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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
Non-edible Vegetable Oils for Alternative Fuel in Compression Ignition Engines
No, Soo-Young ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 2, 2009, Pages 49~58
Non-edible vegetable oils instead of edible vegetable oils as a substitute for diesel fuel are getting a renewed attention because of global reduction of green house gases and concerns for long-term food and energy security. Out of various non-edible vegetable oils, karanja, mahua, linseed, rubber seed and cotton seed oils are selected in this study. A brief review of recent works related to the application of the above five vegetable oils and its derivatives in CI engines is presented. The production technologies of biodiesel based on non-edible vegetable oils are introduced. Problems in vegetable oil or biodiesel fuelled CI engine are included. In addition, future works related to spray characteristics of non-edible vegetable oil or biodiesel from it are discussed. The biodiesel fuel, irrespective of the feedstock used, results in a decrease in the emission of hydrocardon (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), particulate matter (PM) and sulphur dioxide (
). It is also said to be carbon neutral as it contributes no net carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. Only oxides of nitrogen (NOx) are reported to increase which is due to oxygen content in the biodiesel fuel. The systematic assessment of spray char-acteristics of neat vegetable oils and its blends, neat biodiesel and its blends f3r use as diesel engine fuels is required.
Spray Characteristics of Modulated Liquid Jet Injected into a Subsonic Crossflow
Lee, I.C. ; Kim, J.H. ; Koo, J.Y. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 2, 2009, Pages 59~64
These experiments are close examination of spray characteristics that are continuous liquid jet and modulated liquid jet. The experiments were conducted using water, over a range of crossflow velocities from
, with modulation frequencies of
. Between continuous crossflow jet and modulated cross-flow jet of penetration, breakup point, spray angle and macro spray shape are experimentally investigated with image analysis. In cross-flow field, main parameter of liquid jet for breakup was cross-flow stream rather than modulation effect. As oscillation of the periodic pressure that could make liquid jet moved up and down, the mixing efficiency was increased. Also, a bulk of liquid jet puff was detected at upper field of liquid surface. So, this phenomenon has a good advantage of mixing spray from concentration of center area to outer area. Because of modulation frequency, SMD inclination of the structured layer was evanescent. Cross-sectional characteristics of SMD at downstream area were non-structured distributions. Then cross-sectional characteristics of SMD size were about same tendency over a range that is effect of spray mixing. The tendency of volume flux value for various modulation frequency was same distribution. And volume flux was decreased when the modulation frequency increase.
An Experimental Study on the Atomization Characteristics of Electrohydrodynamic for Ethanol(
Sung, K.A. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 2, 2009, Pages 65~70
An experimental study was performed to explore the atomization characteristics as the drop formation and the liquid breakup of an ethanol fuel using an electrohydrodynamic atomizer. A developed electrohydrodynamic atomizer controlled by a high AC power, a variable frequency, and a liquid feeding was used for the experiments. The test had been considered a disperse atomization processing at
ethanol feeding to achieve an uniformed droplet formation. The goal of the research was to investigate the possibility of the liquid breakup for an ethanol fuel in an electrohydrodynamic atomizer. The results showed that the mean droplet radius decreased as the applied voltage increased or as the applied AC frequency increased. The whipping motion had been grown at the specified voltages due to the applied frequency.
Effect of High Injection Pressure and Ambient Pressure on the DME Spray Characteristics Injected Through a Common-rail Diesel Injector
Kim, Hyung-Jun ; Park, Su-Han ; Lee, Chang-Sik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 2, 2009, Pages 71~76
The aim of this investigation is to study the effect of the high injection pressure on the dimethyl ether (DME) spray characteristics injected through a common-rail diesel injector under various ambient pressures. In order to investigate the effect of the injection pressure and ambient condition, the common-rail injection system with two high pressure pumps and high pressure chamber pressurized up to 40 bar were used, respectively. Spray images of DME fuel obtained from a visualization system composed of high speed camera and two metal halide lamps as the light source. From the obtained images, the spray behaviors such as a spray development process, spray tip penetration, spray width, and spray cone angle were measured for analyzing the DME spray characteristics under various experimental conditions. It was found that the spray development slowed as the ambient pressure increased and spray tip penetration at injection pressure of 90 MPa is longer than that at 50 MPa. In addition, the spray width at the end stage of injection decreased under the atmospheric conditions due to the evaporation property of DME fuel, and DME spray shows narrow spray cone angle according to the injection pressure increased.
A Study on Depth of Focus of Particle in Digital Particle Holography
Yang, Yan ; Kang, Bo-Seon ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 2, 2009, Pages 77~83
In this study, the effect of important parameters such as the pixel size and number of a CCD, the object distance, the wavelength of laser, and the particle diameter on the depth of focus in digital in-line particle holography were investigated. The depth of focus in several different cases was calculated using simulation holograms and detailed description of the depth of focus in digital particle holography was presented. The depth of focus is directly proportional to the object distance and the particle size. With the increase of the wavelength of laser, the depth of focus is decreased. The depth of focus is also inversely proportional to the pixel size and number of a CCD. Using the data of depth of focus from simulation holograms and a data-fitting software, we obtained the prediction equations of depth of focus for typical CCD cameras. Finally, the prediction equations of depth of focus in digital particle holography were verified by investigating real holograms of the calibration target in different cases and satisfied agreement between measured values and predicted values was confirmed.
The Spray and Combustion Characteristics by the Ratio of Cetane Number Enhancing Additives in Diesel
Kim, J.H. ; Lee, S.W. ; Lee, H.S. ; Choi, J.H. ; Lee, Y.C. ; Cho, Y.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 2, 2009, Pages 84~89
In this research, combustion and spray characteristics were investigated experimentally in a constant volume chamber by applying different composition rates of octane number in diesel fuel to a common-rail system. For the visualization, the experiment was carried out under different injection pressures and different cetane number. The test was done by three different types of diesel fuels, the different composition rates of cetane number in diesel fuel and HBD. In summary, this research aims to investigate the combustion characteristics in the application of fuels and compare the results with performance of conventional diesel fuel. This experimental data may provide with fundamentals of the development of diesel engines in future.