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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of ILASS-Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems-Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
Numerical Analysis Study of the Mixing Mechanism of Non-element Mixer
You, Sun Ho ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~6
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.1.1
Visualization of the mixing pattern in a non-element mixer was carried out using laser induced fluorescence(LIF) to evaluate characteristics of mixer consisting of the main flow pipe and branch flow pipes. The branch flows were injected periodically with the period
normal to the main flow, and rhodamine B was mixed into the most upstream branch flow to visualize mixing pattern in the main flow pipe by LIF. The length of boundary line L of the LIF image was measured. In this study, a numerical analysis was performed to identify the mixing process of the non-element mixer, and the results were compared with experimental results. Each result was almost the same. When the number of branch flows is increased, the mixing pattern became complicated and was supposed to become chaotic. The length of boundary line L increased exponentially with an increase in the number of branch flows.
A Study on the Behavior of Nano-fluid Droplet Impacting Upon a Hot Surface
Kim, E.DD. ; Park, I.H. ; Bae, N.H. ; Kang, B.S. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 1, 2015, Pages 7~13
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.1.7
In this study, the behavior of water or nanofluid droplets impacting upon a hot surface was investigated by visualization of impacting phenomena with time-delayed photographic technique. Changing the mass ratio of nanofluid and the temperature of the heated surface, the characteristics of the spreading behavior and the diameter of spreading liquid film was compared between water and nanofluid droplets. The impacting droplet spreaded as a liquid film after impact and nanofluid droplets spreaded more widely than water droplets. After reaching the maximum diameter, water droplets shrinked more than nanofluid droplets. Based on this, the heat transfer area from a hot surface to impacting nanofluid droplets would be wider than that of impacting water droplets. Considering individual impacting droplet only, spray cooling using nanofluid would be better than using water.
Hydraulic Modal Analysis of High-Pressure Common-rail Fuel Injection System for Passenger Vehicle
Sung, Gisu ; Kim, Sangmyeong ; Kim, Jinsu ; Lee, Jinwook ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 1, 2015, Pages 14~19
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.1.14
Recently, R&D demand for environmental friendly vehicle has rapidly increased due to its global environmental issues such as global warming, energy and economic crisis. Under this situation, the most realistic alternative way for environmental friendly vehicle is a clean diesel vehicle. The common-rail fuel injection system, as key technology of clean diesel vehicle, consists of a high pressure pump, common-rail, high pressure fuel line and electronic control injector. In common-rail high-pressure fuel injection system, high pressure wave of injection system and geometry of injector elements have a major effects on high-pressure fuel spray. Therefore, in this study, the numerical model was developed for analysis about the common-rail fuel pressure pulsation by using AMESim code. We could secure stability of common-rail high-pressure fuel injection system through optimal design of fuel line.
An Experimental Study on Conversion of Reducing Agent from Aqueous Urea Solutions under Low Reaction Temperature
Ku, Kun Woo ; Hong, Jung Goo ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 1, 2015, Pages 20~27
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.1.20
Urea-SCR which is one of the aftertreatment technologies for reducing the NOx emission is widely used. An experimental study was performed to investigate urea decomposition under various thermo-fluid conditions, with different temperatures and velocities of inflow gas, and urea solution quantities. 40 wt. % aqueous urea solutions were used in this study. The inflow gas conditions were similar to the exhaust conditions of a large marine engine. The spray performance of urea solution injector was identical under all experimental conditions. The conversion efficiency of
was larger than that of HNCO under all experimental conditions, unlike for the theoretical thermolysis reaction.
A Study on Emission Characteristics of VOCs During Cold Start Test Mode for Motorcycles
Lee, Jongtae ; Yoo, Heung-Min ; Son, JiHwan ; Yun, Changwan ; Mun, SunHee ; Park, Gyu-Tae ; Kim, JeongSoo ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 1, 2015, Pages 28~34
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.1.28
Recently, some researchers have been carried out risk assessment of vehicles exhaust on human health. Especially, some of VOCs which is non-controlled, was classified to hazardous pollutant, such as 1,3-Butadiene and BTEX(Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylene). Therefore, the profile on non-controlled pollutant may be needed in the future, because it would be critical data or information to control them. Additionally, with increasing amount of motorcycle, the source profiling is essential for estimating emission factor and amount on motorcycle exhaust. For these, in this study, imported motorcycles (8 vehicles) were selected as a test model while considering the increasing ratio on sales volume between 2013 and 2014; it was also compared with domestic motorcycles on those. The experiment was conducted by driving mode, UDC and ECE+EUDC that made from EURO III. In addition, it was performed at cold start driving mode without effect by displacement, for evaluating only correlation of BTEX with HC. In order to apply the ratio (m,p-Xylene/o-Xylene) as a marker, the ratio was compared with those of tunnel, road side and residential area. As a result, it showed best correlation (
) among those. In the future, it has to be considered as a marker for effect evaluation to atmospheric environment by exhaust emission.
A Study on Spray Behavior of DME-LPG Blended Fuels in a Common-rail Injection System
Kim, W.I. ; Woo, S.C. ; Lee, C.S. ; Lee, K.H. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 1, 2015, Pages 35~42
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.1.35
This study is to investigate the spray behavior of DME-LPG blended fuels in common rail injection system for diesel engines. The visualization experiment was performed to analyze the macroscopic spray behavior of test fuels. In addition, the experiment using BOS(Background Oriented Schlieren) method is performed to compare liquid phase and gas phase. The test fuels are injected in high pressure chamber. The ambient pressure of high pressure chamber was formed by nitrogen gas. Spray tip penetration, spray cone angle and spray area were measured using high speed camera. SMD(Sauter Mean Diameter) and spray particle velocity were measured using the PDPA(Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer) system to analyze the microscopic properties of test fuels. The results of this experiment showed that spray tip penetration, spray cone angle and spray area of DME-LPG fuels are similar to those of DME fuel. When compared to results of experiment using BOS, significant differences of spray tip penetrations, spray cone angle and spray area are showed because of gas phase. The results of experiment using BOS method showed higher values. SMD of DME-LPG blended fuels is smaller than that of DME fuel. Velocity of DME-LPG blended fuels is faster than that of DME fuel.
Influence of Ultra-high Injection Pressure and Nozzle Hole Diameter on Diesel Flow and Spray Characteristics under Evaporating Condition
Cho, Wonkyu ; Park, Youngsoo ; Bae, Choongsik ; Yu, Jun ; Kim, Youngho ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 1, 2015, Pages 43~52
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.1.43
Experimental study was conducted to investigate the effects of ultra-high injection pressure and nozzle hole diameter on diesel flow and spray characteristics. Electronically controlled ultra-high pressure fuel injection system was made to supply the fuel of ultra-high pressure consistently. Three injection pressures, 80, 160, and 250MPa were applied. Four type of injectors with identical eight nozzle holes were used. The four injectors have nozzle hole diameters of 115, 105, 95, and
respectively. Injection quantity and rate were measured to investigate flow characteristics according to injection pressures and nozzle hole diameters. Mie-scattering and shadowgraph were performed to visualize liquid and vapor phases of diesel spray in a constant volume combustion chamber (CVCC). Ambient conditions of high pressure and high temperature in a diesel engine were simulated by using CVCC.
Extinction Coefficient of Ag Nanofluids Manufactured by Chemical Reduction Method
Lee, S.H. ; Kim, H.J. ; Choi, T.J. ; Kim, S.B. ; Kang, Y.J. ; Kim, D.J. ; Jang, S.P. ;
Journal of ILASS-Korea, volume 20, issue 1, 2015, Pages 53~58
DOI : 10.15435/JILASSKR.2015.20.1.53
In this study, we prepare the Ag nanofluids synthesized by the chemical reduction method and measure the extinction coefficient of those nanofluids at a wavelength of 632.8 nm. The Ag nanofluids are synthesized by the chemical reduction method using silver nitrate (
) and sodium borohydride (
) in water and ethylene glycol (EG). For stable dispersion of Ag particles in the base liquids, polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) is added as a surfactant. The extinction coefficient of manufactured Ag nanofluids is measured by an in-house developed measurement system at the wavelength of 632.8 nm. The results show that the extinction coefficient of water-based and EG-based Ag nanofluids is linearly increased with respect to the particle loadings. Moreover, it is shown that the extinction coefficient of EG-based Ag nanofludis is higher than that of water-based Ag nanofluids. Finally we compare the experimental results with both the Maxwell-Garnett model and Rayleigh scattering approximation model, and they demonstrate that the Rayleigh scattering approximation model is reasonably predict the extinction coefficient of Ag nanofluids using hydraulic diameter of silver nanoparticle.