Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
Atomization Characteristics of the High Speed Rotating Injection System with Single Column Orifice
Jang, Seong-Ho ; Choi, Seong-Man ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2009, Pages 97~102
The spray characteristics of the high speed rotating fuel injection system were studied. The five variants of rotating fuel nozzle were used by spray test. The diameter of single column injection orifices are varied from 1 mm, 2 mm, 3 mm, 4 mm and 5 mm. We constructed high speed rotating test rig and measured droplet size by PDPA (Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer) system. Also spray was visualized by using high speed camera. In the test results, we could understand that length of liquid column from the injection orifice is mainly controlled by the rotational speeds. SMD is decreased with increasing injection orifice diameter and rotational speeds. Furthermore, from the comparison to the theoritical calculation, we confirmed that SMD is influenced by the liquid film thickness which is formed inner surface of injection orifice.
A Numerical Analysis for the Spray Characteristics of Liquified n-butane fuel
Kim, S.D. ; Lee, S.W. ; Dong, Y.H. ; Kim, S.H. ; Lee, Y.C. ; Cho, Y.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2009, Pages 103~108
This research investigated spray characteristics using LPG fuel under compression ignition to contribute to develop a high efficiency LPG fuel is an environmentally-friendly fuel since it emits lower
compare to other conventional fuels. In order to observe spray process, a high speed digital camera and high pressure common-rail injector were applied. Using the spray behaviors of LPG and diesel fuel from the experiment, this research analyzed the mixing process of air-fuel mixture numerically with FLUENT 6.3 when LPG and diesel fuel injected directly into the cylinder while compression stroke occurs. Spray characteristics of LPG fuel was investigated by using numerical method, in which KH-RT model was adapted for phase change. As a result of numerical analysis, this work found out that LPG spray has a wider mixing formation and uniform diffusion of air-fuel mixture compare to diesel.
Experimental and Numerical Investigation on DME Spray Characteristics as a Function of Injection Timing in a High Pressure Diesel Injector
Kim, Hyung-Jun ; Park, Su-Han ; Lee, Chang-Sik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2009, Pages 109~116
The purpose of this study is the experimental and numerical investigation on the DME spray characteristics in the combustion chamber according to the injection timing in a common-rail injection system. The visualization system consisted of the high speed camera with metal halide lamp was used for analyzing the spray characteristics such as spray development processes and the spray tip penetration in the free and in-cylinder spray under various ambient pressure. In order to observe the spray characteristics as a function of injection timing, the piston head shape of re-entrant type was created and the fuel injected into the chamber according to various distance between nozzle tip and piston wall in consideration of injection timing. Also, the spray and evaporation characteristics in the cylinder was calculated by using KlVA-3V code for simulating spray development process and spray tip penetration under real engine conditions. It was revealed that the high ambient pressure of 3 MPa was led to delay the spray development and evaporation of DME spray. In addition, injected sprays after BTDC 20 degrees entered the bowl region and the spray at the BTDC 30 degrees was divided into two regions. In the calculated results, the liquefied spray tip penetration and fuel evaporation were shorter and more increased as the injection timing was retarded, respectively.
Experimental Study on the Spray Behavior of Non-Esterification Biodiesel Fuel
Choi, S.H. ; Oh, Y.T. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2009, Pages 117~121
Biodiesel fuel has different spray patterns, because viscosity and surface tension of biodiesel fuel are higher than that of diesel fuel. The diesel combustion is strongly controlled by the fuel spray behavior in combustion chamber. So, it was needed to understand the spay characteristics of non-esterification biodiesel fuel. In this study, the spray characteristics of non-esterification biodiesel fuel was investigated to confirm of an effect of WDP. The characteristics of fuel atomization was analyzed with SMD and span factor through laser diffraction particle analyzer (LDPA), and the process of spray injection was visualized through the visualization system composed of a halogen lamp and high speed camera. It was found that injection delay time and SMD of blended fuel with WDP get shoter and smaller than that of non-esterification biodiesel fuel.
Correlations for Predicting Viscosity of Vegetable Oils and Its Derivatives for Compression Ignition Engines
No, Soo-Young ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2009, Pages 122~130
Vegetable oil and its derivatives as an alternative diesel fuel have become more attractive recently because of its environmental benefits and the fact that they are made from renewable resources. Viscosity is the most significant property to affect the utilization of vegetable oil and its derivatives in the compression ignition engines. This paper presents the existing correlations for predicting the viscosity of vegetable oil and its derivatives for compression ignition engines. According to the parameter considered in the correlations, the empirical correlations can be divided into six groups: correlations as a function of temperature, of proportion, of composition, of temperature and composition, of temperature and proportion, and of fuel properties. Out of physical properties of fuel, there exist in the literature several parameters for giving the influence on kinematic viscosity such as density, specific gravity, the ratio of iodine value over the saponification value, higher heating value, flash point and pressure. The study for the verification of applicability of existing correlations to non-edible vegetable oil and its derivatives is required.
Examination of Spread-Recoil Behavior of a Shear-thinning Liquid Drop on a Dry Wall
An, Sang-Mo ; Lee, Sang-Yong ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2009, Pages 131~138
In the present study, spread-recoil behavior of a drop of shear-thinning liquid (xanthan solution) on a dry wall (polished stainless-steel plate) was examined and compared with that of Newtonian liquid (glycerin solution). Nine different kinds of xanthan and glycerin solutions were tested, including three pairs of xanthan and glycerin solutions, each having the same viscosity in low shear rate region (
). The drop behavior was visualized and recorded using a CCD camera. The maximum diameter and the spreading velocity of the xanthan drops turned out to be significantly larger and the time to reach their final shape was much shorter compared to the cases with the glycerin solutions, due to the smaller viscous dissipation resulted from lower viscosity in the higher shear rate region (>
). As a result, the maximum diameters were measured to be larger than the predicted values based on the model proposed for Newtonian liquids, and the deviation was more pronounced with the solution with the larger viscosity variation. Consequently, viscosity variation with the shear rate was found to be a dominant factor governing the spread-recoil behavior of shear-thinning drops.