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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
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Characteristics of Thickness and Velocity of the Liquid Sheet Formed by Two Impinging Jets Considering Jet Velocity Profile
Choo, Y.J. ; Kang, B.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 2, 2007, Pages 79~85
In this study, the effect of jet velocity profile on the thickness and velocity of the liquid sheet formed by two impinging low speed jets was investigated. To predict the distribution of thickness and velocity of liquid sheet theoretically, the jet velocity profile which was measured experimentally was adopted in addition to the constant jet velocity as well as Poiseuille's parabolic profile. For three cases, the distribution of thickness and velocity of liquid sheet was analytically predicted by solving conservation equations including stagnation point. The predicted results were compared with previous experimental results. The jet velocity profile definitely affected the resulting characteristics of liquid sheet. The distribution of thickness and velocity of liquid sheet was more close to the measured results compared with that which was predicted by the assumption of constant jet velocity.
Fine Particle Removal by a Vehicle Air Cleaner
Park, Byung-Hyun ; Kim, Sang-Bum ; Kim, Gyung-Soo ; Lee, Sang-Ryul ; Lee, Myong-Hwa ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 2, 2007, Pages 86~93
There is a growing interest to develop an eco-friendly air cleaner with high performance through a remanufacturing process. Two kinds of polyurethane filter media, a coarse (Filter-A) and a fine filter media (Filer-B), are used in this study to protect a vehicle engine from airborne particles. In order to improve the collection performance of the filters (Filter-A, Filter-B), an oil coating technology on the filter surface was introduced. As a result, inertial force is a dominant collection mechanism for a dry filter media, so that collection efficiency increases with increasing filtration velocity. However, intra-structure change of an oil-coated filter media influences on the collection mechanism, which shows a non-linear collection efficiency curve in terms of filtration velocity. The result shows that the developed filter media are eco-friendly and effective to protect a vehicle engine from airborne particles especially at low filtration velocity.
Reaction Characteristics of Rubbers and LPG fuels in LPLi Fuel Supply System
Kim, Chang-Up ; Park, Cheol-Woong ; Choi, Kyo-Nam ; Kang, Kern-Yong ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 2, 2007, Pages 94~100
The liquid phase LPG injection (LPLi) system (the third generation technology) has been considered as one of the next generation fuel supply systems for LPG vehicles, since it has a very strong potential to accomplish the higher power, higher efficiency, and lower emission characteristics than the mixer type (the second generation technology) fuel supply system. To investigate the characteristics of LPG residue in liquid phase LPG injection system, various rubbers in LPG fuel system were reacted with LPG fuels during 3 months. The experimental results showed that the residue of a cover rubber in a fuel pump after test increased 10 times higher than that before test. Furthermore, the amount of sulfur, nitrogen species which are considered as main sources in deposit formation in the LPLi fuel injector were also found to be higher than that in original LPG fuel. And rubber properties of fuel pump cover were decreased after reaction test compared with those of the original rubber. Therefore, the rubber for fuel pump cover is not suitable for a proper material in LPLi fuel system. And these results can provide more information if a motor company shares the data of core rubber parts in field test LPLi vehicles.
Spray and Evaporation Characteristics of DME fuel at the High pressure and temperature
Kim, Hyung-Jun ; Suh, Hyun-Gyu ; Lee, Chang-Sik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 2, 2007, Pages 101~107
The purpose of this study is to analyze spray and evaporation characteristics of DME fuel at the high pressure and temperature. For the numerical analysis of dimethyl ether(DME) fuel spray characteristics, hybrid breakup model was applied to the DME spray and its breakup process. In order to obtain experimental results for comparison with the predicted ones, the visualization of the spray evolution process was executed by using a Nd:YAG laser. Also, the numerical investigation was conducted by the two hybrid models for primary and secondary breakup of the DME spray. The primary breakup model was used the Kelvin-Helmholtz(KH) breakup model. In the secondary breakup process, Rayleigh-Taylor(RT) and Drop Deformation Breakup(DDB) model was applied. The results of this study provide the macroscopic characteristics of the spray such as spray tip penetration and cone angle, and prediction accuracy of the two hybrid model.
Effect of Injector Energizing Duration on the Atomization Characteristics of Biodiesel Fuel
Suh, Hyun-Kyu ; Park, Su-Han ; Lee, Chang-Sik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 2, 2007, Pages 108~114
This study investigates the influence of energizing duration on the fuel atomization characteristics of biodiesel injected through a high pressure common-rail injector. In order to analyze the effect of energizing duration on the fuel injection rate performance, the injection rate of biodiesel fuel is obtained from the pressure variation in the tube filled with fuel in injection measuring system. On the other hand, the atomization characteristics of biodiesel was measured and compared in terms of Sauter mean diameter(SMD), arithmetic mean diameter(AMD), droplet mean velocity, and detected droplets number by applying a phase Doppler particle analyzer(PDPA). It was revealed that the injection mass and maximum injection rate increase with increase of the energizing duration. Moreover, the increase of energizing duration improves the atomization performance of biodiesel fuel because it induces higher droplets momentum and velocity.
An Experimental Study on Droplet Size Characteristics of Liquid Jets in Subsonic Crossflow
Kim, Min-Ki ; Song, Jin-Kwan ; Kim, Jin-Ki ; Hwang, Yong-Seok ; Yoon, Young-Bin ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 12, issue 2, 2007, Pages 115~122
The spray characteristics and drop size measurements have been experimentally studied in liquid jets injected into subsonic crossflow. With water as fuel injection velocity, injection angle and atomize. internal flows were varied to provide of jet operation conditions. The injector internal flow was classified as three modes such as a non-cavitation flow, cavitation, and hydraulic flip flows. Pulsed Shadowgraph Photography measurement was used to determine the spatial distribution of the spray droplet diameter in a subsonic crossflow of air. And this study also obtains the SMD (Sauter Mean Diameters) distribution by using Planar Liquid Laser Induced Fluorescence technique. The objectives of this research are get a droplet distributions and drop size measurements of each condition and compare with the other flow effects. As the result, This research has been showned that droplet size were spatially dependent on air-stream velocity, fuel injection velocity, injection angle effects, and normalized distance from the injector exit length(x/d, y/d). There are also different droplet size characteristics between cavitation, hydraulic flip and the non-cavitation flows.