the Gifted and talented
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 155~173
The purpose of this study was to investigate the kindergarten and elementary school teachers' perception on the gifted children and the education for the gifted and the talented. One hundred and fifteen kindergarten teachers and 116 elementary school teachers participated in this study as subjects. Teachers perceptions on the gifted children were generally right, except the relationships between the giftedness and birth order, the domain-specificity of the creativity, and the physical growth, sense of humor, and the socio-economic status of the gifted children. Teachers perceptions on the education for the gifted and talented also were generally right. Especially the elementary school teachers perceptions were higher than those of the kindergarten teachers.
A Study on Analyzing Mathematics Programs for Gifted Students and Developing Teaching & Learning Materials.
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 175~202
The purpose of this work is to analyze various mathematics programs and related studies for gifted students of secondary school, to extract meaningful suggestions, and to develop some mathematics materials to realize our suggestions. We analyzed mathematics curriculum drafts for gifted students(by KEDI), mathematics program for the gifted students of Russia, and mathematics programs of some specialist of gifted education. We were able to extract some important aspects for developing teaching & teaming materials. Especially in this study we took notice of systematization of mathematical problems, and suggested a model of systematization of mathematical problems.
A Study on the Identification Methods for Artistically Gilled Children in the Elementary School
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 203~220
The purpose of this study is to propose the direction for identification of artistically gifted children by considering the methods of it as a part of the basic study for artistically gifted children education. The result of study on the identification of artistically gifted children in literature, the identification methods are classified into the formal standardized art test, the informal test, and non-test measure. And they are considered and discussed laying importance on their characteristics and problems.
A Study on the Gifted Education System in North Korea
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 221~244
The purpose of this study is to examine the gifted education system in North Korea. The study analysed various literature, articles, and internet resources concerning education in general and gifted education in North Korea. The findings of the study are as follows: First, in recent years North Korea has emphasized gifted education to advance the level of science and technology, especially in the field of information technology and computer science. Second, North Korea already introduced the gifted education system by establishing music schools, foreign language schools, art schools, dance schools, and athletics schools in 1960. Third, North Korea has established special schools for the gifted in science since 1984. The schools play an important role in advancing the country's science and technology. Fourth, in North Korea there are special courses in colleges and universities for the gifted in various fields. Fifth, North Korea has implemented the consistent and interrelated system of gifted education from kindergarten level to higher education level.
A study of the role of environmental influences in talent development of the Korean Math and Science Olympians.
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 245~270
Math and Science Olympians participated in a study of the role of environmental influences in their talent development. The questions they got was about family and school factors contribute / or hinder to the development of their scientific talents, and the parents' child rearing styles. The questionnaires were originally developed by Campbell(1996) for cross-cultural studies. The major findings were as follows: ⑴ The professional job of the Olympians'father, the high SES, Their parents'discovering their child's talents were positive factors, ⑵ Their family support and learning environment were reported strong and positive, especially books and reading atmosphere, ⑶ The Olympians participated in the accelerated and enriched educational programs, ⑷ The quality of the class and the rigidity of the curriculum were hindering factors, ⑸ Their parents'rearing style were permissive, affective, and supportive.