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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
Selecting the target year
Review of the Liquid Atomization Mechanisms(I)
Jeon, H.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 7~19
An Experimental Study on the Drop Size of a Twin-Fluid Swirl Jet Nozzle
Oh, J.H. ; Kim, W.T. ; Kang, S.J. ; Rho, B.J. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 21~27
This experimental study was to investigate spray angles and drop sizes in an external mixed twin-fluid swirl jet nozzle. Twin-fluid swirl jet nozzle with swirlers designed four swirl angles such as
was employed. A PDA system was utilized for the measurement of drop size and mean velocity. Water and air were used as the working fluids in this experiment. The mass flow rate of water was fixed as 0.03 kg/min, and air flow rates were controlled to have the air/liquid mass ratio from 1.0 to 6.0. As a result, swirl angle controlled to spray angles and drop sizes. It was found that swirl angle was increased with spray angle and with decreased SMD. However, the effect of swirl angle was reduced at large air/liquid mass ratio(Mr=6.0).
Mechanism of a Spray Transport on Intake Manifold Walls
Lee, G.Y. ; Jeon, H.S. ; Park, K.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 28~34
Study on the mechanism of droplet transport and the droplet eddy diffusivity in the intake manifold of internal conbustion engine with carburetor has been carried out in this paper The theory and experiments were studied and performed respectively, to elucidate the mechanism and to measure typical rates of deposition, on the walls of a straight type intake manifold, of water droplets suspended in a turbulent air streams. Accordingly, the results are that Mechanism of a spray transport to the walls is caused by the fluctuation component of radial velocity. Deposition rate of a spray on the walls is mainly dependent upon air velocity and mean diameter of spray, and Droplet eddy diffusivity in the intake manifold is around
Analysis of Fuel Droplet Vaporization at High-Pressure Environment
Lee, J.C. ; Kim, Y.M. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 35~43
A vaporization model for single component fuel droplet has been developed for applying to sub- and supercritical conditions. This model can account for transient liquid heat ins and circulation effect inside the droplet, forced and natural convection, Stefan flow effect, real gas effect and ambient gas solubility into the liquid droplet in high-pressure conditions. Thermodynamic and transport properties are calculated as functions of temperature and pressure in both phases. Numerical calculations are carried out for several validation cases with the detailed experimental data. Numerical results confirm that this supercritical vaporization model is applicable to the high-pressure conditions encountered in the combustion processes of diesel engine.
A Study on the Prediction of the Drop Size Distribution of Pressure-Swirl Atomizer
Cho, D.J. ; Yoon, S.J. ; Kim, D.W. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 44~54
A theoretical and experimental study was carried out on the prediction of drop size distribution of the pressure swirl atomizer. Drop size distribution was obtained by using maximum entropy formal ism. Several constraints in the form of the definition of mean diameter were used in this formulation in order to avoid the difficulties of the estimating source terms. In this study
was only introduced into the formulation as a constraint. A drop size obtained by using linear Kelvin-Helmholtz instability theory was considered as an unknown characteristic length scale. As a result, the calculated drop size was agreed well with measured mean diameter, particularly with
. The predicted drop size distribution was agreed welt with experimental data measured wi th Malvern 2600.
A Study on the Secondary Atomization Characteristics of Liquid Fuel in the Perforated Throttle Valve
Lee, C.S. ; Lee, K.H. ; Cho, B.O. ; Oh, K.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 55~62
In a fuel injection engine, atomization of liquid fuel and mixture formation process has influenced(or affected) directly on the engine performance and pollutant emission. In this study, the characteristics of fuel spray and the behaviors of secondary atomization developed at the downstream of the valves were investigated using an image processing method. Solid and perforated valves are chosen in order to evaluate the valve performance in terns of air flow rate, valve opening angle and valve shape. Experimental results clearly indicate that the spray atomization quality can be improved by increasing the perforated rat io and the blockage rat io in the perforated valve, the characteristics of spray atomization is improved by using the perforated valve with high perforated rat io and blockage ratio.
An Experimental Study on the Break-up Characteristics of Twin-Fluid Nozze According to tile Variations of Feeding Mass-ratio
Kang, S.J. ; Oh, J.H. ; Rho, B.J. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 63~75
The purpose of this study is to investigate the break-up characteristics by taking advantage of a two-phase coaxial nozzle. Air and water are utilized as working fluids and the mass ratio air/water has been controlled to characterize the atomization, diffusion and development of mixing process. By way of a photographic technique, conventional developing structures and diffusion angles have been analyzed systematically with variations of mass ratios. The turbulent flow components of the atomized particles were measured by a two channel LDV system and the data were treated by an on-lined measurement equipment. According to the photographic results the spreading angles decreased because the axial inertia moment was relatively higher than the lateral one with respect to the increase of mass ratio. It is found the jet flow diffuses linearly in a certain limit region while the atomizing characteristics, in terms of the distributions of particle diameters did not show particular differences. It may be expected that these fundamental results can be used as reference data in studying the atomization, breakup and diffusions.
Characteristics of Internal Flow and Fuel Spray in a Fuel Nozzle Orifice
Hong, S.T. ; Park, J.H. ; Koo, J.Y. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 76~84
The nozzle geometry and up-stream inject ion condition affect the characteristics of flow inside the nozzle. such as turbulence and cavitation bubbles. Flow details in fuel nozzle orifice with sudden contraction of cross sectional area have been investigated both experimentally and numerically. The measurements of velocities of internal flow in a scaled-up nozzle with different length to diameter rat io(L/d) were made by laser Doppler velocimetry in order to clarify the effect of internal flow on the characteristics of fuel spray. Mean and fluctuating velocities and discharge coefficients were obtained at various Reynolds numbers. The turbulent intensity and turbulence kinetic energy in a sharp inlet nozzle were higher than that in a round inlet nozzle. Calculations were also performed for the same nozzles as scaled-up experimental nozzles using the SIMPLE algorithm. External spray behavior under different nozzle geometry and up-stream flow conditions using Doppler technique and visualization technique were also observed.
A Study on the Spray Characteristics with Ultrasonic added Fuel Injection System
Yoon, M.K. ; Ryu, J.I. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 85~91
This experiment was undertaken to investigate spray characteristics of the conventional inject ion system and the ultrasonic energy added inject ion system. Sauter mean diameter was mesured under the variation of inject ion pressure and the spray distance. To measure the droplet size we used the Malvern system 2600C. The spray angle and mass distribution was analyzed to the CCD camera and the patternater. After experiment, it was found that the ultrasonic energy added injection system had smaller sauter men diameter of droplet, wider mass distribution and wider spray angle than the conventional inject ion system had.