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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Performance and Emission Studies in a DI Diesel Engine Fuelled with Diesel-Pyrolysis Oil Emulsion
Lee, Seokhwan ; Kim, Hoseung ; Kim, Taeyoung ; Woo, Sejong ; Kang, Kernyong ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2014, Pages 55~63
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2014.19.2.55
Pyrolysis oil (PO), also known as Bio crude oil (BCO), has the potential to displace significant amounts of fuels that are currently derived from petroleum sources. PO has been regarded as an alternative fuel for petroleum fuels to be used in diesel engine. However, the use of PO in a diesel engine requires modifications due to low energy density, high water contents, low acidity, and high viscosity of the PO. One of the easiest way to adopt PO to diesel engine without modifications is emulsification of PO with the fuels that has higher cetane number. However, PO that has high amount of polar chemicals is immiscible with non polar hydrocarbons of diesel. Thus, to stabilize a homogeneous phase of diesel-PO blends, a proper surfactant should be used. In this study, a DI diesel engine operated with diesel and diesel-PO emulsions was experimentally investigated. Performance and gaseous & particle emission characteristics of a diesel engine fuelled by diesel-PO emulsions were examined. Results showed that stable engine operation was possible with the emulsions and engine output power was comparable to diesel operation.
A Computer Simulation of a Driving Vehicle Performance using an Set of Engine Part Load Performance and a Transmission Shift Map
Lee, Choong Hoon ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2014, Pages 64~68
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2014.19.2.64
A driving vehicle performance which is driven by FTP-75 mode was simulated by computer. Throttle valve position, engine speed, air mass flow rate, fuel consumption et al. were computer simulated. A set of engine part load performance data, automatic transmission shift map and vehicle specifications were used for the computer simulation. Throttle valve position, engine speed, air mass flow rate et al. measured for evaluating the computer simulation results by driving the vehicle with FTP-75 mode on a chassis dynamometer. GT-Power
software was used for the computer simulation of the driving vehicle performance. Experimental fuel consumption rate was measured by using an ECU HILS fuel injection system. The experimental data and simulation results were compared. The computer simulation of the driving vehicle performance predicts the measured data well comparatively.
A Study on the Flow Characteristics of Circular and Swirl Jets
Ko, Dong Guk ; Yoon, Suck Ju ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2014, Pages 69~74
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2014.19.2.69
The comparison of the flow characteristics between circular and swirl jets which were controlled by the spinner attachment inside the airtube were conducted in this study. Swirl jet means a flow in whirls by mixing the flow of axial and tangential direction. Swirl flow has been used for the improvement of the combustion efficiency in the combustor. This flow is controlled by the spinner which has several vanes inclined by certain angles to the axial direction. In this study, angle of vane
and diameter ratio of outlet to inlet of the airtube 0.73 were made. These spec. should find on the general gun type burner built in the domestic small size boiler. As the flow characteristics, axial and tangential velocities were measured by using the 2-D hot-wire velocimeter system and analyzed statistically. And also this research conducted a practical experiment considering to the attached belongings likes as ignitor, nozzle etc. on the airtube of the gun type burner. As a result, swirl occurred at the occasion of beingness and flow region extended considerably toward the radial direction. But effect of swirl did not transmit to the downstream. And the complicated flow was appeared regardless of the existence of spinner because of the effect of belongings.
A Study on the Turbulent Flow Characteristics of Swirl Jets for Improvement of Combustion Efficiency
Ko, Dong Guk ; Yoon, Suck Ju ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2014, Pages 75~81
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2014.19.2.75
Swirl flow in the gun type burner has a decisive effect on the stabilization of the flame, improvement of the combustion efficiency, and also a reduction of NOx. This swirl flow is created by the spinner which is inside the airtube that guide the combustion air. Gun type burner has generally the inner devices composed nozzle adapter, spark gap ignitor, and spinner. These inner components change the air flow behavior passing through air tube. Meanwhile, turbulent characteristics of this air flow are important to understand the combustion phenomena in the gun type burner, because the mixture of fuel and air are depended on. However, nearly all of the studies have been analyzed the turbulent flow of simplified combustion formation without the inner devices. So, this study conducted the measurement using by hot-wire anemometer and analyzed turbulent flow characteristics of the swirl flow discharged from the air tube with inner devices. Turbulence characteristics come up in this study were turbulence intensity, kinetic energy and shear stress of the air flow with the change of the distance of axial direction from the exit of the air tube.
Comparison of the Characteristics of Sprays between Water and Nanofluid Sprays
Kang, B.S. ; Lee, S.P. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2014, Pages 82~87
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2014.19.2.82
Nanofluids are that metallic or nonmetallic nanometer-sized particles are dispersed in liquid. They can be used in various fields to increase the heat transfer rate because the thermal conductivity of nanofluids can be increased significantly. Nanofluids may be used as a good alternative of coolants in spray cooling. This study conducted experiments to compare the characteristics of sprays between water and nanofluid sprays. The radial distributions of droplet velocities and diameters of water, 0.2% wt.(weight), and 0.5% wt.
nanofluids at the pressure of 0.2 and 0.3 MPa were measured by laser doppler instruments. The radial distributions of droplet diameters and velocities at two axial positions with water and 0.2% wt. nanofluid sprays didn't show much difference. A big difference, however, was observed between 0.5% wt. nanofluid and water sprays. With the increase of the mass of nano-particles, the average droplet diameters were increased and the average droplet velocities were decreased.
Comparison of the Characteristics of Spray Cooling between Water and Nanofluid Sprays
Kang, B.S. ; Lee, S.P. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2014, Pages 88~93
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2014.19.2.88
Nanofluids is that metallic or nonmetallic nanometer-sized particles are dispersed in liquid and they can be used in various fields to increase the heat transfer rate. This study conducted experiments to evaluate whether the cooling efficiency of nanofluids is better than that of water in spray cooling. A heated surface was designed and fabricated to make the temperature distribution be linear, which was confirmed by three thermocouple measurements under the heated surface. Spray cooling experiments were conducted using water, 0.2% wt. (weight), and 0.5% wt.
nanofluids at the pressure of 0.2 MPa and 0.3 MPa. Based on the results, it is shown that the cooling efficiency of nanofluids is higher than that of water especially in the region of single phase heat transfer. As a result, we can expect that nanofluids can be used as efficient coolants in the cooling of electronic packages where the temperature of the heated surface is not high enough for boiling incipience.