Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Relief of Shell Wall Thinning of Low Pressure Type Feedwater Heater Around the Extraction Nozzle Identified
Kim, Kyung-Hoon ; Hwang, Kyeong-Mo ; Seo, Hyuk-Ki ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 13, issue 4, 2008, Pages 173~179
The current machinery and tools of secondary channel of the nuclear power plants were produced in the carbon-steel and low-alloy steel. What produced with the carbon-steel occurs wall thinning effect from flow accelerated corrosion by the fluid flow at high temperature, high pressure. Several nuclear power plants in Korea have experienced wall thinning damage in the area around the impingement baffle-installed. Wall thinning by flow accelerated corrosion occurs piping system, the heat exchanger, steam condenser and feedwater heaters etc,. Feedwater heaters of many nuclear power plants have recently experienced sever wall thinning damage, which will increase as operating time progress. This study describes the comparisons between the numerical results using the FLUENT code and experimental data of down scale model.
Effect of Ambient Conditions on the Spray Behavior and Atomization Characteristics of Biodiesel-ethanol Blended Fuels
Park, Su-Han ; Kim, Hyung-Jun ; Suh, Hyun-Kyu ; Chon, Mun-Soo ; Lee, Chang-Sik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 13, issue 4, 2008, Pages 180~186
The aim of this work is to investigate the effect of ambient conditions on the spray behavior of biodiesel-ethanol blended fuels. In order to analyze the spray behavior, spray tip penetration and spray cone angle were obtained from the visualization system and the effects of ethanol blending are compared macroscopic characteristics with the numerical results. It was reveled that the ethanol contents in biodiesel-ethanol blended fuels affect the spray tip penetration a little and increased the spray cone angle. Increased ambient pressure induced the decrease of the spray tip penetration, and the increased ambient temperature lead to the increase of the spray tip penetration. In addition, the increased ambient temperature promoted the vaporization and atomization of spray with the effect of increasing ethanol fuel.
Experimental Investigation of Collision Mechanisms Between Binary Droplet of Fuel Jet
Lee, Keun-Hee ; Kim, Sa-Yop ; Lee, Chang-Sik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 13, issue 4, 2008, Pages 187~192
In this study, the mechanisms of binary droplet collision were studied with diesel, ethanol and purified water. The droplet collisions of liquid droplet have been investigated for the same droplet diameter. In order to obtain the digital images of the droplet collision behavior, the experimental equipment was composed of the droplet generating system and the droplet visualization system. The droplets were produced by the vibrating orifice monodisperse generator. The visualization system consisted of a long distance microscope, a light source, and a high speed camera. The outcomes of binary droplet collision can be divided into four regimes, bouncing, coalescence, reflexive separation and stretching separation. The impact angle and the relative velocity of binary droplet are main parameters of collision phenomena, so the transition mechanism of droplet collision can be divided by the impact parameter.
Spray Coating Technology
Lee, Chang-Hee ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 13, issue 4, 2008, Pages 193~199
Spray coating is a versatile surface modification technology in which coating is built-up based on the successive deposition of micron-scaled particles. Depending on the coating materials, the coatings can meet the required mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, and other properties of base materials. Spraying processes are mainly classified into thermal and kinetic spraying according to their bonding mechanism and deposition characteristics. Specifically, thermal spraying process can be further classified into many categories based on the design and mechanism of the process, such as frame spraying, arc spraying, atmospheric plasma spraying (APS), and high velocity oxygen-fuel (HVOF) spraying, etc. Kinetic spraying or cold gas dynamic spraying is a newly emerging coating technique which is low-temperature and high-pressure coating process. In this paper, overall view of thermal and kinetic spray coating technologies is discussed in terms of fundamentals and industrial applications. The technological characteristics and bonding mechanism of each process are introduced. Deposition behavior and properties of technologically remarkable materials are reviewed. Furthermore, industrial applications of spray coating technology and its potentials are prospected.
A Numerical Study on the Characteristics of Cavitation and Internal Flow According to Nozzle Length-to-Diameter Ratio
Han, Dong-Sik ; Kim, Hyun-Kyu ; Chang, Young-June ; Jeon, Chung-Hwan ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 13, issue 4, 2008, Pages 200~205
Spray formation mechanism was controlled by a cavitation inside an injection nozzle. Nozzle geometry affects spray characteristics and formation behavior, which could determine engine performance and pollutant formation. A study was carried out on the influence of aspect ratio on cavitation inside a nozzle. The cavitation model available in Star-CD code was used to obtain cavitation behavior inside nozzle, which was compared with previous experimental results. In this paper, a CFD approach combining multiphase Volume-of-Fluid(VOF) and k-model was applied. The numerical results are similar with the experimental results.
An Experimental Study on Combustion Characteristics when applied Bio-Diesel Fuel at Low Temperature
Lee, Seang-Wock ; Lee, Jung-Sub ; Park, Young-Joon ; Kim, Duk-Sang ; Lee, Young-Chul ; Cho, Yong-Seok ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 13, issue 4, 2008, Pages 206~211
In this research, combustion and spray characteristics were investigated experimentally in a constant volume chamber by applying bio-diesel fuel to a common-rail system in which precise control is available for utilizing environmentally friendly properties of bio-diesel fuel. The experiment was conducted at fuel temperatures
to investigate combustion characteristics of bio-diesel fuel provoking problems in fluidity specially in a low temperature. For the visualization, the experiment was carried out under various conditions of ambient pressure, injection pressure and fuel temperature. The test was made by three different types of diesel fuels, conventional diesel, BD20 and BD100. In summary, this research aims to investigate combustion characteristics in the application of bio-diesel fuels and compare the results with performance of conventional diesel fuel. This experimental data may provide fundamentals of spray and combustion of bio-diesel fuels at a low temperature and contribute to the development of bio-diesel engines in future.
An Experimental Study on the Spray Characteristics by Twin-Fluid Atomizer for Wide Band Spray
Lee, Joong-Soon ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 13, issue 4, 2008, Pages 212~219
To develop the twin-fluid atomizer having the excellent performance of painting, the spray characteristics of how a wide area can be painted efficiently by one time spraying were studied in this paper. Spray phenomena are affected by the many factors determining the spray field such as the spraying pressure of gas, the spraying pressure and viscosity of liquid paints, the opening duration of needle valve, the design dimension of nozzle, and so on. As the results of experiments, these factors affecting on spray characteristics were suggested as followings; 1) The optimum spraying pressure of gas was
, and the appropriate spraying pressure of liquid paint was 0.01kPa, In these situations, the setting up pressures must be compensated as much as the losing amount of pressure because a decompression occurred when operating valves. 2) The duration of opening the needle valve must be sustained for
seconds to inject gas after spraying the liquid paint. This operating of the needle valve was necessary to avoid the affect on the changing of liquid column length, and to prevent the droplet deposit at the initial time of spraying. 3) The spray tip penetration was gained form the experimental equation, and the effective spraying angle was
just at he appropriate spraying pressure of gas. The distribution of the area sprayed had the variation in
because of the spraying pressure of gas, the its distance from the spray tip, and the lift of the needle valve.