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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for the Gifted
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
How Does Giftedness Coexist with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD)? Understanding the Cognitive Mechanism of Gifted ASD
Song, Kwang-Han ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 3, 2011, Pages 595~610
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.3.595
It is hard to understand the coexistence of giftedness and disorder in an individual, but the twice-exceptional is widely recognized now. Gifted autistic spectrum disorder is one of its subtypes in which giftedness exists with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) simultaneously. Like other constructs including giftedness, the nature of gifted ASD has not been understood in a fundamental and wholistic manner. This paper suggests a cognitive mechanism of gifted ASD based on the integrated model of human abilities(Song, 2009; Song & Porath, 2005), which explains how giftedness coexists with ASD and interacts with each other, producing the characteristics of gifted individuals with ASD. According to the suggested mechanism, the excessive growth of mental spaces in the brain may cause ASD. The over-grown mental spaces result in excessively strong short-term sensory memory and better facility of processing, promoting internal cognitive activities on one hand, but relative lack of cognitive activities in the real world space results in ASD symptoms on the other hand. The cognitive structure of gifted ASD students also contributes to the presentation of giftedness in specific domains. This study suggests that gifted individuals with ASD need to be discouraged from fully engaging in domains they are interested in or the most confident of, rather to be encouraged to invest their giftedness to overcome their ASD symptoms. This study also provides new perspectives on theoretical and educational approaches for gifted ASD.
A Study of Factors Effecting on Gifted Students' Achievement : Self-determination, Learning Goal-orientation, Self-efficacy, Implicit Theory of Intelligence, and Self-regulated Learning Strategy
Jo, Son-Mi ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 3, 2011, Pages 611~630
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.3.611
The purpose of the study was to investigate which psychological factors influence on the gifted students' achievement. As a psychological factor, self-determination, learning goal-orientation, self-efficacy, belief of intelligence, and self-regulated learning strategy were examined. The difference in psychological factors between the gifted with high achievement and the gifted with low achievement was to explored. For the study 128 gifted students' data from second-year data of Korean Education Longitudinal Study (KELS) were selected and analyzed. The findings indicate that the predictors of gifted students' achievement are extrinsic regulation, identified regulation, mastery-approach goal, self-efficacy, elaboration, and meta-cognition factor. Especially, the factor of elaboration and identified regulation are the strongest predictors. The findings from t-test analysis indicate that the gifted with low achievement show the low level in self-determination, mastery-approach, self-efficacy, elaboration, meta-cognition, place management and seeking social assistance from teacher. Therefore the developing elaboration, one of regulation learning strategy, is essential to improve the achievement of the gifted students with low scores.
Past and Present of Science High School Graduates: Comparison of Productivity in Science Field Based on High School Academic Achievement
Ahn, Doe-Hee ; Hong, Ah-Jeong ; Cho, Seok-Hee ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 3, 2011, Pages 631~658
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.3.631
The impact of the academic achievements of science high school graduates during the science high school period on their creative productivity, higher education, occupation, and income were investigated with 244 science high school graduates who belonged either to top 30% or bottom 30% in terms of their high school GPA. The factors contributed to the choice of current occupations and life were also investigated through retrospective approach. Survey questionnaire was administered to 244 adults who graduated from 18 science high schools before 2001. Thirteen graduates who completed questionnaire were interviewed face-to-face. Their ages ranged from 28.00 to 42.84. The high achievers were belonged to top 30% and the low achievers were belonged to the bottom 30% and the two groups demonstrated significant differences in their higher education and creative productivity. More doctoral degree holders and more number of creative products were found in the high achievers than the low achievers. 58.1% of the high achievers and 42.7% of the low achievers were working as professional scientists. Significantly more high achievers were working on tasks which require creative problem solving abilities and their income was significantly higher than the low achievers. For both groups, parents were the most significant individuals and then teachers were the second most important persons who impacted to their life and the choice of their occupation. Interviews with 13 graduates confirmed the survey results especially in their choice of life style and occupation. They were also influenced the most by parents, then teachers, and their friends who were more interacting with the socioeconomic environment when they selected university, major, and occupation. The results implies that high school achievement has significant influence on their future achievement to some extent and schools need to provide guide on the career choice not only to the students but also to their parents, since students' career choices are much influenced by their parents.
Review on Science and Invention-gifted Students Having Social and Emotional Problem
Lyu, Eun-Joo ; Kim, Jung-Eun ; Paik, Seoung-Hey ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 3, 2011, Pages 659~682
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.3.659
The objective of this research is to search the solution for the difficulties of science and invention gifted middle school students with social and emotional problems that they are faced. The result of this research has shown that the gifted students were feeling difficulties of low self-esteem in their peer relationships, communication and cooperation skills. They were feeling less confident in their stress processing capacity and their multi-processing capacity. Some were also troubled with the intense expectations from their environment and theirselves which led them to feel confusion in their identities and their future. Therefore, instead of education focused on academic achievement and cognitive activity, present education for the gifted must focus on helping to solve the student's social and emotional problems and to strengthen social and emotional skills they need. To achieve this, the education for the gifted students should include a social-emotional learning program, and it should also run a continued and personalized consultation program for gifted students.
The Groping of the Possibility about Convergent Gifted Education
Choi, Tae-Ho ; Park, Myeong-Ok ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 3, 2011, Pages 683~702
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.3.683
The purpose of the study is to explore the justification and the possibility of convertgent gifted education through science and arts. Because the nature of art make up the base of each discipline and the creative talents in the heart of gifted education can be achieved through arts education. In order to achieve the purpose of these studies, three aspects have been explored. First, the relevance between the ontological nature of arts and gifted education discussed in philosophical and aesthetic point of view was explored. Second, the practical possibility was confirmed through an analysis of previous studies about the science and arts for gifted education. Finally, by looking at today's social and cultural phenomenon and future talent, it was argued that the development of convergent talent must be needed in the future. This paper will be a springboard for follow-up study to prove the feasibility of convergent gifted education through identifying factors in creative thinking process of gifted students in science and arts. And views of convergent gifted education with artistic will be expanded further and newly recognized. In addition to, it is expected that this study will help the establishment and operation Arts Gifted Education Institute in University and Science and Arts Gifted School.
Effects of Gifted Students' Creative Problem Solving Ability by Team-Based Learning
Jin, Young-Hun ; Son, Jeong-Woo ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 3, 2011, Pages 703~718
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.3.703
Team-Based Learning can play an important role in gifted education, because that improve decision making, coordination and problem-solving ability through shapely team activity. So, when a program that founded on Team-Based Learning applied to gifted students, investigated the improved effects of creative problem solving ability. Developed programs consisted of total 10 times and were conducted the lesson for 13student (male 3, female 10) of 4, 5th grade gifted students class in S elementary school, Sancheong-gun. The improved effects of creative problem solving ability were selected as the self-checking tool of creative problem-solving ability. Due to a small number of students, nonparametric test has done with the results of before and after, it showed significantly improvements in significance level of 5%. In particular, there was a significant improvement in the field of divergent thinking, critical logical thinking. Therefore, the programs based on Team-Based Learning are effective for enhance creative problem solving ability of gifted students, they will be used widely in the classroom to require creative problem solving ability or the acquisition of knowledge of gifted students.
Effects of the Astronomical Learning Program using SGIM on Metacognition and Science Process Skills in the Elementary Scientific Gifted
Shin, Myeung-Ryeul ; Lee, Yong-Seob ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 3, 2011, Pages 719~739
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.3.719
The purpose of this study was to find the effect of the astronomical learning program using SGIM on metacognition and science process skills in the elementary scientific gifted students. For this purpose, this research developed the astronomical learning program using SGIM. This program was totally consisted 9 lessen. there was 6 part in this program. It contained select the subject and small grouping (step 1-2), planing inquiry (step 3), doing inquiry (step 4-6), making a report (step 7), announcing (step 8), evaluation (step 9). To find the effect of the astronomical learning program using sgim on metacognition and science process skills in the elementary scientific gifted students. 20 participants was selected. These students were attended at a scientific gifted class (3rd grade) of an elementary school located in Ulsan. First, metacognition test and science process skills test was used to find the effect of the astronomical learning program using SGIM. And the results were analyzed by SPSSWIN 18.0. The results of this study were as follows. First, the astronomical learning program using SGIM was a positive effects on metacognition of the elementary scientific gifted students (t=3.371, p=.001). Second, the astronomical learning program using SGIM was a positive effects on science process skills of the elementary scientific gifted students (t=3.104, p=.021). According to this research, the astronomical learning program using SGIM was verified to improve metacognition and science process skills on the elementary scientific gifted students. It will be contribute on the curriculum construction of the gifted school or gifted class.
A Comparison of the Overexcitabilities in Gifted and Non-gifted Students, Gender, and School Levels
Shin, Won-Tae ; Yoo, Mi-Hyun ; Yoon, Yeu-Hong ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 3, 2011, Pages 741~760
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.3.741
The purpose of this study was to compare the 5 OEs of Korean gifted elementary and middle school students and non-gifted, and to find out the gender differences and level of school differences to clarify the possibility of identification instrument of giftedness based on the 5 OEs as the affective factor of giftedness. Total subjects were 270 in this study. Among them, gifted group were 74, and non-gifted group were 196. Boys were 202, and girls were 168. Elementary students were 34, middle school students were 40 within the gifted group. OEQII (Kim, 2008) were modified and used for elementary students. The result of this study were as follows. First, the level of 5 OEs of gifted students was significantly higher than non-gifted students. Second, gender differences were found. Total OEs and sensory OE and emotional OE of girls were significantly higher than boys'. Third, there were significant interaction effects among gifted and non-gifted and gender factor in total OEs and psychomotor OE and sensory OE. Fourth, there was no significantly differences of 5 OEs between elementary and middle school gifted students, which may be interpreted that OEs were consistent affective factors of giftedness. OEs were discussed as the possibility of identification instrument of giftedness.
A Study on Correlation Analysis of Programming Ability and Logical Thinking Ability for the Gifted Children in IT
Jun, Woo-Chun ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 3, 2011, Pages 761~772
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.3.761
In current knowledge-based society, national competitiveness and growth of society depend on advances in information and communication technologies considerably. In order to grow advances in information and communication technologies, it is essential to identify and foster gifted children in IT as early as possible. In gifted education in IT, enhancing programming ability and logical thinking ability is very important and is also a part of objectives of gifted education in IT. The purpose of this paper is to identify correlation of programming ability and logical thinking ability for the gifted children in IT. For this purpose, gifted children from a gifted institution at Seoul are selected and their test scores during the period of attendance at institution are analyzed. Also, for extensive analysis, the test scores had been collected for 6 years. Based on thorough statistical analysis, the conclusion is that programming ability and logical thinking ability highly correlate each other. This conclusion can be used to decide and affect a selection examination, curriculum, and selection of an exemplary programming language for gifted education in IT.
Thinking Styles and Their Relationship with Self-regulated Learning Ability and Scientific Inquiry Ability of the Scientifically Gifted Students
Lee, Ji-Ae ; Park, Soo-Kyong ; Kim, Young-Min ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 21, issue 3, 2011, Pages 773~796
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2011.21.3.773
This study examined the thinking styles of scientifically gifted students on the basis of Sternberg's theory of mental self-government, and the relationship between thinking styles and self-regulated learning ability of the students and their scientific inquiry ability by the different types of thinking styles. 110 middle school students who belonging to the university science-gifted education center participated in this study. 13 thinking styles were postulated that fall along 5 dimensions which are functions, forms, levels, scopes and leanings of the mental self-government. Scientifically gifted students responded to the Thinking Style Inventory (TSI) that standardized Korean version, Self-regulated Ability Inventory and Test of Science Inquiry Skills Inventory (TSIS). The results indicated that scientifically gifted students prefer legislative, liberal, external, hierarchical and judical thinking styles, rather than conservative style. This result also showed that subscales of thinking styles were significantly correlated with self-regulated learning ability and scientific inquiry ability. The legislative style, hierarchical style, local style and liberal style were significant predictors of self-regulation learning ability. The legislative style was significant predictor, whereas oligarchic style was negative predictor of scientific inquiry ability. The results of k-means clustering analysis and MANOVA showed that the self-regulated learning ability and scientific inquiry ability were significantly correlated with the pattern and level of thinking style.