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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Experimental Analysis of Droplet Formation Process for Inkjet Printhead
Jo, Y.M. ; Park, S.J. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 163~169
Jetting stability is the most important factors in inkjet printing because printing quality is totally determined by shape of the droplets on the substrate. In order to acquire stable jet, viscosity and dynamic behavior of the ink must be considered. In addition, waveform to drive the inkjet printhead is also to be controlled. In this study, the driving waveform composed of rising time, dwell time and falling time is optimized to obtain a stable jetting using drop watcher system. Also, effect of ink viscosity on jetting is experimentally investigated by changing the temperature of ink cartridge. As a result, jetted drop having uniform velocity is acquired.
Reduction of Grid Size Dependency in DME Spray Modeling with Gas-jet Model
Oh, Yun-Jung ; Kim, Sa-Yop ; Lee, Chang-Sik ; Park, Sung-Wook ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 170~176
This paper describes the grid-size dependency of the conventional Eulerian-Lagrangian method to spray characteristics such as spray penetration and SMD in modeling DME sprays. In addition, the reduction of the grid-size dependency of the present Gas-jet model was investigated. The calculations were performed using the KIVA code and the calculated results were compared to those of experimental result. The results showed that the conventional Eulerian-Laglangian model predicts shorter spray penetration for large cell because of inaccurate calculation of momentum exchange between liquid and gas phase. However, it was shown that the gas-jet model reduced grid-size dependency to spray penetration by calculating relative velocity between liquid and ambient gas based on gas jet velocity.
A Study on the Desulfurization Efficiency as a Variation of Flow Field Applyed a Mixing Enhancement Apparatus
Chung, J.D. ; Kim, J.W. ; SeomMun, J. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 177~181
This paper has designed a mixing enhancement apparatus called Lobed-plate and Step-plate and comparatively calculated desulfurization efficiency of when its shape was changed. The parameters used at this time were the shape, SR ratio and the number of nozzles of the mixing enhancement apparatus and comparatively analyzed desulfurization efficiency according to these parameters. As a result, the Step-plate appeared as more highly by around 4% than Lobed-plate in desulfurization efficiency according to the shape of the mixing promotion apparatus, and when the desulfurization efficiency as a SR ratio is considered, it appeared highly by an average of 5% when the SR ratio is 3 rather than 2. As a result of comparing desulfurization efficiency by fixing the SR ratio and setting the number of nozzles as 4 pieces and 6 pieces, there was no big change in desulfurization efficiency when the SR ratio is 2, but it could be confirmed to improve by around 5% when the SR ratio is 3 when time passed 8 seconds.
Analysis for Local Structure of Gaseous Hydrogen/liquid Oxygen Flame at Supercritical Pressures
Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Kim, Seong-Ku ; Kim, Yong-Mo ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 182~188
Significant real fluid behaviors including rapid property changes take place where high pressure combustion devices such as rocket engines. The flamelet model is the reliable approach to account for the real fluid effects. In the present study, the flamelet equations are extended to treat the general fluids over transcritical and supercritical states. The real fluid flamelet model is carried out for the gaseous hydrogen and cryogenic liquid oxygen flames at the wide range of thermodynamic conditions. Based on numerical results, the precise discussions are made for effects of real fluid, pressure, and differential diffusion on the local flame structure.
Analysis of Gaseous Hydrogen/liquid Oxygen Combustion Processes at Supercritical State
Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Kim, Seong-Ku ; Kim, Yong-Mo ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 189~194
This study has been mainly motivated to numerically model the transcritical mixing and reacting flow processes encountered in the liquid propellant rocket engines. In the present approach, turbulence is represented by the extended k-
turbulence model. To account for the real fluid effects, the propellant mixture properties are calculated by using SRK (Souve-Redlich-Kwong) equation of state model. In order to realistically represent the turbulence-chemistry interaction in the turbulent non-premixed flames, the flamelet approach based on the real fluid flamelet library has been adopted. Based on numerical results, the detailed discussions are made for the real fluid effects and the precise structure of the transcritical cryogenic liquid nitrogen jet and gaseous hydrogen/liquid oxygen coaxial jet flame.
Effect of Diesel Injection Characteristics on Biogas-Diesel Dual Fuel Engine Performance
Lee, Sun-Youp ; Kim, Young-Min ; Lee, Jang-Hee ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 195~201
Due to its carbon-neutral nature, biogas generated from anaerobic digestion or fermentation of biodegradable wastes is one of the important renewable energy sources to reduce global warming. It is mainly composed of methane and various inert gases such as
, and the actual composition of biogas significantly varies depending on the origin of anaerobic digestion process. Therefore, in order to effectively utilize this fuel as an energy source for electricity, it is important to develop power generation engines which can successfully apply biogas with significant composition variations. In this study, efforts have been made to develop a diesel-biogas duel fuel engine as a way to achieve such a stable power generation. The effects of diesel fuel injection quantity and pressure on stable combustion and engine performance were investigated, and an impact of diesel fuel atomization was discussed. The engine test results show that there exists a 2 stage combustion which consists of diesel pilot fuel burning and premixed biogas/air mixture burning in dual fuel engine operation and optimum diesel injection parameters were suggested for biogases with various compositions and heating values.
The Experimental Study on Mist Cooling Heat Transfer
Kim, Yeung-Chan ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 15, issue 4, 2010, Pages 202~207
Mist cooling is widely employed as a cooling technique of high temperature surfaces, and it has heat transfer characteristics similar to boiling heat transfer which has the convection, nucleate and film boiling regions. In the present study, mist cooling heat transfer was experimentally investigated for the mist flow impacting on the heated surfaces of mico-fins. The mist flow was generated by supersonic vibration. Experiments were conducted under the test conditions of droplet flow rate,
and liquid temperature,
. From the experimental results, it is found that an increase in the droplet flow rate improves mist cooling heat transfer in the both case of smooth surface and surfaces of micro-fins. Micro-fins surfaces enhance the mist cooling heat transfer. Besides, the experimental results show that an increase in the droplet flow rate decrease the heat transfer efficiency of mist cooling.