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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
Experimental Study on HCCI Combustion Characteristics of n-heptane and iso-octane Fuel/air Mixture by using a Rapid Compression Machine
Lim, Ock-Taeck ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 167~175
The HCCI engines have been known with high efficiency and low pollution and can be actualized as the new internal combustion engines. However, As for(??) the ignition and combustion depend strongly on the oxidation reaction of the fuel, so it is difficult to control auto-ignition timing and combustion duration. Purpose of this paper is creating the database for development of multi-dimensional simulation and investigating the influence of different molecular structure. In this research, the effect of n-heptane mole ratio in fuel (XnH) on the ignition delay from homogeneous charge compression ignition(HCCI) has been investigated experimentally. By varying the XnH, it was possible to ascertain whether or not XnH is the main resource of ignition delay. Additionally, the information on equivalence ratio for varying XnH was obtained. The tests were performed on a RCM (Rapid Compression Machine) fueled with n-heptane and iso-octane. The results showed that decreasing XnH (100, 30, 20, 10,0), the ignition delays of low temperature reaction (tL) and high temperature reaction (tH) is longer. And the temperature of reaction increases by about 30K. n-heptane partial equivalence ratio (fnH) affect on tL.and TL. When
nH was increased as a certain value, tL was decreased and TL was increased.
Empirical Correlations for Penetration Height of Liquid Jet in Uniform Cross Flow - A Review
No, Soo-Young ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 176~185
The empirical correlations for the prediction of penetration height of liquid jet in crossflow are reviewed and classified in this study. Around thirty different correlations had been proposed by many investigators. It has generally known that the penetration height of a liquid jet in a cross-flow is a function of the liquid to air momentum flux ratio and the normalized downstream distance from the injector. However, several researchers incorporated the Weber number, liquid-to-water or air viscosity ratio, pressure ratio or Reynolds number, temperature ratio in the empirical correlations. The existing correlations can be grouped as correlations in a power-law, logarithmic, and exponential forms, respectively. Correlations in a power-law form can be further classified as three groups such as basic form, Weber number form and other parameters form. It should be pointed out that correlations in a logarithmic form in terms of Weber number or any other parameters could not be found. Universal correlation has still not been established due to the significant discrepancies between various correlations suggested to date. Several of the studies reported the significant discrepancies of predicted values by the existing correlations. The possible reasons for discrepancies will be summarized as measurement technique, assumptions made in defining terms in the liquid to air momentum flux ratio, difficulties in defining the boundaries of the liquid jets, and nozzle/injector geometry. Evaluation of validity for the correlations proposed recently by several investigators is essentially required. Those include eight power-law forms, two logarithmic forms, and one exponential form.
A Numerical Analysis of Internal Nozzle Flows Through the Multi-Fluid Model
Ryu, Bong-Woo ; Lee, Chang-Sik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 186~194
This study performed the numerical analysis of the internal nozzle flows including cavitation phenomena by using the automated body-fitted grid generator and the multi-fluid model. The effect of grid refinement and the validation of multifluid model were investigated using four computational meshes under two test conditions. The mesh #3 was chosen as the optimum which can reduce the computational time and have good prediction ability to identify the cavitation region simultaneously. In addition, the computed results using multi-fluid model were compared with the reference experimental observations and numerical simulation results using homogeneous equilibrium model. From the distribution of volume fraction and velocity field, the multi-fluid model predicted the internal nozzle flows well when the liquid quality parameters were selected as
for initial number density and 25
for bubble diameter.
Experimental Study on the Merged Angle of Mixed-Interaction Regions of Sprays from Two Pressure-Swirl Injectors
Yi, Young-Sun ; Hong, Moon-Geun ; Lee, Soo-Yong ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 195~200
The pressure-swirl atomizer is widely used for the injectors in liquid rocket engines thanks to its high performance atomization and broad stability margin range. Spray mixed-interaction is an important area of study especially in cases where the propellant is mixed by spray interaction after an oxidant and a fuel are discharged separately. This interaction of sprays results in a significant modification of the spray characteristics such as the spatial evolution of the sprays. Experiments are conducted by a photographic technique to quantify the merged angle of the interaction regions of sprays from two pressure-swirl injectors. The experimental results show that the merged angle is mainly determined by the momentum flux ratios between two swirled sprays.
An Experimental Study on Spray Characteristics of Multi-Hole GDI Injector
Lee, Sung-Won ; Park, Sung-Young ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 201~209
Optimum engine performance is obtained when the spray characteristics is well matched to the geometry of a combustion chamber. Among many parameters governing the combustion performance in internal combustion engine, fuel supply characteristics and atomization are important performance factors. Therefore, spray characteristics of high pressure multi-hole injector has been studied experimentally. An experimental test system has been made to operate high pressure injection system and to visualize spray behavior. Spray visualization has been performed to analyze spray formation, spray cone angle, bent angle and penetration length. Spray interaction with piston has been analyzed with various injector installation angle, injection pressure and ambient pressure. Test results show that penetration length is greatly influenced by the injection pressure. Penetration length is decreased as ambient pressure increased. Spray cone angle is increased as injection pressure and ambient pressure increased. However, bent angle is not influenced by the change of injection pressure and ambient pressure. Spray cone angle distribution map is plotted using the experimental data. Fuel movement around the spark-plug has been enforced as increasing injector installation angle.
Effects of the Bio-diesel Blending Rate on the Spray Characteristics of the Pressure Swirl Nozzle
Yoon, S.J. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 16, issue 4, 2011, Pages 210~214
This paper presents the spray characteristics of the gun type burner nozzle with bio-diesel blending rate. The burner nozzle used in this experiment is a pressure swirl type nozzle. For the spray characteristics, visualization of spray was conducted to obtain the spray angle, and laser diffraction spectroscope (LDS) was used for the measurement of the droplet diameters. The results showed that the
, SMD and spray angle were decreased with increasing the bio-diesel blending rate and BD30 (30% bio-diesel blending rate) could be found to be the maximum blending rate for using without any modification of the gun type burner of the homesize kerosene fuel boiler.