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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for the Gifted
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
An Analysis of the Affective Effect of Whole Brain Based Cooperative Learning for the Gifted
Kim, Soon-Hwa ; Song, Ki-Sang ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 255~268
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.255
The 21st century is called as the "Age of knowledge flood", and thus the importance of the ability which can use knowledge creatively is more emphasized. Also, not only individual problem solving but also solving problems through effective communication skills with group members are needed, and therefore, it is requested to train potential gifted learner working together with others to practice cooperation and eventually grown up as a competitive human resource to adapt successfully in future environment. In this paper, to show the effectiveness of cooperative learning in gifted learners, members for cooperative learning group has been selected using whole brain theory from the 42 gifted middle school students who participated in summer gifted learner vacation program. From the analysis of the learners' learning motivation and frequency of interactions whole brain based cooperative learning is effective for enhancing both learning motivation and interactions. Therefore, the whole brain based cooperative learning is an effective pedagogy for enhancing the motivation as well as facilitating interactions within gifted learners.
An Analysis on the Inquiry Activities of Quadratic Surface throughout Mathematically Gifted Students' Analogical Inference
Yang, Ki-Yeol ; Lee, Ui-Jin ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 269~286
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.269
The purpose of this thesis is to examine difficulties students face in the inquiry activities of quadratic surface throughout mathematically gifted students' analogical inference and the influence of Cabri 3D in students' inquiry activities. For this examination, students' inquiry activities were observed, data of inferring quadratic surface process was analyzed, and students were interviewed in the middle of and at the end of their activities. The result of this thesis is as following: First, students had difficulties to come up with quadratic surfaced graph in the inquiry activity of quadratic surface and express the standard type equation. Secondly, students had difficulties confirming the process of inferred quadratic surface. Especially, students struggled finding out the difference between the inferred quadratic surface and the existing quadratic surface and the cause of it. Thirdly, applying Cabri 3D helped students to think of quadratic surface graph, however, since it could not express the quadratic surface graph in a perfect form, it is hard to say that Cabri 3D is helpful in the process of confirming students' inferred quadratic surface.
Study on Levels of Mathematically Gifted Students' Understanding of Statistical Samples through Comparison with Non-Gifted Students
Ko, Eun-Sung ; Lee, Kyeong-Hwa ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 287~307
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.287
The purpose of this study is to investigate levels of mathematically gifted students' understanding of statistical samples through comparison with non-gifted students. For this purpose, rubric for understanding of samples was developed based on the students' responses to tasks: no recognition of a part of population (level 0), consideration of samples as subsets of population (level 1), consideration of samples as a quasi-proportional, small-scale version of population (level 2), recognition of the importance of unbiased samples (level 3), and recognition of the effect of random sampling (level 4). Based on the rubric, levels of each student's understanding of samples were identified. t tests were conducted to test for statistically significant differences between mathematically gifted students and non-gifted students. For both of elementary and middle school graders, the t tests show that there is a statistically significant difference between mathematically gifted students and non-gifted students. Table of frequencies of each level, however, shows that levels of mathematically gifted students' understanding of samples were not distributed at the high levels but were overlapped with levels of non-gifted students' understanding of samples.
The Analysis of Writing Types on the Hypothetical Deductive Inquiry Experiment of the 7th Gifted in Science
Kang, Seong-Joo ; Park, Hee-Kyoung ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 309~335
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.309
Writings of gifted students were classified by the writing analysis protocol built on the scientific inquiry process and writings of scientific journals. These writings were classified 7 types based on the existence of tentative explanations and types of conclusion. In addition the writings were classified by linear form, double linear form, supporting-conclusion form based on the number and position of writings. The characteristics of writings show that, first, the tentative explanation is located at the beginning and the drawing conclusion at the end of articles. Secondly, students prefer the linear form writing to explain their logics. Finally, supporting-conclusion writings are shown when answers of question is written only in the drawing conclusion without estimation.
The Effects of the Astronomical Learning Program Using IIM on Science Process Skills and Scientific Attitudes in the Elementary Scientific Gifted
Shin, Myeung-Ryeul ; Lee, Yong-Seob ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 337~356
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.337
The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of the Astronomical Learning Program Using IIM on Science Process Skills and Scientific Attitudes in the elementary scientific gifted students. For this purpose, this research developed the Astronomical Learning Program Using IIM. This program was totally consisted 7 lessen. There was 7 part in this program. It contained Select the subject (step 1), The aim settings (step 2), Collect the data (step 3), Doing inquiry (step 4), An aim evaluation (step 5), Making a report (step 6), Announcing (step 7). To find the effect of the Astronomical Learning Program Using IIM on Science Process Skills and Scientific Attitudes in the elementary scientific gifted students. 20 participants was selected. These students were attended at a scientific gifted class(3rd grade) of an elementary school located in Ulsan. First, Science Process Skills test and Scientific Attitudes test was used to find the effect of the Astronomical Learning Program Using IIM. And the results were analyzed by SPSS WIN 18.0. The results of this study were as follows. First, the Astronomical Learning Program Using IIM was a positive effects on Science Process Skills of elementary scientific gifted students (F=4.920, p=.021). Second, the Astronomical Learning Program Using IIM was a positive effects on Scientific Attitudes of the elementary scientific gifted students (F=11.244, p=.001). According to this research, the Astronomical Learning program Using IIM was verified to improve Science Process Skills and Scientific Attitudes on the elementary scientific gifted students. It will be contribute on the curriculum construction of the gifted school or gifted class.
Research on Establishing Master Plan to Foster Creative Human Resources
Seo, Ji-Yeon ; Kim, Sung-Kook ; Byon, Jae-Gyu ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 357~372
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.357
Enhancing individual competitiveness as well as national competitiveness by fostering creative human resources are one of the important visions of the nation. Thus, fostering creative human resources should be important mission of the nation. The purpose of this study is to identify what type of creative human resources is possible, based on Korean culture and background. Qualitative research experts was given to six experts of academics, institutes, and industries in science, humanities, social science, and art. The result indicated that key words for fostering creative human resources in Korea are 'fusion' and 'integration', and the definition and factors of creative human resources as well as educational strategy to foster it depend upon them. How to foster creative human resources in life-long learning also discussed.
The Role and Responsibilities of Coordinators in Korean Gifted Classes by Examining the Coordinators of Foreign Gifted Programs
Jung, Hyun-Chul ; Chae, Yoo-Jung ; Kim, Hwan-Nam ; Lee, Young-Ju ; Ryu, Ji-Young ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 373~390
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.373
The purpose of this study is to find out the role and responsibilities of coordinators for gifted classes in Korean schools, by examining the role and responsibilities, and qualifications of coordinators' at gifted classes in America and England. To do this, first, we examine the tasks and role of Korean gifted classes in elementary and secondary schools. Then we look into the coordinators of gifted programs of public schools and university programs in America and England. The coordinators of America and England are experts in gifted programs who have understanding and knowledge on gifted education, and they work for everything regarding gifted programs, such as designing the gifted education program, dealing documents regarding gifted programs, and assisting school personnel in the identification, development, teaching and evaluation of gifted students. The coordinators are the most important and core person in gifted programs. However, in Korean school, the role of coordinators is one of the school tasks of which any teacher has to take charge and there is no regulation on the qualification of coordinators. Therefore we suggest to set up the regulations of qualification, role and responsibilities of gifted programs' coordinators, by understanding that the role of coordinators is important.
Analyzing Science-gifted Middle School Students' Understandings of Nature of Science (NOS)
Park, Eun-I ; Hong, Hun-Gi ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 391~405
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.391
The nature of science has been recognized in a great deal in the field of science education. However, only few innovative programs are offered for science-gifted students to improve their recognition of the nature of science. The current study describes and analyzes science-gifted students' understandings of the nature of science (NOS). In addition, the study looks into contradictory views among the aspects of NOS, which are fundamental data in constructing target programs on NOS for science gifted students. Data used in this study were collected from 73 middle school science-gifted students using an open-ended questionnaire, VNOS. The results of this study showed that the participants' understanding of NOS was significantly distributed on naive or transition view except for 'tentative NOS', and the results revealed inconsistent view among the aspects of NOS. This study proposes two suggestions to enhance the recognition of science-gifted on NOS of science to informed state and to have consistent perspectives with other areas. First, the role of experiment has to be changed-it should be the process in constructing scientific knowledge rather than an instrument to check scientific knowledge to transform perspective on experimental data and scientific knowledge. Second, various opportunities must be provided to science-gifted students, so they can experience the culture and community of scientists and science to gain a wider insight of science.
Parents' Recognitions and Attitudes on Identification of Gifted Students Using Observation and Nomination by Teachers in Busan
Choe, Ho-Seong ; Park, Hoo-Hwi ; Kim, Eel ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 407~426
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.407
This study is to examine the perceptions and attitudes of parents about the teachers' recommendation system through their observations to identify the gifted. We conducted surveys for parents who had elementary school children in Busan metropolitan city and analysed the results to find out about the differences among parents groups in terms of their monthly incomes and opinions on teachers' observation and nomination for the gifted. The results are following; First, approx. 80% of the respondents recognized the changes in the giftedness identification system. Also, 40.5% of the parents positively thought about the teachers' observation and nomination system (positive group), whereas 32.3% of the parents showed their negative opinions about the system (negative group). There were also 27.2% of the parents who did not make their decisions (no-decision-making group). Second, most of the parents accepted that the teachers who were professionally trained in gifted education should be the persons for observing and nominating gifted students. However, significant differences were shown among the different monthly income groups of the parents in regards to who should be the person taking charge of recommending the gifted and how trustworthy this person could be. Third, the positive parents' group mostly expected that as the teachers' observation and nomination system is adopted, expenses for private education would decrease, whereas the negative group and no-decision-making group thought that the opposite result would occur. These results will be helpful for the successful adoption of teachers' observation and recommendation system to identify the gifted in the field of education.
Difference on Identification of Gifted Students by Level of Perception of Teacher's Professionalism in Gifted Education
Ko, Min-Seok ; Park, Byoung-Tai ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 427~447
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.427
This research looked into the recognitions of a teacher's discernment & recommendations of gifted elementary students targeting 184 elementary school teachers in Seoul district and compared and contrasted their awareness in order to confirm whether there existed a difference in the discernment of gifted elementary students according to their awareness level of professionalism in gifted and talented education. The research results are as follows: There appeared a significant difference in teachers' recognitions level of professionalism in gifted education according to their experience relevant to a gifted elementary student. The teachers, in the process of observations & nominations of gifted elementary students, pointed out creativity, learning motive and attitude as the highest judging standard and also regard such elements as discerning criteria of gifted students. In the process of observations & nominations of gifted elementary students, it was found that teachers' recognitions of importance of discerning criteria of gifted elementary students in relation to parents or fellow teachers' recommendations appeared relatively lower than their recognitions of importance in relation to learning ability, creativity, learning motive and attitude. The research results showed that a group of teachers, who have a high recognitions level of the professionalism in gifted education in the process of observations & nominations of gifted students, perceive the realm of creativity, learning motive, and attitude as more important. This suggests the necessity of elevating teachers' awareness level of professionalism in gifted and talented education in order to discern high-quality gifted students in the process observations & nominations of gifted elementary students putting emphasis on the realm of creativity, learning motive, and attitude.
Validity of the Multiple Intelligence Scales for Young Korean Children
Lee, Chae-Ho ; Choe, In-Soo ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 449~463
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.449
The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of Multiple Intelligence Scales for Young Korean Children (MIS-YKC). Participants of this study were 357 children's parents and teachers from Seoul, Gyeongdo, Jeonlado & Choongchungdo. Data were analyzed by confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson's r and Cronbach's
. Results are as follows. (1) Confirmatory factor analysis of MIS-YKC for parents MIS-YKC revealed that fit indices such as
=365.712 (df=168, p=.000), RMSEA=.057, SRMR=.047, NNFI=.935, CFI=.948. and MIS-KYC by teacher's evaluation
=436.765 (df=168, p=.000), RMSEA=.066, SRMR=.051, NNFI=.917, CFI=.934. (2) Correlations between multiple intelligence scales and IQ were significant. (3) Cronbach's
ranged from .80 and .86 for seven intelligence scales and .95 for the total scale by parents' evaluation. Cronbach's
is ranged from .76 and .91 for seven intelligence scales and .95 for the total scale by teacher's evaluation. All these results show that the multiple intelligence scales for young Korean children parents and teachers are quite reliable and valid.
Gifted Students' School Life Satisfaction in General Schools and Educational Institute for the Gifted
Cho, Sung-Shin ; Yoo, Mi-Hyun ; Yeo, Sang-Ihn ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 465~484
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.465
The purpose of this study is to compare the school life satisfaction of the gifted students with general students. For this study, the questionnaire on school life satisfaction was conducted to 76 elementary gifted students and 125 general students. The results of the study were as follows: First, in the school life satisfaction at the general class, there were significant difference among groups. It was found that the gifted students showed a little higher school life satisfaction score than the general students' (p<.05). The score of gifted class students' school life satisfaction was the highest. Second, the score of gifted class students' school life satisfaction was significantly higher than gifted education institute students' (p<.05). Third, school life satisfaction score of gifted students in a gifted class was significantly higher than in a general class (p<.05). Forth, regarding the gifted students' gender, there was no significant difference between girls and boys. Regarding the grades of the gifted students, there was no significant difference between 5th and 6th grader (p>.05).
Analysis of Chemistry Teaching-Learning Programs for the Gifted in Science Used in Middle School Gifted Classes
Cho, Yun-Hyang ; Kim, Dong-Jin ; Hwang, Hyun-Sook ; Park, Se-Yeol ; Yang, Kyoung-Eun ; Park, Kuk-Tae ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 485~510
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.485
This study aimed to analyze the appropriateness of chemistry teaching-learning programs for the gifted in science in middle school gifted classes and to propose improvements. For this study, 5 chemistry teaching-learning 4-6 hour programs developed for science gifted classes by Korea Education Development Institute (KEDI) and 3 chemistry teaching-learning programs developed for science gifted classes by three middle schools in K province were selected. A standard model for gifted education programs was used as tool for analyzing the program targets, program contents, teaching-learning methods, and assessment items. The results showed that all chemistry teaching-learning programs for the gifted in science presented well attainable objectives in the program targets. However, most program targets did not offer differentiated objectives from the general education. Program contents of KEDI stresses intensified education, and also presented a high ratio of sub-elements of creativity, which can enhance gifted creativity. On the other hand, program contents developed by three middle schools focused on acceleration in advancement, and presented low ratio of creativity sub-elements, which could be insufficient in enhancing gifted creativity. Differentiated and personalized, integrated science and interscience, updated research contents were hardly found in programs developed by KEDI and three middle schools. However, teaching-learning methods were composed to fit the learning objectives in the teaching process and the procedures, and were made to self-directed learning. There were no assessment for the feedback after class. Therefore, teaching-learning programs for the gifted in science should be developed further in order to fulfill the objectives of gifted education and gifted characteristics. Also, it is necessary to construct infrastructure to carry out the developed teaching-learning programs.
An Analysis on Views of Nature of Science and Science Inquiry of Science Gifted Students
Lee, Hang-Ro ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 511~530
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.511
This study aims to find out science talented students' percentage of cognition about the views of nature of science and science inquiry which are essential for having a good understanding with science concepts. Each group of 40 science gifted students and 35 ordinary students was tested with a test of views of nature of science and science inquiry which consisted of 19 items with index of content validity 97% and reliability index 0.86, then its results being compared and analyzed. A group of science gifted students' percentage of cognition about the views of nature of science ranges from 20% to 97.5% -although it differs according to detailed views-showing its mean of 67% (50% in a group of ordinary students). Especially, the percentage of cognition about the sub view that there can be different opinions among scientists was high among woman science gifted students. A group of science gifted students' percentage of cognition about the views of science inquiry ranges from 27.5% to 77.5% -although it differs according to detailed views- showing 53% in their mean (41.8% in a group of ordinary students). Especially, the percentage of cognition about the sub view that scientists can have different research methods was high among woman science gifted students. The percentage of mistaken cognition by science gifted students about views of nature of science and about views of science inquiry was 33%, 47% respectively.
Gifted Students' Differentiated Experiences in Science Classes
Park, Min-Jung ; Jeon, Dong-Ryul ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 531~546
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.531
In order to investigate the differentiation for gifted students, we studied the present condition of differentiation applied in science classes at regular schools, private educational institutes, and gifted education centers. A questionnaire regarding differential instruction was administered to 90 eighth graders enrolled in university- based gifted centers in Seoul. The results of chi-square testing based on the questions and educational institutions showed that students used only a textbook at regular schools and several workbooks at private educational institutes, while students could use various specialty publications at gifted education centers. Students frequently took post-test at regular schools and private education institutes. Further, at regular schools and private education institutes, students who completed curricular activities early spent their time performing unrelated tasks or reviewing the lessons or solving problems. Gifted students tend to develop their interests by themselves through science classes at regular schools. However, efforts to group students according to their interests were predominant at the gifted education centers. The response rate for students' choice of curricular activities and teachers' preparation for advanced learners were the lowest in all questions.
A Study on the Science-Gifted Camp at Educational Institutions for the Gifted
Jung, Hyun-Chul ; Cho, Sun-Hee ; Kim, Mi-Young ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 547~573
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.547
In this study, using a questionnaire about camp programs, we surveyed 375 gifted education institutes, including 285 classes for the gifted, 70 institutes for the gifted at education offices, and 20 institutes for the gifted at universities. The survey questionnaire consists of questions relating to camp design, camp operation, and camp introspection. The questions relating to camp operation are subdivided into questions relating to content, process, product, and learning environment of the camp. In the analysis of camp design, experience-centered camps entailing visits to research institutes, science museums, and so on showed the highest ratio. The camps were generally carried out in summer vacation as two day/one night programs. The average score of camp content was 3.72, that of camp process was 3.78, that of camp product was 3.77, and that of camp environment was 3.58. In the analysis of camp introspection, the item 'a lack of information about diverse camp activities' showed the highest difficult thing. Integrating these results, we suggest that information about diverse camp activities should be developed and supplied and the camp environment strengthen the freedom of students to select camp activities.
How Many Korean Science High-school Students Find the Same Scientific Problem as Kepler Found in Optics and Physiology?
Kim, Young-Min ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 2, 2011, Pages 575~589
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.2.575
The aims of this study are to investigate how Kepler found a scientific problem for the retinal image theory and to investigate how the science high-school students respond when the same situation is applied to them. And their results was compared with general high-school students' results. Kepler found the scientific problem in the eye vision through the critical analysis of contemporary theories of vision, based on his relevant knowledge of optics. When we applied the same situation to the Korean science high school and general high-school students, only a few of science high-school students found the scientific problem as same as Kepler's finding. From the results, it is suggested that in development of creativity teaching material, the situations like Kepler's problem finding need to be included in the programs.