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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for the Gifted
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Dec 2009
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Aug 2009
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Apr 2009
Selecting the target year
Parents' Perceptions toward Students' Adjustments after Grade Skipping and Early Graduation
Lee, Mi-Soon ; Cho, Seok-Gee ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 19, issue 3, 2009, Pages 411~432
This study analyzed the differences in parents' perceptions toward children's adjustments after grade skipping and early graduation. Parents of an early entrancer to K university(n=43) and parents of a non-early entrancer to K university(n=12) responded two kinds of questionnaires, one is for parents' perceptions towards children's needs for grade skipping and early graduation, and the other is for parents' perceptions toward children's adjustments to university experiences. Parents' responses were analyzed by MANOVA and MANCOVA. Results indicated that there was the significant difference in parents' perceptions for 'information about early graduation.' That is, parents of an early-entrancer had more 'information about early graduation' than their counterparts. However, there was no significant difference in parents' perceptions, after the effect of 'information about early graduation' on parents' perceptions toward children' academical and social-emotional adjustments. Thus, parents having more 'information about early graduation' considered more seriously the needs of grade skipping and early graduation in their children and worried less about their children's adjustments to university experiences.
Parenting Characteristics between Parents of Gifted and Ordinary Children
Park, Hye-Won ; Kim, Yoon-Joo ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 19, issue 3, 2009, Pages 433~456
This study compared parenting characteristics(attitude, stress, cooperation from the spouse and agreements on disciplines) between parents of gifted(n=126) and ordinary(n=153) children age 10-15. Results revealed that parents with gifted children reported more positive parenting characteristics even though they felt the similar parenting stress to ordinary parents. In both groups there were significant correlations among these parenting characteristics. There were negative correlations among parenting stress, cooperation from the spouse and agreement on disciplinary methods. Separate regression analyses indicated that agreement on disciplinary methods was a significant predictor for parenting attitude among parents with the gifted while in addition to it, parenting stress was also significant for parents with ordinary children. Implications such as parenting education and fatherhood were discussed.
Characteristics of Middle School Students in a Biology Special Class at Science Gifted Education Center: Self-regulated Learning Abilities, Personality Traits and Learning Preferences
Seo, Hae-Ae ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 19, issue 3, 2009, Pages 457~476
The research aimed to investigate characteristics of middle school students in a biology class as science gifted education in terms of self-regulated learning abilities, personality traits and learning preferences. The twenty subject in the study responded to questionnaires of a self-regulated learning ability instrument, a personality trait tool, and a learning preference survey in March, 2009. It was found that the research subjects showed higher levels of cognitive strategies, meta-cognition, and motivation than those students in a previous study(Jung et. al., 2004), while environment was opposite. The level of cognitive strategies was significantly correlated with meta-cognition(r=.610, p=.004) and motivation (r=.538, p=.014) and meta-cognition with environment(r=.717, p=.000). Those students who showed highest levels of self-regulated learning ability displayed various personality traits. One male student with the highest level of self-regulated learning ability showed a personality of hardworking, tender-minded, and conscientious traits and wanted to be a medical doctor. The female student with the second highest level of self-regulated learning ability presented a personality as creative, abstract and divergent thinker and she showed a strong aspiration to be a world-famous biologist with breakthrough contribution. The five students with highest levels of self-regulated learning ability showed a common preference in science learning: they dislike memory-oriented and theory-centered lecture with note-taking from teacher's writings on chalkboard; they prefer science learning with inquiry-oriented laboratory work, discussion among students as well as teachers. However, reasons to prefer discussion were diverse as one student wants to listen other students' opinions while the other student want to present his opinion to other students. The most favorable science teachers appeared to be who ask questions frequently, increase student interests, behave friendly with students, and is a active person. In conclusion, science teaching for the gifted should employ individualized teaching strategies appropriate for individual personality and preferred learning styles as well as meeting with individual interests in science themes.
Trends of Research on Gifted Education (1980s'~2007) in Korea
Ha, Jong-Duk ; Moon, Jeong-Hwa ; Park, Ji-Hyun ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 19, issue 3, 2009, Pages 477~501
The Purpose of this study is to investigate the general trends of research on gifted education in Korea, by analyzing the articles published during the last thirty years. A total of 347 articles from 14 academic journals which are registered were yearly and synthetically analyzed. The articles were examined in terms of their topics, domains, and age and grade. The most widely researched topic was the cognitive characteristics of the gifted followed by curriculum and affective characteristics of the gifted. Studies on scientifically, generally and mathematically gifted students occupied 86% of total researches. Researches utilized elementary students as their subjects more than middle school or high school students. There is a lack of research on the problems that the gifted students face and on the assessment of gifted education institutes. Moreover, there is hardly any longitudinal study.
A Comparison of the Emotional Characteristics between the Gifted and the General Students of the Elementary School - Focus on Modern 'Hyo' Concept Behavioral Factors -
Park, Kyung-Bin ; Lee, Seok-Lae ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 19, issue 3, 2009, Pages 503~527
The purpose of this research is to compare and analyze differences in modern 'Hyo' concepts and behaviors between the gifted and the general students of the elementary school. In this study, two groups(the gifted and the general students of the elementary school) were compared, in grade, birth-order, family members, education and religion factors in family, to seek for a better way to teach the Korean gifted students. The results are, as follows. First, the gifted had higher 'Hyo' concepts than the general students, because developments of the gifted in the field of intellect, emotion and will are faster than the general. The gifted had many interests in values and moral decisions. There are no meaningful differences between boys and girls in the gifted group. But in the general group, girls have higher 'Hyo' concepts than boys. This is because girls emotional developments are faster than boys. Second, in the gifted group, 5th graders have higher 'Hyo' concepts than 6th graders. On the other hand, in the general group, there are no meaningful differences between 5th graders and 6th graders. Third, there were no differences between the groups(gifted/general) by birth-order, family members and having religions or not. However, the comparison between nuclear families and large families shows that Korean traditional ethics - 'Hyo' is still in existence as a basic concept in the family, in spite of the changing family size and unit. In addition, in the family with a religion, the' Hyo' concept is revealed stronger than the other group. This is caused by the power of commanding love and affection which are emphasized through religions. From the results of this research, the gifted students of the elementary school have high consciousness concerning 'Hyo' concepts and behaviors. It is very essential for them to improve their 'Hyo' concepts until adulthood. Therefore, teachers and parents should pay more attention to help them improve their senses of Korean traditional morality - 'Hyo'.
Scientific Creativity Development: The Case Studies of Creative Korean
Kang, Jung-Ha ; Choe, In-Soo ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 19, issue 3, 2009, Pages 529~563
The object of this study is to understand creativity development by examining the emergent process of accomplishments from case studies on individuals who had made creative accomplishments in science. Especially this study focuses from childhood to adulthood of the research participants before they accomplished their goal. For case studies, 10 people who made creative accomplishments in the science and technology domain were selected for interviewing as the research participants. Analyzing data were made using by KES. Then it is summarized and described the representative traits of each period of the research participants.
Investigating Science-contents Problems through Correlation with Tests of Creative Thinking and Integrated Process Skills
Park, Min-Jung ; Chun, Mi-Ran ; Jeon, Dong-Ryul ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 19, issue 3, 2009, Pages 565~583
We studied what kind of science-contents problems can also give information on one's creativity for use in the selection of scientifically gifted. 383 7th and 8th graders as subjects, we first analyzed the corelation between the results of creative thinking, scientific attitude, science inquiry, logical thinking and the scientific creativity problem solving skill test. The corelation analysis indicated that science inquiry test could represent other tests except TTCT. We then tested 532 6th graders with TTCT and science inquiry tests concomitantly with the contents- related problems made in such types as naming 20 scientists, writing about a scientist, imagination to overcome a problem, understanding of theory and application and understanding of science laws and application. The results indicated that writing and imagination were most efficient in assessing both the contents and the creativity.
A Comparison of the Overexcitabilities: In Gifted and Non-gifted Korean Primary-School Children
Yoon, Yeu-Hong ; Moon, Jeong-Hwa ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 19, issue 3, 2009, Pages 585~602
The purpose of this study was to compare the 5 OEs of Korean gifted elementary students and non-gifted and to find out the gender difference in gifted and non-gifted to clarify the best predictor of giftedness in gender group. The total subjects of this study were 372 Korean third, fourth, and fifth grade elementary school children. One hundred sixty six children of them belonged to a gifted group, and 206 were non-gifted group. Two hundreds one out of 372 subjects were boys and 171 were girls. The Overexcitability Questionnaire II(OEQII) used in this study was developed by Falk, Lind, Miller, Piechowski, & Silverman in 1999. The OEQ II is consisted of 50 Likert-type items, classified into five subscale: psychomotor, sensual, imaginational, intellectual, and emotional. And it was translated into Korean. It was administered in group sessions during the winter of 2008. Data were analyzed with SPSSWin 12.0. MANOVA was conducted to determine statistical differences by giftedness and by gender. The results revealed that the level of 5 OEs of gifted elementary children was higher than non-gifted(normal) children. The intellectual OE showed the most powerful explanation among the 5 forms of OEs. This study also found the gender difference within the gifted group as well as with the whole subjects. The mean scores of sensual, imaginational and emotional OEs were higher in girls than in boys. Based on the gender difference within the gifted group and the whole group, it is assumed that imaginational OE may be the best predictor of gifted girls among school-age children.
Bachelard's Theory of Imagination and the Philosophical Bases of Creativity
Yoo, Kyoung-Hoon ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 19, issue 3, 2009, Pages 603~646
This paper explores in depth Gaston Bachelard's theory of imagination so as to establish the philosophical bases of creativity. While he had begun his studies on imagination to eliminate unreliable subjectivity hampering objectivity of philosophy of science, he was fascinated to become a philosopher of imagination by its unlimited power. Since his theory of imagination marked a prominent spot in the history of Western idea, this paper will seek its significant implications that will also shed light on the philosophical grounds of creativity. The best way to approach his theory is to differentiate whether imagination is the power of forming images or that of transforming them. If not misguided by surface simplicity of the aforementioned differentiation, it will be revealed that it has accrued strata in the history of Western idea. The power of forming images is related to theory of mimesis or of representation, and to ocularcentric and logo-centric structures. Bachelard strongly opposes to the theory of imagination as power of forming images, since, if it is so, its expansion and development are not possible. He thereby constructs the theory of imagination as power of transforming images. The force of movement lies at the core of his theory. Imagination as an ability to intuit movement is directly related to the problem of change in the history of Western idea. If an entity is incessantly changes itself, it becomes a crucial role of imagination to capture the force perse in the perpetual movement without distortedly and abruptly fixing it at a still point of time and space. Bachelard criticizes such a method that makes movement a controllable entity consisting of partitioned moments of space; instead, he constructs theory of imagination that reveals the true power of indispensable movement. Furthermore, it will be revealed that Bachelard's theory has more affinities with Kantian imagination and reflective judgement of aesthetics than the past researches on Bachelard showed. This paper, by means of the above investigation, will transcend the superficiality of defining what are Bachelard's formal, material, and dynamic imaginations; simultaneously, it will bear philosophical conditions of possibility that makes us experience imagination fully. These conditions also become the philosophical foundations of creativity. It will draw to a provisional close its imaginative journey of everlasting movement by making ontological and ethical dimensions of imagination and creativity.
Analysis of Features Related to Authentic Science Inquiry Appear in Open-ended Activities of the Elementary Science-gifted Students
Kang, Eun-Ju ; Kim, Sun-Ja ; Park, Jong-Wook ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 19, issue 3, 2009, Pages 647~667
This study intends to analyze open-ended inquiry activities of elementary science-gifted students in terms of how similar they are to authentic science inquiry and suggest desirable ways to make more effective programs for the gifted. For this study, we selected a small group with five elementary science-gifted students who had participated in the open inquiry program of summer camp held in the Institute for Science Gifted Education and collected data through recording and video-taping their discussion and performance from planning to coordinating inquiry results. The data was analyzed in terms of epistemological features and cognitive process in authentic science inquiry. The results is as follows. In terms of epistemology, students' inquiry methods were theory laden and they constructed knowledge in collaborative groups. For example, the students often discussed about performing the thought experiment and scientific concept related to inquiry task or their opinion. And in terms of cognitive process, their designing inquiry was similar to authentic science inquiry especially selecting variables, planning procedures, controlling variables, planning measures.
Design and Validation of Robot Curriculum in Education for the Gifted Elementary Students of Computer Science
Lee, Jae-Ho ; Nam, Gil-Hyun ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 19, issue 3, 2009, Pages 669~695
In the 21st century, there will be a robot revolution. Only several years ago, industrial robots were the mainstream in the robot market; however, diverse type of robots are currently entering into our daily lives for various purposes, and the robot that thinks and behaves very similarly to human will appear in the near future. However, there is a critical view about the robot period. This means that the robot revolution will change even the framework of our entire society and human life style, and it is necessary to have robot education. It is necessary to start robot education in the elementary school curriculum with a view to enhancing interest in basic science and scientific technology and cultivating creative talents who may adapt themselves to a robotic society. However, there is no systematic robot curriculum owing to insufficient perception of the need of robot education and the educational utilization of robots. Under these circumstances, robot education is largely dependent on education for students with special talents and aptitudes run by private organizations. This paper conducted the following research in order to develop a robot curriculum in education for the gifted elementary students of computer science. First, the paper identified problems by analyzing the robot curriculum from a micro perspective after selecting three organizations that are relatively well perceived out of private organizations that operate robot education for the gifted elementary students of computer science. Second, the paper developed a robot curriculum in education for the gifted elementary students of computer science based on the framework of a robot curriculum run by private sector. Third, the validity of the robot curriculum developed in this paper was verified by a professional group comprising mainly persons in charge of robot curriculum development at private sector and lecturers for robot education for the gifted elementary students of computer science.
Comparison of Perception on the Korean Gifted Education in Science among the Science Teachers of Formal Schools for the Gifted in Science, District Institutes for the Gifted Education, and General Secondary Schools
Hwang, Jung-Hoon ; Kim, Young-Min ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 19, issue 3, 2009, Pages 697~727
The purposes of this study are to investigate Korean science teachers' perception on the science gifted education in Korea, and to investigate if there are differences on their perception among the science teachers whose institutes are different. Their institutes are divided into three groups, which are the formal schools for the gifted in science such as Science High-School, gifted education centers attached to district education authority, and general secondary schools. For the study, 266 science teachers were sampled from the schools in Busan Metro-city, Ulsan Metro-city, and Kyoungnam Province, and then questionnaire developed by the authors were administered to them. The research results are as follows. Firstly, teachers who were going to participate in special education for the gifted in science answered affirmatively, and they thought it seemed worthwhile. On the other hand teachers who were not going to participate in it, answered negatively, mentioning shortage in specialty or extra work overload. Secondly, only the Korean Educational Development Institute was too much preferred by science teachers for teacher training institute for the gifted education in science. Therefore, it is needed to extend the teacher training institutes for the gifted education in science throughout the country. Thirdly, the perception of science teachers on the constitution of a class for the gifted in science is very different among the teachers of formal schools for the gifted in science and the teachers who teach science part time when it is needed in the district institutes for the gifted education. Finally, the perception on the aims of special education for the gifted in science is very different between the teachers who teach the gifted in science and the teachers who do not teach them.
The Research of Current Task and Development of Korea's Education in Music Talent
Tae, Jin-Mi ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 19, issue 3, 2009, Pages 729~758
The domestic Gifted education is evaluated to attain many achievements and to reach stable circle in short term. What about the present situation of artistic talent education which is one of the talent education areas, especially music talent education? The result of domestic Gifted education can be comprehensively understood by actually searching the present situation of diverse Gifted education areas. In this sense, this research aims to search the overall situation of domestic music talent education and to draw the tasks to be improved later mainly on the basis of important matters for efficient operation of music talent education. Thus far, many researches have been made mainly through quantitative statistical data or survey materials in the form of questionnaire. Meanwhile, this research tries to deeply understand the problems that have been superficially managed so far by collecting the voice of diverse practical staffs related to music talent education for comprehensive analysis and investigation. This research is meaningful in that it establishes the direction of more effective music talent education in the future by lessening the gap between policy and reality, intent and result, etc through diverse comprehension of actual situation and position related to music talent education and provides the basic materials based on reality to cultivate teacher and administrator and to develop curriculum.