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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Macroscopic Breakup Characteristics of Water Gel Simulants with Triplet Impinging Spray Jet
Hwang, Tae-Jin ; Lee, In-Chul ; Koo, Ja-Ye ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 109~114
The implementation of gelled propellants systems offers high performance, energy management of liquid propulsion, storability, and high density impulse of solid propulsion. The present study focused on the macroscopic spray characteristics of liquid sheets formed by triplet impinging jets of non-Newtonian liquids which are mixed by Carbopol 941 0.5%wt. The results are compared to experiments conducted on spray images which formed by triplet impinging jets concerning with airassist effect at center orifice. When gel propellants are injected by doublet impinging jets at low pressure and high pressure, closed rim pattern shape appeared by polymeric effect from molecular force and showed inactive atomization characteristics, because of extensional viscosity related by restriction of atomization process and breakup time delay of turbulence transition. As increasing mass flow rate of the air(increasing GAR), spray breakup level is also increased.
Experimental Study on the Macroscopic Spray Characteristics of DME Fuel
Park, Jeong-Hwan ; Park, Su-Han ; Lee, Chang-Sik ; Park, Sung-Wook ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 115~123
The purpose of this study is to compare and to investigate spray characteristics of dimethyl ether (DME) and diesel fuel in the various injection pressures, ambient pressures, and the energizing durations. For the analysis of the spray characteristics, the spray visualization system including the high speed camera and the spray image analyzer is installed. The spray characteristics such as the spray development process, spray tip penetraion and the spray cone angle are analyzed from the spray images. It was revealed that the spray characteristics of DME and diesel fuels are mainly affected by the injection conditions. However, in the region after the end of the injection, the spray tip penetration was affected by the fuel properties such as the fuel density, the surface tension, and the viscosity. DME fuel has generally a short tip penetration and a wide cone angle. In the elevating conditions of the ambient gas pressure, the spray cone angle of DME fuel converged to high value when comparing diesel fuel in advance. Also, the increasing rate of the spray tip penetration in DME fuel is significantly decreased from 0.7 ms of the energizing duration (diesel : 0.9 ms).
Parametric Study on Water Mist Nozzles for Fire Suppression System Based on CFD Methods
Jung, In-Su ; Park, Tae-Gyu ; Chung, Hee-Taeg ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 124~130
Numerical simulation has been performed to investigate the mist flow characteristics through the fire suppression nozzles for the design purposes. The commercial softwares, FLUENT and the fire dynamic simulator, FDS with the proper modelings were chosen as the numerical tools. In order to find optimal conditions in sense of the main performances of nozzles, the spray characteristics were analyzed both inside and outside of the nozzles. Geometric factors of the injecting orifices, i.e., diameter and chamfered angle were chosen as the simulation parameters for design application. From the present numerical results, 1.0c nozzles, whose orifice-diameter was 1 mm, having the chamfered angles were shown as the best performance of the fire suppression.
Study of Combustion and Emission Characteristics for DI Diesel Engine with a Swirl-Chamber
Liu, Yu ; Chung, S.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 131~139
Gas motion within the engine cylinder is one of the major factors controlling the fuel-air mixing and combustion processes in diesel engines. In this paper, a special swirl-chamber is designed and applied to a DI (direct injection) diesel engine to generate a strong swirl motion thus enhancing gas motion. Compression, combustion and expansion strokes of this DI diesel engine with the swirl-chamber have been simulated by CFD software. The simulation model was first validated through comparisons with experimental data and then applied to do the simulation of the spray and combustion process. The velocity and temperature field inside the cylinder showed the influences of the strong swirl motion to spray and combustion process in detail. Cylinder pressure, average temperature, heat release rate, total amount of heat release, indicated thermal efficiency, indicated fuel consumption rate and emissions of this DI diesel engine with swirl-chamber have been compared with that of the DI diesel engine with
-chamber. The conclusions show that the engine with swirlchamber has the characteristics of fast mixture formulation and quick diffusive combustion; its soot emission is 3 times less than that of a
-chamber engine; its NO emission is 3 times more than that of
-chamber engine. The results show that the DI diesel engine with the swirl-chamber has the potential to reduce emissions.
Experimental and Numerical Study on Effects of Wall Impingement on Spray and Combustion Characteristics in a Diesel Engine
Liu, Yu ; Chung, S.S. ; Ha, J.Y. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 140~149
The spray-wall impingement in diesel engines is important to mixture preparation, engine performance and pollutant emissions. The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of spray-wall impingement on fuel distribution, combustion and emission characteristics by using both experimental and numerical methods. To investigate the spray-wall impingement process, an impingement-chamber was designed and a visualization experiment system was also developed. The images of impinged spray and free spray were digitally recorded with an intensified CCD camera. To investigate the fuel distribution, combustion and emission characteristics of impinged spray in a real diesel engine, the fuel injection and combustion processes of an engine with impingement-chamber were simulated by CFD software. Equivalence ratio distribution results were obtained to understand the fuel distribution characteristics of the impinged spray. Some combustion and emission characteristics were also acquired and the results showed that ignition delay of impinged spray was shorter than that of free spray; NO emission of the impinged spray was significantly less than that of free spray, but soot emission of impinged spray was more than that of the free spray. This study found that the diesel engine with spray-wall impingement has significant potential to reduce NO emission.
An Experimental Study on the Combustion an Emission Characteristics with Injection Pressure of Biodiesel-Ethanol Blending Fuel in CVC
Eom, Dong-Seop ; Park, Kyoung-Gyun ; Dong, Yoon-Hee ; Lee, Seang-Wook ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2010, Pages 150~156
Ethanol has properties of a lower setting point, higher oxygen contents, lower cetane numbers, and also higher volatility compared to biodiesel. Thus, biodiesel fuel can be improved in the fluidity of blending fuel and exhaust emissions by blended ethanol fuel. This research aims to understand combustion characteristics of biodiesel-ethanol blending fuel inside a constant volume chamber. High speed camera was applied to visualize the physics of development of combustion processes, and combustion pressure and exhaust emissions were measured at several blending ratios of ethanol and biodiesel fuel. This information may contribute to improve the performance of biodiesel engine and reduce emissions in future.