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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for the Gifted
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
A Comparison of Mathematically Talented Students and Non-Talented Students' Level of Statistical Thinking: Statistical Modeling and Sampling Distribution Understanding
Ko, Eun-Sung ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2012, Pages 503~525
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2012.22.3.503
This study compared levels of mathematically talented students' statistical thinking with those of non-talented students in statistical modeling and sampling distribution understanding. t tests were conducted to test for statistically significant differences between mathematically gifted students and non-gifted students. In case of statistical modeling, for both of elementary and middle school graders, the t tests show that there is a statistically significant difference between mathematically gifted students and non-gifted students. Table of frequencies of each level, however, shows that levels of mathematically gifted students' thinking were not distributed at the high levels but were overlapped with those of non-gifted students. A similar tendency is also present in sampling distribution understanding. These results are thought-provoking results in statistics instruction for mathematically talented students.
Comparison of Career Awareness, the Preference for Science and Stereotypic Image of the Scientist Between the Gifted Students and Non-gifted Students in Elementary School
Ahn, Mi-Jung ; Yoo, Mi-Hyun ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2012, Pages 527~550
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2012.22.3.527
The purpose of this study was to investigate the career awareness, the preference for science and stereotypic image of the scientist between the gifted students and non-gifted students in elementary school. For this study, 52 gifted students and 80 non-gifted students were participated. The results were as follows: First, the career awareness of gifted students was significantly higher than that of non-gifted students. Second, the preference for science of gifted students was significantly higher in all sub-domains than non-gifted students. There was a significant interaction effect between group and gender in the scientific interest and the intention of solving problems. Third, analyzing stereotypic image test for scientist between the gifted students and non-gifted students, it proved that non-gifted students had more stereotypic image comparing with the gifted students. Forth, carrying out the correlation analysis on the career awareness and the preference for science, the career awareness and the stereotypic image of the scientist, it proved that there were significant correlations with each other. It revealed that the career awareness affected the preference for science significantly through multiple regression analysis.
Understanding Characteristics of the Gifted in Invention for Establishing the Concept of the Gifted in Invention
Lee, Jae-Ho ; Park, Kyung-Bin ; Jin, Suk-Un ; Ryu, Ji-Young ; Lee, Sang-Chul ; Ahn, Seong-Hun ; Jin, Byung-Wook ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2012, Pages 551~573
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2012.22.3.551
Educating gifted students in invention is a totally new area for researchers as well as educators. Establishing the theoretical concept of the gifted in invention has been a challenging task to many education researchers in Korea for last several years. This study was conducted to understand characteristics of the gifted in invention with the eventual purpose to conceptualize 'giftedness in invention.' The Future Mind by Gardner was adopted as the frame for categorizing the characteristics of the gifted in invention. Based on Five Minds, this study listed 25 factors with their 80 characteristics after intensive literature review and field surveys. The findings of this study are expected to contribute to establishing the theoretical base of educating the gifted in invention, to identifying gifted youngsters to be great inventors, and to designing the educational programs for them.
A Study about the Perception of Scientifically Gifted Students Regarding a Program for Gifted, Based on Autonomous Learner Model
Choe, Seung-Urn ; Kim, Eun-Sook ; Chun, Mi-Ran ; Yu, Hee-Won ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2012, Pages 575~596
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2012.22.3.575
Students' perception on a science program for gifted was investigated. The whole program was designed in consistency and integrity based on the Autonomous Learner Model suggested by Betts & Kercher(1999). 7th, 8th and 9th grade students were enrolled in this program, offered by G Education Institute for Gifted(GEI) located in Seoul. A survey was done to ask students' perception regarding the effect of the program. The survey consisted of statements about the expected effects of the program and students were asked if they agreed with the statements. Most students strongly agreed that GEI's program has positive effects. Students replied that they learned useful and interesting science contents, enjoyed meaningful experience of cooperating with members in small groups, and were challenged by the inquiry tasks. They recognized that they were being trained to become autonomous learners. They also said that their choices and decisions were respected, which resulted in positive effects on their ability to negotiate or to inquire actively. These implies that Autonomous Learner Model had been successfully applied. Although it was not clear autonomy of students was fully grown, the possibility of becoming an autonomous learner was evident. Satisfaction level is higher for the older students, implying that the integrity in the program gave accumulating effect. Students response showed that three sub-programs of GEI, the classes of each subject, conference at the end of the year and autonomous learner training played equally important role for students to learn the process of scientific inquiry and autonomous learning. This was a positive sign that the strategies for scientific inquiry and autonomous learning were embedded and integrated deeply in the program. The results of current research suggests that the integrity of a program based on a specific education model for the gifted could provide better education environment for the gifted students.
Study on the Research and Education (R&E) Programs in the Science High Schools and Gifted High Schools: Focusing on the Current Status
Jung, Hyun-Chul ; Chae, Yoo-Jung ; Ryu, Chun-Ryol ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2012, Pages 597~617
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2012.22.3.597
The purpose of this study was to investigate the current status of Research and Education (R&E) program. The sample included 21 high schools(18 science high schools and 3 gifted high schools) and 1,466 students and 310 mentors. The results are as follows. Total 502 R&E projects were planned and completed. 72.1% of the total research works were guided by professors only, 23.3% were guided by teachers only, and 4.6% were guided by professors and teachers together. Total R&E mentors were 861(385 professors and 476 teachers) and mentees were 2,168. The total budget of 2011 R&E was approximately 4.5 billion won. The needs for program improvement R&E were as follows. 1) When selecting R&E topics, mentors need to consider students' current knowledge level and school curriculum. 2) Mentors should provide enough opportunities to master topic-related basic knowledge. 3) The performance should be monitored periodically. 4) The support for continuous research and improvement of research environment were requested.
The Development and Application of Girih tiling Program for the Math-Gifted Student in Elementary School
Park, Hye-Jeong ; Cho, Young-Mi ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2012, Pages 619~637
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2012.22.3.619
The purpose of this study is to develop a new program for elementary math-gifted students by using 'Girih Tililng' and apply it to the elementary students to improve their math-ability. Girih Tililng is well known for 'the secrets of mathematics hidden in Mosque decoration' with lots of recent attention from the world. The process of this study is as follows; (1) Reference research has been done for various tiling theories and the theories have been utilized for making this study applicable. (2) The characteristic features of Mosque tiles and their basic structures have been analyzed. After logical examination of the patterns, their mathematic attributes have been found out. (3) After development of Girih tiling program, the program has been applied to math-gifted students and the program has been modified and complemented. This program which has been developed for math-gifted students is called 'Exploring the Secrets of Girih Hidden in Mosque Patterns'. The program was based on the Renzulli's three-part in-depth learning. The first part of the in-depth learning activity, as a research stage, is designed to examine Islamic patterns in various ways and get the gifted students to understand and have them motivated to learn the concept of the tiling, understanding the characteristics of Islamic patterns, investigating Islamic design, and experiencing the Girih tiles. The second part of the in-depth learning activity, as a discovery stage, is focused on investigating the mathematical features of the Girih tile, comparing Girih tiled patterns with non-Girih tiled ones, investigating the mathematical characteristics of the five Girih tiles, and filling out the blank of Islamic patterns. The third part of the in-depth learning activity, as an inquiry or a creative stage, is planned to show the students' mathematical creativity by thinking over different types of Girih tiling, making the students' own tile patterns, presenting artifacts and reflecting over production process. This program was applied to 6 students who were enrolled in an unified(math and science) gifted class of D elementary school in Daejeon. After analyzing the results produced by its application, the program was modified and complemented repeatedly. It is expected that this program and its materials used in this study will guide a direction of how to develop methodical materials for math-gifted education in elementary schools. This program is originally developed for gifted education in elementary schools, but for further study, it is hoped that this study and the program will be also utilized in the field of math-gifted or unified gifted education in secondary schools in connection with 'Penrose Tiling' or material of 'quasi-crystal'.
An Basic Study on the Curriculum Evaluation of Gifted Education in Visual Art
Lee, Kyung-Jin ; Kim, Sun-Ah ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2012, Pages 639~662
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2012.22.3.639
The purpose of this study is to develop the evaluation model of gifted curriculum in visual art. For this purpose, first, it discusses about what kinds of issues raised about gifted education in visual art. Second, it critically reviews the evaluation models of gifted curriculum, and investigates the suitable model for developing curriculum evaluation model of gifted in visual art. Third, it suggests the appropriate perspective and evaluation model of gifted curriculum in visual art. Along with the change in the concept of creativity, recent studies on gifted education in visual art concentrate that gifted learners who have the potential find their own way of creating art. Also they emphasize the contextual implementation which recognizes the significance of interaction among field, domain and individual. Based of these inquiry, existing evaluation models of gifted curriculum have limitations in suitability as a evaluation model of gifted curriculum in visual art. This study suggests that the curriculum evaluation of visual art gifted programs should be approached from the decision-making perspective. Also it develops the conceptual framework and the evaluation model of gifted curriculum in visual art based on the CIPP model, which is the representative model of decision-making approach. It concludes with its implications and the discussion about the role of evaluators.
A Validation Study of the Creative School Environment Perceptions Scale and A Study of Group Differences
Jo, Son-Mi ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2012, Pages 663~677
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2012.22.3.663
The purpose of the study was to verify validity of Creative School Environment Perceptions (CSEP) scale developed based on the scale developed in 2010 by Mayfield and Mayfield. Factor analysis was used to assess construct validity. Another purpose of the study was to investigate factors related to students' perception of creative school environment through use of the group differences. The research participants were 203 elementary school students and all of them were 5th and 6th grade students. Factor analysis indicated that CSEP scale consist of three factors: creativity support, work characteristics, and creativity blocks. In addition the correlation between CSEP scale and the previous scale were investigated to verify the validity of CSEP scale. The results showed that the convergent validity were obtained. Independent-sample t test was performed to test for specific loci of significant between group differences in gender, grade, and the level of ideational behavior. The finding showed that 6th grade students said that their environment hinder creativity. Students with the high level of ideational behavior perceived their school environment was supportive while students with the low level of ideational behavior perceived their school environment was obstructive. Therefore teachers should understand students' perception of creative school environment using CSEP scale and should change students' perception of creative school environment through considering grade and the level of ideational behavior.
A Study on Values of Scientifically Gifted Students and the Relations among Values
Ju, Yeong-Hyeon ; Choe, Ho-Seong ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2012, Pages 679~702
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2012.22.3.679
Values can be regarded as an important factor which acts as an indicator showing each person's individual path of life. many researchers have suggested that values function as standards that guide thought and action. Values lead us to take particular positions on social issues and they predispose us to favor one perspective over another. Adolescence is an important period for the establishment of one's values. The values established during such a period become an important factor determining one's right personality and contents of life. In particular, it is important to take a study about the values possessed by gifted and talented children in Korea. There have been several researches regarding the cognitive and affective characteristics of gifted and talented learners in Korea. However, there has not been any research regarding their values in life. This study investigates the characteristics of values shown by 468 high-school students from two special schools for gifted students by using Schwartz's Value Survey Scale which is consisted of 57 value categories and 10 value types. According to the results of this study, the students from the special high-school for gifted children tend to promote such value types as 'autonomy' and 'stimulation' the most. Conversely, the same students tend to deny or ignore such value types as 'power' and 'tradition'. This study provides basic data regarding the values of gifted and talented students as the first research of its kind targeting gifted students in Korea. It has an important meaning for the research related to the characteristics shown by gifted students in Korea.
Conceptual Understanding Process for Electric Circuit of Elementary Science-gifted Students using Dynamic Science Assessment
Hong, Hyun-Ju ; Kim, Jung-Bog ; Choi, Byung-Soon ; Lee, Jung-Sook ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2012, Pages 703~728
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2012.22.3.703
The purpose of this study was exploring instructive methods to make each gifted child's ability develop as more by selecting the dynamic method instead of existing static method in teaching and evaluating science-gifted students in elementary school and by analyzing conceptual change of electric circuit. In this research, 11 science-gifted students in primary school were chosen, and Dynamic Science Assessment(DSA) intended to comprehension of scientific electric circuit concept was performed as focusing on scaffolding aspects in order to find the transition process. And then, the features on transition process of students' concept were analyzed in quality. The results of the study were checked that the features of useful scaffolding input with respect to comprehending concepts of science gifted-students by using DSA. The less familiar to approach the subjects, the more presented numbers of scaffolding showed. As coming toward transition and same questions, scaffoldings (interactions) were declined because their level of transition was higher than before. Various ways were used in helping the students comprehend the concept on the method of connecting electric circuit and the emitting amount of current, which acted to adapt to daily life.
Learning Characteristics and Tactics of a Scientifically Gifted Student with Economic Difficulty and Physical Disadvantage: A Case Study of 'Haneul' of Saturday Physics Class
Cho, Sung-Min ; Jeon, Dong-Ryul ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2012, Pages 729~755
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2012.22.3.729
As an effort to understand alienated gifted students, we investigated learning characteristics and learning tactics of a scientifically gifted student with economic difficulty and physical disadvantage. The student we studied is attending the Saturday Physics Class which is an after school science activity offered by our university. We adopted techniques of qualitative case study. Participant observation was carried out at the field and the interview was done with the participant, his mother, and his teacher of 5th grade. Field documents and self-reports were used to understand the student synthetically. As a result, learning characteristics of the participant could be summarized as a spontaneous learning which originated from the internal motivation and struggle for learning to overcome the sense of inferiority and isolation from the peers. The participant adopted a strategic method for learning to satisfy his learning desire given the circumstance of socioeconomic and physical disadvantage: the three tactics we found were various learning routes, meta-cognitive ability and fervent response.
A Study of Gifted Students' Peer Relationship in an Elementary School's General and Gifted Classes
Kwon, Hyeok-Cheon ; Ha, Min-Su ; Chung, Duk-Ho ; Lee, Jun-Ki ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2012, Pages 757~777
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2012.22.3.757
Peer relationships in young students' communities are one of the important factors influencing the cognitive and affective domains of learning. Moreover, students who join the special program for gifted students possess differential peer relationships from the students in general classes. This study aims to explore the differences of 5th grade five science-gifted students' peer relationships between students in special classes for gifted students and general classes. Five students in the special program for gifted students, managed by the Office of Education in a southern city, participated in this study. Social network analyses were utilized to explore participants' peer relationships; the students' homeroom teacher was interviewed to explore the contextual and in-depth characteristics of gifted students' peer relationships. The results illustrated four cases of peer relationships: (1) smart loner (2) my study mate (3) I'm the best in my class, and (4) a good friend anywhere. This study identified that the gifted students possessed diverse peer relationships in both the special program and general classroom. In addition, this study suggests that the program for gifted students needs to be specially designed based on the gifted students' peer relationship.
A Study on the Gifted Students' Suicidal Ideation and Relative Variables
Jin, Sun-Hong ; Yang, Tae-Youn ; Han, Ki-Soon ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 22, issue 3, 2012, Pages 779~800
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2012.22.3.779
This study is to understand gifted students' suicidal ideation and its related variables among gifted students. For this, this study explores the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism of gifted students and suicidal ideation, confirming mediating effects of depression and academic stress. For the study 320 middle school students who were identified as the gifted at a gifted education center affiliated with the university. The results are summarized as follows. First, the fit of measurement model was found to be
=228.571(df=110, p=.000), CFI=.972, TLI=.966, RMSEA=.058, indicating most of fit indexes were acceptable. Second, suicidal ideation was found a significant positive relationship with maladaptive perfectionism, depression, academic stress. Third, as a result of examining path coefficient, it was found to be influenced significantly by all of the path from maladaptive perfectionism to depression and academic stress, the path from depression to suicidal ideation, the path from academic stress to suicidal ideation. However, the path from maladaptive perfectionism to suicidal ideation was found to be statistically insignificant. Fourth, the result showed that depression and academic stress worked as complete mediators between maladaptive perfectionism and suicidal ideation. These findings give useful information about affective aspects of gifted adolescents in hard circumstances. The results of the study will be helpful in devising consultation and educational programs for the gifted who are in danger of suicide.