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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Spray Characteristics of Simplex Swirl Injector with Low Hydrodynamic Disturbance Generated by Pressure Fluctuation in Feed Line
Khil, Tae-Ock ; Kim, Sung-Hyuk ; Kim, Hyeon-Sung ; Yoon, Young-Bin ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~10
The low frequency combustion instability phenomena generated by pressure drop oscillation such as propellant shake in feed line are studied. To generate the flowrate oscillation by the pressure pulsation up to 400Hz without flow discontinuities and cavitations, a hydrodynamic mechanical pulsator of rotating disk type was produced. Injection pressure conditions are 5, 7 and 9 bar and pressure fluctuation frequency conditions are 0, 4, 6 and 8 Hz. When the injection pressure was oscillated by a mechanical pulsator, the spray shape was pulsated regularly. During the pulsated state of the spray with a mechanical pulsator, the spray characteristics, such as spray angle and liquid film thickness in orifice exit, were measured and compared with those in steady state without a mechanical pulsator. Though the mean injection pressure was fixed in the steady and fluctuating state, there were some differences in all measured values, i.e. liquid film thickness and spray cone angle, between both states.
The Gasoline Spray Characteristics of Tapered Nozzle for a Swirl Injector
Moon, Seok-Su ; Choi, Jae-Joon ; Bae, Choong-Sik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 11~17
The swirl spray for direct-injection spark-ignition (DISI) engines was investigated using a nozzle whose exit surface shape was cut with a certain tapered angle. The reason for the change in spray's characteristics at various tapered angles was explained by the data correlating the taper and flow angles. The spray tended to shift its characteristics from the symmetric to asymmetric when the tapered angle was increased; furthermore, the spray penetration and spray cone angle were also increased. When the tapered angle was greater than the
minus flow angle, an opened hollow cone spray was formed because of the fuel impingement against the tapered surface area of the nozzle exit. This behavior indicates that the reduction in the air pressure difference between the inner and outer spray of the spray can be achieved. This behavior also promises the potential use of the tapered nozzle for the case where the independence of the spray performance from atmospheric pressure and fuel temperature is desired.
A Study on Advanced Impinging Baffle Model in Extraction Nozzle of a Feedwater Heater
Lee, Woo ; Hwang, Kyeong-Mo ; Kim, Kyung-Hoon ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 18~29
Feedwater heaters of many nuclear power plants have recently experienced severe wall thinning damage, which will increase as operating time progresses. Several nuclear power plants in Korea have experienced wall thinning damage in the area around the impingement baffle - installed downstream of the high pressure turbine extraction steam line - inside number 5A and 5B feedwater heaters. At that point, the extracted steam from the high pressure turbine is two phase fluid at high temperature, high pressure, and high speed. Since it flows in reverse direction after impinging the impingement baffle, the shell wall of the number 5 high pressure feedwater heater may be affected by flow-accelerated corrosion. This paper describes the comparisons between the numerical analysis results using the FLUENT code and the down scale experimental data in an effort to determine root causes of the shell wall thinning of the high pressure feedwater heaters. The numerical analysis and experimental data were also confirmed by actual wall thickness measured by an ultrasonic test.
Spray and Combustion Characteristics of DME and Diesel Fuel in a Common-Rail Diesel Engine
Kim, Myung-Yoon ; Ha, Sung-Yong ; Lee, Chang-Sik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 30~37
Dimethyl ether (DME) as an alternative fuel for compression ignition engine was investigated by measuring spray development processes, injection rate profiles, engine performance, and exhaust emission characteristics. The results of DME fueled engine were compared with those obtained by fueled with diesel. The experimental results showed that DME has approximately 0.03ms shorter injection delay and higher maximum injection rate than those of diesel fuel at a constant injection pressure of 50MPa. The spray visualization indicates that DME has shorter spray tip penetration due to its low density and faster evaporation. The combustion characteristics of DME operated engine provided faster ignition delay and three times shorter combustion duration. It is believed that the better evaporation and atomization characteristic of DME contributes the faster combustion. At all operating condition, soot emission was not detected due to the clean combustion of DME.
A Study of Droplets and Icing Characteristics on Injector in a Liquid Phase LPG Injection Engine
Kim, Chang-Up ; Choi, Kyo-Nam ; Kang, Kern-Yong ; Park, Cheol-Woong ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 38~44
Since the Liquid Phase LPG injection (LPLI) system has Advantages in power generation and emission characteristics compared to the mixer-type fuel-supply system, a variety of studies regarding LPLi system has been conducted and its applications are made in automobile industry. However, the heat extraction due to the evaporation of liquid fuel, causes not only a post-accumulation of fuel but also an icing phenomenon which is a frost of moisture in the air around the nozzle tip. Since there exists a difficulty in the accurate control of air fuel ratio in both fuel supply systems, it can result in poor engine performance and a large amount of harmful emissions. This research examines the characteristics of icing phenomenon and develops anti-icing bushing to prevent an icing on the surface of the injection tip. It was found that n-butane, which has a relatively high boiling point (
), was a main species of post-accumulation. Also the results show that the post-accumulation problem was allevaited the utilization of a large inner to outer bore ratio and smooth surface roughness. In addition, an icing phenomenon and its formation process were found to be mainly affected by the humidity and the temperature of inlet air in an inlet duct. Also, it was observed that an icing phenomenon is lessened using aluminum bushing whose end coincides with the end of fuel injection tip in length.
Development of Plate-type Fine Atomizing Nozzles for SI Engines with Intake-port Fuel Injection
Suzuki, Takashi ; Tani, Yasuhide ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 45~57
This paper presents both experimental and numerical studies regarding nozzles used for the SI engine application, particularly for the intake-port fuel injection type. The atomization mechanism of the multi-hole plate nozzle was investigated experimentally. It was found that the nozzle design added turbulence into the liquid-film jet and the jet disintegrated rapidly. Based on the results, various plate types for the nozzle were developed and tested; six hole nozzle for liquid jet interaction, plate-type nozzle with flat duct channel, and the simpler structured nozzle. The spray characteristics of the prototype nozzles were examined experimentally while the internal flow of the nozzle was investigated computationally. It was shown that turbulent liquid-film was injected and atomization quality was improved by controlling the internal flow condition of the plate-type nozzle.
An Experimental Study of the Spray Characteristics for an Oxidizer-rich Preburner Injector
So, Y.S. ; Yang, J.H. ; Han, Y.M. ; Choi, S.M. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 58~64
The spray characteristics of the oxidizer-rich preburner are investigated. This system is generally operated at an oxidizerfuel mixture ratio of 50. The spray quality and mixing performance are very important for safe combustion. To know the spray characteristics of the oxidizer-rich preburner, we have designed various swirl injectors and measured droplet velocity and size by the PDPA system. The flow discharge coefficient of the fuel orifice is
, oxidizer orifice discharge coefficient is
. From the spray visualization, fuel nozzle spray angle is
, oxidizer nozzle spray angle is
and combined spray angle is reduced
compared to the oxidizer nozzle only case. From the PDPA measurement, droplet SMD is
at 50 mm and
at 100 mm of variant 1 combined case. The number concentration measurement revealed the reason of the droplet diameter increasement with distance. That is due to drop coalescence results from collision of drops which is occurred in dense sprays at a long distance from nozzle orifice exit.
A Study on the Nano-particles Emission Exhausted from Diesel Passenger Vehicle According to Using Biodiesel
Kwon, Sang-Il ; Lee, Chang-Sik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 1, 2007, Pages 65~70
This paper is to investigate the characteristics of exhaust emissions and nano-particle emission from diesel passenger vehicle according to using biodiesel fuel as an alternative fuel. In this work, the particulate matters (PM) of exhaust emissions in diesel engine were investigated by number of particles and mass measurement. The mass of the total PM was measured using the standard gravimetric measurement method, the total number concentrations were measured on a ECE15+EUDC driving cycle using Condensation Particle Counter (CPC). Total PM emission was reduced
and number concentration was reduced
according to increasing blended ratio of biodiesel with diesel fuel. Total PM emission was reduced more than particle number emission because volatile particles were measured in total PM but were not measured in particle number emissions.