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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for the Gifted
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Dec 2007
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jun 2007
Selecting the target year
An Exploration of the Development of School-based Curriculum Model for the Gifted in Elementary School
Kang, Choong-Youl ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2007, Pages 223~250
Since 1992, the sixth national curriculum introduced the policy of school based curriculum development(SBCD) and required all the public elementary schools to develop their own curriculum for the gifted children in their schools. However, in spite of the fact that this curriculum policy for the gifted children has the history of 15 years until now, the current state of its implementation seems to be unsatisfactory. The major reason for that seems to be due to the reality that the schools have not had the theoretical basis for the curriculum development for the gifted children. In this vein, the researcher presented the theoretical SBCD model for the gifted children in elementary schools under the assumption that the model should suit the identity of elementary education, so that the gifted education in the elementary school can be implemented in its own form and adequacy. Based on the identity of elementary education, the model was developed by reformulating three component models of VanTassel-Baska's ICM: content model, process-product model, and epistemological model. The major feature of the researcher's model is to adapt and adjust the three component models differently according to the age level from the first to sixth graders in the elementary school. The model can be used not only as a general model for the talent pool of the school but also as an individual model for a specific gifted child by taking his special needs and characteristics into account. The model is a theoretical one based on the curriculum models for the gifted which were presented by several scholars in the area of G/T education, and it needs to be validated empirically in the future.
A Comprehensive Model for Identification of Underachieved Gifted Children in Elementary Schools
Pahk, So-Young ; Lee, Jin-Hee ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2007, Pages 251~279
The purpose of this study was to develop a comprehensive model to identify underachieved gifted children in elementary schools by utilizing multiple methods. From March 1st, 2006 through September 30th, 2006, we developed and applied a 6-step comprehensive identification model for underachieved gifted children by examining 1980 children attending S elementary school located in Daegu Metropolitan City, starting from the first step of teacher nomination to the last step of committee's final decision. As a result, 4 students were identified as underachieved gifted children. For comprehensive and appropriate identification, we adopted, adjusted, or developed several standardized tests, teacher nomination form, parental questionnaire, self-report checklist, and school achievement tests, which were fine-tuned in the application process of this identification model. Based on this study, we suggest that a comprehensive identification model for underachieved gifted children in public elementary schools consist of 6 steps: a) teacher nomination, b) simplified standardized testing, c) student's self-report, d) multiple standardized tests, e) qualitative analysis, and f) a committee decision for the final identification.
Discussion on Giftedness by Genetic and Environmental Factors in the Intellectual Abilities
Song, Do-Seon ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2007, Pages 280~306
The purpose of this study is to investigate the two assertions of hereditarianism and environmentalism in the intellectual abilities, which is one of the most important factors of giftedness, and thus to discuss and understand giftedness. As the result of various investigations about the two opposing opinions, it is general view that about 50% of the intellectual abilities are endowed by genetic factors, but they are not fixed life long but changed and developed by posterior experiences. In other word, it is said that giftedness itself of which an important factor is intellectual abilities is determined by heredity, but the degree of revelation of the potential faculty is determined by environmental factors. Therefore, the recent major concerns in this field seem to be on how to make unfold most the children's giftedness rather than arguments about the degree of genetic and environmental factors. It can be said that giftedness is sprung up and accelerated only when an excellent genetic factor and a special environmental factor are transacted dynamically and amplified exquisitely.
A Study on the Characteristics of Creativity Factors Found in Elementary and Middle School Creative Gifted Student Selection Test
Son, Chung-Ki ; Kim, Myeong-Cheol ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2007, Pages 307~337
The purpose of this study is to verify the validity of a creativity measurement tool and to discover the creativity characteristics of creative gifted students by assessing the difference in the creativity characteristics of creative gifted students, who were selected from gifted students in elementary and middle schools through the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking(TTCT), according to school level and the type of the students (gifted student in mathematics, gifted student in science). To this research purpose, creative gifted students were selected by the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking(TTCT) on 594 students, who had applied for super gifted education, from 17 gifted students institutes under the jurisdiction of Jeollabukdo office of education, Then, t-tests and multiple regression analysis were performed to analyze the creativity factors between elementary students and middle school students and between mathematics-gifted students and science-gifted students. From the research, the following results were obtained. Although TTCT is effective in distinguishing gifted students with and without creativity, correlation coefficient values between creativity factors(the correlation coefficients between 'fluency' and 'originality' and between 'fluency' and 'elaboration' were .78 and .50 respectively) suggested the possibility of low uniqueness of creativity factors. In addition, compared with elementary students, middle school students showed significantly lower fluency (circles), elaboration(picture construction, picture completion), and the abstractness of titles(picture structure). In the meantime, science-gifted students displayed significantly higher originality(picture construction), and elaboration(picture construction, picture completion, circles) than mathematics-gifted students. Therefore, continuous study is required to enhance the validity of the test for the selection of creativity gifted students. Besides, efforts should be made to find ways to enhance the creativity of gifted students and to resolve the problem of decreasing creativity with student academic level increasing.
Current Trends and Future Directions of Research in the Area of Gifted Education in Korea
Han, Ki-Soon ; Yang, Tae-Youn ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2007, Pages 338~364
The purpose of this study is to investigate current trends and future directions of research in the area of gifted education through the analysis of published manuscripts on giftedness and gifted education between
. About 521 articles among 35 journals and 49 dissertations listed in the Korea Education and Research Information Service, including the journal of gifted/talented education and the journal of giftedness and gifted education, were mainly analyzed in the present study. The articles were examined by topics, domains, ages, and research methods both yearly and synthetically. The most widely researched topic was curriculum and program issues in gifted education, and the topic related to factors and development of giftedness was the second. Most studies have continuously focused on the mathematically and scientifically gifted students, and studies on gifted students in the areas of art, language, and other domains were scant. Issues on underachieving gifted students and underachievement were researched actively in 2005. More research has utilized elementary students as samples rather than middle or high school students. Young children under 7 have attracted much attention by researchers after 2004. Related to research methods, literature review was the most widely used, survey was the second, and experimental and correlational studies were the next. Implications related to results were discussed in depth.
A Comparative Study on Implicit Creativity of Korea and America Recognized by Korean University Students
Sung, En-Hyun ; Ryu, Hyung-Seon ; Ha, Joo-Hyun ; Lee, Jeong-Kyu ; Han, Soon-Mi ; Han, Yun-Yung ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2007, Pages 365~391
As a previous study to investigate recognition gap of creativity between Korea and America, this study has examined Korean university students' implicit creativity toward Korea and America. The research method using in this study was as follows: The subject were university students in Korea, and they were asked to answer multiply for open-ended questions. For the analysis of the answers, a frequency analysis was used. The results were as follows: 1) It showed that Korean university students considered creativity trait as cognitive trait, personality, cultural trait, research and development areas and arts areas. This result means that Korean university students tend to recognize creativity similarly to the ways of established theories of creativity. 2) For the case of Korea, environmental trait like sociocultural background had great importance for all cases of creativity trait and non-creativity trait. 3) American creativity was recognized focused on individual tendency, on the while, community spirit was considered as creativity trait in Korean creativity. 4) It is considered that American culture had better condition for displaying creativity than Korean culture. 5) Traditional culture of Korea was recognized as creativity trait in terms of originality and superiority, and the possibility of modernistic use of Korean culture. 6) Creative people were ranked by artists, executives, rulers and scientists who were well-known to Korean university students. 7) In the comparison of creativity trait between the two countries revealed the traits of creative people, American creativity was reflected more than Korean creativity, This result seems that those people were favored by Korean university students who were familiar with American culture. In conclusion, this study has found another possibility of creativity of the East among cross-cultural creativity studies. Moreover, this study has suggested that traditional culture and tradition renewal, and values of the East are superior cultural resources which are not exist in the West, and those are expected to play a role in developing creativity.
Nurturing Creative Problem Solving Ability of the Gifted in Confucian Society
Cho, Seok-Hee ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 17, issue 2, 2007, Pages 392~412
It has been understood that Confucian culture only blocks creative problem solving(CPS). However, it is claimed that Confucian culture exerts positive and negative influence on nurturing CPS. Confucian culture fosters CPS by urging strong motivation for learning, and building rich base of knowledge and skills in general and in specific domains through teaching joy of learning and hardworking fueled by parents' education fever. Confucian culture has negative influence on CPS with emphasis on obedience and conformity. Keju system, as a part of Confucian culture, resulted in excessive private tutoring to prepare for the high-stakes test, delimitation of students' experiences to matters to be tested, and students' weak interest, self-concept, and self-directed learning. Negative influence from Confucian culture on CPS is analyzed and some suggestions are provided for revising educational policies and educational practices in order to maximize the creative problem solving in Confucian countries.