Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Improvement of Lubrication Characteristics for Fuel Pump in LPG Engine
Kim, Chang-Up ; Choi, Kyo-Nam ; Kang, Kern-Yong ; Park, Cheol-Woong ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~6
In recent years, the need for more fuel-efficient and lower-emission vehicles has driven the technical development of alternative fuels such as LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) which is able to meet the limits of better emission levels without many modifications to current engine design. LPG has a high vapor pressure and lower viscosity and surface tension than diesel and gasoline fuels. These different fuel characteristics make it difficult to directly apply the conventional gasoline or diesel fuel pump. Self acting lubricated groove design or coating can be used in high-speed and high precision spindle system like a roller-vane type fuel pump, because of its advantages such as low frictional loss, low heat generation, averaging effect leading better running accuracy and simplicity in manufacturing. Those design method can also affect the atomization of fuel from the injector and the formation of fuel film on the intake manifold. In this study, experiments are carried out to get performance characteristics of initial and steady state operation, The characteristics of vane type fuel pump were investigated to access the applicability on LPLi engine.
Effects of Injection Pressures on Combustion and Emissions in a Direct Injection LPG Spark Ignition Engine
Lee, Seok-Whan ; Cho, Jun-Ho ; Oh, Seung-Mook ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 7~14
High pressure LPG fuel spray with a conventional swirl injector was visualized and the impact of the injection pressure was also investigated using a DISI (direct injection spark ignition) LPG single cylinder engine. Engine performance and emission characteristics were evaluated over three different injection pressure and engine loads at an engine speed of 1500 rpm. The fuel spray pattern appeared to notably have longer penetration length and narrower spray angle than those of gasoline due to its lower angular momentum and rapid vaporization. Fuel injection pressure did not affect combustion behaviors but for high injection pressure and low load condition (
=120 bar and 2 bar IMEP), which was expected weak flow field configuration and low pressure inside the cylinder. In terms of nano particle formation the positions of peak values in particle size distributions were not also changed regardless of the injection pressure, and its number densities were dramatically reduced compared to those of gasoline.
Spray Characteristics in CI Engines Fuelled with Vegetable Oils and Its Derivatives
No, Soo-Young ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 15~26
In this article, spray characteristics in CI engines fuelled with vegetable oils and its derivatives will be reviewed. Of edible vegetable oils, soybean oil and rapeseed oil were mainly investigated. Of inedible vegetable oils, jatropha oil and used frying oil were main concern on the research on the spray characteristics in CI engine. Spray angle and spray penetration were mainly examined among the macroscopic spray characteristics and Sauter mean diameter was only investigated among the microscopic spray characteristics. There exist six different definitions of spray angle which should be examined. Neat vegetable oil and biodiesel fuels show smaller spray angle than diesel fuel. Biodiesel fuel and vegetable oils and its blend have a longer spray penetration than diesel fuel. However, biodiesel blends with diesel shows the similar spray penetration with diesel fuel. SMDs in the biodiesel spray, vegetable oils and its blends spray are higher than that in the diesel spray.
Evaluation of the Impact Force on the Single Spray and Overlap Region of Twin Spray in Full Cone Type Swirl Nozzle
Kim, T.H. ; Sung,, Y.M. ; Jeong, H.C. ; Kim, D.J. ; Choi, G.M. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 27~36
The impact force on the single and overlap region of twin spray was experimentally evaluated using visualization method in full cone type swirl nozzle spray. Visualization of spray was conducted to obtain the spray angle and breakup process. The photography/imaging technique, based on Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) using high-speed camera, was adopted for the direct observation of droplet motion and axial velocity measurement, respectively. Droplet size was measured by Particle Motion Analyze System (PMAS). The purpose of this study is to provide fundamental information of spray characteristics, such as impact force, for higher etching factor in the practical wet etching system. It was found that the spray angle, axial velocity and impact force were increased with increasing the nozzle pressure while droplet size decreased with increasing the nozzle pressure. Droplet size increased as the distance from nozzle tip was decreased. The impact force of twin spray in the overlap region was about 63.29, 67.02, 52.41% higher than that of single spray at 40, 50 and 60 mm of nozzle pitch, respectively. Also, the nozzle pitch was one of the important factors in the twin spray characteristics.
Numerical Study of Metal Particle Behaviors and Flow Characteristics in Flame Spray Process
Shin, Dong-Hwan ; Lee, Jae-Bin ; Lee, Seong-Hyuk ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 37~43
The present study conducted computational simulation for multiphase flow in the flame spray coating process with commercially available Ni-Cr powders. The flows in a flame spray gun is characterized by very complex phenomena including combustion, turbulent flows, and convective and radiative heat transfer. In this study, we used a commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code of Fluent (ver. 6.3.26) to predict gas dynamics involving combustion, gas and particle temperature distributions, and multi-dimensional particle trajectories with the use of the discrete phase model (DPM). We also examined the effect of particle size on the flame spray process. It was found that particle velocity and gas temperature decreased rapidly in the radial direction, and they were substantially affected by the particle size.
An Experimental Study on Injection and Durability Characteristics of Common-rail Injector According to mixture Ratio of Bio-diesel
Im, Seok-Yeon ; Kim, Tae-Bum ; Yu, Sang-Seok ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 44~50
An object of this study is to understand the correlation of injection characteristics and injector dimensions according to biodiesel mixture. The Injection characteristics of different types of common-rail injectors are the number of nozzle holes (5~8), jet cone angle (
), hydraulic flow rate (830~900 ml/min) injection quantity and response time. Prior to characteristic experiment, the reference injector has been selected in 6 candidates injectors under the investigation of injected quantity according to the biodiesel mixture so that injector type can be determined. The injector is used for the characteristic experiment which varied the various operating conditions including pressure 23 MPa, 80 MPa, 160 MPa, changing in injection duration 0.16 ms~1.2 ms and even mixture ratio. The result shows that the nozzle hole number and cone angle influence the injection quantity much more than nozzle hole diameter at low injection pressure and the nozzle hole diameter at high injection pressure, post injection duration.
An Experimental Study on Combustion and Exhaust Emissions Characteristics in RCCI (Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition) of Dual-Fuel (Diesel+Gasoline)
Sung, K.A. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 51~57
An experimental study was performed to explore characteristics of combustion and exhaust emissions in the compression ignition engine of RCCI (reactivity controlled compression ignition) using diesel-gasoline dual fuel. A dual-fuel reactivity controlled compression ignition concepts is demonstrated as a promising method to achieve high thermal efficiency and low emissions. For investigating combustion characteristics, engine experiments were performed in a light-duty diesel engine over a range of SOIs (start of injection) and gasoline percents. The experimental results showed that cases of diesel-gasoline dual fuel combustion is capable of operating over a middle range of engine loads with lower levels of NOx and soot, acceptable pressure rise rate, low ISFC (indicated specific fuel consumption), and high indicated thermal efficiency.