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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for the Gifted
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Factors Influencing Competence: On Academic Motivation and Learning Strategies of Gifted and Non-gifted Students
Ahn, Doehee ; Shin, Min ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~16
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2014.24.1.1
This study was to examine whether high school students' academic motivation and learning strategies influence their competence. Of the 600 high school students surveyed from 3 high schools in two metropolitan cities, Korea, 489 completed and returned the questionnaires yielding a total response rate of 81.50%. The final sample consisted of 399 males (81.6%) and 82 females (16.8%). Among the final sample, 113 students were gifted, and 376 students were non-gifted. Their average age was 17.20 years. Measures of students' competence (i.e., cognitive competence, and social competence), academic motivation (i.e., intrinsic motivation to know, toward accomplishment, and to experience stimulation, and extrinsic motivation identified, introjected, and external regulation, and amotivation), and learning strategies (i.e., metacognition, self-monitoring, strategy formation) Spearman's rho(
) indicated that students' competence was positively associated with intrinsic (i.e., to know, toward accomplishment, to experience stimulation) and extrinsic (i.e., identified, introjected) motivation, and learning strategies. However, students' competence was negatively associated with amotivation. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that intrinsic motivation (i.e., to experience stimulation), extrinsic motivation(i.e., external regulation), and learning strategies (i.e., strategy formation) were the crucial contributors for enhancing students' competence. Results are discussed in relation to theoretical implications and school settings.
A Case Study about Influence of Primary Mathematic Concepts on the Composition of Mathematic Concepts in 3
grade Prodigies of Elementary Schools - Focusing on Addition and Multiplication of Fractions -
Kim, Hwa Soo ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 17~43
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2014.24.1.17
On the subjects of elementary 3rd grade three child prodigies who had learned the four fundamental arithmetic operations and primary concepts of fraction, this study conducted a qualitative case research to examine how they composed schema of addition and multiplication of fractions and transformed schema through recognition of precise concepts and linking of concepts with addition and multiplication of fractions as the contents. That is to say, this study investigates what schema and transformed schema child prodigies form through composition of primary mathematic concepts to succeed in relational understanding of addition and multiplication of fractions, how they use their own formed schema and transformed schema for themselves to approach solutions to problems with addition and multiplication of fractions, and how the subjects' concept formation and schema in their problem solving competence proceed to carry out transformations. As a result, we can tell that precise recognition of primary concepts, schema, and transformed schema work as crucial factors when addition of fractions is associated with multiplication of fractions, and then that the schema and transformed schema that result from the connection among primary mathematic concepts and the precise recognition of the primary concepts play more important roles than any other factors in creative problem solving with respect to addition and multiplication of fractions.
Effectiveness of Gifted Education in Non-cognitive Areas using Meta-analysis
Jo, Sonmi ; Han, Ki-Soon ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 45~61
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2014.24.1.45
In this study, the meta-analysis technique was applied to investigate the effectiveness of gifted education in non-cognitive areas. Studies conducted during the years from 2002 to 2012 were searched and then the outcomes from the 18 studies were used for meta-analysis. The statistically positive effects were in the leadership programs (the combined effect size=1.226, p<.001), in the career programs (the combined effect size=1.103, p<.001), in the programs related to social skills (the combined effect size=1.684, p<.001), in the programs for gifted students who show underachievement (the combined effect size=1.486, p<.001), and in the bibliotherapy programs (the combined effect size=0.613, p<.001) for the gifted. Implications of the study were discussed in depth based on the results.
Development of a Question List in Accordance with Stage of Research, Which Guides Open Inquiry of Gifted Students in Science
Cheong, Yong Wook ; Kim, Eunhae ; Jung, Minseok ; Lee, Jaikoo ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 63~80
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2014.24.1.63
The open inquiry is one of the representative learning approaches for gifted students. However, a gifted student should develop various complicated competencies to succeed in the open inquiry because of its complexity. This study develops a question list in accordance with each stage of inquiry so that the list could provide scaffolding in the process of open inquiry and students develop near-professional competencies and produce distinguished outcomes. For the purpose, we have reviewed various literatures related to research methodologies, academic writings, and learning of inquiry. Based on the review, we identified the open inquiry as cognitive, metacognitive, and sociocultural processes and set up the direction of the development of the question list. We also have elaborated the goals of the open inquiry, provided a model of the stage of inquiry, and developed the guiding question list belonging to each stage. As a discussion, we provided several noteworthy issues in the situation of when the list is used in the teaching of the open inquiry for the gifted.
A Comparative Analysis on the Characteristics Between Different Types of Gifted Students in Invention and Innovation: Focusing on the Characteristics of the Adolescent Entrepreneurial Gifted
Choi, MinGyeong ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 81~111
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2014.24.1.81
Despite recent attention to entrepreneurial gift, there has been minimal empirical research regarding characteristics of individual entrepreneurial gift. The aim of this study is to specify and conceptualize characteristics of entrepreneurial gift from systematic empirical investigation. We operationalized the entrepreneurial gift as students participating in 'intellectual property based future creative entrepreneurs' administered by Korean patent office, and compared characteristics of the entrepreneurial gift with those of the gifted students in invention. A total 226 middle and high school students selected as the gifted students in invention, intention scholars, or future creative entrepreneurs by Korean patent office participated in this survey. The survey was designed to measure major adolescent areas such as psychological, intellectual, educational, vocational areas, life purpose and its perception area, innovation-related area, invention-related area, and personal and environmental information. The result showed that entrepreneurial gift has higher score in entrepreneurial potential, in addition to the characteristics that the talented students in invention has. Entrepreneurial gift has similar characteristics in the area of invention-related and environmental conditions, while they showed higher ability in terms of invention-related area and intellectual area. Implications, limitation, and future research direction were discussed.
Research of Emerging Process on Scientific Creative Products: Case Study of Self-Organization Process on Emerging of objective knowledge from Subjective Experience of Scientists
Kang, Jungha ; Cho, Sunhee ; Kim, Mijin ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 113~147
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2014.24.1.113
This study is a case study of the process of emerging for creative products to lead world science and technology. The aim of the study is to understand the emerging process of scientific creative products, and is to provide the direction of gifted education that discovers and trains globally competitive science talents through this. To discuss the emerging process of creative products, this study has academically discussed the creativity of the complexity of dealing with theory of evolution, the real life settings, and self-organization of experience etc., and has methodologically adopted the qualitative research method through a case study to look at the structures and processes. Data collection has been formed through a discussion with 12 Korean scientists who have created selected creative products, greatly contributed for the world science and technology(12 areas). The analysis has been carried out by the latter part positivist methods. As a result, the emerging process of creative products in the field of science and technology were separated into four steps: (1)the foundation stage of knowledge, (2)the exploration stage of knowledge, (3)the construction stage of knowledge, and (4)the emerging stage of knowledge. Each stage has been revealed growing up through the macro-system and the self-organization of each micro-systems.
A Comparison Analysis of Scientific Communication Skills Between Gifted Students and General Students
Jeon, SeongSoo ;
Journal of Gifted/Talented Education, volume 24, issue 1, 2014, Pages 149~164
DOI : 10.9722/JGTE.2014.24.1.149
The purpose of this study was to compare scientific communication skills between the gifted students and the general students. Subjects were 60 gifted students of the Institute for The Gifted Education and 69 general elementary school students. Scientific communication skills were classified into two types - scientific explanation and opinion, and four forms - letter, number, table, and figure. The results of this study were as follows: Gifted students' Scientific Communication Skills is better than ordinary students'. Detailed findings are following. Independent sample t-test performed on type and form of Scientific Communication Skills used by students showed significant difference between two groups. This result gave important information about tendency of each group.