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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Numerical Study on the Effects of Design Parameters on the Spray Characteristics of Fire Suppression Nozzles
Lee, C.H. ; Choi, B.I. ; Han, Y.S. ; Kim, C. ; Chung, H.T. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 199~204
Numerical investigation has been performed to simulate the spray characteristics in mist-spray fire suppression nozzles in sense of design parameters. Two key shape factors in nozzle orifices. i.e. diameter and length are chosen as simulation parameters. Commercial softwares, FLUENT and FDS with the proper modelings were applied as numerical tools. Main performances of nozzles, i.e., K-factors, spray angles, droplet size, jet velocities and fire suppression time are analyzed for each parameter to find optimal design conditions.
Mass Distribution and Spray Characteristics to Liquid-Gas Line Selection of Unlike Triplet Impinging Injector
Lee, I.C. ; Lee, C.J. ; Koo, J.Y. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 205~211
Impinging angle, impinging distance, length eve. diameter and injection pressure of a triplet injector were tested to evaluate the spray characteristics injected by liquid/gas combinations. Two different kinds of unlike triplet sprays were produced by changing the gas and liquid feed lines. One was the G-L-G(Gas-Liquid-Gas) type, and the other was L-G-L(Liquid-Gas-Liquid) type. Spray angles were wider with the G-L-G type than with L-G-L type. Mass distributions in spray were obtained with a, mechanical patternator. Mass distributions were not circular but elliptical distributions. When the range of mechanical patternator to injector decreased, mass distributions were more concentrated in the center region.
The Initial Film Flow Development of the High-Pressure Swirl Spray
Moon, Seok-Su ; Abo-Serie, Essam ; Choi, Jae-Joon ; Bae, Choong-Sik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 212~219
The initial film flow development of the high-pressure swirl spray was investigated at different injector operating conditions to analyze film flow development and to provide the input data for the modeling works. This result can be also useful to verify the previously simulated results. The initial flow conditions such as liquid film thickness, flow angle and flow divergence are obtained by visualizing the inside and near the nozzle flow with a microscopic imaging system. The visualized images are quantified using an image processing tool. From the information of liquid film thickness and flow angle, the initial axial and tangential velocity and the swirl number of the swirl spray are successfully determined at various operating conditions. The experimental results showed that the initial liquid film thickness, flow angle and flow divergence are remained constant when the injection pressure is increased. However, initial film conditions are severely changed when the fuel temperature is increased. The swirl number remained constant when the injection pressure is increased while it showed increased value at high fuel temperature condition.
Effect of Orifice Diameter Ratio on Unlike Impinging Jet Mixing
Lee, S.W. ; Cho, Y.H. ; Yu, B.I. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 220~227
Experimental studies has been conducted to investigate the effect of orifice diameter ratio on the mixing characteristics of the split element of doublet and triplet elements. The spray characteristics of non-reacting immiscible liquids have been investigated using a patternator. The local volume fraction is measured by use of mean value of each component. This volume measurement represents the mixing characteristics of the liquid, which affect the overall combustion efficiency. The ratio of the orifice diameter, ranging from 1 to 1.5, and that of the jet-momentum, ranging from 0.5 to 6.0, we used. The jet impinging behavior with use of various ratios exhibits substantially different mixing characteristics. Mixing efficiency is maximized when the jet-momentum ratio is increased; this behavior is particularly prominent when the orifice diameter ratio is greater than unity. The split of the triplet element yields better mixing characteristics and is more effective than that of the doublet element in regard to achieving high combustion efficiency. The optimum mixing factor for the triplet element is found to be 0.75, according to our measurement.
A Development of Injector Performance Analysis System by Injection Condition Converter
Son, Il-Moon ; Lee, Joong-Soon ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 228~233
There are two types of electric controlled fuel injection system in the gasoline engines of common vehicles. One is fuel return system and the other is fuel returnless system according to the methods of controlling injection pressures. It is important to understand the characteristics of these system in loaming and studying of engine, but it is very difficult without a special equipment in reality. The purpose of this paper is to develop the emulation system that can be compensated with the amount of injection fuel according to various driving conditions, battery voltage, cooling water temperature, and engine speed, may be appeared in real driving, and especially can analyze the difference between the electric signal controlling the amount of injection fuel and its result, and nullity injection duration. With the developed system, we can conveniently set various and completed driving condition and so can acquire the useful information such as non-uniformity rate and mass of injection fuel using waveform analysis and measurement modules. It must be a very useful and sophisticated system to instruct and learn the features and operating states of injection system, and to study f3r improving the performance of it.
Atomization Effects of Diesel on Autothermal Reforming Reaction
Bae, Joong-Myeon ; Yoon, Sang-Ho ; Kang, In-Yong ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 234~243
Diesel autothermal reforming (ATR) is a chemical process to produce hydrogen for fuel cell applications. Several previous studies were carried out to identify technical issues in diesel reforming. It is hard to vaporize diesel due to its high boiling points. Liquid droplets of diesel result in inhomogeneous fuel mixing with other reactants such as
, which leads to reduce the reforming efficiency and make undesired coke in reactor. To solve the fuel delivery issue, we applied an ultrasonic device as a fuel injection system. Ultrasonic injector (UI) remarkably enhanced the reforming efficiency. This paper will present the reforming results using UI. And we will discuss about atomization effects of diesel on autothermal reforming reaction.
Definition and Correlation for Spray Angle in Non-Reacting Diesel Fuel Sprays
No, Soo-Young ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 244~250
Of the macroscopic spray characteristics of non-reacting diesel fuel sprays, the spray angle reflects directly the atomization and air entrainment processes downstream the nozzle. In addition, spray angle is important because it will be closely related to the spray penetration. The existing definitions for the measurement of spray angle as well as the correlations for the prediction of spray angle are, therefore, summarized and reviewed. The existing definition of spray angle can be classified into four groups: distance based on orifice diameter, distance based on spray tip penetration, definition based on surface wave, and definition based on atomization. It is strongly required to specify the definition and measurement method when the data for spray angle is reported. The existing correlations for spray angle can be classified into two groups: theoretical and empirical correlations. The study on the evaluation of the existing correlations fer spray angle is required.
Recent Progress in Methods of Generating Water Mist for Fire Suppression
Guangxuan, Liao ; Xin, Huang ; Beihua, Cong ; Jun, Qin ; Jianghong, Liu ; Xishi, Wang ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 251~265
To prevent the ozonosphere from being destroyed by Halon, it is an urgent task to find out Halon replacement. As one of the replacements water mist have showed broad applications by its advantages: little pollution to environment (not destroying the ozone layer or bring green house effect), extinguishing fire quickly, consuming a small quantity of water and having little damage to the protected objects. The methods of generating water mist strongly influence fire suppression effectiveness, which determine the cone angle, drop size distribution, flux uniformity, and momentum of the generating spray. The traditional water mist nozzle included pressure jet nozzles, impingement nozzles and twin-fluid nozzles. All of them have more or less disadvantages for fire suppression. Therefore, many research institutes and corporations are taking up with innovations in mist generation. This article provided some recent studies in State Key Laboratory of Fire Science (SKLFS) of University of Science and Technology of China. SKLFS have investigated new methods of generating water mist (i.e. effervescent atomization and ultrasonic atomization). and self developed a series of nozzles and developed advanced DPIVS (Digital Particle Image Velocimetry and Sizing) technique. Characteristics of water mist (the distribution of droplet sizes, flux density, spray dynamics and cone angle) produced by these nozzles were measured under different conditions (work pressure, nozzle geometry, etc.) using LDV/APV and DPTVS systems. A series of experiments were performed to study the fire suppression effectiveness in different fire scenario (different kindsof the fuel, fire size and ventilation conditions). The fire extinguishing mechanisms of water mist was also discussed.