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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Nuclear Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 1991
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 1991
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 1991
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 1991
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Analysis of Secondary Flow Effects on Turbulent Flow in Nuclear Reactor Fuel Rod Bundles
Shon, Jae-Yeong ; Park, Goon-Chul ;
Nuclear Engineering and Technology, volume 23, issue 3, 1991, Pages 275~284
It is important to predict the main feature of fully developed turbulent secondary flow through infinite triangular arrays of parallel rod bundles. One-equation turbulence model which include anisotropic eddy viscosity model was applied to predict the exact velocity field. For a constant properties, Reynolds equations were solved by the finite element method. Mean axial velocity near the wall is simulated by the law of the wall. The numerical results showed good agreement with avaiable experimental data. The strength of the secondary flow increased with Reynolds number but decreased with rod spacing, P/D (pitch-to-diameter). The secondary flow affects remarkably the distribution of the axial velocity, wall shear stress and turbulent kinetic energy in the closely packed rod array bundles.
Application of the Fuzzy Set Theory to Analysis of Accident Progression Event Trees with Phenomenological Uncertainty Issues
Ahn, Kwang-Il ; Chun, Moon-Hyun ;
Nuclear Engineering and Technology, volume 23, issue 3, 1991, Pages 285~298
An example application of the fuzzy set theory is first made to a simple portion of a given accident progression event tree with typical qualitative fuzzy input data, and thereby computational algorithms suitable for application of the fuzzy set theory to the accident progression event tree analysis are identified and illustrated with example applications. Then the procedure used in the simple example is extended to extremely complex accident progression event trees with a number of phenomenological uncertainty issues, i.e., a typical plant damage state‘SEC’of the Zion Nuclear Power Plant risk assessment. The results show that the fuzzy averages of the fuzzy outcomes are very close to the mean values obtained by current methods. The main purpose of this paper is to provide a formal procedure for application of the fuzzy set theory to accident progression event trees with imprecise and qualitative branch probabilities and/or with a number of phenomenological uncertainty issues.
Theoretical Analysis and Effect of Condenser In-leakage in the Secondary Systems of YGN-1, 2
Suk, Tae-Won ; Lee, Yong-Woo ; Kim, Hong-Tae ; Park, Sang-Hoon ;
Nuclear Engineering and Technology, volume 23, issue 3, 1991, Pages 299~305
Corrosive environment may be generated within steam generators from condenser cooling water in-leakage. Theoretical analysis of the accumulation of chloride as a sea water impurity is being carried out for the condenser cooling water used at YGN-1,2 nuclear power stations. Calculations have shown that highly concentrated chloride solution would be produced within the steam generators in the case of sea water in-leakage. Maximum allowable design condenser leak rate(0.5 gpm) leads chloride concentration of 2.3 ppm at steam generetor and 0.6 ppm at hotwell with the maximum blowdown rate and condensate purification. Concentration factor at steam generator is dependent only on both blowdoum rate and condensate purification efficiency as follows, Concentration Factor（equation omitted）(B
O) Blowdown and condensate purification are evaluated as the only effective measures to remove impurities from the secondary systems.
Out-of-Plane Vibrations of Angled Pipes Conveying Fluid
Pak, chol-Hui ; Hong, Sung-Chul ; Kim, Tae-Ryong ;
Nuclear Engineering and Technology, volume 23, issue 3, 1991, Pages 306~315
This paper considered the out-of-plane motion of the piping system conveying fluid through the elbow connecting two straight pipes. The extended Hamilton's principle is used to derive equations of motion. It is found that dynamic instability does not exist for the clamped-clamped, clamped-pinned and pinned-pinned boundary conditions. The frequency equations for each boundary conditions are solved numerically to find the natural frequencies. The effects of fluid velocity and Coriolis force on the natural frequencies of piping system are investigated. It is shown that buckling-type instability may occur at certain critical velocities and fluid pressures. Equivalent critical velocity, which is defined as a function of flow velocity and fluid pressure, are calculated for various boundary conditions.
Application of Cubic Spline Synthesis in On-Line Core Axial Power Distribution Monitoring
In, Wang-Kee ; Yoo, Hyung-Keun ; Auh, Geun-Sun ; Lee, Chong-Chul ; Kim, Si-Hwan ;
Nuclear Engineering and Technology, volume 23, issue 3, 1991, Pages 316~320
The Core Operating Limit Supervisory System (COLSS) is digital computer based on-line monitoring system that is designed to assist the operator in monitoring of the Limiting Conditions for Operation. A current COLSS calculates axial power distribution based on in-core detector signals using 5th order Fourier series method. It was found that the 5th elder Fourier series method was not accurate for certain axial power shapes, especially saddle power shapes, resulting in thermal margin decrease. A cubic spline synthesis was applied to the COLSS in order to improve the axial power distribution monitoring for the various axial power shapes. The results showed that the cubic spline synthesis simulated more accurately the axial power shapes, up to 5% in RMS errors, compared to those of the Fourier series.
Defect Model for the Oxygen Potential of Urania doped wit Gadolinia
Park, Kwang-Heon ; Kim, Jang-Wook ;
Nuclear Engineering and Technology, volume 23, issue 3, 1991, Pages 321~327
A defect model e)[plaining the oxygen potential of Gadolinia doped urania based on the defect structure of pure urania has been developed. Gd-dopants are assumed to stay in the cation sites pushing away nearby oxygen interstitials reducing the number of interstitial sites. Gd-dopants also form dopant-vacancy clusters in the abundance of oxygen vacancies. This model explains the discontinuous change of the oxygen potential at O/M= as well as the increase of the potential with the dopant concentration.
An Investigation of Pressure Drop Characteristics of Finned Rod Bundles
Chung, Moo-Ki ; Chung, Chang-Hwan ; Chung, Heung-June ; Song, Chul-Hwa ; Yang, Sun-Kyu ;
Nuclear Engineering and Technology, volume 23, issue 3, 1991, Pages 328~339
A multi-purpose research reactor called KMRR has been developed by Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute(KAERI) to generate a maximum thermal output of 30 MW. As a part of thermal hydraulics study, pressure drop characteristics of the longitudinally finned fuel rod bundles were experimentally investigated in a recirculating water test loop. The present study is focused on the investigation of fin effects on pressure drop and the development of pressure drop correlation for the finned rod bundles in a wide range of flow conditions. Friction factor correlations for each design of the finned rod bundles are developed. The value of friction factor for the finned rod bundles was higher than the analytical solution (64/Re) of laminar circular channel new but became lower than the Blasius equation as Reynolds number was increased.
YGN 3 & 4 Reactor Flow Model Test
Lee, Kye-Bock ; Im, In-Young ; Lee, Byung-Jin ; Kuh, Jung-Eui ;
Nuclear Engineering and Technology, volume 23, issue 3, 1991, Pages 340~351
Experimental studies were conducted on a l/5.03 scale reactor flow model of the Yong-gwang Nuclear Units 3 and 4. The purpose of the flow model test was to estimate the hydraulic effect in the reactor vessel due to the relative size difference between the ABB-CE's System 80 and the YGN 3&4 reactors. The flow model was designed according to the principle of similarity. Obtained from the test were the core inlet flow distribution, the core exit pressure deviations, and the segmental and overall pressure losses across the flow path from the reactor vessel inlet to outlet nozzle. These data will be used to provide input data for the core thermal margin analysis and to verify the analytical hydraulic design method.
Comparison of WABA and Gd Burnable Absorbers Nuclear Characteristics and Optimal Allocation of Gd Rods in Fuel Assembly
Jung, Byung-Ryul ; Yi, Yu-Han ; Lee, Un-Chul ; Park, Chan-Oh ;
Nuclear Engineering and Technology, volume 23, issue 3, 1991, Pages 352~362
Recent popular trends in pressurized water reactor(PWR) fuel management are to extend the cycle length and to employ the low-leakage core designs for the optimal utilization of the uranium resources. In control strategy incorporated with the fuel management, turnable absorbers are required to control the power peaking and to ensure a negative moderator temperature coefficient during reactor operation. In this study, the nuclear characteristics and the optimal allocation of gadolinium-poisoned rods within the fuel assembly are considered using KWU SAV 79 A Code Package. First, analyses are carried out to compare the nuclear characteristics of the fuel assemblies contain-ing WABA(Wet Annular Burnable Absorber) and Gadolinium burnable absorbers respectively. The analyses show that the gadolinium-bearing fuel assembly has peculiar depletion characteristics ensuing from the very large thermal neutron absorption cross section. Peculiar characteristics of gadolinium provide basis for the optimal allocation of Gd rods in fuel assembly. Second, the methodology of an optimal allocation of gadolinium-poisoned rods within the fuel assembly is developed and applied to some nuclear designs.