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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Spray Characteristics of Hydrotreated Biodiesel Blended Fuels
Kim, Duckhan ; Oh, Sehun ; Kim, Seonghwan ; No, Soo-Young ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 169~175
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2013.18.4.169
Hydrotreated biodiesel (HBD) would be one of the promising alternative fuels instead of current biodiesel. In this study, spray characteristics in terms of spray penetration and spray angle were conducted experimentally including calculated SMDs as well. The ambient pressures of 1, 3, and 5 MPa and injection pressures of 30, 80, and 130 MPa were introduced and the fuels employed were petro-diesel, and 2, 10, 20, 30, and 50% for hydrotreated biodiesel, respectively. The result of this study found that the more HBD blended diesels have the slightly shorter spray tip penetration lengths especially on the lowest injection pressure and at the highest ambient pressure, but have the larger spray angles and SMDs than petro-diesel. Consequently, this study found that HBD has a little bit merits and demerits of macro- and micro- spray patterns compared to petro-diesel.
A Study on the Injection Characteristics of a Piezo Injector for Controlling Accurate Multiple Injection
Park, Heebum ; Kim, Hyungik ; Park, Sangki ; Lee, Kihyung ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 176~181
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2013.18.4.176
In this study, injection quantity, rate and spray image of multiple injections which are important design parameters for a piezo type injector have been investigated. Interval of injections and a number of injections in multiple injection strategy has been controlled to verify interaction of each injection. Spray characteristics of multiple injections have been researched through optical process with a high speed camera in a high pressure chamber. In addition, a method of RMS(Root Mean Square) process has been used for comprehending the distribution of injection easily. As a result, in case of piezo type injector, characteristics of injection quantity according to charging voltage and the difference of injection quantity between single and triple injection were confirmed. Also, injection rate for increasing injection duration was confirmed. And spray characteristics of multiple injections were improved; multiple injections were possible in a shorter time interval between each injection. With this study, a possibilities of more accurate multiple injection control would be expected.
A Study on Spray Characteristics of Biodiesel Derived from Waste Cooking Oil
Ahn, Sangyeon ; Kim, Woong Il ; Lee, Chang Sik ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 182~187
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2013.18.4.182
This study was performed to investigate the effect of biodiesel derived from waste cooking oil on the spray behavior and macroscopic spray characteristics. To analyze quantitative characteristics of test fuels, injection quantity was measured at various injection pressures and the spray images of injected fuels in the pressurized chamber were obtained by using a high speed camera and image analysis system. Based on the measured spray images, the spray tip penetration and spray cone angle were investigated at various energizing timings and injection pressures. In this work, the experimental results showed that the injection quantity of waste cooking biodiesel indicated the higher quantities than diesel at high injection pressure. As the injection pressure was increased, the spray tip penetrations of biodiesel were higher value than diesel. The difference of penetration between biodiesel and conventional diesel fuel was reduced in accordance with the increase of injection pressure. Also, the spray angles of diesel were larger than that of biodiesel because diesel fuel has lower viscosity than biodiesel. In addition, the spray evolution processes of biodiesel fuel at various injection pressures and the elapsed time after the injection were compared to the conventional diesel fuel.
An Investigation on Spray Characteristics of Diesel - DME with Change of Injection Pressure
Jeong, Y.H. ; Yang, J.W. ; Oh, C.H. ; Lim, O.T. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 188~195
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2013.18.4.188
An investigation on spray characteristics of fuels which diesel and di-methyl ether (DME) with change of injection pressure used the multi-injection in constant volume combustion chamber (CVCC). Diesel was already used famous fuel which we could use. DME showed similar features with diesel like as cetane number, auto-ignition temperature. High cetane number of diesel and DME could make possible to compression ignition. DME showed different atomization from diesel due to evaporating pressures and boiling points. Experiments were carried out in CVCC equipped with Delphi solenoid 6-hole type injector and the spray characteristics of diesel and DME were tested the various pre and pilot injection. Terms of injections and a number of injections in multi-injection has been controlled. Experiments were performed in 2 types that 1500 rpm, 2000 rpm and under the condition of injection ranging from 100 bar to 500 bar. From the results of this experiment diesel showed longer spray penetration than DME. That result showed different of atomization speed DME and diesel. Result of high injection pressure condition showed similar spray characteristics diesel and DME. After this investigation, new conditions and experiments using laser light to go forward and add the fuels like as the biodiesel and diesel and DME blend.
Characteristic Analysis of a SCR System using a Metal Foam in Diesel Engines
Kim, Yongrae ; Choi, Kyonam ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 196~201
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2013.18.4.196
SCR(Selective Catalytic Reduction) is a major after-treatment solution to reduce NOx emission in recent diesel engines. In this study, a metal foam is applied as an alternative SCR substrate and tested in a commercial diesel engine to compared with a conventional ceramic SCR system. Basic engine test from ND-13 mode shows that a metal foam catalyst has lower NOx conversion efficiency than a ceramic catalyst especially over
. A metal foam catalyst has characteristics of high exhaust gas pressure before a SCR catalyst and high heat transfer rate due to its material and structure. NOx conversion efficiency of a metal foam catalyst shows an increasing tendency along with the increase of exhaust gas temperature by
. The effect of urea injection quantity variation is also remarkable only at high exhaust gas temperature.
Thermal and Flow Characteristics of Fluid with Fuel Type and Equivalence Ratio in Flame Spray Process
Lee, Jae Bin ; Kim, Dae Yun ; Shin, Dong Hwan ; Lee, Seong Hyuk ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 202~208
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2013.18.4.202
The present study aims to investigate the flow characteristics with respect to fuel type and equivalence ratio in the flame spray coating process. The flame spray flow is characterized by much complex phenomena including combustion, turbulent flows, and combined heat transfer. The present study numerically simulated the flam spray process and examined the gas dynamics involving combustion, gas temperature and velocity distributions in flame spray process by using commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code of FLUENT (ver. 13.0). In particular, we studied the effect of fuel type and equivalence ratio on thermal and flow characteristics which could substantially affect the coating performance. From the results, it was found that the gas temperature distributions were varied with different fuels because of reaction times were different according to the fuel type. The equivalence ratio also could change the spatial flame distribution and the characteristics of coated layer on the substrate.
Effect of Railway Noise Barrier Shape on Solar Radiation Energy Absorption
Jeong, Chan Ho ; Lee, Jin Woon ; Jang, Yong-Jun ; Kim, Jooheon ; Ryou, Hong Sun ; Lee, Seong Hyuk ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 209~214
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2013.18.4.209
The present study aims to determine the optimized shape for the maximum electric energy production of building integrated photovoltaic system (BIPV) noise barrier through numerical analysis. The shape of BIPV noise barrier is one of the important factors in determining angle difference between direction vector of the sun and normal vector of the sound barrier surface. This study simulated numerically the flow and thermal fields for different angles in the range from
, and from the results, the amount of isolation onto noise barrier surface was estimated along the angle between ground and top side of noise barrier. The commercial CFD code (Fluent V. 13.0) was used for calculation. It was found that the maximum amount of insolation per unit area was 19.6 MJ for
case during a day in summer and was estimated 12.4 MJ in
case during a day in winter. The results of the summer and winter cases showed the different tendency and this result would be useful in determining the appropriate shape of noise barrier which can be mounted under various circumstances.