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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Space Science Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
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Development of Integrated Orbit and Attitude Software-in-the-loop Simulator for Satellite Formation Flying
Park, Han-Earl ; Park, Sang-Young ; Park, Chandeok ; Kim, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.1.001
An integrated orbit and attitude control algorithm for satellite formation flying was developed, and an integrated orbit and attitude software-in-the-loop (SIL) simulator was also developed to test and verify the integrated control algorithm. The integrated algorithm includes state-dependent Riccati equation (SDRE) control algorithm and PD feedback control algorithm as orbit and attitude controller respectively and configures the two algorithms with an integrating effect. The integrated SIL simulator largely comprises an orbit SIL simulator for orbit determination and control, and attitude SIL simulator for attitude determination and control. The two SIL simulators were designed considering the performance and characteristics of related hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulators and were combined into the integrated SIL simulator. To verify the developed integrated SIL simulator with the integrated control algorithm, an orbit simulation and integrated orbit and attitude simulation were performed for a formation reconfiguration scenario using the orbit SIL simulator and the integrated SIL simulator, respectively. Then, the two simulation results were compared and analyzed with each other. As a result, the user satellite in both simulations achieved successful formation reconfiguration, and the results of the integrated simulation were closer to those of actual satellite than the orbit simulation. The integrated orbit and attitude control algorithm verified in this study enables us to perform more realistic orbit control for satellite formation flying. In addition, the integrated orbit and attitude SIL simulator is able to provide the environment of easy test and verification not only for the existing diverse orbit or attitude control algorithms but also for integrated orbit and attitude control algorithms.
Collision Avoidance Algorithm for Satellite Formation Reconfiguration under the Linearized Central Gravitational Fields
Hwang, InYoung ; Park, Sang-Young ; Park, Chandeok ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 11~15
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.1.011
A collision-free formation reconfiguration trajectory subject to the linearized Hill's dynamics of relative motion is analytically developed by extending an algorithm for gravity-free space. Based on the initial solution without collision avoidance constraints, the final solution to minimize the designated performance index and avoid collision is found, based on a gradient method. Simple simulations confirm that satellites reconfigure their positions along the safe trajectories, while trying to spend minimum energies. The algorithm is applicable to wide range of formation flying under the Hill's dynamics.
Performance Analysis of Generating Function Approach for Optimal Reconfiguration of Formation Flying
Lee, Kwangwon ; Park, Chandeok ; Park, Sang-Young ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 17~24
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.1.017
The use of generating functions for solving optimal rendezvous problems has an advantage in the sense that it does not require one to guess and iterate the initial costate. This paper presents how to apply generating functions to analyze spacecraft optimal reconfiguration between projected circular orbits. The series-based solution obtained by using generating functions demonstrates excellent convergence and approximation to the nonlinear reference solution obtained from a numerical shooting method. These favorable properties are expected to hold for analyzing optimal formation reconfiguration under perturbations and non-circular reference orbits.
Statistical Analysis of Low-latitude Pi2 Pulsations Observed at Bohyun Station in Korea
Jun, Chae-Woo ; Kim, Khan-Huk ; Kwon, Hyuck-Jin ; Lee, Dong-Hun ; Lee, Ensang ; Park, Young-Deuk ; Hwang, Junga ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 25~32
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.1.025
We statistically investigated the properties of low-latitude Pi2 pulsations using Bohyun (BOH, Mlat =
, L = 1.35) ground magnetometer data in 2008. For this 1-year interval, 582 Pi2 events were identified when BOH was in the nightside from 1800 to 0600 local times. We found the following Pi2 characteristics. (1) The occurrence distribution of Pi2s is relatively constant in local times. (2) The Pi2 frequency varies in local times. That is, Pi2 pulsations in postmidnight sector had higher frequency than in premidnight sector. (3) Pi2 power in premidnight sector is stronger than in postmidnight sector. (4) Pi2 frequency has positive correlation with solar wind speed and AE index. (5) Pi2 power has not a clear correlation with solar wind parameters. This indicates that Pi2 power is not controlled by external sources. (6) It is found that the most probable-time between Pi2 onsets is
~ 37.5 min: This is interpreted to be the period between Pi2 pulsations when they occur cyclically. We suggest that
~ 37.5 min is the occurrence rate of reconnection of open field lines in the tail lobe.
Characteristics of Perturbations in Recent Length of Day and Polar Motion
Na, Sung-Ho ; Kwak, Younghee ; Cho, Jung-Ho ; Yoo, Sung-Moon ; Cho, Sungki ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 33~41
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.1.033
Various features of the existing perturbations in the Earth's spin rotation are investigated for the recent and most reliable data by spectral analysis, filtering, and comparison with idealized model. First, theory of Earth's spin rotational perturbation is briefly re-derived in the Earth-fixed coordinate frame. By spectral windowings, different periodic components of the length of day perturbation are separated, and their characters and excitations are discussed. Different periodic components of polar motion are acquired similarly and described with further discussion of their excitations. Causes of the long time trends of both the length of day and polar motion are discussed. Three possible causes are considered for the newly discovered 490-day period component in the polar motion.
Dependence of Quiet Time Geomagnetic Activity Seasonal Variation on the Solar Magnetic Polarity
Oh, Suyeon ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 43~48
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.1.043
The geomagnetic activity shows the semiannual variation stronger in vernal and autumnal equinoxes than in summer and winter solstices. The semiannual variation has been explained by three main hypotheses such as Axial hypothesis, Equinoctial hypothesis, and Russell-McPherron Effect. Many studies using the various geomagnetic indices have done to support three main hypotheses. In recent, Oh & Yi (2011) examined the solar magnetic polarity dependency of the geomagnetic storm occurrence defined by Dst index. They reported that there is no dependency of the semiannual variation on the sign of the solar polar fields. This study examines the solar magnetic polarity dependency of quiet time geomagnetic activity. Using Dxt index (Karinen & Mursula 2005) and Dcx index (Mursula & Karinen 2005) which are recently suggested, in addition to Dst index, we analyze the data of three-year at each solar minimum for eight solar cycles since 1932. As a result, the geomagnetic activity is stronger in the period that the solar magnetic polarity is anti-parallel with the Earth's magnetic polarity. There exists the difference between vernal and autumnal equinoxes regarding the solar magnetic polarity dependency. However, the difference is not statistically significant. Thus, we conclude that there is no solar magnetic polarity dependency of the semiannual variation for quiet time geomagnetic activity.
Development of Optical System for ARGO-M
Nah, Jakyoung ; Jang, Jung-Guen ; Jang, Bi-Ho ; Han, In-Woo ; Han, Jeong-Yeol ; Park, Kwijong ; Lim, Hyung-Chul ; Yu, Sung-Yeol ; Park, Eunseo ; Seo, Yoon-Kyung ; Moon, Il-Kwon ; Choi, Byung-Kyu ; Na, Eunjoo ; Nam, Uk-Won ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 49~58
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.1.049
ARGO-M is a satellite laser ranging (SLR) system developed by the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute with the consideration of mobility and daytime and nighttime satellite observation. The ARGO-M optical system consists of 40 cm receiving telescope, 10 cm transmitting telescope, and detecting optics. For the development of ARGO-M optical system, the structural analysis was performed with regard to the optics and optomechanics design and the optical components. To ensure the optical performance, the quality was tested at the level of parts using the laser interferometer and ultra-high-precision measuring instruments. The assembly and alignment of ARGO-M optical system were conducted at an auto-collimation facility. As the transmission and reception are separated in the ARGO-M optical system, the pointing alignment between the transmitting telescope and receiving telescope is critical for precise target pointing. Thus, the alignment using the ground target and the radiant point observation of transmitting laser beam was carried out, and the lines of sight for the two telescopes were aligned within the required pointing precision. This paper describes the design, structural analysis, manufacture and assembly of parts, and entire process related with the alignment for the ARGO-M optical system.
The Evolution of the Mass-Metallicity Relation at 0.20 < z < 0.35
Chung, Jiwon ; Rey, Soo-Chang ; Sung, Eon-Chang ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 59~67
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.1.059
We present a spectroscopic study of 343 blue compact galaxies (BCGs) at 0.20 < z < 0.35 from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) DR7 data. We derive gas phase oxygen abundance using the empirical and direct method. Stellar masses of galaxies are derived from the STARLIGHT code. We also derive star formation rates of galaxies based on
emission line from the SDSS as well as far-ultraviolet (FUV) flux from the Galaxy Evolution Explorer GR6 data. Evolution of the luminosity-metallicity and mass-metallicity (M-Z) relations with redshift is observed. At a given luminosity and mass, galaxies at higher redshifts appear to be biased to low metallicities relative to the lower redshift counterparts. Furthermore, low mass galaxies show higher specific star formation rates (SSFRs) than more massive ones and galaxies at higher redshifts are biased to higher SSFRs compared to the lower redshift sample. By visual inspection of the SDSS images, we classify galaxy morphology into disturbed or undisturbed. In the M-Z relation, we find a hint that morphologically disturbed BCGs appear to exhibit low metallicities and high SSFRs compared to undisturbed counterparts. We suggest that our results support downsizing galaxy formation scenario and star formation histories of BCGs are closely related with their morphologies.
Scientists of the Gwansang-gam, the Royal Observatory of Joseon Dynasty (1)
Nha, Il-Seong ; Nha, Sarah ; Cho, Haman ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 1, 2013, Pages 69~77
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.1.069
We have uncovered 14 Korean royal astronomers and one scientist who worked in the early and mid-18th century. In spite of their high positions in the government office, all of them but one were not recorded anywhere in the major histories, such as WangjoSillok(王朝實錄) and JeungboMunheonBigo(增補文獻備考). Our search of Bon'gwans for each person has been carried successfully for 13 scientists. Their family relations are also uncovered finding five eminent astronomy families.