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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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The Korean Space Science Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Constrain the SED Type of Unidentified Fermi Objects
Tsai, An-Li ; Urata, Yuji ; Takahashi, Satoko ; Chuang, Chia-Jung ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 123~125
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.123
2FGL J1823.8+4312 and 2FGL J1304.1-2415 are two unidentified Fermi objects which are associated with cluster of galaxies. In order to exam the possibility of cluster of galaxies as gamma-ray emitters, we search for counterpart of these two unidentified Fermi objects in other wavebands. However, we find other candidate to be more likely the counterpart of the unidentified Fermi object for both sources. We compare their light curves and SEDs in order to identify their source types. However, data at millimeter and sub-millimeter wavebands, which is important for us to constrain the SED at synchrotron peak, is lacking of measurement. Therefore, we proposed to SMA observation for these two sources. We have got data and are doing further analysis.
High Energy Observational Investigations of Supernova Remnants and their Interactions with Surroundings
Hui, Chung-Yue ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 127~132
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.127
Here we review the effort of Fermi Asian Network (FAN) in exploring the supernova remnants (SNRs) with state-of-art high energy observatories, including Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope and Chandra X-ray Observatory, in the period of 2011- 2012. Utilizing the data from Fermi LAT, we have discovered the GeV emission at the position of the Galactic SNR Kes 17 which provides evidence for the hadronic acceleration. Our study also sheds light on the propagation of cosmic rays from their acceleration site to the intersteller medium. We have also launched an identification campaign of SNR candidates in the Milky Way, in which a new SNR G308.3-1.4 have been uncovered with our Chandra observation. Apart from the remnant, we have also discovered an associated compact object at its center. The multiwavelength properties of this X-ray source suggest it can possibly be the compact binary that survived a supernova explosion.
Nonthermal Radiation from Supernova Remnant Shocks
Kang, Hyesung ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 133~140
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.133
Most of high energy cosmic rays (CRs) are thought to be produced by diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) at supernova remnants (SNRs) within the Galaxy. Fortunately, nonthermal emissions from CR protons and electrons can provide direct observational evidence for such a model and place strong constraints on the complex nonlinear plasma processes in DSA theory. In this study we calculate the energy spectra of CR protons and electrons in Type Ia SNRs, using time-dependent DSA simulations that incorporate phenomenological models for some wave-particle interactions. We demonstrate that the time-dependent evolution of the self-amplified magnetic fields, Alfv
nic drift, and escape of the highest energy particles affect the energy spectra of accelerated protons and electrons, and so resulting nonthermal radiation spectrum. Especially, the spectral cutoffs in X-ray and
-ray emission spectra are regulated by the evolution of the highest energy particles, which are injected at the early phase of SNRs. Thus detailed understandings of nonlinear wave-particle interactions and time-dependent DSA simulations of SNRs are crucial in testing the SNR hypothesis for the origin of Galactic cosmic rays.
Jitter and Jitter Self-Compton processes for GRB High-energy Emission
Mao, Jirong ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 141~143
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.141
We propose jitter radiation and jitter self-Compton process in this work. We apply our model to the study of GRB prompt emission and GeV-emission. Our results can explain the multi-wavelength spectrum of GRB 100728A very well.
Pulsar Polar Cap and Slot Gap Models: Confronting Fermi Data
Harding, Alice K. ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 145~152
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.145
Rotation-powered pulsars are excellent laboratories for studying particle acceleration as well as fundamental physics of strong gravity, strong magnetic fields and relativity. Particle acceleration and high-energy emission from the polar caps is expected to occur in connection with electron-positron pair cascades. I will review acceleration and gamma-ray emission from the pulsar polar cap and associated slot gap. Predictions of these models can be tested with the data set on pulsars collected by the Large Area Telescope on the Fermi Gamma-Ray Telescope over the last four years, using both detailed light curve fitting, population synthesis and phase-resolved spectroscopy.
Gamma-ray emission from millisecond pulsars - an Outergap perspective
Cheng, Kwong Sang ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 153~158
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.153
In this review paper we explain the following gamma-ray emission features from the millisecond pulsars. (1) Why is the dipolar field of millisecond pulsars so weak but the magnetic pair creation process may still be able to control the size of the outergap? (2) A sub-GeV pulse component could occur in the vicinity of the radio pulse of millisecond pulsars. (3) Orbital modulated gamma-rays should exist in the black widow systems for large viewing angle.
Optical and Infrared Lightcurve Modeling of the Gamma-ray Millisecond Pulsar 2FGL J2339.6-0532
Yen, Tzu-Ching ; Kong, Albert Kwok-Hing ; Yatsu, Yoichi ; Hanayama, Hidekazu ; Nagayama, Takahiro ; OISTER ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 159~162
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.159
We report the detection of a quasi-sinusoidally modulated optical flux with a period of 4.6343 hour in the optical and infrared band of the Fermi source 2FGL J2339.7-0531. Comparing the multi-wavelength observations, we suggest that 2FGL J2339.7- 0531 is a
-ray emitting millisecond pulsar (MSP) in a binary system with an optically visible late-type companion accreted by the pulsar, where the MSP is responsible for the
-ray emission while the optical and infrared emission originate from the heated side of the companion. Based on the optical properties, the companion star is believed to be heated by the pulsar and reaches peak magnitude when the heated side faces the observer. We conclude that 2FGL J2339.7-0531 is a member of a subclass of
-ray emitting pulsars -the `black widows`- recently revealed to be evaporating their companions in the late-stage of recycling as a prominent group of these newly revealed Fermi sources.
Maximum Sunspot Numbers and Active Days
Chang, Heon-Young ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 163~168
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.163
Parameters associated with solar minimum have been studied to relate them to solar activity at solar maximum so that one could possibly predict behaviors of an upcoming solar cycle. The number of active days has been known as a reliable indicator of solar activity around solar minimum. Active days are days with sunspots reported on the solar disk. In this work, we have explored the relationship between the sunspot numbers at solar maximum and the characteristics of the monthly number of active days. Specifically, we have statistically examined how the maximum monthly sunspot number of a given solar cycle is correlated with the slope of the linear relationship between monthly sunspot numbers and the monthly number of active days for the corresponding solar cycle. We have calculated the linear correlation coefficient r and the Spearman rank-order correlation coefficient
for data sets prepared under various conditions. Even though marginal correlations are found, they turn out to be insufficiently significant (r ~ 0.3). Nonetheless, we have confirmed that the slope of the linear relationship between monthly sunspot numbers and the monthly number of active days is less steep when solar cycles belonging to the "Modern Maximum" are considered compared with rests of solar cycles. We conclude, therefore, that the slope of the linear relationship between monthly sunspot numbers and the monthly number of active days is indeed dependent on the solar activity at its maxima, but that this simple relationship should be insufficient as a valid method to predict the following solar activity amplitude.
Comparison of K-index Calculations between Several Geomagnetic Stations during IQDs and IDDs
Hwang, Junga ; Kim, Hang-Pyo ; Park, Young-Deuk ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 169~174
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.169
BOH magnetometer was installed at Mt. Bohyun in 2007 and has provided continuous dataset for 3-axis geomagnetic field over the South Korea. We have calculated real-time K-index based on BOH magnetic field data using well-known FMI method. Local K-index is calculated eight times a day, per every three hours. To calculate K-index, it is critical to get the Quiet Day Curve (QDC). For QDC calculation, we take the previous one month`s average of H-component. In this paper, we compared four geomagnetic stations` magnetic field data over South Korea and Japan and K-indices of each stations; Bohyun, Gangneung, Jeju, and Kakioka for two years data, 2011-2012. To investigate the difference depending on the latitude, longitude and local time in more detail, we compare K-index on International Quiet Days (IQDs) and International Disturbed Days (IDDs). As a result, we report the correlation between local K-indices are higher than those between Kp and local K-indices, and the correlation is much better after sunset than after sunrise. As the geomagnetic activity becomes stronger, the correlation between the local K-indices and global Kp-index become higher.
Observation of Periodic and Transient Cosmic Ray Flux Variations by the Daejeon Neutron Monitor and the Seoul muon Detector
Oh, Suyeon ; Kang, Jeongsoo ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 175~178
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.175
Recently, two instruments of cosmic ray are operating in South Korea. One is Seoul muon detector after October 1999 and the other is Daejeon neutron monitor (Kang et al. 2012) after October 2011. The former consists of four small plastic scintillators and the latter is the standard 18 NM 64 type. In this report, we introduce the characteristics of both instruments. We also analyze the flux variations of cosmic ray such as diurnal variation and Forbush decrease. As the result, the muon flux shows the typical seasonal and diurnal variations. The neutron flux also shows the diurnal variation. The phase which shows the maximum flux in the diurnal variation is around 13-14 local time. We found a Forbush decrease on 7 March 2012 by both instruments. It is also identified by Nagoya multi-direction muon telescope and Oulu neutron monitor. The observation of cosmic ray at Jangbogo station as well as in Korean peninsula can support the important information on space weather in local area. It can also enhance the status of Korea in the international community of cosmic ray experiments.
The Photometric Brightness Variation of Geostationary Orbit Satellite
Seo, Haingja ; Jin, Ho ; Song, Yongjun ; Lee, Yongseok ; Oh, Youngseok ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 179~185
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.179
Photometric observation is one of the most effective techniques for determining the physical characteristics of unknown space objects and space debris. In this research, we examine the change in brightness of the Communication, Ocean, Meteorological Satellite-1 (COMS-1) Geostationary Orbit Satellite (GEO), and compare it to our estimate model. First, we calculate the maximum brightness time using our calculation method and then derive the light curve shape using our rendering model. The maximum brightness is then calculated using the induced equation from Pogson`s formula. For a comparison with our estimation, we carried out photometric observation using an optical telescope. The variation in brightness and the shape of the light curve are similar to the calculations achieved using our model, but the maximum brightness shows a slightly different value from our calculation result depending on the input parameters. This paper examines the photometric phenomenon of the variation in brightness of a GEO satellite, and the implementation of our approach to understanding the characteristics of space objects.
A Study for the Restoration of Hong Dae-Yong Honsangui - Focusing on the structure and operating mechanism -
Lee, Yong Sam ; Kim, Sang Hyuk ; Park, Je Hoon ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 187~192
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.187
Honsangui (celestial globe) which is a water-hammering method astronomical clock is recorded in "Juhaesuyong" which is Volume VI of supplement from "Damheonseo", written by Hong Dae-Yong (1731~1783). We made out the conceptual design of Hong Dae-Yong`s Honsangui through the study on its structure and working mechanism. Honsangui consist of three rings and two layers, the structure of rings which correspond to outer layer is similar to his own Tongcheonui (armillary sphere) which is a kind of armillary sphere. Honsang sphere which correspond to inner layer depicts constellations and milky way and two beads hang on it as Sun and Moon respectively for realize the celestial motion. Tongcheonui is operated by the pendulum power but Honsangui is operated by water-hammering method mechanism. This Honsangui`s working mechanism is the traditional way of Joseon and it was simplified the working mechanism of Shui y
n i hsiang t`ai which is a representative astronomical clock of China. This record of Honsangui is the only historical record about the water-hammering method working mechanism of Joseon Era and it provide the study of water-hammering method mechanism with a vital clue.
Development of a Data Reduction algorithm for Optical Wide Field Patrol
Park, Sun-Youp ; Keum, Kang-Hoon ; Lee, Seong-Whan ; Jin, Ho ; Park, Yung-Sik ; Yim, Hong-Suh ; Jo, Jung Hyun ; Moon, Hong-Kyu ; Bae, Young-Ho ; Choi, Jin ; Choi, Young-Jun ; Park, Jang-Hyun ; Lee, Jung-Ho ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 193~206
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.193
The detector subsystem of the Optical Wide-field Patrol (OWL) network efficiently acquires the position and time information of moving objects such as artificial satellites through its chopper system, which consists of 4 blades in front of the CCD camera. Using this system, it is possible to get more position data with the same exposure time by changing the streaks of the moving objects into many pieces with the fast rotating blades during sidereal tracking. At the same time, the time data from the rotating chopper can be acquired by the time tagger connected to the photo diode. To analyze the orbits of the targets detected in the image data of such a system, a sequential procedure of determining the positions of separated streak lines was developed that involved calculating the World Coordinate System (WCS) solution to transform the positions into equatorial coordinate systems, and finally combining the time log records from the time tagger with the transformed position data. We introduce this procedure and the preliminary results of the application of this procedure to the test observation images.
Real-time GPS Ionospheric TEC Estimation over South Korea
Choi, Byung-Kyu ; Yoo, Sung-Moon ; Roh, Kyoung-Min ; Lee, Sang-Jeong ;
Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, volume 30, issue 3, 2013, Pages 207~212
DOI : 10.5140/JASS.2013.30.3.207
Ionosphere is one of the largest error sources when the navigational signals produced by Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites are transmitted. Therefore it is very important to estimate total electron contents (TEC) in ionosphere precisely for navigation, precise positioning and some other applications. When we provide ionospheric TEC values in real-time, its application can be expanded to other areas. In this study we have used data obtained from nine Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) reference stations which have been operated by Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) to detect ionospheric TEC over South Korea in real-time. We performed data processing that covers converting 1Hz raw data delivered from GNSS reference stations to Receiver INdependent Exchange (RINEX) format files at intervals of 5 minutes. We also analyzed the elevation angles of GPS satellites, vertical TEC (VTEC) values and their changes.