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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
Icing Characteristics in Liquid-Phase Injection of LPG Fuel
Lee, Sun-Youp ; Kim, Chang-Up ; Choi, Kyo-Nam ; Kang, Kern-Yong ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2009, Pages 147~152
Since a liquid-phase LPG injection system allows accurate control of fuel injection and increase in volumetric efficiency, it has advantages in achieving higher engine power and lower emissions compared to the mixer type LPG supplying system. However, this system also leads to an unexpected event called icing phenomenon which occurs when moisture in the air near the injector freezes and becomes frost around the nozzle hole due to extraction of heat from surrounding caused by instant fuel vaporization. As a result, it becomes difficult to control air/fuel ratio in engine operation, inducing exacerbation of engine performance and HC emission. One effort to mitigate icing phenomenon is to attach anti-icing injection tip in the end of nozzle. Therefore, in this study, the effect of engine operation parameters as well as surrounding conditions on icing phenomenon was investigated in a bench test rig with commercially-used anti-icing injection tips. The test results show that considerable ice was deposited on the surface near the nozzle hole of the anti-icing tip in low rpm and low load operating conditions in ambient air condition. This is because acceleration of detachment of deposited ice from the tip surface was induced in high load, high rpm conditions, resulting in decrease in frost accumulation. The results of the bench testing also demonstrate that little or no ice was formed at surrounding temperature below a freezing point since the absolute amount of moisture contained in the intake air is too small in such a low temperature.
Inedible Vegetable Oil as Substitute Fuel in Compression Ignition Engines-Jatropha Oil
No, Soo-Young ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2009, Pages 153~162
The use of inedible vegetable oils as substitute for diesel fuel in compression ignition engine is of significance because of the great need for edible oil as food, and the reduction of biodiesel production cost etc. Jatropha curcas oil which is a leading candidate for the commercialization of inedible vegetable oils is selected in this study for reviewing the application in CI engine as an alternative fuel. The important properties of jatropha oil (JO) and JO biodiesel are summarized from the various sources in the literature. It is found that five different types of alternative fuel from JO such as neat JO, JO blends with diesel or other fuel, neat JO biodiesel, JO biodiesel blends with diesel or other fuel and degummed JO were extensively examined in the diesel engine. Two different application types of alternative fuels from JO such as preheating and dual fuelling were also tested, It should be pointed out that most of these applications are limited to single cylinder conditions. The systematic study for the selection of effective application method is required. It is clear that the blends of JOME and diesel can replace diesel fuel up to 10% by volume for running the existing common rail direct injection systems without any durability problems. The systematic assessment of spray characteristics of different types of JO and its derivatives for use as diesel engine fuel is also required.
Parametric Study of DME Spray Combustion Characteristics in the Diesel-like Condition
Bae, Jun-Kyeung ; Kang, Sung-Mo ; Kim, Yong-Mo ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2009, Pages 163~170
The present study has numerically investigates the vaporization, auto-ignition and combustion processes in the high-pressure and high-temperature conditions encountered in the diesel engine. In the present study, in order to understand the overall spray combustion characteristics of DME fuel as well as to identify the distinctive differences of DME combustion processes compared to conventional hydrocarbon liquid fuels, the sequence of the comparative analysis has been systematically made for DME and n-Heptane liquid fuels. Computations for DME fuel are made for two cases including constant fuel mass flow rate condition and fixed heat release rate. Based on numerical results, the discussions are made for the detailed combustion processes of DME and n-Heptane spray.
Effect of Fuel Injector-type Spark Plug on Combustion Characteristics
Yeom, J.K. ; Chung, S.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2009, Pages 171~177
This study proposes a new stratified charge system for low emission and ultra lean burn. In order to examine combustion characteristics of the new system, sparkplug with a hole at positive pole and a common CNG injector for injecting fuel were used in this study as injector-type spark plug. The new stratified charge system injects fuel of extremely small quantities and ignites mixture around sparkplug gap. Also, the system was fitted in a visualized constant volume chamber. Then, for analysis of the combustion characteristics, we examined combustion pressure, lean inflammable limit, and visualized combustion flame according to equivalence ratio by comparison with homogeneous charge (HC) method and the new stratified charge (SC) method. As results of this study, in the case of using this system, the propagation speed of initial flame was increased and total combustion period was reduced in the ultra lean burn in the same equivalence ratio. These phenomena occurred clearly under the conditions of lean equivalence ratio. Furthermore, the lean inflammable limit of mixture was extended by using the injector-type spark plug.
Experimental Study on Spray Cooling Heat Transfer of Micro-Fins Surfaces
Kim, Yeung-Chan ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2009, Pages 178~183
Spray cooling heat transfer was experimentally investigated for water sprays impacting on mico-fins structured surfaces in the single phase and nucleate boiling regions. The heat transfer surfaces consist of cubic fins and triangular grooved fins. The spray produced using full cone spray nozzles, and experiments were made under the test condition of
. From the experimental results, it was found that cubic fins surface had the largest heat flux enhancement relative to the smooth surface.
Emission Characteristics of Ultrafine particles According to Fuel Injection Type in Gasoline and LPG Vehicle
Park, Kyoung-Gyun ; Kwon, Sang-Il ; Lee, Woo-Suk ; Hong, Ji-Hyung ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2009, Pages 184~189
Recently, ultrafine particles emitted from internal combustion engine is main concern because of its well known adverse health effects. So Europe decided to start the regulation about diesel engine particle number emissions. The nanoparticles smaller than 50nm in diameter have the ability to penetrate deep into interstitial tissue of luge, where they may cause severe respiratory inflammation and acute pulmonary toxicity. Recent studies have showed that spark ignition engines emit particles number concentration comparable to those from diesel engines with DPF under high load and rich mixture conditions, including cold starts and acceleration. So this study investigated emission characteristics of ultrafine particles according to fuel injection type in gasoline vehicles and LPG vehicles. The test vehicles were tested on CVS-75 and NEDC vehicle test mode using the chassis dynamometer, CPC system applied as a particle measuring instrument at the end of dilution tunnel. As a result, the correlation between fuel injection type and particulate emission was determined. GDI vehicle emitted 10 times higher particles than PFI vehicles, and compared to Mixer and LPGI type LPG vehicle, LPLI vehicle emitted particles high.